Preview only show first 10 pages with watermark. For full document please download

British Defence Equipment Catalogue

British Defence Equipment Catalogue. 1970-1980


  • Rating

  • Date

    December 1969
  • Size

  • Views

  • Categories



BRITISH DEFENCE EQUIPMENT CATALOGUE THIRD EDITION OCTOBER 1970 9* BRITISH DEFENCE EQUIPMENT CATALOGUE Published by authority of the Ministry of Defence (Defence Sales) by Combined Service Publications London, October 1970 Ltd All copyright reserved by the publishers Third edition Published by : October 1970 Combined Service Publications 67-68 Jermyn Street London SW1 Ltd England Telephone: 01-930 1110 Edited by Technical Writing Service Ltd 6 Ganton Street London W1 V 1 LJ England Telephone: 01-437 2944 Printed by F J Parsons Ltd London, Hastings and Folkestone England Contents Page 3 List of 4 Introduction 5 How 9 Product index contents to use this 35 Alphabetic 57 Product data Catalogue of firms list NAVY 57 Section Ships 83 Section Support vessels 91 Section Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment 111 Section Surface sensors, control systems and 143 Section Propulsion and auxiliary machinery 167 Section Other naval equipment weapons ARMY 177 Section 7 Tanks 183 Section 8 203 Section 9 221 Section 10 253 269 283 309 Section Section 12 Armoured vehicles Weapons and ammunition Sensors and control systems Engineer equipment Earthmoving equipment Section 13 Vehicles Section 14 Vehicle equipment 331 Section 5 Trailers Section 16 Aircraft 1 1 for ground forces AIR 339 367 377 405 415 435 Section 1 7 and engines Helicopters and hovercraft Section 18 Weapons and Section 19 Aerial reconnaissance Section 20 Aircraft equipment and instruments Section 21 Airfield equipment and services control systems for aircraft equipment ALL SERVI CES Section 22 Guided weapons and equipment Section 23 Air defence Section 24 Radio transmitters and receivers Section 25 Other communications and electronic equipment Section 26 Training equipment Section 27 Internal Section 28 Power generating equipment Section 29 Rescue equipment 601 Section 30 Pyrotechnics 615 625 647 655 675 685 Section 31 Fire fighting Section 32 Materials handling equipment Section 33 Storage equipment Section 34 Test equipment Section 35 Medical supplies and equipment Section 36 Field 691 Section 37 Uniforms and personal equipment 701 Section 38 Advisory and supporting services 729 Section 39 Other products and services 449 467 477 509 535 559 577 593 and air traffic radars combustion engines equipment accommodation — ntroduction industry manufactures a very wide range of defence equipment proven in battle round the world. In recent years many items of such equipment have been sold to other countries both by British industry and by the British Ministry of Defence. Although all manufacturers issue technical literature describing their products and many offer very detailed brochures, it is felt that there is a need for a joint catalogue of defence equipment such as this publication. This sets out to provide a quick and easy reference to the widest possible range of products and services, information about each being presented British uniform layout. do not claim that all items of defence equipment manufactured in Britain are included or described. Some are too complex to include in this type of presentation, others of which you may have heard are not yet in service. If you want further information on any of the items or if you cannot find the type of equipment for which you are looking, help will be forthcoming from the British Embassy or High Commission if appropriate in your country. Alternatively, your representatives in London can seek further information from the British Ministry of Defence or Ministry of in a We — Technology. It should be noted moreover that contributors to this Catalogue have been able to select only one or, at best, a few of their products for inclusion in the product data sections; other products made by the contributor are indicated against their name in the alphabetic list. This edition contains updated and new information, and therefore supersedes the second edition dated December 1969, all copies of which should be destroyed. The next (fourth) edition will be published in the Autumn of 1971, it having been decided that it is now necessary to publish the Catalogue only once a year in future. This Catalogue has been sponsored by the British Ministries of Defence and Technology and has been prepared with the fullest assistance and co-operation of the many firms participating. Application for further copies of this edition should be addressed to the publishers: Combined Service Publications Limited, 67 68 Jermyn Street, London SW1 , England. . . H ow ^ to use tnIS Cr3t3lOQU0 53 The products shown in this Catalogue are grouped into sections relating comparable defence purposes. As far as possible, the sections themselves are grouped to bring together equipment for naval, army and air use n P a 9 e ^ wi " be found a list of these section headings with page numbers. On pages 9-34 there is a comprehensive index of all the products included, arranged alphabetically irrespective of section, giving the page numbers on which descriptive details are published. On pages 35-56 there is a list of all the firms concerned, arranged to broadly alphabetically. If details of a product or products made by a particular firm are required, these may be found from the page numbers listed in the firm's alphabetic list entry. This list also contains more details of the firms themselves, such as locations of separate divisions or branches, as well as products not described in this publication. While every care has been taken to ensure that the data published in this Catalogue are correct, the publishers accept no responsibilityforany of the information. The right is reserved to change specifications without prior notice at any time. The trade marks and trade names used in this Catalogue must not be reproduced without permission of the firms concerned. All text and illustrations in this Catalogue are copyright and must not be reproduced without permission of the publishers. To our many friends we apologise that this Catalogue is printed only in English. Where further explanation is required, assistance can always be obtained from the Embassies of Great Britain, including our Service Attaches. Queen's Award to Industry <8> This symbol, which will be found on many pages in this Catalogue, denotes that the firm concerned has received the Queen's Award to Industry for outstanding achievements in the year or years indicated under the symbol. Modo onsulter ce Catalogue au Catalogue sont groupes 3 j'apportant a des fins militaires d ordre rubriques sont groupees autant que ,'es de facon a reunir les equipements des services de I'armee, de I'air et de la marine. On trouvera a la page 3 une liste de ces rubriques, avec leurs numeros de pages. II est publie aux pages 9-34 un repertoire de tous les produits inclus au Catalogue, parordrealphabetique, independamment de la rubrique et indiquant la page ou se trouvent les descriptions s'y rapportant. Une liste parait aux pages 35-56 ou figurent alphabetiquement toutes les societes mentionnees. Pour trouver des informations sur un ou des produits fabriques par une societe donnee, se referer aux pages indiquees a la liste alphabetique des societes; cette liste procure d'autres renseignements sur les societes, comme par example les adresses des services et filiales qui ont leur propre siege, ainsi que d'autres produits non decritsau present Catalogue. Tandis que les editeurs ont pris soin d'assurer que les informations publiees au Catalogue sont exactes, ne peuvent accepter aucune responsabilite en ils ce qui concerne toutes ou partie de ces informations. Les societes se reservent le droit de modifier les specifications a tout moment donne, sans avis prealable. Les marques et les noms commerciaux qui figu r ent au Catalogue ne seront pas reproduits sans la permission des societes concernees. Tous les textes et illustrations du Catalogue ne peuvent etre reproduits sans la permission des editeurs qui s'en reservent le droit de publication. Nous prions nos bons amis nombreux de bien vouloir nous excuser de I'absence d'une version francaise de cet Catalogue. Pour des renseignements supplementaires on peut toujours s'adresser aux Ambassades de la Grande Bretagne ou a ses Attaches Militaires. ories de usar este Catalogo Los productos ilustrados en este Catalogo estan agrupados por secciones que guardan relacion con finalidades de defensa comparables en terminos generates. Dentro de lo posible las secciones mismas estan a su vez ordenadas en grupos con el fin de reunir los equipos y material destinados a las fuerzas de tierra, mar y aire. En la pagina 3 se hallara una lista de los encabezamientos de estas secciones con indicacion de los numeros de las paginas. En las paginas 9-34 hay un indice completo de todos los productos incluidos, dispuestos alfabeticamente cualquiera que sea la seccidn a que pertenece y con indicacion de los numeros de las paginas en las que se publican los detalles descriptivos. paginas 35-56 hay una lista de todas la firmas interesadas, por orden alfabetico. Si se desea conocer detalles de un producto o productos fabricados por una firma determinada, pueden hallarse dirigiendose a los numeros de paginas indicados en la lista alfabetica de las empresas. Esta lista contiene tambien mas datos de las firmas propiamente dichas, tales como la direcciones de las distintas divisiones y sucursales, asi como productos que no se describen en este Catalogo. Si bien se han adoptado todas las precauciones necesarias para asegurar que sean correctos todos los datos publicados en este Catalogo, los editores no aceptan responsabilidad alguna por la informacion facilitada en el mismo. Queda reservado el derecho a modificar especificaciones sin previo aviso en cualquier momento dado. No esta permitida la reproduccion de ninguno de los nombres y marcas registrados utilizados en este Catalogo sin el previo consentimiento de las firmas interesadas. Todo el texto y las ilustraciones de este Catalogo estan sujetos a las leyes del derecho de autor y no esta permitida su reproduccion sin el previo consentimiento de los editores. Rogamos a nuestros numerosos amigos de excusarnos de que este Catalogo sea impreso unicamente en ingles. Mas amplios informes pueden ser obtenidos de las Embajadas de Gran Bretaha y de sus agregados En las militares. Le Prix Royal decerne a I'industrie Ce symbole qu'on recontrera souvent aux pages du Catalogue indique que la societe concernee s'est vu decerner le Prix Royal a I'industrie pour son important apport au cours de I'annee ou des annees portees en dessous du symbole. El Galardon de la Reina a la Industria Este simbolo, que se vera en muchas paginas de este Catalogo, indica que la firma ha sido galardonada con el Premio de la Reina a la Industria por haber logrado exitos sobresalientes en al aho o los ahos mencionados bajo el simbolo. Zum Gebrauch Die in diesem Katalog beschriebenen Erzeugnisse sind Abschnitte gegliedert, die annahernd vergleichbaren Verteidigungszwecken entsprechen. Soweit wie moglich, sind die Abschnitte selbst so angeordnet, dass Ausrustungsartikel fur die Marine, Armee und Luftwaffe zusammengefasst sind. Auf Seite 3 befindet sich ein Verzeichnis dieser Abschnitts-Uberschriften mit Angabe der Seitenzahl. Die Seiten 9-34 enthalten ungeachtet der Einteilung in Abschnitte in alphabetischer Reihenfolge ein umfassendes Register alter aufgefuhrten Produkte mit Angabe der Seite, auf der die detaillierte Beschreibung zu finden ist. Die Seiten 35-56 enthalten ein komplettes Firmenverzeichnis, alphabetisch geordnet. Werden Einzelheiten uber ein von einer bestimmten Firma hergestelltes Produkt gewunscht, so sind diese an Hand der Seitenzahlen zu finden, die im alphabetisch angeordneten Firmenverzeichnis angegeben sind. Dieses Verzeichnis enthalt auch Mitteilungen uber die einzelnen Firmen, wie z.B. Anschriften von Abteilungen oder Filialen, sowie uber Produkte, die in diesem Katalog nicht beschrieben sind. Obwohl mit grosster Sorgfalt darauf geachtet wurde, dass die Angaben in diesem Katalog richtig sind, lehnt der Verlag jede Haftung ab. Die Herstellerfirmen behalten sich das Recht vor, Benachrichtigung Spezijederzeit ohne vorherige fikationen zu andern. Die in dem Katalog vorkommenden Warenzeichen und Firmennamen durfen nicht ohne schriftliche Einwilligung der Firmen nachgedruckt werden. Alle Texte und lllustrationen des Katalogs sind urheberrechtlich geschutzt. Nachdruck ohne Einwilligung des Verlags ist untersagt. Wir bitten unsere Uberseekunden hoflichst urn Nachsicht, dass dieser Katalog nur in englisch gedruckt ist. Falls zusatzliche Erlauterungen erwunscht sein sollten, konnen sie jederzeit von den Botschaften Grossbritanniens, einschliesslich der Militarattaches, eingeholt werden. in — — Koniglicher Industriepreis Dieses Zeichen, das auf zahlreichen Seiten des Katalogs erscheint, zeigt an, dass die Firma in einem oder mehreren Jahren mit dem Queen's Award to Industry fur hervorragende Leistungen ausgezeichnet wurde. Manuseamento do Catalogo des Katalogs Os produtos mostrados neste Catalogo estao agrupados em seccoes relacionadas em termos gerais a fins defensivos comparaveis. Tanto quanto possivel, as seccces, de per si, estao agrupadas catalogando equipamento usado por forcas navais, aereas e do exercito. Na pagina 3 encontra-se uma lista com os titulos destas seccces e os numeros das paginas em queseencontram. Nas paginas 9-34 encontra-se um indice compreen- dente todos os produtos incluidos, dispostos alfabeticamente, irrespectivamente da seccao a que pertencem, com os numeros das paginas onde se encontram os pormenores descritivos. Nas paginas 35-56 encontra-se uma lista de todas as firmas interessadas em o.dem alfabetica. Se forem desejados pormenores de um produto ou produtos feitos por determinada firma, estes podem obter-se pelos numeros da pagina que se encontram na lista alfabetica das firmas. Esta lista da tambem mais pormenores sobre as firmas como, por exemplo, localizacao de divisoes separadas ou sucursais, bem como de produtos que nao se encontram nesta publicacao. Nao obstante ter sido tornado o malor cuidado para assegurar a exactidao dos dados publicados neste Catalogo, os editores nao aceitam qualquer responsabilidade pelas informacces fornecidas. Reserva-se o direito de alterar especificoes em qualquer momento e sem aviso previo. As marcas registradas e nomes comerciais publicados neste Catalogo nao devem ser reproduzidos sem o consentimento previo das firmas respectivas. Todos os textos e ilustracoes tern direitos reservados e nao podem ser reproduzidos sem o consentimento dos editores. Pedimos desculpas aos nossos Exm os amigos que Catalogo seja redigido exclusivamemte em Ingles. Se se precisem mais explicacces as Embaixadas inclusivo os adidos militares, ficarao Britanicas, sempre as suas ordens para lhas fornecer. este Real Ordem de Merito Industrial Este simbolo, que se encontra em muitas paginas deste Catalogo, significa que a firma respectiva foi galardoada com a Real Ordem de Merito Industrial em reconhecimento de realizacoes de relevo no ano ou anos indicados a parte inferior do simbolo. 3 is not a comprehensive index of defence equipment: only products dealt with in this Catalogue are listed. Opposite each product will be found the number of the page or pages on which the product is described. This Items printed headings. in bold type indicate section Product index Page Product Page Product Aid Air control radar, tactical 243 670 433 112- 113, 514-515 250 249 727 557, 714- 717 670 724 684 250 140- 141 380 381 102- 103 329 172- -173, 264 740- -741 470- -471 Air-cooled diesel engine 570- -571 Air cooler 330, 427, 740-741 732- -733 370- -375 fire AC AC generator voltmeter AIDA intruder alarm AMETS artillery meteorological survey ATC simulator ATES air-transportable Abbot self-propelled earth station gun Accelerometer, single-axis Access mat, tank Accident recorder, in-flight 324- 325 666- 667 227 243 548- 549 484- 485 204- 205 428- 429 258- 259 432 permanent Acetylene gas generator Acoustic transmitter Action information system Action information training simulator Action simulator Actuator control-surface, aircraft electric hydraulic rotary night-viewing ranging technical training viewing visual training walking Aiming post lamp Aiming sight Air-brake parachute Air breathing apparatus, compressed Air cleaner Accommodation mobile control, artillery inspection landing navigational, marine 688 688 267 Air compressor Air conditioning 554 538- -539 Air-cushion craft skirt Air-cushion vehicle Air defence and air traffic radars 416- -417 134- -135 134- -135 324- -325 Air defence control system Air defence operational centre Air defence radar, naval Adaptor, tubing, surgical Addressing equipment, telegraphy, automatic 681 520- -521 Air Aden cannon ammunition 387 Air filtration Admiralty chart Admiralty Standard Diesel Engine Faci ig Adour gas turbine engine Advice, operational, naval Advisory and supporting services Air electronics trainer 136 152- -153 360- -361 720- -721 701 728 Advisory service 376 hovercraft operational 714- -715, 720-721 Aerial aircraft omni-directional 533 528 space communications Aerial camera Aerial cover Aerial infra-red surveying equipment Aerial mast Aerial reconnaissance equipment 482- -483 406 -407, 41 0-41 Aerial reflector Aero engine test equipment Aeronautical chart Aeronautical instrument Agent, purchasing equipment 109 116- 117, 126-127 98, filter equipment Air heater Air-intake control, hydraulic Air navigating computer Air navigation chart Air-portable bridge Air-portable landing mat Air-portable plastics cabin 467 475 130- -131 710- -711 116- -117, 122-123, 394- -395 548- -549 172- -173, 329 740 741 740- -741 422--423 408--409 Facing 432 256--257 440 689 306- -307 Air-portable truck Air-portable vehicle Air purification plant 302 -303 Air-sea rescue apparatus Air-sea rescue craft Air-sea rescue radar 172- -173 598- -599 90 394- -395 598 -599 470 -473 406 -407, 412-413 396 -397 458 -459 396 -397 400 427 414 498 -499 Air-sea rescue survival Air surveillance radar 405-414 Air-to-air fire control 427 436 -437 Facing 432 Air-to-air 431 Air-to-air ranging 401 702 -703, 716-717 Air-to-air rocket 382 -383 Air survey kit camera guided missile Air-to-air interception radar Air-to-air interception sight system system Product jht nssile ;i lg r system launcher to-ground rocket system to-surface fire control Air traffic control radar Air traffic control simulator Ail Air traffic control system Air trainer Air-transportable earth station Air-transportable radio equipment Air-transportable radio station Airborne camera Airborne command post Airborne infra-red reconnaissance equipment Airborne Airborne Airborne Airborne Airborne liferaft machine gun pod magnetic tape recorder radar radio equipment reconnaissance pod Airborne Airborne Airborne Airborne Airborne recorder rocket launcher weapon carrier weapons release unit Product 400 458-459 Aircraft hydraulic 401 Aircraft 378-379 382-383 396-397 470-475 548-549 Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft maintenance contractor maintenance docking maintenance service maintenance staging refuelling system Aircraft refuelling tanker truck 130-131, 710-711 Aircraft reverse thrust 344-345 484-485 484-485 Aircraft servicing trolley, hydraulic towing 484-487, 507 406-407, 412-413 Aircraft tug 358-359 Aircraft " 414 594-595 386 432 Aircraft tractor weapon loader weapon mounting Aircrew lifejacket Aircrew prodecure trainer Aircrew trainer Airfield construction Airfield crash tender 394-395, 468-469 492-493, 496-497, Airfield installation 502-503 408-409 Airfield lighting 530 378-379 388-389 390-391 Airfield equipment and services Airfield landing Airfield mat equipment membrane 346-347, 353-359 bomber 352-353 340-341 cargo 350-351, 358-359 carrier-borne 348-349 348-349 close-support drone fighter, 540-541 342-343, 348-349, ground-attack 354-355 freighter 346-347, 358-359 344-345, 348-349 342-343, 348-349 ground-attack interceptor interceptor, all-weather 441 Alarm fire intruder, seismic radiation Albion cargo truck Alignment telescope All-weather interceptor aircraft Allison gas turbine engine Alternating horn 340-345, 356-357 Altimeter, radio 346-347 support long-range patrol maritime patrol naval reconnaissance reconnaissance 346-347, 358-359 Aluminium alloy armour search and rescue short-haul strike, 358-359 358-359 348-349 354-355 348-349 V/STOL close-support low-level supply-dropping support survey strike, strike, 346-347, 358-359 350-351 trainer 358-359 356-357 354-355 352-355 trainer, operational 344-345, 348-349, transport 356-357 350-351 transport, light 346-347, 358-359 utility 346-347 348-349 533 725 339-365 168-169 387 tactical tanker vertical take-off Aircraft aerial Aircraft, All the World's. Jane's Aircraft and engines Aircraft arresting gear cannon ammunition Aircraft control-surface actuator Aircraft engine hose engine transit mounting Aircraft equipment and Aircraft instruments Aircraft ferrying service Aircraft fire crash tender Aircraft fuel system gas turbine engine 41 6-41 434 434 415-434 702-703 620-621, 623 418-419, 422-423 360-365, 591 622 227 170-171 286-287 236-237 354-355 364-365 744 Alternator light 340-349, 352-355 346-347, 358-359 435-447 706-707 440 438-439 Airstrip surfacing material jet STOL 555 710-711 620-621, 623 Airlane chart fire control system Airport approach chart interceptor, high-altitude 352-353 352-353 352-353 5 16-547 710-711 702-703, 710-711 Facing 432 396-397 Facing 432 354-355 354-355 logistic 422-423 Facing 432 702-703 444 710-711 444 420-421 446-447 4 22-423 443 338-389, 403 445 445 392-393 338-389 534-595 441 planning Airfield support service Airfield Airpass anti-submarine patrol Aircraft system Aircraft stores auto-selector Aircraft ambulance Aircraft system Aircraft landing chart Aircraft 10 Page Page power generating vehicle plate alloy casting alloy extrusion 586-587 312-313 433 330 330 330 Ambulance armoured field Ambulance Ammeter aircraft Ammunition aircraft cannon gun, 30 mm mortar Ammunition container Ammunition pouch Amphibious craft Amphibious vehicle Amphibious vehicle, armoured 186-187, 190-191, 298-299, 346-347, 668 200-201 286-289, 322-323 358-359 387 208-209 214-215 648-649 648-649, 692-693 370-375 192-193 200-201 Amplifier audio miniature, thin-film passenger address power, audio Anaesthesia cylinder stand Anaesthesia equipment Analogue computer Analyser frequency response function, transfer, digital microbiological Anchor gear Andover transport aircraft Angular positioning unit 524-525 534 512-513 512-513 683 681, 683 546-547 666-667 666-667 683 168-169 350-351 671, 734-735 Antenna cassegrain dish omni-directional 484-485 484-485 528 Product Page Product Page f continued space communications Anti-aircraft guided missile Antenna Anti-aircraft 482-483 452-455, 460-461 gun mobile 208-209 naval 1 Anti-aircraft gun mounting Anti-corrosion system Anti-erosion polyurethane sheeting Anti-gravity suit Anti-reflective coating Anti-riot Anti-riot Anti-riot equipment grenade gun Anti-static rubber Anti-submarine craft Anti-submarine patrol aircraft Anti-submarine radar Anti-submarine tactical simulator Anti-submarine trainer, shipborne Anti-submarine weapon system Anti-tank guided missile Anti-tank guided weapon simulator Anti-tank guided weapon vehicle Anti-tank mine Anti-tank vehicle, armoured Anti-tank weapon practice range Anti-vibration mounting Approach chart, airport Approach radar, precision Approach slope indicator, Apron lighting equipment visual Aptitude assessment Area-measuring instrument Argosy transport Armament aircraft electrical periscope simulator, submarine system, low-level trainer Attitude director Attitude indicator Attitude repeater 40-1 41 138-139 Anti-aircraft shell Attack Attack Attack Attack 1 40-1 41 650-651 434 594-595 734-735 220 612-613 220 645 58-59 Audio Audio Audio Audio Audio amplifier balancing unit equipment power amplifier 708-709 Auto-selector aircraft stores weapon Autoclave 352-353 394-395 546-547 552-553 458-459 Automated infusion 450-451, 456-457 557 186-187 218-219 200-201 542-543 175 Facing 432 433 438-439 438-439 708-709 266 350-351 unit Automatic cannon, self-loading Automatic gearbox Automatic lavatory Automatic parachute release Automatic position plotter Automatic radio test equipment Automatic sighting system Automatic telegraphy addressing equipment Automatic test equipment Automatic transmission Automatic voltage regulator Automotive cooling system Automotive diesel engine Autopilot Autostabiliser, helicopter Auxiliary diesel engine, marine Auxiliary engine Auxiliary gas turbine Armament electrical systems Armament pack test set 390-391 390-391 652 Auxiliary power unit, marine Aviation service Avimo Arming device stabilised sight Avionics test equipment guided missile torpedo 466 1 524-525 512-513 510-511 512-513 530, 534, 673 recorder Audio-visual aid systems diagnostic tester 108 552-553 380-381 538-539 430 430 430 Avometer 34-1 35 Avon gas turbine engine 388-389, 403 388-389, 403 683 683 210-211 326-327 683 426 514-515 662-663 240 520-521 466, 656-659 572-573 132-133 316-317 574-575 428-429 428-429 1 48-1 49, 564- -565 562-563 422-423 1 48-1 49 710-711 241 468-469 668 360-361 Armour body, lightweight infantry, portable Armour-piercing gun Armour-piercing shell Armour plate, aluminium alloy Armoured Armoured Armoured Armoured Armoured Armoured ambulance amphibious vehicle anti-tank vehicle cargo carrier command vehicle 84-1 87 188-191, 248 200-201 1 88-1 91 186-187, 184-189, 1 86-1 87, 200-201 Barometric parachute release Barrier, moisture Base-load power generating plant Bath 1 wheeled Armoured fighting vehicle sight Armoured mortar vehicle Armoured patrol car Armoured personnel carrier Armoured reconnaissance vehicle Armoured recovery vehicle Armoured repair vehicle Armoured tank, heavy Armoured troop carrier Armoured vehicles Arms, small Arresting gear, aircraft equipment, field Artillery fire control aid Artillery fire control equipment Artillery fire control plotter Artillery fire control 202 200-201 194-199, 202 200-201 178-179 190-191 183-202 220 168-169 Baby's survival cot system, portable Artillery fire director, optical sound location system Artillery tractor Assembly, flexible wiring Assessment, aptitude Assistance, operational, naval 594-595 Bag inflatable sleeping Balancing unit, audio equipment Bar mine Ballistic paraffin wax vacuum embedding Bathythermograph 732-733 690, 692-693 512-513 398-399 218-219 426 650-651 576 683 683 106-107 Battery electric storage lead-acid main propulsion, submarine Battery capacity tester Battery charger Battery charging set Battery-electric fork lift truck 104-105, SIS- -319 SIS-SI 9 04-1 05 1 736-737 498-499, 736- -737 580-581 630-631, 634- -639, 642-644 428-429 horizon indicator Artillery control , 194-199 304-305, 332-333 Articulated truck Artillery D D fighting vehicle tracked Artificial 698 698 210-211 210-211, 387 330 186-187, 200-201 200-201 200-201 200-201 186-187, 200-201 226 243 Battery-electric tractor 251, 536-537 251 Beacon Battle tank flashing 226 239 246 192-193 747 marker radar responder-racon 708-709 search 720-721 survival recovery rescue rotating 630-631, 642- -643 180-181 744 596-597 114-115 596-597 596-597 744 596-597 596-597 11 — 7 Page Product ma Bearing, /e shaft Beaver trucK Bed camp hospital MK truck Bedford Bell waist Belt, Bench, hydraulic test, Beret Betalight 1 Product Page CRT 406-407 689 747 690 684 306-307 744 692-693 669 694-695 250 display recording camera Cabin, plastics, air-portable Cable, electric Camera 406-407,410-413 406-407, 412-413 aerial air survey airborne electro-optical low-level reconnaissance gun-mounted 247 reconnaissance optical 239, 247 recording, CRT display recording, radar display Binocular sight, infra-red Bird-scaring cartridge Bivouac Blood transfusion equipment Blood transfusion set Blowpipe guided missile Boat see also Corvette. Craft, Frigate, Launch, Ship, Submarine, Submersible 232-233 606-607 690 ultra-high-speed Camouflage net 681 Camp 683 97, scintillation 460-463 bed Canberra aircraft Cannon see also Gun, Mortar self-loading, automatic single-shot inflatable 175 Cannon ammunition, patrol 88-90 Canoeist's lifejacket patrol, fast 62-67, 74-77 88-89 732-733 686-687 Canopied liferaft, Canteen furniture Cannula, Guest work work, inflatable Boiler, steam-raising, oil-fired Bomb fragmentation high-explosive mortar practice, retarded smoke Bomb-aiming equipment Bomb Bomb Bomb Bomb carrier ejector release retarder retractable-fin Bomber aircraft Bone-fracture equipment Book, text Boom microphone Boot, safety Bottle carrier, water Bow 214-215 214-215 214-215 384-385 214-215 396-397 388-389 388-389, 403 380-381 unit tail high-explosive thrust unit 386 386 340-341 684 708-709 510-511, 534 699 692-693 1 58-1 59 Brake disc main propulsion, marine transmission Breathing apparatus clearance diving compressed damage air control underwater Bren gun 162 162 162, 747 102-103 102-103 102-103 102-103 21 6-21 Bridge air-portable floating girder modular, clearspan portable Bridge-unit trailer Buccaneer low-level strike aircraft Bucket loader, multi-purpose Building prefabricated transportable Bulk-liquid carrier truck Bulldozer Bulldozer pusher attachment Bullet-proof vest 256-257 256-257 254-255 256-257 256-257 334-335 348-349 278-279 688 688 296-297 272-273 272-273 698 Buoy signal, smoke submarine, distress Burette set, paediatric Burns dressing Bush, rubber Bushmaster trailer 3 166 447 Binocular 12 — — 604-605 108 633 384 330 335-337 aircraft inflatable Cap Capacity tester, battery Capstan, vehicle-mounted Car see also Truck, Vehicle command 406-407, 41 2-41 660-661 41 0-41 406-407, 412-413 406-407 406-407 676-677 660-661 742 690 340-341 210-211 210-211 387 594-595 598-599 688 683 694-695 736-737 262-263 298-303 escort 188-189, 202 patrol 194-195 patrol, armoured riot 188-189, 202 control scout Caravan Carbon microphone Cardiology equipment Cargo aircraft Cargo carrier, armoured Cargo-carrying craft Cargo container, transportable Cargo loading equipment Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo movement net restraining net trailer truck truck, cross-country truck, 188-191, 202 298-299 radio control heavy-duty vehicle 196-199 286-287 534 681 350-351, 358-359 200-201 370-373 322-323 628-631 742 742 336-338 445 286-287, 306-307 284-285 298-299 Carrier armoured, personnel cargo, armoured gun load troop Carrier, bomb Carrier, water bottle weapon, airborne Carrier-borne aircraft Carrying case, equipment Carrying harness, personal load Carrier, Cartridge bird-scaring signal smoke teargas gun Very wind-indicating Case, equipment carrying Cassegrain antenna Casting aluminium alloy non-ferrous Catalogue, spare parts Catgut Cathodic protection equipment Cell, electric storage 186-187, 200-201 200-201 192-193 192-193 190-193 388-389 692-693 388-389 348-349 692-693 692-693 606-607 610-613 606-607 220 606-607 610-613 692-693 484-485 330 158-159 724 683 132-133 104-105 Product Page Product Centrifuge, disc 683 747 265 132-133 498-499, 736-737 580-581 Communications system Chain, conveying Chain saw, electric, portable Changer, frequency, static Charger, battery set, battery Charging Chart Admiralty aeronautical air navigation aircraft landing Facing Facing Facing Facing Facing Facing Facing airlane airport approach nautical Chart plotter Chassisless tank trailer cleaning de-rusting surface-treatment Chieftain heavy armoured tank Cine target training equipment Circuit panel, flexible Circuit, printed engineering contractor Cleaner, 36 432 432 432 432 432 136 137 447 Check-out system Check-out unit, weapon systems Chemical Civil 1 air Cleaning chemical Cleaning solvent Clearance diving breathing apparatus Clearspan modular bridge Clinometer Clock, speaking Close-support gun, 1 05 Close-support strike aircraft Closed-circuit television system, colour mm continued tropospheric scatter Communications system contractor Communications terminal shipborne shipborne satellite, Communications test instrument Compacting roller Comparator mono, optical optical stereo gyro magnetic Compass test table, magnetic 730-731 730-731 730-731 178-179 542-543 388-389 747 706-707 329 730-731 730-731 102-103 256-257 266 rubber rubber, footwear Compressed air breathing apparatus Compression chamber, diving Compressor air high-pressure high-pressure, reciprocating portable submarine tractor-mounted rotary, Compressor nitrogen turbine-driven 531 206-207 594-595 442 747 470-471 vacuum Codification service, NATO Coil, ignition warning, venous pressure Cold-light illumination Collector system, waste oil Colorimeter Colour closed-circuit television system Command Command Command car craft 734-735 734-735 724 320-321 sonar interpretation 518-519 518-519 710-711 electrical 310-311, 528 fuzing quick-release, electrical tubing, surgical 681 Console 546-547 298-303 90 field test communications control, hydraulic test, radio 186-187, 200-201 84-1 85 245 1 equipment Construction, airfield Construction plant Constructor recovery crane Consultancy air defence defence training Commer truck Commodore ship's computer system 294-297 137 military engineering Communication line, fixed-link Communications console Communications control system Communications equipment, space Communications monitoring equipment Communications recorder, 478-479 naval 51 naval engineering plant 6-51 power 516-517 482-483 662-663 516-517 669 662-663 710-711 270-281 290-291 702-703 716-717 712-713 720-721 712-713, 727 722-723 Container ammunition cargo, transportable 516-517 flexible liquid, flexible 531 490-491 496-503 482-483 Containerised radio equipment Contamination tester, water-in-petrol digital 482-483 Contract manufacture Contractor speech 480-481, 710-711 Communications set, manpack Communications station, earth Communications system 474-475, 518- -519 trailer, electrical vehicle multi-channel 398-400 474-475 683 190-191 sight 137, 238, 398- -399, 408-409, 514- -515 1 20-1 21 314-315 mobile tracked navigating 388-389 310-311 310-311 310-311 458-459 Commander's 264 102-103 590 128-131, 137, 226, 398-399, 518- -519, 550-551 inter-vehicle post armoured 172-173, 264 264 172-173 264 172-173 264 Connector 683 250 airborne Command 330 699 102-103 100-101 518-519, 538- -539, weapon-aiming Computer digital data input unit Computer peripheral equipment Computer program Computer software Computer system Coating anti-reflective 1 24-1 25, 136, 230-231, 431 250 266 108 546-547 546-547 survival Coast-watching defence radar 266 734-735 266 546-547 analogue digital 594-595, 698 Clutch 280-281 Computer 348-349, 354-355 protective Cloud-base recorder system 116-117 484-485 516-517 set diesel-powered electronic uniform Clothing 702-703, 716- 717 Compound 699 699 tropical 482-483 Compass illuminated 656-659 390-391 Cloth Coil, Page , aircraft maintenance 648-649 322-323 427 652 482-487 673 728 702-703 13 — Page Product Product Page Contractorcivil engineering 706-707 continued shallow-water 372-373 702-703, 716-717 strike, diesel, fast 60-61 702-703 702-703 304-305 270-281 survey 84-85 communications system motor transport weapon system Contractor truck Contractors' plant Control console, hydraulic Control craft Control, drip rate Control equipment Craft 669 90 683 artillery fire 251, 536-537 field artillery 226 gun 226, 244 torpedo 97,99 416-417 422-423 550-551 416-417 Control mechanism, power-operated Control, nozzle, gas turbine Control simulator, operational Control-surface actuator, aircraft Control system air traffic communications crew crowd gunnery missile launcher naval power pitch propeller pitch remote, power sequence, digital Control systems technical service Controlled-pitch propeller Controller engine starting sequence pressure, liquid Converter, hydraulic Conveying chain Conveying wheel Coolant radiator cryogenic, miniature fuel oil Cooling fan Cooling system, automotive Co-ordinate plotter Cord parachute surgical Cordage Correlator, LF, digital Corrosion remover Corvette Cot, survival, baby's 330, 427, 740-741 747 427 316-317, 330. 427 328 316-317 266 742 742 742 666-667 730-731 58-59, 72-73 594-595 732-733 163 418—419 732-733 aerial flexible, protective Crack detector, eddy-current 163 747 427 650-651 671,730-731 Craft amphibious anti-submarine cargo-carrying command control fast-attack glassfibre-reinforced plastics inflatable logistic patrol, customs and police patrol, diesel, fast patrol, patrol, gas turbine, high-speed long-range, fast rescue, air-sea 14 Crew 370-375 58-59 370-373 90 90 370-371 90 175 370-371 66-67, 88-89 64-65 68-69, 74-75 ^8-69, 76-77 ^2-63 626-627 626-627 272-275 526-527 trainer naval submarine training, naval Crowd cargo truck cargo vehicle tyre vehicle control system Cupboard, fume Cupola, fighting vehicle Current rectifier Customs and police Cutting equipment patrol craft gas underwater Cymbeline mobile radar DC DC 274-275, 626-627, 645 290-291 290-291 274-275, 645 620-621, 623 Crash tender, airfield Crawler tractor Crew control system D fuel line main propulsion, marine mechanical Cover truck-mounted vehicle-mounted 164 418-419 flexible fuel transfer mobile, heavy-duty recovery rough-terrain, 10-ton Cross-country Cross-country Cross-country Cross-country Coupling effluent transfer mobile Crew 669 747 747 316-317 626-627 645 hydraulic 710-711 516-517 526-527 526-527 226, 244 132-133 1 34-1 35 164 164 132-133 164 722-723 1 58-1 59 Cooler air Crane heavy-duty generator voltmeter Damage control breathing apparatus Dart gas turbine engine Data input unit, digital, computer Data link Data processing equipment, electronic Data processing equipment, radar Data processing system. meteorological Data reader, digital Data recorder digital magnetic Data service, flight Data source, underwater Data transmission equipment Data transmitter, sighting Davit winch, hydraulic Day/night sight, small arms Decca Navigator navigation system Deck machinery, hydraulic Decompression chamber, diving Deep mobile target Defect tester, eddy-current Defence installation Defence radar Defence radar, coast-watching Degaussing equipment, magnetometer Degreasing solvent De-humidifying equipment De-icing equipment De-ioniser, water Deltic diesel engine Demountable staging Depth measuring unit, ocean Depth presetting equipment, torpedo Depth recorder, marine De-rusting chemical Desalination apparatus, seawater Desalination kit, seawater Desalination plant 554 538-539, 554 727 306-307 286-287 330 188-193, 196-199 526-527 684 242 324-325 66-67, 88-89 267 267 224-225 324-325 666-667 102-103 360-361 474-475 522-523 126-131, 134-135, 137, 518-519, 546-547 470-471 243 532 430 534, 673 Facing 432 109 478-479 140-141 168-169 252 514-515 1 68-1 69 100-101 544-545 671 706-707 474-475 470-471 122-123 730-731 650-651 591 745 150-151 444 106-107 99 114-115 730-731 598-599 745 745 Product Page Product Page Desiccant, silica gel Design service 653 Disposable glove Disposable items, surgical Distance-measuring instrument Distance-run indicator, ship's Distillation unit, water Distortion measuring set, telegraph Distress buoy, submarine 680 728 682 720-721 746 728 712-713, 720-723, 727 718-719 electronics hospital installation, machinery optics rocket motor ship workshop Destroyer, guided missile, 82 multi-role Detector crack frogman's 604-605 pyrotechnic rocket 604-605, 610 611 602-603, 608- -609 320-321 Distributor, ignition Diver transport vehicle Diver's lifejacket 730-731 618-619 Diving chamber fire mine 1 overheating 618-619 radiation 170-171 730-731 728 Detergent Development service 06-1 07, 229 Diagnostic tester armament electrical systems radio equipment Dial sight equipment Dialysis Diathermy unit, electro-surgical Diesel engine automotive high-speed marine, auxiliary mobile, power-generating Diesel fork power-generating lift truck Diesel power generating set Diesel-powered compressor set 580-583 264 Diesel strike craft, fast 60-61 Differential tracking radar 466 734-735 666-667 482-483 518-519, 538-539, 546-547 474-475 532 430 664-665 532 240 432, 532 532 470-471 164 484-485 666-667 666-667 266 668 Diffraction grating Digital LF correlator Digital communications system computer Digital data input unit, computer data reader Digital data recorder Digital Digital Digital frequency meter Digital incremental recorder Digital indicator sight Digital Digital magnetic tape recorder magnetic tape system Digital radar simulator Digital Digital sequence control system speech equipment Digital transfer function analyser Digital voltmeter, integrating Digitising system Diode tester Direct-fire weapon-effects simulator Direction finder, ground-based Direction-finding radio Director artillery fire, optical attitude Disc brake Disc centrifuge Dish antenna Dispenser, engine Display oil head-down, universal moving-map radar Display system, visual 102-103 102-103 102-103 175 Diving transfer-under-pressure system Docking, aircraft maintenance Documentation Dominie Door 64-65, 68 S-69, 74-75 Diesel patrol craft, fast self-contained surface demand Diving gear Diving mask Dodge 640-641 574-575 Diesel generating set 100-101 100-101 1 00-1 01 562-563 48-1 49, 564-565, 568-571, 574-576 146-147, 1 50-1 53, 568-569, 574-576 560-561, 570-571, 576, 588- -589 570-571, 586-587 628-629, 632-635, 556 533 492-493 239 430 162 683 484-485 314-315 truck trainer aircraft 100-101 444 716-717, 724, 726, 727 292-293 352-353 fireproof 1 watertight 1 Doppler sonar Dose rate meter Dose rate unit, radiation Dress, dry-diving Dressing burns first-aid portable Drip rate control Drive Drill, electric, variable-speed, hydrostatic variable-speed, mechanical Drive shaft bearing, marine Drive transmission Driver's sight Drone aircraft Drop-side truck Dry-diving dress Dry-powder 58-1 59 58-1 59 118-119 676-677 170-171 175 330, extinguisher fire Dryer, film Drying oven Dual-trace oscilloscope Dunking sonar Dust separator 684 684 265 683 747 747 166 154-155 232-233 540-541 322-323 175 620-621 678-679 684 672 120-121 329 Dye 730-731 730-731 fluorescent penetrating c t Eager Beaver fork lift tractor Earth communications station Earthmoving equipment 640-641 482-483 269-281 Echo sounder hydrographic navigation Economic studies Eddy-current crack detector Eddy-current defect tester Effluent transfer coupling Ejector release, bomb Electric actuator Electric cable 402 514-515 92-93 594-595 compression decompression recompression Diving equipment 560-561, 574-575 1 marine propulsion stationary, 390-391 662-663 239 683 683 266 142 683 520-521 108 Distress signal 671 crack, eddy, current 681 Electric chain saw, portable Electric drill, 394-395, 470-471, portable Electric grinder, portable 474-475 548-549 Electric impact wrench, portable 557 Electric line tester 114-115 114-115 720-721 730-731 671 732-733 388-389, 403 134-135 747 265 265 265 265 668 15 Page Product Page Equipment carrying case Equipment pack 692-693 652 Electric shears, portable 669 265 265 265 265 Electric storage battery 104-105, 318- 319 Electric storage cell 104-105 630-631 747 747 310-311, 528 312-313, 32Q- -321, 324-325 310-311 668 390-391 Product Electric Electric power pack pump, portable Electric sander, portable Electric screwdriver, portable Electric towing tug preformed Electric wiring harness Electrical connector Electrical equipment, vehicle Electric wiring, Electrical quick-release connector Electrical test set systems test set, armament Electrical systems tester, armament, diagnostic Electrical trailer connector Electrically conducting rubber Electrical Electrics technical service Electro-magnetic microphone Electro-magnetic ship's log Electro-medical equipment Electro-optical camera Electro-surgical diathermy unit computer Electronic Electronic data processing equipment Electronic system, guided missile Electronic test equipment Electronic test set Element, filter, hydraulic Elevation sight, gun Emergency flare, helicopter Emergency power supply Evaluation, progress Evaporator Excavator Excavator/loader Exchanger, heat Exercise head, torpedo Expansion tank Expendable parachute Extinguisher, fire fume solvent aluminium alloy soundproof Endoscope FACE Fabric, rubber-coated 137, 226, 518- -519, 134- -135, 519, 546-547 Fabrication, reinforced plastics Face shovel Fan cooling pressurising Fast attack craft Fast diesel patrol craft 529 586-587 670 62-63 62-67, 74-77 Fault-finding system Ferret scout car Ferry trailer, heavy Ferrying, aircraft Fibre optics 146-151, 560- -561, 568-569, 572- -573, 576, 586- -589 570-571 Fibre-reinforced plastics armour Fibre-reinforced plastics tank diesel, diesel, marine, auxiliary marine propulsion diesel, water-cooled gas turbine gas turbine, aircraft gas turbine, marine gasolene diesel, 1 52-1 53, 576 Field Field accommodation ambulance Field artillery control equipment telephone Field test console Fighter aircraft, ground-attack Field 570-571 591 Fighter controller trainer 360-365 144-145 560-561 Fighting Ships. Jane's Fighting vehicle armoured, tracked jet, aircraft 591 kerosene 560-561 560-561, 566- -567 562-563 562-567, 572- -573 566-567 armoured, wheeled Fighting vehicle cupola Fighting vehicle episcope Fighting vehicle periscope military military, small multi-fuel opposed-piston outboard, heavy-duty petrol ramjet turbo-fan Engine, fire Engine oil dispenser Engine run-up stand, jet Engine starting sequence controller Engine test stand, jet, mobile Engineer equipment Engineering consultancy, naval Engineering contractor, civil Engineering service, medical Environmental pack Epicyclic gearing Episcope, fighting vehicle tank 1 56-1 57 572-573 362-363 328 328 370-371 Fast patrol boat Fast-rise oscilloscope Fibre light guide 574-575 562-563 574-575 564-565 226 200-201 200-201 376 427 274-275 Fast long-range patrol craft diesel diesel, 684 683 330 64-65, 68-69, 74-75 60-61 562-563 automotive high-speed marine 544-545 316-317 424-425 618-622 Fast diesel strike craft auxiliary diesel, 316-317, 330,427 field artillery control equipment FV 432 armoured personnel carrier FV 434 armoured repair vehicle Engine diesel, air-cooled 270-271, 274-277 276-277 c r Fender, ship's shielded, modular 68-69 708-709 427 equipment Extraction Extrusion, 390-391 310-311 645 722-723 534 136, 142 682 660-661 683 128-131, 398-399, 550-551 126-131, 137, 518466 672 668 416-417 240 610-611 578-579 Enclosure 16 188-189, 202 Escort car Escort vessel Fighting vehicle sight, armoured 672 656-659 175 196-199 338 702-703 670 247, 670 698 384-385 685-690 190-191, 286-289, 298-299, 322-323 226 510-511 662-663 342-343, 348-349, 354-355 538-539 725 184-187 188-191, 194-199 242 239 239 248 Film plastics, protective 747 747 surgical 681 laminating 591 Film dryer 678-679 622-623 314-315 436-437 164 436-437 253-267 727 706-707 682 652 Film interpretation table Film processing equipment, x-ray 41 0-41 Film viewer, stereoscopic Film viewing table 41 0-41 1 60- 1 61 Film wire circuit 410-411 388-389 Filter air 172-173,329 hydraulic 41 6-41 liquid 172-173 734-735 neutral Filter element, hydraulic Filtration 239 242 678-679 air mobile 41 6-41 equipment 740-741 738-739 — 1 Product water Filtration plant, Fin stabiliser, non-retractable Finder, direction, ground-based alarm Fire Page Product 738-739 Fork 165 533 622 Fire control 396-397 396-397 243 air-to-air air-to-surface Fire control aid, artillery equipment, Fire control plotter, artillery 251, 536- -537 251 Fire control radar 222-223, 470-471 Fire control Fire control system, artillery artillery, portable crash tender, aircraft Fire detector Fire Fire director, artillery, optical Fire engine Fire extinguisher Fire fighting equipment Fire fighting trailer Fire fighting truck Fire fighting vehicle Fire protection helmet vehicle-mounted Fire service Fire Fireproof door First-aid dressing Fixed-link communication line Fixed-pitch propeller Flag Flame tube, gas turbine Flameproof lighting equipment petrol Forward landing pad Forward-looking radar Fox armoured car Fracture equipment, bone Fragmentation bomb 618-619 Free-running underwater target 239 Freight transport helicopter 622-623 618-622 61 5-623 620-621 620-621 620-622 696-697 Freighter aircraft 616-617, 622 1 58-1 59 684 tender hand-propelled low-pressure gas manual-hydraulic Frame, manpack 616-617 616-617 616-617 710-711 portable trailer-mounted continued diesel 226 620-621, 623 pump Fire Page truck lift 9 478-479 158-159 690 422-423 438-439 Flare Frame tent long-haul short-haul Frequency meter, digital Frequency response analyser Frequency standard, precision Friend-or-foe identification radar 358-359 346-347 664-665 666-667 664-665 468-471 Frigate 68-71, 78 -81 Frogman's distress signal Frontier security system 604-605 Fuel control valve Fuel cooler emergency helicopter reconnaissance illuminating parachute parachute illuminating reconnaissance signal Flashing beacon Flat-platform trailer Flaw-detection equipment Flexible circuit panel Flexible container Flexible coupling Flexible fuel tank Flexible liquid container Flexible protective cover Flexible reservoir Flexible wiring assembly Flight data service Flight instrument Flight simulator Flight trainer Float switch Floating bridge Floodlight equipment Flow marker, tidal Flow meter Flow regulator, fuel Flotation 610-611 610-611 614 614 602-603 614 602-603, 608-61 744 334-335 730-731 388-389 427 163 330, 427, 732-733 652 650-651 652 747 Facing 432 430 546-547, 555, 557 546-549, 557 418-419 256-257 438-439, 744 732-733 606-607 683 422-423 Fluid magnetic particle inspection protective Fluorescent dye Fluorescent lamp Flying helmet Flying training Folding furniture Folding wheelchair Footwear Footwear rubber compound Fork lift tractor Fork lift truck battery-electric 730-731 730-731 730-731 438-439 696-697 702-703 690 684 699 699 640-641 630-631, 634-639, 642-644 227 41 8-41 427 Fuel-injection system 422-423 312-313 Fuel jettison valve 41 8-41 Fuel metering system 422-423 422-423 Fuel flow regulator Fuel pump Fuel storage tank Fuel system, aircraft Fuel system equipment 652 418-419, 422-423 427 Fuel tank. flexible helicopter 628-629, 632-635, 640-641 644 628-629, 634-635 644 634-635 440 396-397 194-195 684 214-215 692-693, 699 690 544-545 368-369 long-range Fuel transfer coupling Fueldraulic system Fume cupboard Fume extraction equipment Fume generator, insecticidal Function analyser, transfer, digital 330, 427, 732-733 384-385 732-733 422-423 684 684 606-607 666-667 Furniture canteen folding hospital laboratory office Fused quartz window Fuze guided missile impact self-destruct 688 690 684 684 688 734-735 466 208-209 208-209 Fuze indicator, howitzer Fuzing connector Fuzing harness 251 Gamma 330 470-471 267 267, 683 radiation meter Gap-filling radar Gas cutting equipment Gas pressure regulator Gas turbine, auxiliary Gas turbine-driven hydraulic power pack Gas turbine engine aircraft marine Gas Gas Gas Gas Gas Gas Gas Gas turbine flame tube turbine nozzle control 388-389 388-389 422-423, 590 443 360-365, 591 1 44-1 45 422-423 422-423 turbine patrol craft, high-speed 68-69, 76 -77 turbine-powered generator pack turbine reheat system 443 422-423 422-423 364-365 267 560-561 turbine starter turbine starter trolley welding equipment Gasolene engine 17 Product riant Gas Page Product Page 681 Ground-to-air radio receiver Ground-to-air radio transmitter Guard system, perimeter Guest cannula Guidance equipment, guided missile Guide, fibre light 533 533 227 683 466 670 Ge 168-169 168-169 689 747 aircraft arre; anchor running, trailer-type Gear wheel Gearbox automatic marine Guided power transmission semi-automatic Gearing air-to-air 154-155, 160-161 747 air-to-ground 326-327 anti-tank 160-161 154-155, 160-161 160-161 286-287, 296-297, 306-307, 322-323 ship-to-air main propulsion, marine reduction General-purpose truck 298-303 General purpose vehicle Generating plant power, base-load power, standby Generating set power, diesel power, lightweight power, marine power, mobile power, petrol power, portable power, standby power, stationary vehicle-mounted Generating system, vehicle, Generator 576 576, 586- -587 574-575, 580-583 578-579 564-565 578-579, 582-585, 588-589 580-581 580-581 electric ac dc acetylene gas fume, insecticidal power, hand signal, telegraph warning tone Generator pack, gas turbine- powered 582-583 586-587 584-585 324-325 324-325 324-325 petrol-engined, power turbine-driven, power trailer Geophone Girder bridge Glassfibre-reinforced plastics craft Glassfibre-reinforced plastics hull Glassware, laboratory disposable surgical, rubber fire pump sight diffraction moire irritant riot control smoke Grinder, electric, portable Ground-attack aircraft Ground-attack fighter aircraft missile fuze missile launcher missile launcher hovercraft submarine Guided missile loading equipment Guided missile miss-distance system Guided weapon sight Guided weapon simulator, anti-tank Guided weapon system Guided weapon vehicle, anti-tank Guided weapons and equipment Gun see also Cannon, Mortar mm anti-aircraft, mobile armour-piercing mm light, police tank trailer-mounted mm 557 450-461 186-187 449-466 208-209 220 210-211 220 206-207 208-209 206-207 216-217 220 204-205 210-211 208-209 208-209 192-193 226, 244 240 247 pod, machine, airborne 138-139 138-139 138-139 138-141 138-139 334-335 386 rule 251 20 pedestal anti-aircraft gyro-stabilised naval twin 30 mm Gun-mounting 734-735 734-735 Gun Gun Gun 342-343. 348-349, 252 241 sight Gun ammunition, 30 mm Gun carrier Gun control equipment Gun elevation sight Gun-mounted binocular Gun mounting 250 734-735 612-613 612-613 612-613 612-613 265 344-345 mm mm self-propelled Gun-aiming 462-463 462-463 462-463 464-465 536-537 184-185 140-141 anti-riot 105 machine 458-459 458-461 460-461 466 82 466 466 464-465 466 464-465 system helicopter 498-499 590 336-337 227 254-255 90 88-89 684 Grenade anti-riot missile close-support, 105 gyro-stabilised, twin 30 Grating fringe, system guidance equipment missile handling equipment missile electronic 443 Graticule illuminated missile destroyer, multi-role cartridge, teargas 364-365 144-145 616-617 marine missile arming device anti-aircraft gas turbine engine aircraft surface-to-surface Guided Guided Guided Guided Guided Guided Guided Guided 76 680 683 680 surgical shipborne surface-to-air 606-607 498-499 520-521 512-513 Glove Godiva 452-455, 460-461 450-451, 456-457 460-461 460-461 anti-aircraft 267 Generator set Gnome 458-459 458-459 man-portable epicyclic Generator missile 326-327 trailer sight gyroscopic image-intensifying Gun stabilisation system Gunnery control system Gunnery miss-distance system Gunnery Gunnery Gunnery Gunnery trainer, naval 400 248 244 226, 244 536-537 550-551 241 556, 714-715 training aid training system 354-355 533 470-471 394-397 Gunner's sight Gyro compass Ground sheet 6S" Ground-surfacing mat Ground-surveillance radar 25fc Gyro-stabilised gun mounting Gyro-stabilised gun, twin 30 Gyro-stabilised platform 608-609 245 124-125, 136, 230-231,431 138-139 208-209 124-125 Gyro system 431 Ground-based direction finder Ground-controlled interception radar Ground-mapping radar Ground-servicing 18 lift truck 259 222-223, 252 training target mm — Product Page Product Gyro-theodolite 266 Helmet Gyroscope Page continued flying 428-429 134-135 reference system 400 124-125 sight 241 Hi-Fix survey system High-altitude interceptor aircraft High-explosive bomb High-explosive bomb tail unit High-explosive shell High-hysteresis rubber High-pressure compressor High-pressure hydraulic pump High-pressure lubricator 124-125 High-pressure reciprocating horizon missile north-seeking 124-125, 238 vertical 431 vertical reference 124-125 Gyroscope 7 671 test table Gyroscopic Gyroscopic Gyroscopic Gyroscopic gun sight weapons stabiliser compressor High-resolution video H HF HF patrol radio radio HS 748 Hand equipment transport aircraft extinguisher fire Hand-held microphone Hand-held signalling rocket Hand power generator Hand-propelled fork Hand lift truck truck Handbook, operating Handling equipment guided missile mechanical Handset, telephony Harness 500-501 480-487, 490-491, 494-495, 506 350-351 620-621 510-511 602-603 Headphone Headset Headset tester Heat exchanger Heater, air Heavy armoured tank Heavy-duty cargo truck Heavy-duty crane Heavy-duty load carrier Heavy-duty mobile crane Heavy-duty outboard engine Heavy-duty powered raft Heavy-duty truck Heavy-duty trailer Heavy-duty winch Heavy ferry trailer Height finding radar 304-305 692-693, 699 402 320-321 544-545 316-317 694-697 430 136 500-501, 500-501, 524-525, 510-511 316-317, 740-741 178-179 284-285 626-627 304-305 290-291 156-157 256-257 292-295 332-335 290-291 338 472-473 Helicopter freight, transport rescue strike Helicopter autostabiliser Helicopter emergency flare Helicopter guided missile launcher system Helicopter landing pad Helicopter reconnaissance flare Helicopter refuelling system Helicopter sonar Helicopter trainer Helicopters and hovercraft Helmet fire protection system Hovercraft liferaft Hovercraft skirt Howitzer fuze indicator Hull, plastics, glassfibre-reinforced Humidity indicator Hunter ground-attack 292-293, 447 aircraft 386 387 645 264 669 314-315 172-173 548-549 562-563 68-69, 76-77 304-305 394-397 428-429 428-429 744 434 314-315 684 682 684 684 370-375 376 Hovercraft guided missile launcher 274-275, 628-633 510-511 Haulage truck Haulage vehicle Haversack tape-type reel Hovercraft advisory service 464-465 348-349 Headgear Heading indicator Hose Hospital furniture Hovercraft 747 Head, torpedo exercise Header tank radar Horizon gyroscope Horizon indicator, artificial Horn, alternating Hose, aircraft engine 714-717, 724, 726, 727 wiring, electric Head lamp, vehicle craft Hospital design service Hospital equipment Harrier vertical take-off aircraft display, universal Homing Hospital bed 388-389 692-693 Head-down High-speed diesel engine High-speed gas turbine patrol High-speed haulage vehicle 498-499 644 644 personal load carrying fusing map 696-697 514-515 354-355 214-215 524-525 510-511, 534 fighter aircraft Hydraulic actuator Hydraulic air-intake control Hydraulic aircraft servicing trolley Hydraulic crane Hydraulic control console Hydraulic converter Hydraulic davit winch Hydraulic deck machinery Hydraulic filter Hydraulic filter element Hydraulic power pack gas turbine-driven motor-driven Hydraulic 251 88-89 650-651 348-349 1 34-1 35 422-423 443 645 669 669 168-169 1 68-1 69 41 6-41 416-417 443 669 pump aircraft 330, 427 462-463 594-595 376 high-pressure naval Hydraulic ram Hydraulic system, aircraft Hydraulic test bench Hydraulic test equipment Hydraulic test rig Hydraulic winch Hydrographic echo sounder Hydrophone Hydroplot navigating computer Hydrostatic variable-speed drive 422-423 669 168-169 422-423 422-423 669 443, 669 669 260-261 114-115 98 137 747 1 1 368-369 368-369 368-369 428-429 610-611 462-463 441 INAS inertial navigating and attack system IRIS infra-red intruder warning system ISIS integrated strike and interceptor system Idler wheel, track Identification radar, friend-or-foe 610-611 420-421 120-121 538-539 367-376 Ikara guided missile 696-697 Illuminated compass Illuminated graticule Ignition coil Ignition distributor Ignition system, vehicle 398-399 228 400 330 468-471 320-321 320-321 320-321 458-459 250 250 19 Page Product Page Product Illuminated map-reading magnifier Illuminated rifle sight Illuminating flare, parachute Illuminating rocket Illumination, cold-light Illustrating service 250 234-235 602-603, 614 608-609 250 716-717, 724, 726 248-249 248-249 265 208-209 432 418-421 Instrument— com/ntyetf 531 Interception radar 532 air-to-surface 682, 684 671, 734-735 ground-controlled Image-intensifier tube Image-intensifying sight electric, portable Impact wrench, Impact fuze In-flight accident recorder system Incremental magnetic tape recorder In-flight refuelling Incremental recorder, digital Incubator Indexing table, rotary nuclear surgical test test, communications Instrument landing system Instrument panel light Instrument trolley Instrumentation recorder Integrating digital voltmeter Intensive care unit Inter-vehicle connector all-weather 354-355 ground-attack 342-343, 348- -349 high-altitude 354-355 400 512-513 attitude 428-429 430 fuze, howitzer 251 Interceptor system, optical heading 430 136 650-651 418-419 174 142 142 438-439 430 524-525 398-399 398-399 698 212-213 542-543, 608- -609 249 732-733 175 598-599 594-595 732-733 264 Intercom box, station Interference suppression, radio frequency Internal combustion engines Interpretation computer, sonar horizon heading, tape-type humidity liquid level radiation ship's distance-run speed ship's slope, visual approach vibration Inductive loop radio equipment Inertia! navigation equipment Inertial navigation platform Infantry armour, portable Infantry mortar Infantry target simulator Infantry weapon Inflatable sight bag Inflatable boat Inflatable canopied liferaft Inflatable liferaft Inflatable work boat Inflator, tyre 97 Information system action naval action Infra-red binocular sight Infra-red intruder Infra-red warning system lamp Infra-red line scanner Infra-red mapping recorder Infra-red material Infra-red periscope sight Infra-red photographic equipment Infra-red projector 126-127 116-117 232-233 228 683 408-409 408-409 232-233 245 414 228. 245 Infra-red reconnaissance equipment, airborne Infra-red searchlight portable vehicle-mounted aerial 227 228 Invertor, static Invisible-light projector Iron Fairy crane Irritant 683 fume generator Inspection aid Inspection fluid, magnetic particle 606-607 670 730-731 Installation airfield defence naval 706-707 706-707 706-707 Installation design service. machinery J Jaguar Instrument aeronautical area-measuring distance -measuring examination, non-destructive All the World's Aircraft Fighting Ships Surface Skimmer Systems Weapon Systems Jet aircraft Jet engine run-up stand Jet engine test stand, mobile Jet pump 356-357 725 725 725 725 340-345, 356- -357 436-437 436-437 418-419 K Kerosene engine 560-561 1 L furniture glassware film machine system 666-667 490-491 682-684 684 684 747 747 747 Lamp fluoroscent head, vehicle 438-439 320-321 infra-red 683 747 250 747 320-321 230-231 nuclear post, aiming self-luminous Land navigation equipment Land Rover 431 air-portable armoured levelling 266 266 670 430 266 navigation 431 flight 20 aircraft Jane's spot, vehicle 720-721 132-133 228 645 612-613 346-347 1 Laboratory Laboratory Laminating Laminating Laminating Infusion unit, automated Insecticidal grenade Islander light aircraft 245 245 414 20-1 21 Intruder alarm, seismic Intruder warning system, infra-red LF correlator, digital LF radio equipment Laboratory equipment Infra-red surveying equipment, 1 492-493 414 245 Infra-red sight 529 559-576 Interrogator Information organisation system, tactical 396-397 470-471 Interceptor aircraft Indicator artificial 330 684 666-667 516-517 433 250 338 534, 673 666-667 682 310-311 lightweight long-wheelbase short-wheelbase Landing aid Landing chart, aircraft 302-303 202 302-303 298-299 300-303 433 Facing 432 9 Page Product Landing mat airfield Landing pad forward 440 helicopter 441 Landing system, instrument Laser Laser Laser Laser Laser training 433 708-709, 712-713 marked-target seeker rangefinder ranging equipment rod 401 target marker 401 Launch, personnel Launcher guided missile rocket rocket, air-to-ground rocket, airborne Launcher control system, missile Launcher system guided missile, helicopter guided missile, hovercraft guided missile, submarine Laundry equipment Laundry, mobile Lavatory, automatic Layer, mine Lead-acid battery Lens optical photographic 232-233 401 734-735 88-89 1 Product Page continued Link 440 440 air-portable Language —— , SHF radio Linkage, power-actuated Liquid container, flexible Liquid filter Liquid level indicator Liquid level transmitter Liquid pressure controller Load carrier heavy-duty high-mobility Load carrying harness, personal Load lifting table Loader bucket, multi-purpose 450-451 456-457, 464-465 382-383 378-379 378-379 132-133 462-463 462-463 462-463 686-687 686-687 683 218-219 318-319 734-735, 746 247 aircraft Loader shovel Loading equipment cargo guided missile Loading shovel, wheeled Locomotive, shunting 346-347, 358-359 292-293 304-305 384-385 352-353 62-63 Loud 526-527 512-513 512-513 380-381 Loudspeaker Levelling instrument 266 Loudspeaker-amplifier Low-level attack system Low-level reconnaissance camera Low-level strike aircraft Low-pressure gas fork lift truck diver's naval parachutist's airborne canopied, inflatable hovercraft inflatable Lift 594-595 598-599 594-595 594-595 truck fork, battery-electric fork, diesel fork, fork, fork, hand-propelled low-pressure gas manual-hydraulic fork, petrol ground-servicing Lift, hailer Low-temperature equipment Lubricating trailer Lubricator, high-pressure Liferaft vehicle Ligature, surgical Light gun, 105 mm Light, panel, instrument Light signalling projector Light tank Light transport aircraft Lighting equipment airfield apron flameproof vehicle Lighting, runway Lightning aircraft Lightweight body armour Lightweight power generating set Lincompex equipment Line, fixed-link communication Line scanner, infra-red Line tester, electric Line-throwing rocket 630-631, 634-639, MF/HF MITRE pocket phone 438-439 438-439 438-439 320-321 438-439 342-343 698 578-579 478-479 478-479 408-409 668 604-605 Link microwave radio radio, UHF junction M 45H gas turbine engine MF radio equipment 628-629, 634-635, 640-641 644 628-629, 634-635 644 346-347, 358-359 478-479 478-479 1 40-1 41 514-515 41 0-41 348-349 628-629, 634-635 747 336-337 314-315 IVI 642-644 634-635 644 314-315 683 206-207 250 744 184-185 628-631 Long-distance haulage truck Long-distance haulage vehicle Long-range fuel tank Long-range patrol aircraft Long-range patrol craft, fast Look-out sight Loran navigation system Lorry see Car, Truck. Vehicle 41 8-41 594-595 594-595 594-595 594-595 594-595 270-271, 276-277 Logistic support aircraft Level transmitter, liquid aircrew canoeist's 392-393 Logistic craft Log, ship's, electro-magnetic 418-419 250 Lifejacket 278-279 464-465 278-279 574-575 136, 142 370-371 Level, spirit Level indicator, liquid 304-305 192-193 692-693 644 270-271, 276-277 tractor weapon, 478-479 416-417 652 172-173 418-419 418-419 418-419 radio equipment Machine, laminating Machine gun Machine gun pod, airborne Machinery control, main, naval Machinery installation design service Magnetic compass Magnetic compass test table Magnetic particle inspection fluid Magnetic tape recorder airborne audio cockpit, audio digital FM/digital incremental instrumentation Magnetic tape system, digital Magnetic tape transport Magnetometer degaussing equipment Magnifier, map-reading, illuminated Main machinery control, naval Main propulsion battery, submarine Main propulsion brake, marine Main propulsion coupling, marine Main propulsion gearbox, marine Main propulsion gearing, marine Maintenance and repair ship Maintenance contractor, aircraft Maintenance manual Maintenance schedule, planned 362-363 490-491 504-505 500-501 747 216-217 386 164 720-721 266 108 730-731 432 534 530 432 544-545 531 673 532 532 22-1 23 250 164 1 04-1 05 162 163 154-155, 160-161 154-155, 160-161 86-87 1 702-703 714-717, 726-727 714-715 21 Prod Page Product Page 710-713 444 Meteorological equipment 442; Meter dose flow 330, 676-677 aircraft Mainten a Mar.-poriabie guidea missile Management training Manoeuvring room training simulator Manpack frame Manpack radio equipment Manpower planning 460-461 708-709 554 692-693, 699 490-491 496-503 708-709 , operating technical training Manual-hydraulic fork Manufacture, contract lift truck 714-717, 726-727 724 714-717, 727. 714-717, 724, 726-727 644 728 aeronautical nautical video, high-resolution video, radar Map-reading magnifier, illuminated recorder, infra-red auxiliary power unit consultancy depth recorder diesel engine diesel engine, auxiliary drive shaft bearing gas turbine engine main propulsion brake main propulsion coupling main propulsion gearbox main propulsion gearing navigational aid power generating set propulsion diesel engine propulsion unit Marine radar Marine radar simulator Marine transmission brake Marine window Maritime patrol aircraft Marked-target seeker, laser Marker 664-665 330 664-665 422-423 683 radiation modulation Metering system, fuel 510-511. 534 534 534 510-511, 524-525 534 boom carbon electro-magnetic hand-held moving-coil 478-479 683 Militant 548-549 470-471 250 408^109 cargo truck recovery crane Military engine Military engineering consultancy 1 48-1 49 720-721 114-115 574-575 564-565 166 144-145 162 163 154-155. 160-161 Mine 54-1 55, 112-11 3, 1 1 60-1 61 4-51 5 51 564-565 152-153, 144-147. 156-157, 112-115. 546-547, 162 1 58-1 59 576 150-151. 568-569 394-395 550-551 352-353 401 self-luminous 747 401 Marker beacon 606-607 596-597 Maroon rocket Marquee 602-603. 608-609 690 Martel guided missile 458-459 flow Microphone Facing 432 Facing 1 36 target, laser tidal gamma Microwave radio link Microwave therapy unit Map Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine Marine 683 frequency, digital Microbiological analyser Manual maintenance Mapping rate Mask 284-285 290-291 560-563, 566-567 712-713 218-219 218-219 218-219 anti-tank bar plastics Mine detector 106-107, 229 Mine-hunting radar Mine-hunting sonar 114-115 106-107 218-219 218-219 394-395 534 747 Mine layer Mine-laying plough Mines counter-measure radar Miniature amplifier, thin-film Miniature cryogenic cooler Miniature radio equipment Miss-distance system guided missile 492-493, 496-497, 500-501 536-537 536-537 gunnery Missile guided, air-to-air guided, air-to-ground guided, anti-aircraft guided, anti-tank guided, man-portable guided, ship-to-air guided, shipborne guided, surface-to-air guided, surface-to-surface submarine-to-air wire-guided Missile arming device 458-459 458-459 Missile-carrier trailer 332-333 452-455, 460-461 450-451. 456-457 460-461 460-461 458-459 458-461 460-461 97 450-451, 456-457 466 diving 175 Missile control system 130-131 oxygen 696-697 498-^99 Missile controller trainer 538-539 466 466 466 134-135 Mast, aerial Mat Missile fuze, guided air-portable, landing landing ground surfacing tank access airfield, Materials handling equipment Measuring set, distortion, telegraph Measuring system, radiation level Measuring tape Measuring unit ocean depth sea temperature Mechanical handling equipment Mechanical power transmission Mechanical reference synchroniser Mechanical rotating shaft seal Mechanical variable-speed drive Mechanical winch Mechanism, precision Medical engineering service Medical supplies and equipment Membrane, airfield Memory store Message switching system 440 440 258-259 258-259 625-645 520-521 170-171 266 106-107 106-107 274-275, 628-633 747 666-667 743 747 260-261 728 682 675 684 441 134-135 2-483 Meteorological data processing system 22 Missile electronic system, guided Missile guidance equipment, guided Missile gyroscope 450-451, 456-457, Missile launcher 464-465 1 Missile loading equipment, guided 464-465 Mobile accommodation Mobile anti-aircraft gun Mobile command post Mobile crane 688 208-209 190-191 274-275. 290-291, 626-627, 645 Mobile Mobile Mobile Mobile Mobile Mobile filtration equipment engine test stand laundry jet office personnel shower power generating set 738-739 436-437 686-687 286-287 686-687 578-579, 582-585, 588-589 Mobile Mobile Mobile Mobile power source radar radio equipment radio station Mobile repair workshop 243 32-1 34 Missile launcher control system 568-569. 222-225. 490-491 488-489, 502-503, 578-579 470-471 494-495, 507 286-287,300-301, 322-323, 336-337 — Product Page Product Page Mobile target, deep Mobile UHF radio relay Mobile weather station Model making Modular bridge, clearspan 544-545 522-523 243 722-723 256-257 Navigating computer 137, 238,398-399, 408-409, 514-515 136, 238,431 Modular shielded enclosure Modulation meter 529 664-665 Moire" fringe grating 734-735 650-651 Moisture barrier Monitor neutron Navigating system Navigation echo sounder Navigation equipment 514-515 Navigation instrument Navigation platform, inertial Navigational aid, marine Neonatal care unit Net 676-677 radiation 174, 330, vibration 430 676-677 Monitoring equipment, communications 516-517 266 Mono comparator, optical Mortar see also Cannon, Mortar ammunition Mortar bomb Gun Mortar, infantry Mortar-locating radar Mortar shell Mortar vehicle, armoured Motor protection equipment, thermal Motor system, rocket Motor transport contractor Motor tug trailer 214-215 214-215 212-213 224-225 214-215 200-201 132-133 728 702-703 338 Moulding plastics 434 434 rubber Mounting anti-vibration gun, gun, gun, gun, gun, 20 mm pedestal anti-aircraft gyro-stabilised naval twin 30 mm transit, aircraft weapon, engine aircraft Moving-coil microphone Moving-map display Moving target indicator radar 175 138-139 138-139 138-139 138-141 138-139 434 388-389 534 514-515 470-471 Multi-channel communications recorder 531 camouflage cargo movement cargo restraining safety Netting, nylon Neutral filter Neutron monitor Night/day sight, small arms Night-driving sight Night fighter Night sight aircraft illuminated passive Night surveillance periscope Night surveillance system Night-viewing aid Nimbus gas turbine engine Nimrod reconnaissance aircraft Nitrogen compressor set Noise-excluding headset Non-destructive examination instrument Non-ferrous casting Non-retractable fin stabiliser North-seeking gyroscope Nozzle control, gas turbine Nubian Major 278-279 668 478-479 Office, mobile Muscle stimulator Muzzle bore sight 683 245 Ohmmeter Office furniture Oil cooler engine Oil-fired steam-raising boiler Oil-resisting rubber Olympus gas Narrow-aisle truck Nautical chart Naval action information system Naval action tactical trainer Naval air defence radar Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval Naval architecture technical service consultancy control system crew crew trainer training engineering consultancy gun mounting gunnery trainer installation lifejacket main machinery control operational advice operational assistance reconnaissance planning aircraft refit repair service strategic studies support service surface warning radar 724 636-637 Facing 136 116-117 550-551 116-117, 122-123, 394-395 722-723 720-721 1 34-1 35 554 727 712-713, 727 138-141 550-551 706-707 594-595 164 720-721 720-721 352-353 727 704-705 720-721 727 114-115 398-399 112-113, 514-515 682 742 742 742 742 742 734-735 676-677 252 232-233 354-355 234-235 249 248 228 250 364-365 352-353 102-103 510-511 670 158-159 165 1 24-1 25, 238 422-423 623 330 747 742 Oberon class submarine Ocean bed research vessel Ocean depth measuring unit Oil dispenser, codification service 431 o Multi-purpose bucket loader Multi-range test set Multi-role guided missile destroyer Multicoupler equipment Multiplex equipment, telephony N truck Nylon netting 562-567, 572-573 82 528 fire Nuclear instrument Nuclear lamp Multi-fuel engine NATO 114-115 230-231, 398-399, turbine engine Omni-directional aerial Omni-directional antenna Operating handbook Operational Operational Operational Operational Operational Operational Operational advice, naval advisory service assistance, naval centre, air defence control simulator storage trainer aircraft Operational training Operator-computer interface Opposed-piston engine Optical artillery fire director Optical comparator Optical element Optical equipment Optical flat Optical interceptor system Optical mono comparator Optical plotting table Optical prism Optical rangefinder Optical system 96 94-95 106-107 688 286-287 668 316-317,330,427 314-315 686-687 645 144-145,362-363 528 528 714-717,724,726, 727 720-721 714-715 720-721 710-711 550-551 650-651 344-345, 348-349, 356-357 727 474-475 566-567 239 734-735 734-735 242, 247-249, 252, 670 734-735 400 266 266 242 239 746 23 .s design Page Product Page 734-735 Pen-type rocket Penetrating dye Perimeter guard system Peripheral equipment, computer Periscope 602-603 730-731 746 se. 247, 670 bre Optics, resin, synthetic Optics. tracki Organ storage ui Organisation system, tactical information Orpheus gas turbine engine Oscilloscope dual-trace fast-rise wide-band 734-735 232-233 682 108 attack fighting vehicle 239, 252 97 night surveillance 362-363 search search attack submarine 672 672 672 tank Periscopic sight Other communications and electronic equipment Other naval equipment Other products and services Outboard engine, heavy-duty Oven, drying Overhead projector Overheating detector Oxygen mask Oxygen therapy equipment Permanent accommodation Personal equipment 509 534 167-175 729-747 156-157 Personal load-carrying harness Personnel carrier, armoured Personnel launch Personnel parachute Personnel recruitment Personnel shower, mobile Personnel truck Personnel vehicle Petrol engine Petrol-engined generator set 684 239 618-619 696-697 683 Petrol fork 652 652 652 648-649 652 armament environmental equipment Packaging material Packing, special Pad bonded, rubber-to-metal forward landing helicopter landing Paint remover Paint, self-luminous Pallet truck Pallet, vehicle servicing Palouste gas turbine starter trolley Panel light, instrument Pantometer, projection Parachute 424-425 424-425 424-425 424-425 steerable supply-dropping Parachute cord Parachute flare Parachute illuminating Parachute release automatic flare barometric Parachutist's lifejacket tracer wax bath Paralleloscope Paratroop transport Particle inspection fluid, magnetic Passenger address amplifier Passive night sight Pilotage radar Pisces submersible Patrol car, armoured customs and police gas turbine, high-speed long-range, fast Patrol radio, HF submarine Pedestal gun mounting, 20 mm Pegasus gas turbine engine propeller Planned maintenance schedule Planning manpower naval refit Planning service Plastics cabin, air-portable Plastics craft, glassfibre-reinforced 742 614 602-603 Plastics fabrication, reinforced 426 426 594-595 606-607 683 247 346-347 730-731 512-513 248-249 Plastics Plastics film, protective Plastics hull, glassfibre-reinforced mine moulding armour, aluminium Plastics Plate, alloy Platform, gyro-stabilised Platform trailer, flat Plot extractor, radar 714-715 710-711 708-709 727 714-715 689 90 427 747 88-89 218-219 434 330 1 24-1 25 334-335 474-475 137 266 chart co-ordinate fire 251 control, artillery 514-515 position, automatic Plotting table, optical 266 Plough, mine-laying 218-219 645 500-501 Pneumatic tyre Pocket phone 62-67, 88- -90 188-191, 94- -195, Pod machine gun, airborne 202 reconnaissance, airborne Pole, ranging 66-67, 88- -89 64-65, 68- -69, 74-75 68-69, 76- -77 Police Polyurethane sheeting, anti-erosion 62-63 Poncho 500-50^ Portable artillery fire control system Portable bridge Portable compressor I 138-139 352-363 673 410-411 406-409, 412-414 247 114-115. 410-411 266 683 296-297 106-107, 112-113 94-95 606-607 Plotter 352-353 352-353 352-353 96 580-581 336-337 164 164 power Patrol craft diesel, fast 424-425 710-711 686-687 296-297 298-299 572-573 498-499 634-635 Pitch control system Patrol aircraft anti-submarine long-range maritime Patrol boat Very Pistol, airfield expendable smoke Photogrammetric system Photographic equipment Photographic lens Photographic processing equipment Photo-interpretation equipment Photometer Pick-up truck 683 730-731 747 636-637 314-315 364-365 250 734-735 380-381 Parachutist's syringe 330 440 air-brake personnel 24 set 248 108 108 108 242 236-237, 239, 245, 247, 252 688 692-693 692-693 186-187, 200-201 88-89 water-contamination test Petrol 441 Paediatric burette set Patrol truck Petrol tanker trailer Pack Paraffin lift power generating Petrol 227 474-475, 518-519 Police and customs gun patrol craft Portable electric chain saw 386 408-411 266 66-67, 88-89 220 434 690 226 256-257 264-265 265 9 Page Product Page Product Portable electric drill Portable electric grinder Portable electric impact 265 265 265 265 265 265 265 616-617 252 698 580-581 265 252 490-491 500-501 258-259 690 245 514-515 Processing equipment 671,734-735 648-649, 692-693 Propeller 683 416-417 512-513 132-133 586-587 577-591 fixed-pitch Propeller pitch control system Portable Portable Portable Portable wrench electric pump electric sander screwdriver shears electric electric Portable fire pump Portable ground surveillance radar Portable infantry armour Portable power generating set Portable power tool Portable radar torch Portable radio equipment Portable roadway Portable shelter Portable sight, infra-red Position plotter, automatic Positioning unit, angular Pouch, ammunition Powder, glove, surgical Power-actuated linkage Power amplifier, audio Power control system, remote Power generating alternator Power generating equipment , Power generating plant 576 base load standby 580-583 578-579 564-565 lightweight marine mobile 578-579, 582-585, petrol portable standby stationary Power generator, hand Power-operated control mechanism Power pack electric hydraulic hydraulic, gas turbine-driven pitch control system plant consultancy servo control system source, mobile supply, emergency supply system take-off tool, portable tool transformer transmission, mechanical 588-589 580-581 580-581 582-583 586-587 498-499 416-417 669 669 443 164 722-723 132-133 568-569, 578-579 578-579 584-585 336-337 265 324-325 747 unit auxiliary auxiliary, marine vehicle Powered-axle trailer Powered heavy-duty Practice raft, bomb, retarded 560-561 1 48-1 49 568-569 336-337 256-257 384-385 Practice range anti-tank weapon small-arms Practice shell Precision approach radar Precision-fabricated component Precision frequency standard Precision mechanism Precision voltmeter Prefabricated building Preformed data, radar film, x-ray information photographic Program, computer Programme, training Programmer, tape-controlled Progress evaluation Projection pantometer electric wiring Pressure controller, liquid Pressure regulator, gas Pressure suit Pressurising fan Prism, optical Printed circuit Printing service Procedural trainer 542-543 542-543 387 433 422-423 664-665 728 666-667 688 747 418-419 267 594-595 328 242, 734-735 747 726 555 678-679 544-545 114-115,410-411 518-519 714-715 683 708-709 734-735 Projector infra-red 228, 245 invisible-light 228 239 744 728 overhead signalling, light Propellant, rocket motor controllable-pitch 158-159 158-159 164 Propulsion and auxiliary 143-166 machinery Propulsion Propulsion Propulsion Propulsion battery, main, submarine brake, main, marine gearing, main, marine unit, marine set diesel Power Power Power Power Power Power Power Power Power Power Power 126-131, 134-135, 137, 518-519, 546-547 470-471 data, electronic 576, 586-587 Power generating , Prosthesis 04-1 05 162 1 54-1 55 1 44-1 47, 1 50-1 51 156-157, 564-565, 568-569 684 1 Protection equipment cathodic motor, thermal Protective clothing Protective cover, flexible Protective fluid Protective footwear Protective plastics film Protective storage system Proteus gas turbine engine Provisioning service, spares Public address equipment Puffin gas turbine engine Pull-through, rifle-cleaning Pulse modulator thyristor 1 32-1 33 132-133 594-595, 698 650-651 730-731 699 747 650-651 1 44-1 45 714-715 526-527 591 742 534 Pump hydraulic, high-pressure 265 616-617 422-423 168-169, 422-423 669 jet 41 8-41 electric, portable fire fuel hydraulic turbine-driven Pumping set, turbine-driven Punched-tape reading equipment 422-423 590 520-521 Purchasing agent Purchasing service 702-703, 716-717 712-715 Purification plant 172-173 air water Pusher attachment, bulldozer Pyrotechnic device 738-739, 745 Pyrotechnics 601-614 272-273 602-607, 614 ^^ o \Jm Quartz window, fused Quick-release connector, electrical 734-735 310-311 *% R i RB1 62 gas turbine engine Racon, radar responder beacon 360-361 114-115 Radar air defence, naval air-sea rescue air surveillance air traffic control 116-117, 122-123, 394-395 394-395 470-473 470-475 25 — air-tc-sir interception airborne airborne, tactical anti-submarine defence defence, coast-watching shipborne 492-493, 496- -497, 500-501 500-501 484-485, 496- -499, transportable 502-506 480-485 portable UHF UHF/VHF VHF identification, friend-or-foe marine 114-115, 394--395 mines counter-measure mobile 394-395 microwave 222-225, 470- -471 SHF mortar locating 224-225 470-471 106-107, 433 468-471 222-223, 408-409 470-471 114-115 114-115 470-471 116-117, 396-397 122-123 466 470-471 394-395 394-395, 470-471, 548-549 470-471 474-475 408-409 602-603 608-609 114-115 474-475 gap-filling ground-controlled interception ground mapping ground surveillance ground surveillance, portable height finding homing moving target indicator pilotage precision approach secondary surveillance short-range sideways-looking static submarine surface warning, naval tactical air control target indicating target-tracking tracking tracking, differential transportable weather Radar display Radar map, video Radar plot extractor Radar recorder Radar-reflecting rocket Radar-reflective signal Radar responder beacon, racon Radar scan converter Radar simulator digital marine Radar trailer Radar training simulator Radar transponder Radar unit marine relative-motion true-motion Radiac radiation alarm Radiation Radiation Radiation Radiation Radiation Radiation alarm detector dose rate unit indicator level measuring system meter, gamma Radiation monitor Radiator, coolant Radio Radio Radio Radio altimeter beacon control car . 112--113 474- -475 394- -395 122- -123 MF/HF manpack junction Radio relay, mobile, UHF Radio sound ranging system Radio station air-transportable mobile Radio telephone Radio test equipment, automatic Radio transmitters and receivers Raft, powered, heavy-duty Ram, hydraulic Ramjet engine 406- -407, 474- -475, 470-471 546-547, 550- -551 334-335 222-223 468-469 112-113 112-113 112-113 170-171 170-171 170-171 170-171 174 170-171 330 174, 330, 676--677 316-317 433 596-597 298-299 502-503 482-487 MF Radio equipment diagnostic tester Radio equipment test console Radio frequency interference suppression Radio link Radome containerised LF 484-485, 492-493, 480-485, 502-503, transportable 492-493, 496- -497, inductive loop 492-493 static equipment HF 488-489, 492- -493, 528 vehicle-mounted UHF airborne ground-to-air continued miniature 396-397 470-471 470-471 394-397 222-223 252 472-473 394-397 468-471 forward-looking 26 396-397 468-469 394-395 394-395 474-475 470-471 222-223, 470- -471 control Page Radio equipment continued Radar 1 Product Page Pfcz-:-. fire —— ,, 533 480-487, 490- -491, 494-495, 500- -501, 506 524-525 490-494 490-401 504-505 490-491 496- -503 488- -489, 500- -501, 528 496- -499, 508 662-663 662-663 529 478-479 478-479 478-479 522-523 246 484-487, 488-489, 502-503, 494-497, 482-483, 502-503, 488-489, 507 494- -495, 507 502- -503, 506 494- -499, 507 508 662-663 477-508 427 256-257 422-423 362-363 Range practice, anti-tank weapon practice, small-arms tracking, underwater Rangefinder aid 232-233 239 249 equipment, laser 401 pole stave 266 266 laser optical Ranging Ranging Ranging Ranging Ranging 542-543 542-543 98 system air-to-air air-to-ground Rapier guided missile Rapier tracking system Rarden gun Reach fork lift truck Reach truck Reader, digital data Reading equipment, punched-tape Receiver, radio see Radio equipment Reciprocating bracket sight Reciprocating compressor. high-pressure Recompression chamber, diving Reconnaissance aircraft Reconnaissance camera Reconnaissance equipment Reconnaissance flare Reconnaissance pod Reconnaissance vehicle armoured light tracked 401 401 452-453 232-233 210-211 642-643 630-631 532 520-521 240 172-173 100-101 340-349, 406-407, 410-411, 608-611, 408-41 352- -355 410--413 414 614 184-189, 194-1 298-303 186-187 Recorder accident, in-flight airborne 432 530 audio 530, 534, 673 534, 673 data depth, marine digital data incremental, digital instrumentation magnetic tape 114-115 430 532 534, 673 530. 534, 544- -545, 673 — Page Product continued Recorder magnetic tape, airborne magnetic tape, digital magnetic tape, incremental magnetic tape, video mapping, infra-red Page Product Retarded practice Retarder, 432, 532 531 Retractable-fin 548-549 408-409 bomb multi-channel communications 531 408-409 430 442 596-597 290-291 258-259 Rifle sight 334-335, 338 284-285, 304-305, Ripper Road wheel, track 322-323 678-679 Roadway 186-187, 200-201 temporary Rocket Recorder system, cloud-base Recovery beacon Recovery crane Recoverable roadway Recovery trailer Recovery truck Recovery unit, silver Recovery vehicle armoured 192-193 high-mobility Recovery vessel torpedo underwater Recruitment, personnel Rectifier, current Red Top guided missile Redpole marine simulator Reduction gearing Reel, hose Reference synchroniser, mechanical Reference system, gyroscopic Refit planning, naval Refit service, warship Reflector, aerial 94-95 94-95 710-711 324-325 458-459 550-551 160-161 314-315 666-667 1 24-1 25 727 helicopter in-flight Refuelling tanker truck, aircraft Refuelling trailer Regulator fuel flow gas pressure voltage voltage, automatic Rehabilitation equipment 1 32-1 33 684 427 698 112-113 388-389 426 426 390-391 132-133 Remover corrosion paint rust Repair Repair Repair Repair Repair and maintenance ship and testing service service, naval armoured workshop, mobile vehicle, 702-703,714-717 704-705 200-201 286-287, 300-301, 322-323, 336-337 Repeater attitude steering Replay wire Rescue and search aircraft Rescue apparatus, air-sea unit, Rescue beacon Rescue craft, air-sea Rescue equipment Rescue helicopter Rescue rocket Rescue survival kit, air-sea Research service Research vessel, ocean-bed Reservoir, flexible Restraining net, cargo 188-189, 202 612-613 272-273 330 258-259 258-259 258-259 portable recoverable distress 602-603, 608-609 hand-held, signalling line-throwing 602-603 608-609 604-605 maroon 602-603, 608-609 pen-type 602-603 602-603 604-605 illuminating radar-reflecting rescue signal 602-603, 608-609 smoke streamer 604-605 Rocket launcher air-to-air 2-inch air-to-air air-to-ground Roehampton dressing 430 136 430 358-359 598-599 596-597 90 593-599 368-369 604-605 598-599 728 94-95 652 742 382-383 378-379 378-379 728 728 382-383 382-383 382-383 734-735 684 Roller compacting vibratory, self-propelled vibratory, trailer Rotary actuator Rotary indexing table Rotary submarine compressor Rotating beacon Rotating shaft seal, mechanical Rough-terrain crane, 10-ton Rough-terrain fork lift tractor 280-281 280-281 280-281 324-325 671,734-735 172-173 744 743 626-627 640-641 Rubber anti-static electrically conducting high-hysteresis 730-731 730-731 730-731 86-87 542-543 Riot control grenade Rod, laser Reinforced plastics fabrication Reinforced plastics shielding Relative-motion radar unit Release bomb equipment Riot control car Rocket motor system Rocket system 422-423 parachute, automatic parachute, barometric Release unit, weapons, airborne Remote power control system Rifle target training 420-421 420-421 418-421 446-447 446 422-423 267, 683 324-325 384-385 380-381 386 422-423 220 690 742 234-235, 250 247 infantry air-to-ground airborne Rocket motor propellant Reheat system, gas turbine ejector, unit illuminated 704-705 427 Refuelling system aircraft tail Reverse thrust system, aircraft Revolver Ridge tent Rifle-cleaning pull-through radar wire bomb bomb 432 oil-resisting Rubber bush Rubber-coated fabric Rubber component Rubber compound Rubber moulding Rubber-to-metal bonded pad Rubber tyre, solid Ruby optical unit Rucksack Rule, gun Run-up Running Runway stand, jet engine gear, trailer-type lighting 645 645 645 645 330 376 330 330, 699 434 330 330, 645 734-735 692-693, 699 251 436-437 689 438-439 Runway, temporary 441 Rust remover 730-731 o o SABA swimmer's air breathing apparatus SCOT shipborne communications terminal SHF radio link 102-103 484-485 478-479 27 Page s isjncher system able radar torch aircraft Safety boots Safety device Safety net Saladin armoured car Samaritan armoured ambulance Samson armoured recovery vehicle Sander, electric, portable Saracen armoured troop carrier Satellite Saw, chain, electric, portable Scaffolding, tubular Scale, optical Scan converter, radar Scanner 252 346-347, 358-359 699 134-135 742 188-189 186-187 186-187 265 190-191 Scintillation camera Scorpion light tank Scout car Scrambler, telephone Scraper, tractor, wheel Screwdriver, electric, portable Scrub soap, surgeon's Sea Dart guided missile Sea-Fix survey system Sea King helicopter Sea temperature measuring unit Seacat guided missile Seal, shaft, rotating, mechanical Sealed toggle switch Search and rescue aircraft Search/attack periscope Search beacon Search periscope Searchlight infra-red visible light Seawater desalination apparatus Seawater desalting kit Secondary surveillance radar Secrecy equipment, telephone Security system, frontier Seeker, marked-target, laser Seismic intruder alarm Self-contained transportable winch Self-destruct fuze Self-loading automatic cannon Self-luminous lamp Self-luminous marker Self-luminous paint Self-luminous sign Self-powered winch Self-propelled gun Self-propelled vibratory roller Self-sealing tank Semi-automatic gearbox Semi-trailer 22-1 23 726 714-715 186-187 676-677 84-1 85 186-187 196-199 522-523 272-273 265 683 458-459 514-515 368-369 106-107 460-461 743 324-325 358-359 108 596-597 108 245 744 598-599 745 468-471, 474-475 522-523 227 Sensors and control systems for ground forces Separator, dust control system, digital engine starting Service design spare parts technical support technical training Servicing equipment, vehicle Servicing steps Servicing tower Servicing trolley, air ^ulic Servo control system, >wer Shackleton patrol aircraft Shaft seal, rotating, mechanical Shallow-water craft Shears, electric, portable Sheet, ground Sheeting, polyurethane, antierosion 352-353 743 372-373 265 690 434 Shell 1 40-1 41 210-211, 387 387 anti-aircraft armour-piercing high-explosive mortar 214-215 practice Shelter, portable Shielded enclosure, modular Shielding, reinforced plastics Ship design service Ship, maintenance and repair Ship-to-air guided missile Ships —see 387 690 529 698 712-713, 720-723, 727 86-87 460-461 also Boat, Corvette. Launch. Submarine, Submersible Craft, Frigate. 57-82 142 175 Ship's distance-run indicator Ship's fender Ship's log, electro-magnetic 136, 142 Ship's navigating computer Ship's speed indicator Ship's stabiliser 137 142 165 Shipborne Shipborne Shipborne Shipborne 552-553 484-485 458-459 anti-submarine trainer communications terminal guided missile radio equipment 484-485, 496-499, 502-506 Shipborne satellite communications terminal Short-haul aircraft Short-haul freighter aircraft Short-range radar Short-wave therapy unit Shorland armoured Shotgun Shovel patrol car face loader loading, wheeled Shower, mobile, personnel Shunting locomotive Sideways-looking radar 116-117 358-359 346-347 222-223, 394-395 683 202 220 274-275 270-271, 276-277 278-279 686-687 574-575 408-409 Sight 40-1 41 aiming 1 401 air-to-air interception 227 262-263 208-209 210-211 747 747 747 747 262-263 204-205 280-281 732-733 326-327 air-to-ground attack armoured fighting vehicle 400 400 248 232-233 240 245 252 240 232-233 239 252 241, 248 240 400 245 332-333 304-305 Semi-trailer truck controller, 1 1 variant Sequence Sequence 116-117 265 444 734-735 474-475 408-409 infra-red temperature Scheduling, spares School, training Scimitar 30 mm cannon vehicle 28 462-463 communications terminal, shipborne line, 97, Page Product 221-252 329 164 164 binocular, infra-red bracket, reciprocating commander's day/night, small arms digital indicator driver's dial guided weapon gun gun, elevation gun, gyroscopic gunner's gyroscopic image-intensifying infra-red, portable infra-red, vehicle-mounted look-out muzzle bore night 718-719 718-719 718-719 718-719 314-315 444 night-driving night, passive periscope, infra-red periscopic rifle rifle, illuminated 444 443 stabilised 132-133 weapon, tank infantry 241 248-249 245 245 140-141 245 234-235 232-233 248-249 245 236-237, 239, 247, 252 247, 250 234-235 140-141, 241 247 249 3 Product Page Product Page Sign, self-luminous 747 Soundproof enclosure Space communications equipment 586-587 482-483 smoke 604-605, 608-613 Spare parts catalogue Spare parts service Spares provisioning service Spares scheduling Spartan armoured personnel Speaking clock Special-purpose equipment Special-purpose trailer 724 718-719 radar-reflective 604-605 604-605 608-609 Signal distress frogman's distress, Signal buoy, smoke Signal cartridge 604-605 610-613 Signal flare Signal generator, telegraph 602-603, 608-611 520-521 602-603, 608-609 744 Signal rocket, distress Signalling projector, light Signalling rocket, hand-held Sighting data transmitter Sighting system, automatic Silica gel desiccant Silk, surgical Silver recovery unit Simfire weapon-effects simulator Simulation technical service 602-603 1 40-1 41 240 653 683 678-679 556 722-723 action air traffic control flight guided weapon, anti-tank infantry target marine radar operational control radar, digital marine radar training submarine submarine attack tactical, anti-submarine tactical trainer training, action information training, carrier 531 728 338 142 360-361 250 320-321 244 140-141, 241 Speed indicator, ship's Spey gas turbine engine Spirit level Spot lamp, vehicle Stabilisation system, manoeuvring room weapon-effects, direct-fire Single-axis accelerometer Single-shot cannon Sippican bathythermograph gun Stabilised sight Stabiliser non-retractable 165 165 124-125 fin ship's weapons, gyroscopic 538-539 548-549 546-547, 555, 557 557 542-543, 608-609 550-551 550-551 470-471 546-547 222-223 546-547 552-553 546-547 130-131 554 maintenance demountable aircraft Stalwart load carrier Stand, cylinder, anaethesia Standard, frequency, precision Standby power generating plant Standby power generating set air-cushion craft hovercraft Sky-shouting system aircraft Sleeping bag Small arms Small arms day/night sight Small-arms practice range Small military engine Small-ship sonar Smoke bomb Smoke cartridge Smoke grenade Smoke signal Smoke signal buoy Smoke streamer rocket Smoke tracer, parachutist's Soap, scrub, surgeon's Software, computer Solid rubber tyre Solvent 422-423 312-313 364-365 gas turbine vehicle Starter trolley, gas turbine Starting sequence controller, engine 324-325 Static frequency Static radar Static radio station 494-497, 502-503, 506 428-429 210-211 106-107 Station 732-733 376 526-527 358-359 690, 692-693 220 252 542-543 562-563 118-119 214-215 606-607 612-613 608-61 604-605 604-605 606-607 683 518-519 330, 645 Sonar doppler dunking 118-119 120-121 20-1 21 helicopter 1 mine-hunting 106-107 118-119 114-115 small-ship Sonar interpretation computer Sonar ray trace indicator Sonar system trainer Sorbs// silica gel Sound location system, artillery Sound ranging system, radio 1 1 20-1 21 20-1 21 550-551 653 246 246 Sounder echo, hydrographic echo, navigation 164 Starting system, vehicle 546-547, 554 556 degreasing Solvent extraction equipment transit 576, 586- -587 582-583 32-1 33 132-133 470-471 730-731 730-731 683 cleaning 444 444 192-193 683 664-665 Starter changer Static inverter radio, air-transportable radio, mobile Skirt Skyvan 726 186-187 Staging Simulator radar, 714-715 114-115 114-115 radio, static radio, transportable weather, mobile Station intercom box Station radio Stationary power generating set Stave, ranging Steam-raising boiler, oil-fired Steerable parachute Steering repeater Steps, servicing Stereo comparator Stereoscopic film viewer Stereoscopic telescope Sterilising equipment Stern tube Sterngear system Still, water Stimulator, muscle Storage battery, electric Storage cell, electric Storage equipment Storage, operational Storage system, protective Storage tank, fuel Storage unit, organ Store, memory Stores auto-selector, aircraft Strainer Strategic service Strategic studies, naval Streamer rocket, smoke 1 484-487, 488-489, 502-503, 494-497, 482-483, 502-503, 243 507 494-495, 507 502-503, 506 494-499, 507 512-513 480-481 586-587 266 686-687 424-425 136 444 266 410-411 239 683-684 166 166 683 683 104-105, 318-319 104-105 647-653 650-651 650-651 652 682 134-135 403 416-417 720-721 720-721 604-605 Strike aircraft close-support low-level V/STOL 348-349 348-349 348-349 Strike craft, diesel, fast 60-61 Strike helicopter 368-369 344-345 Strikemaster aircraft 29 Page - jided Studded Submarine Submarine Submarine Submarine Submarine system Submarine attacK s.rnulator compressor, rotary crew trainer distress Switch weapon ! buoy 186-187 330 552-553 172-173 538-539, 546-547, 554 108 Submarine periscope Submarine radar Submarine simulator Submarine weapon system Submersible, underwater work Systems management 96 108 T 97 97 92-95 pressure temperature-controlled Sultan armoured command vehicle Super Constructor truck Supply-dropping aircraft Supply-dropping parachute Supply, power, emergency Supply service Supply system, power Support aircraft 594-595 594-595 594-595 1 86-1 87 304-305 naval technical Support trainer, technical Support training Support vessels Surface demand diving equipment systems and weapons Surface Skimmer Systems, Jane's Surface, temporary Surface-to-air guided missile Surface-to-surface guided missile Surface-treatment chemical Surface warning radar, naval Surfacing material, airstrip Surgeon's scrub soap Surgical catgut Surgical cord Surgical disposable item Surgical film 683 683 742 681 681 Survey aircraft Survey camera, air Survey craft Survey equipment Survey system Surveying equipment, aerial. infra-red beacon Survival clothing Survival cot, babv's water treatment Suture, surgical Swingfire guided missile 30 108 470-471 394-395 356-357 Tactical trainer simulator 130-131 Tail unit bomb, high-explosive bomb, retractable-fin light 386 386 458-459 336-337 178-179 180-181 184-185 Tank expansion 316-317 fuel, flexible 330, 427, 732-733 fuel, long-range fuel storage header self-sealing Tank Tank Tank Tank Tank Tank Tank Tank 384-385 652 316-317 732-733 access mat 258-259 driving trainer 557 242 210-211 242 247 447 304-305, 332-333 354-355 336-337 296-297 446-447 177-181 683 266 episcope gun periscope sight trailer, chassisless transporter Tanker aircraft Tanker trailer, petrol Tanker truck Tanker truck, aircraft refuelling Tanks Tape-controlled programmer Tape, measuring Tape recorder magnetic magnetic, airborne magnetic, digital magnetic, incremental video Tape system, magnetic, digital Tape transport, magnetic Tape-type heading indicator 544-545 432 432, 532 531 548-549 532 531-532 136 Target deep mobile gunnery training towed 414 596-597 594-595 594-595 underwater, free-running Target equipment, rifle Target indicating radar 598-599 745 683 456-457 Target marker, laser Target simulator, infantry Target system Target-tracking equipment Survival kit air-sea rescue 671 97 550-551 system battle 441 410-411 410-411 644 266 671, 734-735 Tactical trainer, naval action armoured, heavy 725 440 458-461 460-461 730-731 114-115 227 Tactical information organisation 708-709,714-715 83-90 102-103 248 468-471 228 358-359 406-407 84-85 396-397 514-515 silk Tactical aircraft Tank 111-142 109 666-667 734-735 744 134-135 671 tilting 555 Surveillance periscope, night Surveillance radar, secondary Surveillance system, night Surgical rubber glove gyroscope magnetic compass 718-719,727 681 681 681 Surgical ligature test, Taildog guided missile Take-off, power Surgical tubing Surgical tubing adaptor Surgical tubing connector Surgical instrument rotary indexing test, 702-703, 710-713 712-713, 727 702-703, 712-715 Surgical suture powder lifting plotting, optical Tactical airborne radar 683 683 684 683 680 683 683 Surgical glove viewing interpretation, film Tactical air control radar Surface sensors, control Survival film 424-425 578-579 710-711,714-715 584-585 Support service airfield intruder alarm 346-347, 358-359 346-347, 358-359 350-351 logistic transport Surgical TOBIAS 418-419 324-325 618-619 Table load Suit anti-gravity Surgical glove toggle, sealed trip, thermal Synchronised acoustic transmitter Synchroniser, reference, mechanical Synthetic resin optics 462-463 1 04-1 05 114-115 546-547 Submarine-to-air missile system float Syren guided missile launcher main propulsion battery Submarine, patrol Page Product 544-545 608-609 540-541 544-545 542-543 116-117, 122-123, 470-471 401 542-543, 608-609 540-541 232-233 , Product Page Product Target-tracking radar Target training equipment cine 396-397 Tester 542-543 542-543 220 727 724 724 rifle Teargas gun cartridge Technical aid Technical documentation Technical illustration service Technical manual Technical service control systems 714-717, 727 722-723 722-723 722-723 722-723 712-713 722-723 naval architecture simulation training weapons 702-703, 711-715, 718-719, 727 555 702-703, 710-715, Technical support service Technical support trainer Technical training service 718-719 478-479 set Telegraph signal generator Telegraph terminal Telegraphy addressing equipment, automatic Telegraphy equipment Telegraphy transmission equipment 520-521 520-521 504-505 671 diagnostic, radio equipment diagnostic, armament systems diode electric line headset Testing and repair service Text book Theodolite Therapy equipment, oxygen Therapy unit microwave short-wave ultrasonic Thermal motor protection equipment Thermal trip switch Thermionic valve tester Thin-film miniature amplifier Thor ramjet engine Thrust unit, bow 390-391 668 668 510-511 668 702-703, 714-717 708-709 266 683 683 683 683 132-133 618-619 668 534 362-363 1 58-1 59 454-455 520-521 520-521 478-479 Tilting table 671 77? underbird 534 606-607 460-461 284-285, 292-293 Toggle switch, sealed Tool, power, portable Torch 324-325 scrambler secrecy equipment handset 510-511 488-489, 508 522-523 522-523 510-511 multiplex equipment transmission equipment 478-479 478-479 Torpedo Torpedo arming device Torpedo control equipment Torpedo depth presetting system Torpedo exercise head Torpedo recovery vessel Torpedo tracking system Torpedo trolley Touchwire display radio alignment stereoscopic Television system, closed-circuit, colour Temperature-controlled suit Temperature measuring unit, sea Temperature scanner Temporary roadway Temporary runway Temporary surface Tender 236-237 239 546-547 594-595 1 06-1 07 22-1 23 ridge Towing tractor Towing truck Towing tug, electric Trace indicator, sonar ray 1 Test equipment Test equipment aero engine equipment Towed target smoke, parachutist's Tracer, Track-laying vehicle Track wheel Tracked armoured fighting vehicle Tracked reconnaissance vehicle Tracking optics Tracking radar differential naval Tracking range, underwater Tracking system, torpedo 436-437 Trackway temporary roadway automatic 466, 656- -659 Tractor avionics electronic 468-469 672 artillery hydraulic 443, 669 crawler 662-663 fork 516-517, 666-667 669 towing automatic Test instrument Test rig, hydraulic Test set armament electrical systems electronic multi-range transistor Test stand, jet engine, mobile Test syringe, water-in-petrol 390-391 668 668 668 668 436-437 673 Test table gyroscope magnetic compass 1 84-1 87 186-187 232-233 466 122-123 98 98 258-259 92-1 93 630-631, 642-643 1 battery-electric Tractor-mounted compressor Tractor scraper, wheel 272-275 640-641 638-639 445 276-277 264 272-273 Tractor 304-305, 332-333 lift towing, aircraft Tractor loader electrical 20-1 21 606-607 258-259 330 330 idler road 116-117 504-505 669 662-663 662-663 655-673 field 98 392-393 474-475 441 690 690 Terminal shipborne satellite communications telegraph Test bench, hydraulic Test console 252 267 97-98 134-135 97 99 544-545 94-95 540-541 444 638-639 638-639 630-631 620-621 623 616-617, 622 Tent frame welding Tower, servicing 440 aircraft fire crash radar, portable 265 258-259 1 fire radio, 662-663 electrical Tipper truck field radio 736-737 guided missile Thyristor, pulse modulator Tidal flow marker Tigercat guided missile Telephone Telephone Telephone Telephony Telephony Telephony Telescope battery capacity defect, eddy-current valve, thermionic electrics Telecommunication system Telegraph distortion measuring Page trailer Trailer bridge-unit cargo ferry, heavy fire 671 fire-fighting 108 generator 334-335 336-338 338 616-617 620-621 336-337 31 . continued gun-mounting Page Tra er 1 ! Product Page Transfusion equipment, blood Transfusion set, blood 681, 683 Transit sonar 683 668 434 114-115 Transmission automatic 572-573 petrol tanker 334-335 332-335 336-337 332-333 338 336-337 platform, flat 334-335, 642-643 drive 1 power-driven powered-axle 334-335 336-337 334-335 power, mechanical 747 326-327 162, 747 heavy-duty lubricating missile-carrier motor tug radar recovery refuelling semispecial-purpose tank, chassisless tractor water tank workshop Trailer connector, electrical Trailer-mounted fire pump Trailer-mounted gun Trailer-type running gear Trailer vibratory roller Trailers 334-335, 338 446 332-333 338 447 304-305, 332-333 338 336-337 310-311 616-617 208-209 689 280-281 331-338 Trainer air electronics aircraft, operational air aircrew anti-submarine, shipborne attack display, visual fighter controller flight helicopter missile controller naval crew naval gunnery procedural procedure, aircrew sonar system submarine crew support, technical tactical, action speed tactical, naval action tank driving vehicle driving weapons Trainer aircraft, operational Trainer simulator, tactical 344-345 548-549 344-345 555 552-553 538-539 555 538-539 546-549, 557 538-539 538-539 554 550-551 555 546-547 550-551 538-539, 546-547, 554 555 546-547 550-551 557 546-547 546-547 348-349, 352-357 130-131 Training flying language manpower naval crew operational service, technical 702-703 708-709,712-713 708-709 727 727 support 702-703,718-719 708-709,714-715 weapons system 727 Training aid Transistor test set Transit mounting, aircraft engine vehicle Transmission brake Transmission equipment data telegraphy telephony Transmitter acoustic acoustic, synchronised data, sighting 54-1 55 478-479 478-479 478-479 98 109 140-141 418-419 liquid level see Radio Transmitter, radio equipment 468-469, 492-493 Transponder, radar Transport aircraft light long-range paratroop Transport contractor, motor Transport helicopter, freight Transport, magnetic tape Transport trolley Transportable building Transportable cargo container Transportable radar Transportable radio equipment Transportable radio station Transportable winch, self-contained Transporter, tank Transporter truck, vehicle Trent gas turbine engine Trilux illuminated rifle sight Trilux light Trip switch, thermal 346-347, 358-359 350-351 346-347 702-703 368-369 531-532 392-393 688 322-323 470-471 480-485, 498-499 482-483, 494-497, 502-503, 507 262-263 304-305, 332-333 292-293 360-361 234-235 250 618-619 Trolley 443 338 aircraft servicing instrument starter, gas turbine torpedo transport Trolley-mounted Troop carrier fire extinguisher Tropical cloth Tropospheric scatter communications system Truck see also Car, Vehicle 2-ton 4£/5-ton 10-ton 14-ton 364-365 392-393 392-393 620-621 190-193 699 482-483 296-297 286-287 284-285, 294-295 air-portable 292-293 306-307 guided weapon, anti-tank gunnery 557 articulated 304-305, 332-333 241 bulk-liquid carrier visual 716-717,724 535-557 542-543 712-715 714-717,724,726-727 708-709, 714-715 714-715 710-711,714-715 cargo 296-297 445 Training equipment Training equipment, cine target Training facilities Training manual Training programme Training school Training service, technical Training simulator action information manoeuvring room radar Training system, gunnery Transceiver, radio see Radio 554 546-547, 554 222-223 556,714-715 equipment Transfer function analyser, digital 32 drop-side fighting fire fork lift, battery-electric fork lift, diesel fork lift, fork lift, fork lift, hand-propelled low-pressure gas manual-hydraulic fork lift, petrol general-purpose hand 666-667 100-101 haulage heavy-duty lift, ground-servicing 324-325 narrow-aisle Transfer-under-pressure system. diving Transformer, power tool cargo, cross-country cargo, heavy-duty 286-287, 306-307 284-285 322-323 620-621 630-631,634-639 642-644 628-629, 632-635 644 628-629, 644 634-635 286-287, 306-307, 644 292-293, 292-295 644 636-637 634-635 296-297 322-323 447 — — Product Truck Page continued Product Page Valve 636-637 296-297 296-297 630-631 pallet personnel pick-up reach recovery venting Valve tester, thermionic 284-285. 304-305 Vampire trainer Variable-speed drive tanker, aircraft refuelling 322-323 304-305 296-297 446-447 tipper 284-285, 292-293 towing 638-639 292-293 626-627 112-113 248-249 166 semi-trailer tanker vehicle transporter Truck-mounted crane True-motion radar unit Tube image-intensifier Tube, stern Tubing, surgical Tubular scaffolding 747 747 68-69 mechanical Vedette frigate Vehicle air-cushion 370-375 302-303 192-193 200-201 200-201 186-187 298-299 184-185 air-portable amphibious amphibious, armoured anti-tank, armoured anti-tank, guided cargo 444 command weapon command, armoured 445 630-631 590 590 422^123 590 aircraft towing, electric Turbine-driven compressor set Turbine-driven generator set Turbine-driven pump Turbine-driven pumping set Turbine engine gas gas, marine Turbo-compressor Turbo-fan engine Turbo-generator set Tyne gas turbine engine Type 42 destroyer 591 591 591 1 44-1 45, 360-361 82-83 Tyre cross-country pneumatic 330 645 rubber, solid 330, 645 studded 330 330 264 vehicle Tyre inflator u UHF junction radio link UHF radio equipment UHF radio relay, mobile UHF/VHF radio equipment 478-479 488-^89, 492-493 Ultra-high-speed camera Ultrasonic therapy unit Underwater breathing apparatus Underwater Underwater Underwater Underwater Underwater Underwater cutting equipment data source recovery vessel target, free-running tracking range transport 522-523 492-493 660-661 683 1 02-1 03 267 109 94-95 544-545 98 92-93 Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Underwater weapon 91-110 Underwater work submersible Uniform Uniform cloth 92-95 694-695 699 Uniforms and personal equipment Unihedd universal head-down Urology equipment Ursa Minor racon Utility aircraft display 98 691-699 402 fighting, armoured fighting, armoured, tracked fire fighting general-purpose haulage personnel reconnaissance, armoured reconnaissance, light reconnaissance, tracked recovery repair, armoured transport, diver Vehicle-driving trainer Vehicle electrical equipment Vehicle equipment generating system, electric head lamp system ignition lift lighting equipment Vehicle-mounted crane Vehicle-mounted capstan Vehicle-mounted fire pump Vehicle-mounted generating set Vehicle-mounted radio equipment Vehicle-mounted sight, infra-red Vehicle-mounted winch Vehicle navigation equipment Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle power unit servicing equipment 314-315 spot lamp 320-321 312-313 324-325 326-327 292-293 330 283-307 354-355 683 starter starting system transmission transporter truck tyre Vehicles Venom V/STOL strike aircraft Vacuum coating Vacuum embedding bath 1 86-1 87, 200-201 258-259 92-93 546-547 312-313, 324-325 309-330 324-325 320-321 320-321 314-315 320-321 274-275. 262-263 616-617 584-585 480-485. 502-503, 245 260-263 230-231 568-569 314-315 servicing pallet fighter aircraft Venous pressure warning coil Vertical Vertical Vertical take-off aircraft Very cartridge Very pistol Vessel see Boat, Corvette, Frigate, Launch, Ship. Submarine, Submersible 484-485, 488-489, 492-493, 500-501 Vibration indicator 348-349 734-735 683 Vibratory roller self-propelled Vibration monitor trailer 320-321. 645 496-499, 508 1 46-1 47. 586-587 431 1 24-1 25 gyroscope reference gyroscoDe 114-115 346-347 200-201 418^19 Venting valve Ventura diesel engine Vest, bullet-proof equipment 298-303 186-187 192-193 track laying Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle 184-185 620-622 298-303 304-305 200-201 298-299 184-189, 194-199, 202 recovery, armoured 681 V radio 186-187. 200-201 188-193, 196-199 1 94-1 95, 714-715 cross-country mortar, armoured 590-591 360-363 144-145 gas, aircraft VHF aircraft hydrostatic 681 Tug 418-419 418-419 418-419 668 354-355 control, fuel jettison, fuel 348-349 606-607 606-607 Craft. 698 430 430 280-281 280-281 33 Page Product Page Weapon Systems, Jane's Weapon, underwater 725 98 203-220 Video tape iecoiuer 548-549 470-471 548-549 Viewer, stereoscopic, film 41 0-41 Product Vid-^ radar Viewing aid Vigilant guided missile Viper gas turbine engine Visor Visual approach slope indicator Visual display Visual display system Visual training aid Vixen ground-attack aircraft Voice-compression equipment Voltage regulator, automatic 670 450-451 362-363 696-697 438-439 555 557 724 354-355 484-485 132-133, 324-325 Wellington hovercraft 666-667 666-667 666-667 668 666-667 digital, integrating general-purpose precision w helicopter oil collector system bottle carrier Water-cooled diesel engine Water de-ioniser Water distillation unit Water filtration plant Water-in-petrol test syringe 692-693 684 683 114-115 228 512-513 704-705 368-369 314-315 692-693 570-571 745 683 738-739 673 Water purification plant Water still Water tank trailer Water treatment survival kit Watertight door Weapon-aiming computer 738-739, 745 683 338 745 1 58-1 59 Weapon auto-selector Weapon control system Weapon effects simulator, direct-fire Weapon handling system Weapon loader, aircraft Weapon mounting, aircraft Weapon range, practice, anti-tank Weapon sight 388-389, 403 130-131 556 398-400 guided infantry Weapon simulator, Weapon system guided, anti-tank 128-129 392-393 388-389 542-543 252 249 557 Welding equipment, gas Welding torch Wessex helicopter Wheel conveying gear support, sprocket track, idler 458-459 450-461 submarine 97 Weapon system contractor Weapon systems check-out tractor scraper Wheelchair, folding Wheeled loading shovel Wide-band oscilloscope unit 702-703 390-391 390-391 124-125 727 722-723 546-547 394-395 243 648-649 267 267 370-371 368-369 747 747 330 330 330 272-273 684 278-279 672 Winch davit, hydraulic heavy-duty hydraulic mechanical self-contained, transportable self-powered vehicle-mounted Winchester hovercraft Wind-indicating cartridge 168-169 290-291 260-261 260-261 262-263 262-263 260-263 372-373 610-613 Window marine wire-heated Wire circuit, film Wire-guided missile Wire-heated window Wire recorder Wire replay unit Wiring assembly, flexible Wiring, electric, preformed Wiring harness, electric Work boat Workshop, repair, mobile Workshop trailer Wrench, impact, electric, portable Writing service 158-159 232-233 388-389 450-451, 456-457 232-233 430 430 747 747 747 88-89 286-287,300-301, 322-323, 336-337 336-337 265 716-717, 726 X X-ray film processing equipment anti-submarine guided 34 Webbing track, road Warning coil, venous pressure Warning radar, surface, naval Warning system, intruder, infra-red Warning tone generator Warship refit service Wasp Weather radar Weather station, mobile Wheel Waist belt Walking aid Waste Water 377-403 for aircraft Weapons release unit, airborne Weapons stabiliser, gyroscopic Weapons system training Weapons technical service Weapons trainer Voltmeter AC DC Weapons and ammunition Weapons and control systems 678-679 Y Yearbook, Jane's 725 Alphabetic list of participating firms 35 Name and AB Components Electronic Telephone address Ltd Cables Telex 49606 01-437 7581 Other products made 310-311 Electrical connectors Sutherland House 5-6 Argyll London Page Products described Street W1V 1AD England AEC Ltd Military Saies Division 01 -499 6050 Leymotors 22498 London W1 Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square Militant III 10-ton 284-285 cargo truck Telex W1 London England Aeronautical & General Instruments Ltd 40 Purley Way 01-684 3211 Instradio 262960 Croydon Electro-magnetic 142 ship's log correlator Croydon CR9 3BH England Air- Gas detection equipment. servo test equipment- Log Ltd North Lane Aldershot 24411 Airlogco Aldershot Harlow 24331 Airmed Harlow Aldershot Reconnaissance cameras 406-407 Portable power generating sets 578-579 Telecommunication 534 Hampshire England ground support and servicing equipment, armament ground support and check-out systems Aircraft Airmed Ltd Aviation Division Edinburgh Way 81338 Harlow Gas flowmeters. headsets with boom- regulators, mounted microphones flowmeters, oxygen breathing equipment Essex peak England Medical Division Edinburgh Way Harlow Airmed Harlow Harlow 24331 81338 General anaesthesia and oxygen therapy 683 apparatus, flowmeters and regulators Essex England Airscrew-Weyroc Ltd Fan Division Weybridge Cooling fans for the Scorpion and other Weybridge 45599 328 fighting vehicles Surrey England Airtech Ltd Haddenham Airtech Haddenham 422 Haddenham 83223 Aylesbury Buckinghamshire England Cloud base recorder system for airfields or 442 meteorological stations UHF multicoupler 528 system 689 Northbourne 2271 Airwork Xchurch 41282 Technical support and advice for Christchurch military Hampshire authorities and 702-703 Design and development of special aircraft installations and modifications, testing of civil BH23 6EB aircraft seats England structures, technical publications London Office Portland 01-834 9477 House Stag Place London SW1 England Albion Motors Ltd Military Sales Division 01 -499 6050 Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square Leymotors 22498 London W1 Albion 41/5 ton 286-287 general service cargo truck Telex London W1 England Allis Chalmers Great Britain Ltd Essendine Stamford 32255 Articulated wheel loader 270-271 31459 Coventry Scorpion light tank Scorpion variants Telex Saladin amoured car Saracen armoured 184-185 186-187 188-189 190-191 troop carrier Stalwart load carrier 1 Stamford 2471 Gyrating Coventry Alvis 25501 Stamford Lincolnshire England Alvis Ltd Holyhead Road Coventry CV5 8JH England Ardrox Ltd Commerce Road 01 -560 5444 Ardrox 23609 Brentford Telex Brentford Auto Diesels Brabv Ltd Cowley Mill Uxbrldge Middlesex England 36 Road Uxbridge 38262 Courteous Uxbridge Chemicals and equipment for surface 92-1 93 730-731 treatment, cleaning and flaw detection Middlesex England 263835 UHF power-line filters (up to 200 arms), signal filters (telephone line, etc) trailer-type running gear Airwork Services Ltd Bournemouth (Hum) Airport duplexers, VHF and (stop band bandpass, tunable), filters Airportable cabins and Design and installation of mobile radar and telecommunications systems. VHF and UHF Gas turbines for generating sets 590 and Name and address Avimo Ltd Telephone Taunton 81071 Herbert Street Cables Avimo Telex 46126 Taunton Avocet Dover 96283 Bridgend 3211 Rubber 44142 021-458 6324 Dover 2626 Small arms day/night Page Other products made 252 sight Taunton Somerset England Avo Ltd Avocet House Dover Products described Small portable radar torch Vehicle and airborne optics, military optics 252 Simulators for antitank guided weapons 557 Test instruments 668 Rubber compounds 699 252 Kent England Avon Footwear Ltd Bridgend Bridgend for service footwear Glamorgan South Wales Avon Medicals-Avon Rubber Co Ltd Avon Disposable 1649 Pershore Road Medicals transfusion and Stirchley Birmingham 30 dialysis Industrial Products Division 683 equipment and accessories Birmingham 30 England Avon Rubber Co Ltd Industrial Products Division Bradford-on- Industrial Bradford-on-Avon Avon 2191 Bradford-on- 44856 Avon Wiltshire England Rubber components and products for naval equipment Rubber components 175 330 for fighting vehicles Hovercraft skirts and skirt 376 systems Rubber components 434 for aircraft Tyre Division Melksham Rubber Melksham 3101 Melksham 44142 Tyres Pneumatic and Wiltshire solid 330 645 tyres England Barr & Stroud Ltd Caxton Street Anniesland Glasgow 041-954 9601 Telemeter 778114 Periscopes, distress 108 buoys and compass Glasgow code generators, test tables W3 Sights, laser range finders and special Scotland 232-233 01-930 1541 Office Kinnaird House 1 Pall Mall East Retemelet ultra high-speed cameras. fibre optics, optical and electronic filters optics London Night viewing equipment, radar homers. 261877 London SW1 London SW1 England Beaufort (Air-Sea) Equipment Ltd Beaufort Road 051-652 2667 62478 Birkenhead Cheshire England Survival equipment: lifejackets, clothing. liferafts 594-595 Proofed and tested fabrics, air-portabla hangars, radomes. helicopter landing pads. and boats special plastic and rubber mouldings Belling & Lee Ltd Radio Frequency Interference Division Great Cambridge Road 01-363 5393 Radiobel 263265 Shielded enclosures 529 combating radio frequency interference Enfield Enfield Electronic components. television distrioution for equipment Middlesex Black & Edgington Ltd 01-302 0211 Ruxley Corner Works Sidcup Kent England T T Boughton £f 897371 Tents 690 Hydraulic and 260-261 Tarpaulins, water dams Sons Ltd Engineering Division Bell Benedge Sidcup Lane Amersham Little Boughtons Chalfont Amersham 83132 mechanical winches 2666 Buckinghamshire England Brandhurst Co Ltd High Wellington Road High Wycombe 25106 Wycombe Self-luminous products: compounds. nuclear lamps, signs and markers 747 742 Dorset Nylon nets and netting camouflage, cargo movement and England restraint Buckinghamshire England Head Office Vintry 01-236 1411 House Brandcolim 262632 London EC4 Queen Street Place London EC4 England Bridport-Gundry Ltd Industrial Division Bridport Bridport 2244 Netting Bridport 41132 for Fishing nets, sports nets. horticultural nets 37 d . i Cables Telex Bristol Percussion 44641 657511 Bristol Telephone ess Ltd Products described Page Other products made 264 Portable and stationary air compressors Bri- and British Aircraft Corporation Ltd Guided Weapons Division Way Six Hills Stevenage Bntair 2422 Stevenage 82125 450-451 guided Vigilant missile guided missile Thunderbird guided flapper Stevenage Hertfordshire 452-453 454-455 missile England Precision Products Six Hills Way Group Stevenage Bntair 2422 Stevenage 82125 Swingfire guided 456 457 missile Gun sight with 240 automatic digital elevation read-out Stevenage Herts England Canberra aircraft Lightning aircraft Strikemaster aircraft 340-341 342-343 344-345 330 London SW1 Aluminium alloy armour plate Landing mats and pads for aircraft and England helicopters St Annes 21255 Preston Division Warton Aerodrome Bntair 67627 Warton Preston Jaguar tactical support and operational trainino aircraft PR4 1AX England 01-930 1020 London Office 100 Pall Mall London SW1 England The British Aluminium Norfolk House Co Ltd 01 -839 8888 Britalumin 22756 London SW1 St James's Square The British Hoist and Crane Co Ltd Compton Newbury Compton Bnthoist 301 Compton Newbury 440 84358 Iron Fairy hydraulic cranes 645 86190 Wellington hovercraft Winchester hovercraft 370-371 372-373 Berkshire England British Hovercraft Corporation East Isle Cowes of Cowes Brithover 4121 Cowes Wight and military hovercraft, hoverpallets, air-cushion heavy-load transporters England British Manufacture Research Co Ltd Springfield Road it Grantham Marco 2101 Telex Grantham 37635 Gun mounting for vessels of all types Gyro-stabilised twin Grantham 138-139 208-209 Lincolnshire 30-mm England gun Ammunition for Aden aircraft cannons 387 86277 /slander aircraft 346-347 33631 Cargo and specialpurpose trailers 338 Britten-Norman Sales Ltd Bembridge Airport Bembridge Isle of Wight England J Brockhouse Er Bembridge 2511 Britnor 021-556 1241 Brockhouse West Bromwich anti-aircraft Bembridge Co Ltd Vehicles Division Victoria Design, development and production of commercial Works Hill Top West Bromwich Ground heating trolleys, aircraft starting trolleys, Staffordshire armament handling equipment, England aircraft servicing trestles, field London Office 01 -629 kitchen trailers 25248 8783 25 Hanover Square London W1R ODQ England Brooke Marine Ltd Lowestoft Lowestoft 5221 Brookcraft 97145 Lowestoft 58-59 Corvette 60-61 Strike craft Suffolk Twin-screw Twin-screw England patrol craft patrol 62-65 66-67 boats Survey Head Office Dowsett Holdings Ltd Greatford 301 Dowsett Stamford craft 84-85 32108 The Offices Greatford Stamford Lincolnshire England Brown Best & Co Ltd 102 Old Kent Road London SE1 England 38 trolleys, pneumatic servicing 01-703 8' Abri Rucksacks, haversacks, London SE1 manpack frames 699 Groundsheets, instrument cases 1 Name and Telephone address Cables Telex Page Products described David Brown Gear Industries Ltd Huddersfield Gear Division Park Gear Works 22180 Gearing Huddersfield 51562 154-155 Marine main propulsion gearing Other products made Speed reduction gears and gear units for auxiliary drives Huddersfield Yorkshire England S G Brown Ltd Greycaine Road Watford 27241 Sidbrownix Watford 23408 Gyro reference system 124-125 for ship's navigation and weapons control Land navigation systems for military Watford Hertfordshire WD2 4XU 230-231 vehicles England Watford 23301 Communication Division King George's Avenue Radiolink 23412 Watford Watford Hertfordshire Handsets, headsets 510-511 and microphones Intercom equipment for military and civil 512-513 aircraft England Brown Son (Alembic Works) Ltd it 01-626 1801 10-11 Lime Street Hospital and laboratory Rawsonship London EC3 683 apparatus London EC3 England David Budworth Ltd Kings Quay Street 3116 Budworth Harwich Harwich Small gas turbines, turbo -compressors, turbo-generator sets, de-icers, turbo-fans 591 21246 Radio search and rescue beacons 596-597 27881 Fuel and electrical units for fighting 312-313 Harwich Essex Ground heater units, electronic tachometer indicators, engine and process control units England Burndept Electronics (ER) Ltd St Fidelis Road Erith Electronics 39121 Erith 01-743 3111 Vanteria Radio telephones Erith Kent England CAV Ltd Warple Way London London W3 W3 vehicles England Cammell Laird (Anglesey Ltd Beaumaris Anglesey North Wales Beaumaris 431 Searoads Beaumaris 61295 Low-voltage dc motors and hydraulics, low-voltage power system for traction Compression chambers 100-101 Portable bridges Truck-laid and heavyduty portable roadways 256-257 258-259 Airport passenger loading bridges and stairways; refuse collection vehicles; light stainless steel and non-ferrous castings; design, fabrication, machining and assembly of light to medium engineering structures and equipment alloy, steel aluminium and glassfibre- in reinforced plastics Cammell Laird (Shiprepairers) Ltd L41 704-705 051-647 7060 Drydocks Birkenhead 627011 Ship refitting warships 01-493 1882 Caterpillar 262931 Tractors and scrapers Birkenhead for 5HG England Caterpillar Tractor 55 St James's Street Co Ltd 272-273 London SW1 loaders, motor graders, pipelayers, wheel Wheel tractors, industrial London SW1 engines England Head Office PO Box 162 Uddingston 2921 Caterpillar 77721 Glasgow Glasgow Scotland Chelsea Quilt Co Ltd Riverside Works 46106 Barnstaple 72345 Sleeping bag, rucksack, personal load-carrying 692-693 equipment Barnstaple Devon England London Office PO Box 625 London SW1 267700 Barnstaple 72345 England Chiltern Hunt Ltd Belswain Lane Hemel Hempstead Hemel Hempstead 51511 and Hertfordshire King's Langley England 3264 Clos o Mat 2 Brooklands Sale Cheshire (Great Britain) Ltd Road 061-973 1234 Chiltern Hemel Hempstead 648-649 Ammunition containers Automatic lavatory for 683 wounded and handicapped M33 2SS England 39 3SS c Telephone Cables Telex Products described Page Olher products made Tool 21311 01-567 3411 Portable electric tools 265 Self-cleaning air filters for protecting engines in severe dust conditions 329 Secondary surveillance 468-469 .. Eno. Coopers .Mechanical Joints Ltd Abergavenny 2041 Abergavenny Monmouthshire Wales Cossor Electronics Ltd Avionics and Surface Electronics Division Harlow The Pinnacles Harlow 26862 Cossor Harlow 81228 Alphanumeric and graphic video displays, computer peripheral equipment. radar for air traffic control and defence SSR SSR Essex England defruiter systems. decoder, oscilloscopes, UHF and VHE radio communications equipment (land and marine) Coventry Climax Engines Ltd 01-499 6050 Military Sales Division London Leymotors 22498 London W1 Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square and Military gasolene and Small military multiand diesel engines Telex W1 560-561 Electric diesel engines 562-563 fork and Portable, trailer- vehicle-mounted tractors. lift truck attachments fuel England tow electric platform trucks. 616-617 fire pumps Mechanical fork lift 628-629 trucks Electric fork Crane Fruehauf Trailers Ltd South Green Works Dereham Cranefrue 2311 Dereham 01-568 0641 Cranefrue 97494 lift trucks Semi-trailers 630-631 332-333 Cargo containers. couplings Dereham Norfolk England Head Office House 649-655 London Road 262051 Isleworth Mills Isleworth Middlesex England Joseph Crosfield it Sons Ltd Industrial Chemicals Division Warrington Crosfields PO Box 26 31211 Warrington 627067 Desiccants Sodium and potassium 653 silicates, silica sols, Warrington industrial detergents, Lancashire sodium toluene and England xylene sulphonates, synthetic fluid catalysts, nickel catalysts, fine silicas and micronised silicates, silica gels, ion exchange and base exchange materials, sodium ferrite. textile and auxiliaries and oils concrete auxiliaries London Office Avon House 360-366 Oxford London W1 01-493 6372 Savonnier 262269 London W1 Street John Curran Ltd PO Box 72 Cardiff Narruc 20641 Cardiff Mobile engine run-up stands 436-437 Turning gear and aerial Curran Road mounts for ground radar and radio telescopes; Cardiff g force measuring CF1 1TE Wales equipment; specialist aeronautical and mechanical design, development and manufacture , The Daimler Co Ltd Coventry 27626 Daimler Coventry 31459 Daimler Road Radford Coventry England Fox armoured car Ferret scout cars 194-195 196-199 Dale Electric of Great Britain Ltd Filey Dalectric 52163 2011 Filey Portable and transportable power plants Mobile power plants 580-581 Electricity Buildings Prime power and standby generating sets, vehicle- 582-583 mounted welding Filey Yorkshire England S Davall Er Sons Ltd Wadsworth Road 01-998 1011 Davall Airborne tape cassette record/replay Greenford Greenford Middlesex England 530 Crash recorders, engine starters, Decca House 9 Albert Embankment London SE1 England 40 de-icing timers. delayed device arming, equipment printed circuits, relays. sonic strain gauges for civil The Decca Navigator Co Ltd sets. cable drum-handling device 01-735 8111 Decnav London SE1 28588 Navigation systems 514-515 engineering Name and address Telephone Cables Telex Page Products described Other products made Decca Radar Ltd Industrial Sales Division 01-735 8111 Decca House Decradar 28588 London SE1 Automated infusion 683 unit 9 Albert Embankment London SE1 England 01-735 8111 Marine Division Decca House Decradar 28588 Marine navigational London SE1 radar Binocam Glasgow and periscopes 112-113 Integrated ship instrumentation system 239 Air survey instruments. Embankment 9 Albert London SE1 England Defence Instruments (Optical) Ltd 041-221 6666 145 Queen Street Sights, telescopes compasses, altimeters. Glasgow C1 clinometers Scotland 01-460 4665 Sudbury House Tylney Road Optic Sales Optical systems for Edenbridge photogrammetry and Bromley 266 surveying Kent England Dowsett Engineering Construction Ltd Harrogate Dowsett Construction services Bilton Hall 2664 Harrogate for defence. Harrogate Yorkshire industrial and 706-707 civil projects England Driclad Ltd Sittingbourne Expac Staplehurst Road Sittingbourne 4422 Sittingbourne Coventry Sound 88733 Coventry 96180 Protective operational storage system for valuable equipment 650-651 Disc brakes for marine main propulsion 162 Grain silos; metal, wood plastics containers and Kent England The Dunlop Co Ltd Aviation Division Military — Equipment Sales 31677 Holbrook Lane Coventry transmissions Hydro-pneumatic vehicle suspension systems. hydraulic and pneumatic systems, light weapon stabilisation system. tracked vehicle brakes CV6 4AA England New Products Division Holbrook Lane Coventry Coventry Sound 88733 Coventry 31677 Breathing apparatus 102-103 CV6 4AA Height-pressure air valves. panels for breathing-set charging, air-suspension systems for vehicles. anti-skid systems for England vehicles London 01-930 6700 Office 25 Ryder Street Dunlop London SW1 London SW1 England Dynaflex Ltd Dynaflex Division North West House 01-262 5010 28694 Servicing equipment and vehicle 314-315 for plant 119-127 Marylebone Road London NW1 maintenance England EMI Electronics Ltd Military Division 01-537 3888 Hayes Middlesex England H Edgard PO Box 22 Emidata 22417 London Cymbeline mortarlocating radar 224-225 Reconnaissance pod mounting 408-409 Uniforms 694-695 for aircraft £r Sons (London) Ltd Whitehaven 2441 for all services Whitehaven Cumberland England Ekco Avionics A Division of Pye Telecommunications Ltd Southend-on-Sea 394-395 536-537 Southendon-Sea 49491 Ekco Southend 99167 Airborne radar Miss-distance system 01-730 7163 Chloridic 262038 Submarine propulsion main batteries 1 683 Essex SS2 6PW England Electric Power Storage Ltd Government Marketing Division 50 Grosvenor Gardens London SW1 London SW1 04-1 05 England Head Office 061-794 4611 EPS Elecstor 669087 Manchester Ltd Clifton Junction Manchester M27 2LR England Electro- Medical Supplies (Greenham) Ltd Wantage Galfarad Electro-medical 4291 Wantage equipment Wantage Berkshire England 41 Telephone bs Ltd Burgess 5101 Hill Cab Pace Burgess es Telex 87183 Page Products described 174 Portable radiation meter Hill 330 Vehicle-installed doserate meter Other products Analogue, digital and hybrid computers, datalogging and dataprocessing equipment. precision : made components Automation Radar Systems Ltd Mobile Radar Engineering Division 22777 01-953 2030 Short-range ground surveillance radar Seismic detectors and intruder alarm systems IRIS infra-red intruder system Elstree Boieham Wood Hertfordshire ^nd 222-223 Airborne early warning radar, maritime anti- 227 submarine 228 landing monitoring system, interceptor/ radar, air ground-mapping and terrain-following radar, electra radar relay system, fire control radar Elliott Flight Automation Ltd Automatic Test Equipment Division Medway Elliotauto Rochester Kent England 44400 Rochester Head Chelmsford 53221 Expanse Chelmsford 99201 Erskine Laboratories Ltd Scarborough 2433 Erskmlab Scalby 52562 Newby 031 -443 4050 Ligatures Office Marconi House New 96333 656-659 Automatic Design, development and production of electrical and electronic equipment 728 Electronic test gear. Sutures ligatures catgut, silk and related surgical 683 Automatic equipment test circuit testers Street Chelmsford Essex Scarborough Yorkshire microwave components England Ethicon Ltd Edinburgh Sighthill Edinburgh Scotland products FPT Industries Ltd The Airport Portsmouth 62391 Fireproof 86106 Portsmouth Flexible assemblies for liquid storage Portsmouth Hampshire 732-733 and Rubber mouldings and extrusions flotation P03 5PE England Fairey Hydraulics Ltd Cranford Lane 01-573 7777 22230 Airily Hounslow Aircraft power controls Hydraulic 416-417 filters Heston Middlesex England Ferranti Ltd Equipment Department South Hit! Park Easthampstead Aircraft 84117 Bracknell 4202 Gyro-stabilised sight 241 weapons Bracknell Berkshire Flight instruments invertor units. and 428^*29 helicopter auto-stabiliser England Compass systems. transistorised control/ for vehicle-borne transformer rectifiers. voltage regulators, VTOL flight systems, research and development Systems Department Western Road Digital 84117 Bracknell 3232 Bracknell Berkshire RG12 1RA England CAAIS computer- 1 26-1 27 Air traffic control systems defence systems. assisted action air information system Data handling and weapon control system for naval applications tactical control FM1600B 1 28-1 29 and action data automation systems, digital data transmission equipment message collection and 130-131 switching systems, simulators and trainers microminiature computer Electronic Systems Department Ferry Road 031-332 2411 72141 EH5 2XS Radar systems for and mobile ground use INAS inertial systems Scotland for aircraft navigation 396-397 Radarscope recorders, 398-399 lightweight inertial platforms, floated and non-floated rate gyroscopes, rate integrating gyroscopes, aircraft Edinburgh and attack ISIS weapon sighting systems Laser ranger and marked target seeker Head-down display 400 two-axis vertical gyroscopes, air stream 401 direction indicators, angle of attack systems, 402 measuring and gauging systems, control systems for satellite aerials Government Contracts Department 061-681 2000 66342 Hollinwood Trainers and simulators 538-539 Magnetic tape audio recording equipment 534. 673 Lancashire England The Ferrograoh Co The Hyde Edgware Road Colindale London England 42 NW9 I 01 -205 2241 Britferro London NW9 Marine echo sounders. transformers, endless-loop magnetic tape cassettes. switches, magnetic tape head defluxers Name and address Telephone Cables 061-872 1477 Flexibox Ltd Nash Road Telex Products described 66284 Manchester Flexible couplings for marine main propulsion machinery Mechanical seals for M17 1SS all England shaft Trafford Park Flight Refuelling Ltd Wimborne Refuelling Wimborne 2121 Wimborne 41247 Page Other products made 163 743 types of rotating equipment 418-419 Fuel systems and associated Dorset equipment England Refuelling systems for and helicopters Aerial target systems 420-421 Diesel engines for marine propulsion, power and industry 564-565 744 aircraft Fodens Ltd Marine Department Sandbach 3244 Fodenway Sandbach Francis Searchlights Ltd Bolton Francis Searchlights for Turner Bridge Bolton Lancashire 27196 Bolton purposes 01-629 7101 Rufflette Elworth Works 36163 Sandbach 540-541 Cheshire England all England Thomas French it Sons Ltd 061-834 1887 Head Office PO Box 22 25115 London SW1 59 St James's Street London SW1 England Rufflette Airborne rocket launchers 378-379 Capstan winches 262-263 Fixed-link lines for 478-479 Cartridge belts, links and clips 66254 Manchester Chester Road Manchester England 1 5 Fuller, Lucas E* Co Ltd Crowborough Cross Eridge Road Crowborough Crowborough 2000 Lucas Lucas Crowborough Crowborough Chamcorn Sussex England London 261981 GEC-AEI Telecommunications Ltd Transmission Division Coventry Springjack PO Box 53 52152 Coventry 31361 Coventry telephony, telegraphy and video CV3 communications 1 HJ Telephone switching equipment for automatic or manual exchanges of any size, telephone switching networks, nationwide dialling systems, private telephone England systems PAX/PABX, telephone instruments, open-wire and balanced- and coaxial cable telephony transmission systems pair line GKN Sankey Ltd Automotive and Manufacturing Division Hadley Castle Works 35248 Wellington Armoured vehicle for 200-201 personnel carrying and other duties 4321 Wellington Shropshire Pressed steel wheels. chassis frames, vehicle cabs, presswork panels. bumper bars. agricultural implements, England automatic vending machines, pressed steel radiators, steel laminations for electric motors, plastics mouldings, tungsten carbide dies, steel furniture, partitioning, metal framing, shelving systems, office machines Gallay Ltd Denington Industrial Estate Cooling systems for Wellingborough 4801 316-317 military vehicles London Road Wellingborough Northamptonshire NN8 2QU England The Glacier Metal Co Ltd Alperton Wembley Middlesex 01-997 6611 Glamet Wembley 936881 Ships' line shaft bearings 166 Dry, lubricated and pre-lubricated plain bearings, centrifugal filters, rod end joints HAO 1HD England 43 Cables Telex Glosaro Gloucester 43134 Telephone dress Gloucester 67411 Products described Page 446 Aircraft refuellers Other products Fire-fighting made equipment for aircraft, de-icing vehicles for aircraft, Gk GL3 4AD demineralised- water England vehicles, liquidcarrying tanker vehicles, g assfibre- reinforced plastics tankers and I containers London Office Hawkei Siddeley Holdings 01 -930 2064 Hawsidair 24665 London SW1 Ltd 18 St James's Square London SW1 England Graviner (Colnbrook) Ltd Poyle Mill Works Colnbrook Crashfires 3245 Colnbrook 84124 618-619 Fire-protection equipment Marine monitoring systems, temperature controllers Colnbrook Slough Buckinghamshire England Grecngate it Irwell Rubber Co Ltd 061-834 5652 Coated Fabrics Division Para 66762 Airfield membranes for 441 temporary runways and helicopter pads Manchester 5 Greengate Manchester Coated fabrics, conveyor belting, electric cables, engineering rubbers, industrial hose, Lancashire M60 3EA protective clothing, England transmission belting London Office 01-476 3222 21758 01-560 3011 933887 Stephenson Street Canning Town London E1 England HML (Engineering) Ltd St John's Isleworth Road Servicing trolleys for 443 aircraft hydraulic systems Custom-built Middlesex England 669 hydraulics for equipment and systems testing 01-723 0022 Head Office 466-490 Edgware Rocd W2 London England HTS Management Consultants Ltd 01-839 2822 John Hadland (Photographic Instrumentation) Ltd Newhouse Airtrain Support training 708-709 Ultra-high-speed 660-661 London SW1 29 St James's Street London SW1 England Hemel Hempstead 2303 Johhadland London 82344 camera for proiectile and explosives research Hycam high-speed cameras, photographic Bovingdon instrumentation, portable film processors, Hertfordshire aerial Laboratories reconnaissance flash England A W Hainsworth Er Sons Ltd Spring Valley Mills Pudsey 3091 Army Pudsey 699 Uniform cloths Farsley Pudsey Yorkshire England Halmatic Ltd Havant 6161 Havant Hampshire Patrol and rescue craft 90 Fishery protection vessels, hydrographic survey vessels, crew P09 1JR boats, work boats, customs launches, England pilot boats, police launches London 01-499 8341 Office Deborine London W1 179 Piccadilly London W1 England Harbormaster Ltd Sales Department Central Road Temple Harlow Harlow 34301 Jonwhiteng Harlow 81317 01-546 7741 Hawsidair Kingston 23726 Outboard propulsion 156-157 units Fields Essex England Hawker Siddeley Aviation Ltd Richmond Road Kingston upon Thames upon Thames Buccaneer. Harrier. Hunter aircraft HS 748, Andover. Surrey Argosy England Nimrod, Shackleton. HS 125 348-349 jet 350-351 European airbus 352-353 with Sud Aviation and Deutsches Airbus; Dove twin-engined executive 354-355 transport; aircraft aircraft Vampire. Venom, Vixen aircraft Comer and Trident A300B airliners; Heron jointly four- engined executive transport; Gnat singleseat fighter; Gnat advanced London Office 18 St James's Square London SW1 England 44 01-930 2064 Hawsidair London SW1 24665 trainer Name and address Telephone Hawker Siddeley Dynamics Ltd Hatfield Manor Road 62300 Cables Telex 22324 Page Products described Other products made 414 458-459 Infra-red linescan Guided missiles Hatfield Hertfordshire England London 1 01-930 2064 Office Hawsidair 24665 London SW1 8 St James's Square London SW1 England Helio Mirror Co Ltd Crabtree Manorway Belvedere Kent Enth Scodil 32142 London W1 265403 242 Periscopes and cupolas for fighting vehicles England Helmets Ltd Wheathamp- Flying, parachute Wheathampstead stead 2221 instructor's St Albans Hertfordshire 696-697 and fire-protection helmets England Henley Forklift Co Ltd Newbridge Road Industrial 49655 Blackwood Estate Fork lift trucks 632-633 Fork lift trucks 644 Containers 662-663 Digital/analogue computers, process automation, temperature controls, micro switches 2671 Pontllanfraith Blackwood Monmouthshire NP2 2XF Wales Hestair Sherpa Ltd 01-573 3844 Hestairco Hounslow Southall Lane Hounslow Middlesex England London Office 1 Buckingham Palace Mansions London SW1 01-730 9934 England Honeywell Ltd Eaton Road Hemel Hempstead Hemel Hempstead 2141 Test Systems Division Honeywell Hemel 82165 Field test console for Clansman radio communications system Hertfordshire England Head 01-568 9191 Office Great West Road Brentford Honeywell 22765 Hounslow Middlesex England Hunting Engineering Ltd Defence Sales Reddings Wood Ampthill Huneng 3431 Ampthill 380-381 82105 Research, design. development in air armament, military and Ampthill Bedfordshire civil aviation; development and England production of electronic control equipment for automated processes Hy-Mac Ltd Hy-Mac House Bath Road Newbury Newbury 2205 Hymac 84557 274-275 Excavators and cranes Inspection platforms. wheel-mounted cranes. crawler-mounted cranes Newbury truck-mounted cranes Berkshire England The Hymatic Engineering Co Ltd Aerospace and Advanced Redditch Products Division Glover Street Redditch Worcestershire England 63621 Hyster Ltd 01-568 9292 Hymatic Redditch 33634 747 Cryogenic coolers pneumatic control valves, fuel pressurisation Aircraft for infra-red devices equipment, waveguide pressurisation Lift equipment 634-635 trucks Turriff Building Great West Brentford Road Middlesex England IBIS Engineers Ltd PO Box 23 Ibis Works Shap Road Kendal Ibis 22621 Kendal Telex 6580 686-687 Mobile laundry Garment presses. washing machines. drying machines. vacuum units Kendal Westmorland England IPL (Gardener) Ltd Government Marketing Division Codex House Willow Grove 1 01-467 5633 724 Technical documentation armed services for the Chislehurst Kent BR7 5DA England I 45 ess s iNDT) Ltd Telephone 01-242 6105 Cables Telex Endoscopes Maygain London WC1 Page Products described inspection in for visual Other products made 670 confined spaces .-•. r,a« Aerauio Ltd 01-574 2411 24114 Intaerio Aeronautical charts Southall Aers. Mayes Road Control systems for Southall large Middlesex England centres Aviation services International Computers Ltd Defence Area Victoria House Southampton Row London WC1 England Head 01 -405 systems, telegraph and data systems, air traffic control systems, synthetic 51 6-51 7 trainers, 710-711 518-519 commercial printing in monochrome and colour for airlines Computer analysis equipment, computer stationery - 21159 01-788 7272 Office Voice communications communications Electronic computers 7866 Facing 432 ICL House Putney London SW1 5 England Irving Air Chute of Letchworth GB Ltd Letchworth Irvin 6262 Letchworth 82198 Automatic releases for parachutes 426 Parachutes, car belts, Hertfordshire cargo securing equipment, England industrial safety lifting slings, harnesses, equipment, air cargo covers textile and structures JCB Sales Ltd Rocester Uttoxeter Uttoxeter Earthmover 3121 Uttoxeter 36154 Excavators, loaders 276-277 and shovels Staffordshire ST14 5JP England London Office 4-6 Deanery Street London W1Y 5LH 01 -499 6744 266361 England Jane's Yearbooks BPC 01-437 0686 23451 Publishing Ltd 49 Poland London International annual reports 725 Laboratory 683 Scientific and technical books Street W1A 2LG England Joyce, Loebl it Co Ltd Princesway Team Gateshead 877891 Jayell 53257 automation systems Gateshead Valley Gateshead Co Durham NE11 OUJ Densitormeters. sensitometers, flying-spot scanners, image quantizers, isodensitracers, tristimulus spot colorimeters, chromoscan thin layer attachments, LV units, lenses, prisms, England mirrors London Office 01-570 7313 Joyce, Loebl International Investment Sales Ltd 2 Noble Corner Great West Road Heston Middlesex England Kelvin Hughes 01-500 1020 New North Road Hainault Marinst 896401 Radar, racon, sonar 114-115 and photographic equipment llford llford Essex England London Office St Clare House 01-481 8741 Marinst 262776 Phone London Minories London EC3 England L R Industries Ltd 01-527 2377 North Circular Road Chingford Lonrubmanf London E4 21644 Sterile surgical gloves 680 Re-usable surgical gloves finger cots, condoms, general-purpose rubber gloves London E4 England Lansing Bagnall Ltd Road Kingsclere Basingstoke Bagnallic 3131 Basingstoke 85120 Fork lift and pallet Basingstoke trucks Fork lift truck and Hampshire England towing tractor Samuel Lee-Bapty Ltd Garston Cow 73055 Lane Garston Watford Hertfordshire England 46 Special-purpose mechanical and electro-mechanical equipment 636-637 638-639 728 Thermostats, clocks, switches 1 Name and address J E Lesser (International) Ltd JEL House Staines Road Hounslow Telephone 01-570 7755 Cables Telex 936161 Jell Hounslow Products described Mobile or prefabricated Page Other products made 688 quarters Middlesex England Leyland Motors Ltd 01 -499 Military Sales Division 6050 Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square Leymotors 22498 447 Beaver haulage London chassis for airfield W1 refuellers Telex London W1 Multi-fuel engine 566-567 England Link- Miles Ltd 87165 Lancing 5881 Churchill Industrial Estate Flight simulators and 557 trainers, visual display Chartwell Road Lancing systems, tank driving simulators Sussex England R A Lister & Co Ltd Dursley Gloucestershire Dursley Machinery 2371 Dursley 43156 Industrial and marine 576 diesel engines Mechanical handling equipment, horse clippers GL11 4HS England Lonsdale it Bartholomew Technical Ltd 86-88 Edgware Road London W2 01-723 8001 Documentation ensure to 726 maximum utilisation of equipment England Lucas Gas Turbine Equipment Ltd 021-777 3232 338781 Luset Birmingham Shaftmoor Lane Birmingham 28 England Fuel systems and combustion and 422-423 hydraulic systems Joseph Lucas (Batteries) Ltd 021-777 3292 Formans Road Birmingham 1 Lucasbatt 33105 Birmingham Lead-acid storage 318-319 batteries England Joseph Lucas (Electrical) Ltd Contract Department Great King Street Birmingham 1 9 021-554 5252 Lucas 338681 Ignition and lighting equipment for vehicles 320-321 87311 Weapon mountings 388-389 Birmingham Telex England MB Metals Ltd Armament Division Victoria Road Brighton Metals 46981 Portslade for aircraft Data logging control equipment, cables and Portslade moulded connectors. Sussex BN4 1YH fuzing units, aircraft switches, film-wiring England harnesses for aircraft MEL Equipment Co The Ltd 87267 Crawley Crawley Sussex England MacTaggart, Scott £r Co Ltd Station Ironworks Infra-red sights Mobile HF radio equipment 28787 Manor Royal 72478 Loanhead Valve 311 Loanhead Naval hydraulic 245 480-481 168-169 Davits, replenishment- at-sea winches and masts hoists, cranes. hydroplanes, hydraulic controls and complete equipment Loanhead Midlothian Scotland systems Marconi Communication Systems Ltd Radio Communications Division Marconi House Chelmsford Chelmsford 53221 Expanse Chelmsford 99201 systems Naval radio systems Military radio 482-483 506 Data transmission and digital communications systems, pulse code modulation systems. sound broadcasting and Essex England television London Office 34 Portland Place London W1 01-580 5522 25111 Expanse London systems W1 England Marconi Radar Systems Ltd Crompton Works Chelmsford 67111 Marstor Chelmsford 99108 Air defence radar 470-471 34551 Naval radar systems 122-123 Naval control 132-133 Chelmsford Essex England New Park Leicester Leicester Assocelect 87133 Leicester Leicester Assocelect 871331 Leicester LE3 1UF England A El Control Engineering Department Parks New Leicester LE3 1UF England 34551 equipment for power supplies and other systems Gun control equipment for fighting Complete naval control systems, temperature scanning equipment. high-power ac motor 244 drives, clutch servos, searchlights vehicles 47 - j-ess Telephone Page Other products made Cables Telex Products described Electronics 22616 Underwater weapons and tracking ranges 98 Weapon 466 guidance and 484-485 components, electronic ;nce - 01-954 2311 Stanmore The G electronic stabilisation, electronic Communications systems for counter measures, control all armed services Camberley 63311 Instrument Jtun Group Chobham Road Elliotauto 85289 satellites, military data systems, space systems Middlesex England Space and instrumentation. weapon guidance 432 In-flight data recorder Camberley F(., Camberley Surrey - England Camberley 63311 Military Division Chobham Road Elliotauto 85289 FACE computer system 226 for artillery fire control Camberley Frimley AMETS Camberley meteorological survey 243 artillery Surrey England Camberley 63311 Naval Division Chobham Road Elliotauto 85289 137 Navigational computer and other Camberley Frimley data processing Camberley systems Surrey England Trainer and Simulator Division Chobham Road Camberley 63311 Elliotauto 85289 Camberley Naval simulators and engine 554 for action Frimley room Camberley Flight simulators 555 Diver transport vehicles 92-93 training Surrey England Cowes 4731 Marine Exploration Ltd Marex Cowes 86262 Marex House Diving equipment, small surface support craft. High Street consultancy Cowes activities, in marine operational and design studies of Wight England Isle Marshall of Cambridge Engineering Ltd Airport Works Cambridge Cambridge 56291 Marfly 81208 Cambridge 322-323 Vehicle bodies for military civil and Design modification and repairs of aircraft and installation of interior applications fittings CB5 8RX England Marston Excelsior Ltd Fordhouses 3361 Wobaston Road Marex Wolverhampton 33211 Heat exchangers. 330 flexible fuel tanks Fordhouses Heat exchangers. Wolverhampton flexible tanks 427 and Staffordshire radomes WV10 6QJ Flexible reservoirs England armament packs for aircraft and 652 Martin-Thomas Ltd South Way Walworth Industrial Estate Andover Hampshire England Mercury Airfield Equipment Ltd Woodbridge Works Staging and docking system for aircraft maintenance 444 and cargo handling trucks 445 Guildford Merywether London SE10 Fire protection vehicles. 622 installations Hiway Andover 47277 Guildford Mercury 85211 71271 01-692 1016 Andover 4014 Aviation Division Aircraft Hydraulic access platforms, mobile servicing step kits Guildford Surrey England Merryweather & Sons Ltd Greenwich High Road London SE10 and equipment England F G Miles Engineering Ltd Riverbank Works Old Shoreham Road Shorehamby-Sea 4511 87466 Weapon release and weapon check-out 390-391 equipment Shoreham-by-Sea Sussex BN4 5FL Braking force trailer, gas turbine generator sets, gas turbine water pumps, gun control equipment. service test equipment. electronic installations England Millbank Technical Services Ltd Luke House 4 Abbey Orchard Street 01-222 1145 Milltech 915623 Technical support London SW1 services Acetyweldo London SE8 Gas welding, cutting. brazing and soldering equipment 712-713 London SW1 England C S Milne & Co Harley Works Deptford London SE8 England 48 Ltd 01-692 3'J32 • 267 Profile cutting machines Name and address Ministry of Defence Director of Sales (Army) St Christopher House Southwark Street London SE1 Telephone Cables Products described Telex 01-928 7999 Chieftain battle tank 105 mm light gun Rarden 30 automatic cannon 81 81 England mm mm medium mortar medium mortar ammunition Bren machine gun conversion to Page Other products made 178-179 206-207 210-211 212-213 214-215 216 217 NATO ammunition Bar mines and minelaying equipment 218-219 Jrilux night sight Single- and doublestorey medium girder bridges 234-235 254-255 Eager Beaver 640-641 rough-terrain fork lift tractor After-sales service for British military vehicles 714-715 and engineer equipment Hyd'ographic Department Taunton Somerset England Ministry of Technology Department EIR 2 Taunton 7900 01-437 9288 House 23-25 Soho Square London W1 Creechup Taunton Mintec Facing Charts 136 22241 2-inch rocket system 382-383 23917 Security and protective film laminating equipment 747 London Stuart Telex England Morane Plastic Co Ltd Gresham Road Staines Morane 51985 Staines Staines Middlesex England Morgan cards and printed matter tissue, self- Grundy Ltd Medical Division Grundylab Uxbridge 21126 Gloucester Muirhill 43179 2148 Gloucester military loading shovel Hospitabed Hospital beds and ward equipment 684 Radiation monitors 676-677 Uxbridge 38551 Cowley Muir-Hill Ltd Road 684 Hospital laboratory and dispensary furniture and fume extraction systems Uxbridge Middlesex England Bristol mounting adhesive plastic films, plastic bookjackets for identification £r Hot presses for dry mounting, dry 278-279 Multi-purpose Gloucester GL1 5RX England J Nesbit- Evans Wednesbury Cr Co Ltd 021-556 1511 Wednesbury Staffordshire England Nuclear Enterprises Ltd 031 -443 4060 Sighthill Nuclear Edinburgh 72333 Edinburgh EH11 4EY Scotland Optical Measuring Tools Ltd Helston Water- Ma-Trout Road Helston Cornwall England 2366 45295 Optical elements and rotary indexing tables 734-735 602-603 604-605 Pains-Wessex Ltd Middle Painwessex Hand-held rockets High Post Woodford 282 Salisbury Distress signalling Salisbury Wiltshire and rescue devices Bird-scaring cartridges. smoke and other devices England Perkins Engines Ltd Peterborough Perkoil Peterborough PE1 5NA England 67474 Peterborough The Permutit Co Ltd 01-560 5199 Industrial and process control systems. laboratory instruments. nucleonic instruments, radiation detectors 606-607 32132 Multi-purpose diesel engines 568-569 24440 Water purifying units for desalination and 745 Telex Pemberton House Permutit Hounslow 632-652 London Road Water and effluent treatment plant, sewage treatment plant, ion exchange resins, water softeners, marine de-ionisation Isleworth Middlesex England condensate polishing plant Petters Ltd Diesel Division Staines Staines Diesel 51333 Staines Telex Middlesex England Pilchers (Merton) Ltd Victoria Road Burgess Sussex England Hill 23871 Diesel engines 570-571 Air compressors, diesel- powered generating sets. marine diesels. transport refrigeration units Burgess Hill 5707 87323 Ambulap Burgess Hill Military ambulance 288-289 Mobile blood collecting mobile clinics. dispensaries and dental clinics, mobile laboratories, mobile laundries, mobile units, operating theatres 49 ' , ,ier Ltd Cables Telephone ess St Asaph 3301 61291 Optical St Telex Products described Page 746 Optical systems Asaph Other products made Moving map displays. computer doors and optics, aircraft camera windows, missile lasers, nose cones, heat. resistant filters Plane-iron (Operations) Ltd 419 Richmond Road 01-892 8854 Operating, maintenance and training manuals 716-717 Radiation alarm 170-171 system for ships and submarines Telegraphy equipment 520-521 St Margarets Twickenham Middlesex England The Plessey Co Ltd Automation and Transmission Divisions Sopers Lane - 41272 Poole 5161 Poole Dorset England Electronics ford 1 01 -478 Group 23166 3040 Torpedo depth 99 presetting system 1 Sippican bathythermograph, minehunting system Small-ship sonar Helicopter sonar unit Sound ranging system Essex England 106-107 118-119 120-121 246 for locating artillery positions by radio Auto selector system for aircraft HF radio transmitter UHF and VHF radio systems HF radio sets Miniature 403 armament UHF/VHF 486-487 488-489 490-491 492-493 radio Radio transmitter 507 Speech and data links for radio and telephone 522-523 networks Plessey Radar Ltd Weybridge Plessrad Addlestone 47282 Weybridge 262329 116-117 Naval radar and satellite Weybridge communications Surrey systems Air defence radar England for surveillance and control Radar display and data 472-473 474-475 handling Portex Ltd Hythe 66863 Portex Hythe Telex 96165 Hythe Portsmouth 62251 Portavia 86205 Portsmouth Medical plastics products 681 Therapeutic equipment. automatic peritoneal dialysis machine. Bristol blood warmer, Derbyshire oxygen chair Machine gun pod and 386 Aerial photoflash. Kent England Portsmouth Aviation Ltd The Airport bomb Portsmouth Hampshire tail airborne mine-carrier. units Servicing trolleys for 392-393 weapons aircraft gun- P03 5PF harmonisation equipment. special-purpose England ancillary weapon equipment Price Brothers ft Hospital Division Wellington Co Ltd Wellington Wool 2216 Wellington Burns dressings 684 Divans, mattresses, pillows, polyurethane Somerset England foams (for furniture London acoustic insulation, bedding, Office packaging, etc) 01-935 0711 18/1 8a Orchard Street London W1 England Pye Telecommunications Ltd Newmarket Road Cambridge 61222 81166 The Pyrene Co Ltd Sunbury-on- 261402 Pyrene House Sunbury- on -Thames Middlesex England Thames 85588 RFD-GQ Godalming 4122 Radio-telephone for 508 vehicles Cambridge CB5 8PD England Ltd Fire-fighting vehicles Surrey Personnel and supplydropping parachutes Cine-target range for England infantry training Godalming Airships Godalming 85233 Air-sea rescue apparatus 50 620-621 and equipment 424-425 542-543 All types of parachutes. aircrew safety harnesses. aircraft brake parachutes. air 598-599 ventilated coveralls, lightweight collapsible stretcher Name and address Racal-BCC Ltd Western Road Telephone Bracknell 3244 Cables Racal Bracknell Telex 84166 Products described Static, transportable and mobile radio equipment Man-portable radio equipment for field Bracknell Berkshire England use Lightweight Page 494-495 Other products made Complete communication systems; communications 496-497 receivers (all modes); transmitters, linear amplifiers 498-499 manpacks and exciters; adaptors and ancillaries, remote control systems, radio-telephones, antenna systems, telegraph and telephone terminal equipment; portable transmitter/receivers and manpack equipment, specialised electronic systems, selective calling and privacy systems; frequency synthesisers; wideband matching transformers; data transmission and processing; high-speed data transmission systems; high-speed tape recording systems Racal Instruments Ltd Duke Street Windsor Windsor 69811 Racal 847013 Windsor Test instruments for 664-665 communications equipment Berkshire England Racal-Thermionic Ltd Hythe Hythe 3265 Technico Hythe 47600 Ware 3939 Rank Ware 81415 01-508 5522 Survey Loughton Voice and data 531 recording equipment Southampton Hampshire England Rank Precision Industries Ltd Broadcast Division Watton Road Two-way 500-501 Ware Homer/transponder radio beacon, airborne homing radar, military FM packset radio telecommunications equipment Hertfordshire England Metrology Division Langston Road Debden 23855 Passive night sight for Industrial Estate vehicles Individual sight Loughton Essex 248 armoured fighting weapon 249 England Rank Kershaw Industrial Division 200 Harehills Lane Science Leeds 55162 624601 98254 Leeds Optical equipment for 247 military use Leeds LS8 5QS England Reavell £* Co Ltd PO Box 44 Ipswich Reavell 56124 Ipswich 01-493 9444 Airdrill Air compressors for 172-173 classes of naval vessels all Ranelagh Works Automatic control equipment Ipswich IP2 OAE England London Office 22105 London W1 44 Brook Street London W1 England Recording Designs Ltd Camberley Blackwater Station Estate Blackwater 24622 85272 Camberley Data transmitters underwater equipment Magnetic tape Surrey recorders England Deep mobile Redifon Ltd Communications Division Broomhill Road London SW1 8 01-874 7281 Redifon 264029 London Telex England for 109 Message stores, pressure transducers, data transmitters 532 target 544-545 Static, transportable 502-503 and mobile radio equipment Radio equipment Point-to-point HF, marine and man-portable radio equipment; naval 504-505 radio teleprinter for equipment; radiobeacons; naval and military Omega communications receivers; EDC and data processing equipment; computers Flight Simulation Marketing Unit 01-874 7281 Broomhill Road London SW1 8 Redifon 264029 London Flight simulators and 546-547 trainers Telex England Renold Ltd Renold House Wythenshawe 061-437 5221 Renold Manchester 669052 Mechanical power 747 transmission equipment Manchester M22 5WL England Reynolds Boughton Ltd Vehicle Division Bell Lane Amersham Little Boughtons Chalfont Amersham 83132 Heavy recovery vehicles 290-291 Special-purpose vehicles special vehicle bodies 2666 Buckinghamshire England 51 : -ess Telephone Cables Telex Products described Flaw detectors, rotary Markyate 761 indexing and Other products made 671 tilt workshop tables for and Page use Battery chargers and battery capacity field 736-737 testers Eng' Rists Wires b- Cables Ltd Lower Milehouse Lane Newcastle 36301 Electric cables, Newcastle Rist's (Staffs) Newcastle preformed 561221 Staffs wiring assemblies. and flexible Staffordshire rigid England printed circuits Rolls-Royce (Composite Avonmouth Materials) Ltd 4821 Rolcom Avonmouth 44207 747 electric Aircraft stores Lightweight body 384-385 698 armour Avonmouth Road Avonmouth Bristol BS11 9DU England Rolls-Royce Ltd Aero Engine Division PO Box 31 Derby England Bristol Bristol Bnsidair 44185 Bristol Gas turbine and ramjet engines 362-363 693871 31637 Marine gas turbine engines 144-145 High-performance engines for military 572-573 Derby Engine Division PO Box Roycar Derby 37645 42424 3 Aircraft gas turbine 360-361 engines Filton Bristol England Walsgrave- Roycov Turbine Division on-Sowe Coventry PO Box 72 3211 Industrial and Marine Gas Industrial gas turbines 4000 bhp-24 800 bhp Ansty Coventry CV7 9JR England Crewe 55155 Motor Car Division Crewe 36121 Roycru Crewe combat vehicles Cheshire Motor cars, light aircraft engines, investment castings England I 0/7 Engine Division Shrewsbury Shrewbury 52262 35171 Shropshire Diesel engines for vehicles, boats. generators, England compressors, Small Engine Division Leavesden Watford Roycar Shrewsbury 23206 Garston Rollsed 74000 Watford Derby Roycar Derby 37645 42424 01-629 6201 Rolhead 263371 574-575 etc. and generalpurpose gas turbine engines 364-365 Dodge 14-ton 292-293 heavy-duty truck Commer 1 0-ton heavy-duty truck 294-295 Commer 296-297 Aircraft Automotive transmission equipment WD2 7BZ England Head Office Moor Lane Derby England London Office 14—15 Conduit London W1 London W1 Street England Rootes Motors Ltd Export Sales Division 25—40 Kensington High Street 01-937 8077 Rootesmoti London 23535 W8 W8 London England 2 -ton heavy-duty pick-up truck Rotax Ltd Chandos Road 01-965 7777 Rodynalite 23662 Lightweight generating and starting systems 324-325 51336 15 kVA generating system 584-585 London NW10 Willesden Junction High-efficiency actuating mechanisms. encoders, servo motors NW10 London England Special Products Group — Equipment Division Bradford 65271 Rodynalite Bradford Telex Constant-speed drives. Bradford 3 Yorkshire ac and dc generators. actuators and motors. electric control and protection equipment. England ground Aircraft Phoenix Works The Rover Co Ltd 021 -743 4242 Meteor Works Lode Lane Rover 33156 Military j ton Military J ton Solihull Land Rover Warwickshire England portable Rubery Owen Lightweight Er Darlaston Wednesbury Staffordshire WS10 8JD England 52 air- 300-301 302-303 Land Rover Co Ltd Special Equipment Division PO Box 10 298-299 Land Rover Solihull 021-526 3131 Ruberowen Telex Darlaston 338236 Military trailers 334-335 test equipment Name and address Ruston Paxman Diesels Ltd Vulcan Works Newton -le-Wil lows Telephone Cables Newton-leWillows 5151 Telex Products described 62366 Ventura diesel engines for marine propulsion Marine auxiliary diesel engines Deltic diesel engines for marine propulsion Lancashire England Stationary diesel power generating sets Transportable and Page Other products made 146-147 148-149 150-151 586-587 583-589 mobile diesei power generating sets S.E.P.E.C.A.T. Weybridge Britair c/o British Aircraft Corporation Ltd 45522 Weybridge 01-573 3800 Airily 356-357 27111 Jaguar 22121 Night viewing aids 250 22498 Super Constructor heavy-duty tractor, 304-305 London W1 Telex Contractor high-speed aircraft Weybridge Surrey England Saunders-Roe Developments Ltd North Hyde Road London Hayes Middlesex England Scammell Lorries Ltd Military Sales Division 01-499 6050 Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square Leymotors W1 London heavy-duty tractor England Schermuly Ltd Spra Works Newdigate Schermuly 331 Dorking Surrey Newdigate Rocket illuminators. and signals Aircraft flares and 608-609 flares Dorking Surrey England Rocket line-throwing equipment 610-611 distress signals 612-613 Cartridges and grenades signalling control 01-942 3633 Scottorn Ltd Works Kingston Road New Maiden Victor for and riot Essenn Cargo and tanker New Maiden trailers 336-337 Amphibious, generator and lubricating trailers Surrey England Self-Changing Gears Ltd Military Sales Division 01-499 6050 Leymotors 22498 London W1 Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square Transmissions for 326-327 military vehicles Telex London W1 England Short Brothers & Harland Ltd General Engineering Division Glen Works Newtownards 3114 Glenards 74688 Newtownards Shorland armoured 202 patrol car components, aircraft components, mechanical handling equipment Newtownards Northern Ireland Missile Supersonic target drones, airframes and airframe Systems Division Montgomery Road Belfast Predivis 59271 Belfast 74688 Seacat. Tigercat, 460-461 Blowpipe guided missile systems Castlereagh Belfast BT6 9HN Northern Ireland 74688 Skyvan Division Belfast Aircraft PO Box 241 58444 Belfast 01-629 9541 Broshort Skyvan aircraft 358-359 Queen's Island Belfast BT3 9DZ Northern Ireland London Office Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square London London 24934 W1 W1 England Thomas Smith £r Sons (Rodley) Ltd Pudsey 2844 PO Box BR5 Rodley Leeds Smith Rodley 55105 Heavy-duty cranes and 626-627 for military industrial uses Telex LS13 2TG England The Solartron Electronic Group Ltd Farnborough Solartron Farnborough Hampshire England 44433 Farnborough 85245 Simulators and video maps 548-549 for air traffic control and defence Simulators and trainers and marine use Simfire weapon effects simulator Digital instruments for voltage measurement 550-551 for naval 556 666-667 and dynamic analysis 53 1 1 1 : :jress M Spe: . Cables Telephone Telex Products described Page Other products made 524-525 Andover Near-field audio 5741 communication system NewEury Road over Hampshire England Sperry Flight Systems Division Sperry Rand Ltd Way Downshire Bracknell Speriflite 3222 Bracknell 84129 and 430 military aircraft Bracknell Berkshire RG12 1QL England Rand Ltd Way Downshire Aeronautical instruments for navigation 431 Naval control systems 134-135 Gyroscope systems 136 - Sperry Gyroscope Division Sperry Flight instruments for civil Bracknell Spengyco 3222 Bracknell 84129 for Bracknell Berkshire marine navigation Vehicle navigator 238 Landing aids for airborne and ground 433 RG12 1QL England Standard Telephones it Cables Ltd 261912 01-368 1200 Radio Products Group Oakleigh Road New Southgate London N1 England Head use 533 Aircraft communications equipment 22385 01-836 8055 Office 190 Strand London WC2 England Stella-Meta Filters Ltd Whitchurch Stellameta Laverstock Mill (Hants) Whitchurch Hampshire England 2360 Whitchurch Hants Stone Manganese Marine Ltd 01-858 6171 85145 Water Propellers for Anchor and Hope Lane London SE7 738-739 purifiers 158-159 all marine applications England Stothert & Pitt Ltd Construction Equipment Division Bath Stothert PO Box 25 63401 Bath 44177 Vibrating rollers for 280-281 compaction and Dockside cranes, deck Somerset machinery, tower cranes. concrete mixers, truck mixers, concrete batching BA2 3DJ plant, asphalt plant. soil consolidation Bath pumps England (rotary, screw displacement, centrifugal, lobe) London Office 30 Buckingham Gate London SW1 01-222 1911 262201 Summer-field Research Station Kidderminster 33527 Imperial Metal Industries Ltd 4061 England Rocket motor systems. double base 728 solid cast Kidderminster Worcestershire propellants England Head Office Imperial Metal Industries Ltd 021-356 4848 33236 PO Box 216 Birmingham 6 Tannoy 01-670 1131 Tannoy London SE27 Jersey Avio Jersey Norwood Road London SE27 Public address and crew control systems 526-527 Technical support for 718-719 England Technical Support Route De La Haule & St Brelade Jersey Services Ltd 41161 defence forces Central 25301 Channel Islands Head Office PO Box 33 Jersey Jersey 23527 Avio Jersey 41161 Central Channel Islands Tektronix Ltd PO Box 36 Guernsey 23411 41193 Oscilloscopes 672 28228 Environmental control systems 740-741 55293 Unbreakable nylon syringes Surgical instruments, 673 St Peter Port Guernsey Channel Islands Temperature Ltd 01-223 0511 192-206 York Road London SW1 Tetmur London SW1 England Chas F Thackray Ltd PO Box 171 Park Street Leeds LS1 1RQ England 54 Leeds 20085 hospital furniture equipment and 684 Name and address Telephone Cables Telex Products described Page Other products made Thorn Bendix Ltd Industrial Electronics Division Nottingham Beech Avenue 76123 New 37142 552-553 Anti-submarine trainer Basford Nottingham NG7 7JJ England Thorn Lighting Ltd Airfield Lighting Division 01-836 2444 Eleclampo London Thorn House Upper Saint Martin's Lane 21521 WC2 Lighting equipment for 438-439 Lamps and aprons and airfields, lighting fittings (tungsten. buildings fluorescent, discharge) London WC2H 9BR England Transport Equipment (Thornycroft) Ltd Military Sales Division 01 -499 6050 Leymotors 22498 London W1 Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square Nubian Major fire airfield 623 crash tender Telex London W1 England United Scientific Instruments Ltd Kirkman House 54a Tottenham Court Road London 01-636 5905 Scodil 265403 London W1 Lightweight mine 229 detector Fire-control aids for ground forces 251 W1P OBQ England Vauxhall Motors Ltd Luton 21122 Carvaux Luton 82131 Luton 01-828 7777 Vickers 27921 Bedford MK truck 306-307 Bedfordshire England Vickers Ltd Vickers House London SW1 Gun mounting and 140-141 aiming sights for naval guns Millbank London SW1 Battle tank Mk England Abbot mm 1 05 self-propelled Barrow Engineering Works PO Box 12 Barrow-inFurness 3366 Barrow-in-Furness Lancashire Vickerseng Barrow-inFurness 6597 180-181 204-205 3 gun Marine diesel engines Main propulsion 152-153 160-161 gearing for naval and marine vessels Guided England 464-465 missile launchers for Sea Dart and Seawolf Support services shipbuilding and in 727 naval service Vickers Instruments York Haxby Road 24112 Coordinate York Sights and telescopes 236-237 Medical engineering systems 682 Escort and patrol vessels Type 42 destroyer 68-69 Submersibles for underwater naval work 94-95 Oberon 96 York Y03 7SD England Vickers Medical Engineering Basingstoke Works Priestley Basingstoke 5151 Road Basingstoke Hampshire England Vickers Shipbuilding Group Barrow Shipbuilding Works PO Box 6 Barrow-inFurness Barrow-in-Furness 20351 Vicarmsea Barrow-inFurness 6571 Lancashire England diesel -electric submarine Submarine weapons 82 patrol 97 (missile systems, fire- control systems and torpedoes) SLAM (submarine or surface-launched air missile system) 462-463 W Vinten Ltd Aviation Equipment Division Bury Western Way Bury St Edmunds St Edmunds 2121 Vintacinni 81176 Bury St Edmunds Suffolk Reconnaissance equipment for aerial photography and ground support 410-411 1 6 mm airborne and cameras. mobile field photographic units, scientific camera servicing vehicles England Vosper Electric Industrial and Marine Controls Division Castle Trading Estate Portchester Fareham Hampshire England Cosham 79481 86115 Main machinery controls for naval vessels 164 I Inverters and battery chargers, motor starters and speed controls. electronic components 55 . . . addi ess Telephone Cables Telex Products described Page Other products made . Shi 86115 Cosham Jn - 70-71, Frigates 79481 Vosper Hous8 Corvettes Paulsgrove Portsmouth England Diesel patrol craft Gas turbine patrol Maintenance and craft 78-79 72-73 74-75 76-77 86-87 repair ship 88-89 Glass-reinforced plastics launches and boats Hovercraft 374-375 Ship's stabiliser 165 Vosper Thornycroft Engineering Hydraulic Power Division Paulsgrove 86115 Cosham 79481 Portsmouth Hampshire England Wallop Industries Ltd Wallop Middle Wallop Stockbridge Hampshire England 456 47692 Reconnaisance for flare 614 Tracking motor fixed-wing flares, rocket igniters. pyrotechnic delay elements, pyrotechnic pressure delay units, pyromechanical actuators aircraft gas generators, power generator cartridges Webley ft Scott Ltd (Incorporating Handsworth Birmingham W W Greener Ltd) 021-553 3952 Webley Birmingham Anti-riot Industries Tractors, trucks Poole trailers equipment 220 short-range peacekeeping duties for 21 Signal pistols. lightweight hydraulic jacks England Wessex Industries Ltd Poole 2626 Market Street Poole and 642-643 Dorset England Westinghouse Brake and Signal Co Ltd Semiconductor Division 82 York Way 01 -837 6432 Westinghouse London N1 261629 King's Cross Thynstor for pulse modulator and similar 534 Low, medium and highpower silicon diodes. avalanche silicon diodes applications London N1 fast-recovery silicon diodes, low, medium and England high-power thyristors. inverse gate thyristors. fast-switching thyristors inverter grade selenium surge thyristors, suppressors, thyristor driver and controller units, power transistors, triacs Westland Helicopters Ltd Yeovil Aircraft Yeovil 5222 Telex Yeovil Somerset England London Office 01-222 4822 Westland Aircraft Ltd 8 The Sanctuary 46277 Helicopters for military and 368-369 Precision castings and gears civil duties Aldwarke 25232 London Telex London SW1 England Williamson Manufacturing Co Ltd Hawthorn Road London NW10 01-459 0073 Kinetogram London 25842 NW10 England 412-413 X-ray processing 678-679 Specialist photographic equipment equipment Y-ARO Ltd 041-959 1251 PO Box 4000 77380 Yard Glasgow Naval consultancy 720-721 (design, strategic and marine services) 1395 South Street Glasgow W4 Naval consultancy Scotland London Reconnaissance and survey cameras air 722-723 (technical services) Office 01-799 2178 4 Abbey Orchard Street London SW1 England Yarrow (Shipbuilders) Ltd 041-959 1221 Scotstoun Glasgow 77357 Yarship Frigates 78-81 Fracture equipment. folding wheelchairs, walking aids and 684 Glasgow W4 Scotland London Office 01-930 2848 262007 26 St James's Street London SW1 England Zimmer Orthopaedic Ltd 176-178 Brompton Road London SW3 England 01-584 6416 Zimorpedic London SW3 Implants for orthopaedic rehabilitation surgery, surgical instruments, traction apparatus, crutches, equipment walking sticks, toilet aids 56 bath and Section 1 Ships Section 1 Ships : Principal particulars and abridged specification form Hull Round Stabilisers Fin-type (optional extra) bilge with knuckle forward Construction All-welded mild steel hull General equipment with aluminium alloy superstructure Two patent/stockless bower anchors One kedge anchor Propulsion Triple marine diesel engines driving three screws through reverse reduction gearboxes 274m 110m 110m Two 50 fathoms) forged steel stud link cable for each bower anchor (60 fathoms) 140mm (5 A in) circ. Manilla towline (60 fathoms) 3lin circ. FSWR towline 1 0m (60 fathoms) 3in circ. mooring lines (1 1 Performances each rated at 4410bhp at 1900rev/min maximum and 3670bhp at continuous rating Maximum speed 24 knots Continuous speed 22 knots Note Speeds given at half-load displacement in UK conditions Triple diesel engines rating. — Accommodation Arranged fuel load at complement of 66 officers and men officer in separate cabin Five officers in single and double cabins Six CPOs in separate cabins Ten POs in separate mess Forty-five ratings in three separate messes All-electric galley, servery, refrigerated and provision stores Range With standard for a total Commanding 14 knots, 3300nm Wardroom Separate toilet facilities for officers, petty officers and crew Tank capacities Fuel (standard) 80 tons Fresh water 24 tons Fresh-water system Automatic pressure-type supplying all services Hot water from 360 litre (80gal) calorifier Operational spaces Operations room, sonar control, W/T fire control office, wheelhouse, radar and offices Steering gear steering operating twin rudders, Control from position aft Power wheelhouse or emergency Insulation Radio and navigational equipment Plessey AWS 1 and Decca TM 626 Echo sounder Kelvin Hughes MS32F — — Log — Chernikeef Accommodation, operational spaces and engine rooms sound insulation material Radar electronic Compasses magnetic Arma Brown Mk 1 gyro with repeaters M/F and VHF Alternative Ventilation and air-conditioning All living and operational spaces air-conditioned Mechanical supply and exhaust of fresh air to all other necessary spaces transmitter/receivers equipment can be installed to suit owners requirements Life saving equipment and boats One 6-7m (22ft) glass-fibre sea boat Two 20-man inflatable liferafts Two 10-man inflatable liferafts Four lifebuoys with buoyant lights Electrical 440V 60Hz Two 200kVA diesel-driven One 40kVA harbour duty Fire One man alternators and bilge systems fire main connected to pumps with fire hose connections on weather and accommodation decks Magazine spray and portable hand extinguishers Bilge main with suction to each main compartment Power 58 lifejacket per 36, Armament One 114-3mm (4-5in) forward gun mounting One 40mm gun aft mounting One anti-submarine system Integrated fire control system (2in) target-illumination rocket launchers 50 Search and attack sonar Two 8mm fitted with heat and Section 1 : Ships Corvette 196ft triple-screw vesse The 60m (196ft) corvette swiftly and economically a otherwise require a handsome CODAG ment can be exterior a mounted forward, which vessel. Within the particularly corvette either a diesel or 114-3mm fully automatic gun (4 Ain) requires limited manning, the corvette also features an anti-submarine weapon system in addition to a 40mm AA gun mounted aft. The corvette can be adapted for any specialist purpose within the designed payload, and missile With well suited to carry out variety of roles that might larger and more expensive is of the machinery arrange- systems can be fitted. carried. DECK N9 1 N? 2 DECK Dimensions Length overall 59-74m (196ft) Length (waterline) 55-47m (182ft) Breadth (moulded) 9-1 4m (30ft) Depth (moulded) 6-55m (21 Maximum ft 6in) 1 40mm 2 gun mounting 6-7m (22ft) sea boat 3 Funnel 4 50mm 14 15 16 automatic (2in) rocket flare 5 Inflatable liferaft 6 Fire control 17 compartment Enclosed wheelhouse and chartspace 18 19 20 Anti-submarine weapon 40mm magazine 21 10 Armament 11 12 Machinery control room Decontamination compartment 13 Bosun 22 23 24 2b 26 8 9 Spare compartment Laundry 27 Air-conditioning and 28 29 30 ventilation projector 7 N°5 DECK. draught 2-89m (9ft 6in) store store compartment maintenance room Spare compartment Special radio equipment Operations room Sonar control compartment 114-3mm Steering compartment loading com- ASW partment Electrical Wireless office Radar office Captain's cabin (4Ain) automatic gun Windlass 31 Diesel-driven alternators 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Main engines Machinery spaces Captain's toilet 41 Officers' cabin 42 Wardroom Officers toilet Officers cabins Petty officers' toilets Chief petty officers' mess Pantry Ship's office Sonar store Galley and servery 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Ratings' toilets Gun bay Handing room Captain of turret office Ratings' toilets Ratings' mess Paint store Lamp store 51 Petty officers' 52 53 54 55 56 Gyro room 57 58 59 60 mess Ratings' mess Store rooms Sonar compartment Refrigerated stores 4-5in magazine Ratings' mess NBCD store Chain locker BROOKE MARINE LIMITED <®> Lowestoft, Suffolk, England Telephone: Lowestoft 5221 Cables: Brookcraft Lowestoft Telex: 97145 1968 59 Section 1 Ships : -4 4 Principal particulars and abridged specification form Hull Round Power-assisted mechanica operating twin spade rudders. Control from wheelhouse or bridge One 68kg (1501b) Meon anchor 1 10m (60 fathoms) Wl stud link cable 110m (60 fathoms) 3in circ. nylon towlines Two 110m (60 fathoms) 3in circ. mooring lines Radio and navigational equipment Radar Decca TM 626 Echo sounder Kelvin Hughes MS 32F Arranged Steering gear bilge with knuckle forward Construction All-welded mild steel hull with aluminium alloy superstructure Propulsion engines driving quadruple engines driving through integral gearboxes, aft engines driving through integral gearboxes and V-drives Four marine screws. diesel Forward — Log — Sal Max. speed (each) (knots) 59 and VHF ship-to-ship and 1 also ship-to-aircraft transmitter/receivers, plus portable transmitter/ receiver for use with assault craft Max. contin- equipment can Alternative uous speed be for a total Commanding — one magnetic, Arma Brown Mk gyro Navigator — Decca Mk 12 Main transmitter/receiver — Marconi N 3000, UHF Max. bhp — Compasses Performance Engines Accommodation installed to suit of 24 Three junior officers in three-berth cabin Four petty officers in four-berth cabin 16 ratings in forepeak Additional accommodation for a further two petty officers and four ratings available for training purposes All-electric galley with cooker, water heater, deep- freeze, refrigerator, etc Wardroom Separate owners' requirements complement officer in separate cabin toilet facilities for officers, petty officers and ratings (knots) Electrical Four Napier Deltic CT 18-42Kdiesels 3700 . Note: All speeds given UK conditions 40-6 at half-load 349 displacement Fresh water system system Automatic pressure-type supplying all outlets Hot water from 1 80 litre (40gal) calorifier 440V, three-phase, 60Hz Three 75kVA diesel-driven alternators in Fire and bilge system fire main connected to pumps with fire hose connections on weather deck Magazine spray and portable hand extinguishers Bilge main with suctions to each main compartment Power Range With standard fuel load at 14 knots, 1700 nautical miles. With reserve tanks at 14 knots, 2075 miles Two centrifugal-type pumps material Fuel (standard) 36 tons Fresh water 6 tons Stabilisers Lifesaving equipment and raiding craft Fin-type (optional extra) Two 15-man inflatable Two lifebouys Operational spaces bridge Armaments — schedule 4 1 Forward position 76mm/62 calibre compact automatic gun, with secondary control by 'local' 2 mount 'local' control by on- sights 5 Magazines Four aft fixed launchers surface guided missiles for surface- man boats with 20hp outboard motors Aft position mount Forward, lower deck main deck 35mm calibre twin 76mm. 'local' gun mounting control by on- sights Aft, 3 Extreme aft fixed launchers for surface- surface guided missiles Armaments — schedule 1 Extreme liferafts with secondary gun mounting calibre twin 'Z' 35mm/90 system Four with secondary 60 Fire control Aft position 35mm/90 lifejacket per Two 10-man Fully integrated fire control stabilised sight 2 One General equipment One 136kg (300lb) Meon anchor Wheelhouse Operations room 1 Insulation Accommodation, operational spaces and engine room fitted with heat and sound insulation Tank capacities Open Ventilation and operational spaces air-conditioned Mechanical supply and exhaust to all othe necessary spaces All living 2 Forward position 35mm/90 calibre twin gun mounting with secondary mount sights 'local' control by on- 4 Fire control Fully integrated fire control 5 system Magazines Forward, lower deck 35mm. deck 35mm Aft, main Section 1 : Ships Strike craft 140ft quadruple-screw vessel The 42-7m (140ft) Brooke Marine fast strike craft is a sophisticated small warship with fully integrated fire control system for surface missile system, 35mm twin gun for AA defence, and a 76mm multi-purpose gun. With four diesel engines operating on four shafts, the 140ft has a maximum speed in excess of 40 knots. Integrated weapon system, sophisticated navigational aids, and communications equipment are fitted, giving the craft considerable offensive and defensive potential. Dimensions Length (overall) 42.67m (140ft) Length (waterline) 3662m (130ft) Breadth (moulded) 7-92m (26ft) Depth (moulded) 4-1 1m (13ft 6in) Maximum draught 2-13m (7ft) LEGEND 1 35mm QF 2 Missiles 3 Air filtration 4 5 Magazine Radar room 6 7 Engine control room Operations room 8 9 10 twin gun space 11 12 13 14 15 Air-conditioning plant W/T office Wheelhouse 76mm gun Aft peak Aft engine 16 17 18 19 20 Officers' cabin Gyro Wardroom Toilet Cold store and provision room Forward engine room CO's cabin room 21 Galley 22 PO's mess 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Magazine Gun well Crew's space Fore peak 'Z' boat Funnel Open bridge BROOKE MARINE LIMITED Lowestoft, Suffolk, England Telephone: Lowestoft 5221 Cables: Brookcraft Lowestoft Telex: 97145 1968 61 Section HMAFV 1 Ships : Sea/ and Principal particulars abridged specification Hull form Round bilge with knuckle forward Construction All-welded mild with aluminium alloy hull steel superstructure Propulsion Twin marine diesel engines driving twin screws, through reverse-reduction gearboxes Performance Up to 33 5 knots depending on engines Max. bhp Engines specified Max. speed (each) (knots) Max. cont. speed (knots) Twin Twin Twin Twin 12YJCM Paxman 16YJCM Paxman T18-37K Napier Deltic CT18-42K Napier Deltic 36m (120ft) twin-screw fast patrol craft Radio and navigational equipment Radar Decca RM316 Kelvin Hughes MS32F Echosounder Chernikeef electronic Log Magnetic compass Decca Arkas autopilot Main transmitter/receiver Pye Alternative equipment can be installed owners' requirements — — Accommodation Arranged ing on — for a total of 25-27 depend- Commanding officer in separate cabin 2 officers 2 or 4 petty officers — 18-22 to suit ratings All-electric galley with cooker, water heater, deep- refrigerator, etc freeze, 23 5 215 Wardroom 270 24-5 Separate 30-5 33-5 27 29 3600 4800 6200 7400 complement role toilet facilities for officers, petty officers and ratings Electrical system 440V, 3- phase, 60 Hz; two 70kVA diesel-driven Note: in UK All speeds given at half load displacement alternators conditions Range With standard fuel load at 13 knots, 1800 nautica miles With reserve tanks Fresh water system Automatic pressure type supplying all outlets Hot water from 180 litre (40gal) calorifier at 13 knots, 2500 Fire and bilge system Power fire main connected with pumps with fire hose connectors on weather deck. Magazine nautical spray and portable hand extinguishers. Bilge main with suctions to each main compartment. Two centrifugal-type general service pumps miles Ventilation and operational spaces air-conditioned Mechanical supply and exhaust of fresh air to all other necessary spaces All living Tank capacities Fuel (standard) 20 tons Fresh water 5 tons Stabilisers Fin-type (optional extra) material Operational spaces Wheelhouse and operations rooms General equipment One 100kg (224lb) Halls anchor One 68kg (1501b) Meon anchor Steering gear Power-assisted spade mechanical, operating twin rudders. Control from wheelhouse or emergency position 62 aft Insulation Accommodation, operational spaces and engine room fitted with heat and sound insulation 0m 110m 1 1 Twol (60 fathoms) W1 stud link cable (60 fathoms) 3in circ. nylon towline 10m (60 fathoms) 3in circ. mooring lines Lifesaving equipment and raiding craft Two 15-man inflatable Two lifebouys One lifejacket per Two 8-man Z' lifecrafts in GFRP valises man boats with 20hp outboard motors Section 1 Ships : Patrol craft 120ft twin-screw vesse The twin-screw 36m (120ft) development of the highly successful long-range support and recovery craft designed and built by Brooke Marine for the UK Ministry of Defence (Air). The craft has superior sea-keeping characteristics combined with high performance and long range. craft is a Sophisticated weapons systems, usually associated with larger craft, may be installed to make the craft a formidable small warship. Accommodation and operational spaces of the highest standard are arranged to ensure that maximum crew efficiency can be maintained on long patrol missions in adverse weather conditions Dimensions Length (overall) 36-57m (120ft) Legend Length (waterline) 34-20m (112ft) Breadth (moulded) 7-1 Depth (moulded) Maximum draught 6m 400m 1 (23ft 6in) (13ft 1n) -75m (5ft 9in 1 Aft peak 2 Store 3 Toilet 4 Cabin 5 Cabin 6 Magazine —8 —6 ratings ratings 7 Engine room 8 Control room 9 CO's cabin 10 Elec. computer and gyro room 11 Wardroom 12 Cabin 13 Galley 14 Crew's mess —2 officers 15 Magazine 16 Cabin 17 Cabin 18 40mm 19 'Z' 20 Engine casing 21 Operations room 22 Life raft —2 —8 petty officers ratings Bofors gun boat 23 Rocket 24 'Ready use' flare projector ammo lockers 25 Windlass LOWER DECK Schedule of alternative armament roles The following armament roles are submitted for guidance purposes only and within reasonable limits (depending on displacement and performance required) consideration can be given to a combination of armament selected from all roles. ROLE Four 21 Two ROLE1 40mm 40mm One One Two in side launchers 4 SU guided missile system Two 2in rocket launchers with four fixed launchers aft One 35mm twin gun mounting forward SU guided missile system with four fixed launchers aft ROLE 2 One 40mm jun mounting forward One 20mm gun mounting aft Two 2in rocket launchers Two 5 2in rocket launchers *9a BROOKE MARINE LIMITED <®> Lowestoft, Suffolk, England Telephone: Lowestoft 5221 torpedoes One 40mm gun mounting forward 2in rocket launchers ROLE in 2in rocket launchers ROLE gun mounting forward gun mounting aft 3 One twin 30mm gun mounting forward One twin 20mm gun mounting aft Cables: Brookcraft Lowestoft Telex: 97145 1968 63 Section 1 : Ships Principal particulars and abridged specification form Hull Round bilge with knuckle forward Steering gear Commanding Power-assisted mechanical, operating twin spade rudders. Control from wheelhouse Two Two or Construction All-welded mild steel hull screws through reverse-reduction gearboxes Performance Up to 26-5 knots depending on engines specified, see All-electric Radio and navigational equipment Radar Decca RM 316 Echo sounder Kelvin Hughes MS 32F diesel engines driving twin table — — Log — Chernikeef Magnetic compass Decca Arkas autopilot Main transmitter/receiver Pye Alternative equipment can be installed to suit owners' requirements — Electrical system Two 60kVA (each) Max. speed (knots) diesel-driven alternators Max. contin- uous speed Fire (knots) and bilge equipment fire main connected to pumps with hose connections on weather deck Magazine spray and portable hand ex- Power fire Twin Paxman 12 YJCM diesels Twin Paxman 16 1800 23-5 21-5 2400 26-5 240 tinguishers YJCM diesels Bilge main with suctions to each main compartment Note: All speeds given UK conditions at half-load displacement in Two centrifugal-type general service standard 2300 load fuel at 12 knots, at nautical miles Tank capacities Fuel (standard) 18 tons Fresh water 5 tons 12 knots, Separate toilet facilities for officers, petty officers and ratings Fresh water system Automatic pressure-type supplying all outlets Hot water from 180 litre (40gal) calorifier Ventilation Mechanical supply and natural exhaust of fresh air to all accommodation, operational spaces and toilets. Mechanical supply and exhaust to galley and engine room. Air-conditioning available if required. Insulation Accommodation, operation spaces and engine room fitted with heat and sound Two 12-man inflatable Two lifebouys 3500 One General equipment One 100kg (224lb) Halls anchor One 68kg (1501b) Meon anchor lifejacket per liferafts man Two six-man Z boats with 20hp outboard motors (60 fathoms) W1 stud link cable 0m (60 fathoms) 3in circ. nylon towline Two 1 0m (60 fathoms) 3in circ. mooring 110m 1 1 lines 64 Wardroom craft 1 Operational spaces Conning bridge Wheelhouse Operations room water Life-saving equipment and raiding Stabilisers Fin-type (optional extra) nautical miles With reserve tanks cooker, insulation material pumps Range With with electronic 440V, 3-phase, 60Hz Max. bhp galley heater, deep-freeze, refrigerator, etc alternative for installations Engines petty officers 16 ratings aft with aluminium alloy superstructure Propulsion Twin marine emergency position officer in separate cabin officers Standard armament Forward 40mm gun Aft 40mm gun — Two Accommodation Arranged for a total of 21 2in rocket flare launchers magazine capacity rounds Total complement — (40mm) — 960 Section 1 Ships : Patrol craft 107ft twin-screw vessel 32-6m (107ft) craft combines Marine's with functional scope. A variety of of size economy carried out by the craft depending on the duties can be armaments selected. With an all-steel hull and aluminium alloy superstructure, the 107 has excellent seaThe keeping qualities, performance and reliability. Brooke craft's sea-keeping may be further improved stabilisers. Weapon capability can abilities by the installation of be adapted to particular requirements. Depending on the engines specified, the craft can a maximum speed of 26 5 knots and a range of considerably more than 2000 miles, which can be have further extended to tanks are utilised. 3500 miles when the reserve fuel In common with other Brooke Marine patrol craft, the 107ft patrol craft is built to the highest standards ensuring economy of operation and maximum use- fulness. Dimensions Length (overall) 32-62m (107ft) Length (waterline) 30-48m (100ft) Breadth (moulded) 609m (20ft) Depth (moulded) 3-51 m (11ft 6in) Maximum draught 1 -67m (5ft 6in) LOWEC DEXk. LEGEND 1 2 3 4 40mm 9 gun aft Rocket flare projector 'Ready use' ammo lockers Access hatch to aft 6 7 8 11 Galley store 12 Forward air-conditioning 13 14 Engine casing CO's cabin Operations room Accessto accommodation forward 15 16 CO's toilet Lobby 40mm 18 19 20 Toilet 21 Switchboard 25 26 27 28 29 30 22 Engine control room 31 23 24 Cabin and steering g sar compartment Aft peak room Aft air-conditioning room accommodation 5 17 Engineer's office 10 gun forward Windlass Cabin —2 Wardroom officers 32 33 Mast platform Conning bridge Wheelhouse Galley Magazine Cabin 10 Fore peak — 'Z' ratings boats <& Lowestoft, Suffolk, England Cables: Brookcraft Lowestoft ratings Engine room BROOKE MARINE LIMITED Telephone: Lowestoft 5221 —6 — 2 POs Cabin Telex: 97145 1968 65 Section 1 : Ships 12.2m (40ft) fast patrol boat 1 Aft cockpit 2 Sparred seats 3 Engine hatches 4 Flush hatch to ammunition store 5 Small arms stowage 6 Control house 7 Portable gunner's platform 8 Chart table and radio equipment 9 Cupboards 10 Toilet 11 Galley stove 12 Sink unit 13 Settee berth 14 Hanging cupboard 15 Shelf space 16 WT 17 Fore peak 18 Light 19 Gunner's hatch 20 Heavy machine gun hatch (over) machine gun (P & S) 18.5m (60ft 10in) fast 1 Liferaft 2 WT patrol boat hatch 3 Companion 4 Inflatable boat 5 Sideboard 6 Drop-leaf table 7 Deck saloon and 8 Writing desk 9 Filing cabinet to cabin office 10 Locker seat 11 Engineroom companion 12 Flag locker 13 Open 14 Chart table 15 Control house 16 Flush hatch 17 RT 18 Hinged hatch 19 QF gun 20 Windlass 21 Emergency 22 Aft peak/steering gear and fuel tanks 23 Refrigerator 24 Galley 25 Dresser cupboards under 32 Officers' 26 Table 33 Sideboard 27 Officers' toilet 34 Officers' cabin 28 Crew's 35 29 30 31 66 bridge table scuttle toilet Galley store Writing desk Table mess 40 Engine room 41 Two 42 Wash Upper and lower berths 43 Cupboards 36 Generator 44 Folding cot berth 37 Batteries 38 HW 39 Water pressure boiler set fixed berths and one cot berth basin cabinet 45 Hinged table 46 Crew's cabin 47 Fore peak and store 1 Section 1 : Ships Patrol boats Twin-screw boats 12.2m 18.5m (60ft (40ft) The twin-screw 122m (40ft) patrol boat is a development of a series of small patrol boats designed and built by Brooke Marine Limited. The craft has been developed over a period of 20 years and is capable of high speed in bad sea conditions. There are three 0-30in (7-62mm) machine gun positions, giving 360 deg arc of fire. Facilities troops, provided are for and crew accommodation is of transportation the more than ample for modation a fast patrol is and capable boat with crew living accomof carrying medium-sized armament in a hull of minimum dimensions. Accommodation both above and below decks allows the use of this craft for customs and police duty in addition to naval patrol work. In addition to the available for a 0-30in 30mm naval gun, positions are (7-62mm) machine gun on the bridge. a craft of this size. 26.8m This craft 10in) (88ft) This craft can undertake comprehensive patrol duties and is designed for ease of maintenance and economical operation. The vessel may be armed with a variety of weapons to suit various roles. 26.8m 1 Hatch 2 Liferaft 3 Companion 4 ER entrance 5 Z' (88ft) fast patrol boat to cabin boat 6 Semi-portable top for engine removal 7 Funnel 8 Mast 9 Compass 10 Bridge 1 RT equipment 12 Control house 13 Chart table 14 RV ammunition 15 QFgun 16 Windlass locker 17 Aft peak/steering gear/store 18 Toilet 19 Upper and lower berths 20 Crew's cabin 21 Table 22 Generator 23 Engine room 27 Officers' cabin 31 PO's cabin 24 Main engine 28 Galley 32 Single berth 25 Ward room 29 Magazine 33 Crew's cabin 26 Refrigerator 30 Galley store 34 Fore peak/cable locker/store BROOKE MARINE LIMITED Lowestoft, Suffolk, England Telephone: Lowestoft 5221 Cables: Brookcraft Lowestoft Telex: 97145 & 1968 67 Section 1 : Ships 900-ton frigate— Vedette The Vickers Vedette has been designed to fulfil tactical and strategic roles which fall in the gap between patrol boats/corvettes and the larger sophisticated frigates. Within the Vedette series, the Type 521 represents one approach where the simplest effective armament is carried to support a general-purpose Vedette Type 522, with Type 521 shown on the role. Type 522, illustrated, incorporates within the same dimensions and displacement a much more sophisticated and powerful armament to allow consideration of the flexibility of such a weapon outfit, fully adaptable to a navy's particular requirement. The left Specification (Type 522) Dimensions Length, waterline: 76-2 m (250 ft in) in) Breadth: 9-5 m (31 ft Depth to No 1 deck: 7 2 m (23 ft 6 in) Draught, deep condition: 2-9 m (9 ft 6 in) Displacement, deep condition- 900 tons Main machinery each consisting of one Maybach MD 1082 marine diesel engine driving a fixed-pitch propeller through a reversing/reduction gearbox Total maximum power: 6600 shp Two sets, Range Range at 22 knots: 2800 km at 1 6 knots: 5500 Armament (1 (typical fit) Medium-range gun: one 4-5-inch Mk 8 mounting Close-range missiles: one 3-barrelled lightweight Seacat system Close-range guns: one Twin 30 mm Hispano-Suiza mounting Anti-submarine: one Terne medium-range weapon system — Computer-controlled or assisted fire-control system, air-warning and tracking radars Performance Accommodation Maximum For up to about 95 officers and speed, deep condition: 22 knots 500 nm) km (3000 nm) men Customer support services The facilities and experience within the Vickers Technical Aid organisation, developed on Leander Class frigates, submarines, and the Type 42, will be available in support of medium frigate and Vedette construction. For overseas construction, the extent of aid given depends on customer requirements but typically includes advice on shipyard layout and equipment, provision of ship drawings and documentation, ordering 63 equipment and monitoring sub-contractors, planning, assistance with setting-to-work, provision of technical and supervisory staff and training. Besides overseas technical aid, Vickers can provide the following support services: Weapons system consultancy Weapons system tuning and test Operational training co-ordination Refit and in-service support. Section 1 : Ships Escort and patrol vessels of 900 Medium tons and 2100 tons displacement frigate The Vickers medium frigate been designed to has provide navies contemplating new construction with an effective replacement for the Leander Class frigate. The design includes many of the important features and the high standards to be found in new ships of the Royal Navy. The Type 2004, featured here, incorporates a machinery plant identical with that specified for future Royal Navy frigates and destroyers. There are two main machinery sets, each consisting 12 Single 45 in Mk 8 gun 2 Twin Bofors 375 mm anti-submarine rocket launcher 3 2 in rocket flare launcher, port and 1 starboard 10 11 5 Specification (Type 6 7 4 5 mm 9 Single 76/62 port 10 992 11 mm Oto Melara gun, and starboard Q Triple radar Mk 32 torpedo tubes, port and starboard 12 13 helicopter WG 2004) Dimensions Range Range Length, waterline: 97-5 m (320 ft in) Breadth: 1 1 -6 m (38 ft in) Depth to No 1 deck: 8-7 m (28 ft 6 in) Draught, deep condition: 3-5 m (1 1 ft 6 in) Displacement, deep condition: 2100 tons at at 34 knots: 1840 km (1000 nm) 8 knots: 8300 km (4500 nm) 1 Armament Gun armament: One 4-5-inch Mk 8 gun mounting Two 76/62 OTO Melara compact gun Two 20 mm Mk 7A Oerlikon guns Machinery Two sets (one Olympus TM3B and one Tyne 209 marine gas turbine each) non-reversing gearbox, controllable-pitch propeller Maximum power: 50 000 shp Maximum cruise power: 7000 shp Performance Maximum speed: 34 one Olympus Oerlikon gun, port and starboard 978 navigation radar 944 IFF radar RTN 10X fire control radar RDL 2 aerial 4 Single 20 6 7 8 8 9 TM3B and one Tyne 209 marine gas turbine (both of which are described elsewhere in non-reversing this Catalogue), coupled through a gearbox to a controllable-pitch propeller. The armament includes one 4-5-inch gun, two 76 mm guns and two 20 mm Oerlikon guns, rocket launchers and torpedo tubes. Alternative machinery plants and weapons systems can be fitted to meet particular requirements. of mountings Anti-submarine armament: One Bofors 375 twin anti-submarine rocket launcher 13 helicopter One MATCH system with Two Mk 32 triple anti-submarine torpedo tubes WG Accommodation For up to knots 170 officers and men VICKERS SHIPBUILDING GROUP Barrow Shipbuilding Works PO Box 6, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, England Telephone: Barrow-in-Furness 20351 Telex: 6571 Cables: Vicarmsea Barrow-in-Furness vscKers 69 Section 1 : Ships Above and left: IIS Saam at full power during preliminary trials. Saam is the first of four fast destroyers for the Imperial Iranian Navy, two of which are being built by Vosper Thornycroft. and two by Vickers (Shipbuilders) Ltd. The design is a modification of the 40-knot Vosper Thornycroft Mk 5 frigate Below: Vosper Thornycroft after 70 launching Mk 7 frigate Section 1 : Ships Frigates 1200 tons Modern frigates of to 1500 tons displacement perhaps 280 ment of more than 250 officers tons with a comple- and men are compara- expensive ships both to build and to operate; so much so, indeed, that even the great naval powers are able to have them only in small numbers. The VosperThornycroft Mk 5 (1200 tons) and Mk 7 (1450 tons) frigates have been designed with two main objectives: (1) to provide smaller and much less expensive ships, with complements not greatly exceeding 100, able to carry out most of the functions of the larger frigate and (2) to take every advantage of the latest developments of both weapons and machinery to produce the most effective possible fighting units. tively A Mk 5 frigate armed with one Vickers 4-5in (1 14-3mm) gun forward and a twin 35mm Oerlikon gun aft. Both are controlled by Contraves fire control equipment. Nord Aviation guided missiles and missile control are also fitted. Short-range sonar equipment and anti-submarine mortar are fitted as well as two hand operated 40mm guns and two rocket flare launchers for target illumination at night A Mk 7 frigate armed with one Vickers 4-5in (1 1 4-3mm) gun, two triple Seacat launchers, two 40mm guns and two rocket flare launchers. Fire control is by Contraves. A helicopter, which can be armed with anti-submarine torpedoes or Nord Aviation guided missiles, is carried in its own hangar. Long-range sonar is also fitted. It would be possible in this design also to carry a twin 35mm Oerlikon gun if required of Rolls-Royce Olympus gas turbines gives the 5 frigate a maximum speed of 40 knots. A wide choice of weapons is available for frigates of The use Mk this type, missiles, embracing anti-ship and anti-aircraft guided guns of various calibres and anti-submarine mortars or torpedoes, all with their particular control equipment and action information facilities, up to a total weight of about 100 tons. In a Mk 7 frigate a helicopter complete with hangar can also be carried. Four fast destroyers, based on the Vosper Thornycroft Mk 5 design, have been ordered for the Imperial Iranian Navy, the first of which is seen opposite during her preliminary trials. A Mk 7 frigate for the Libyan Navy is also under construction. Length overall 94-5m (310ft) Length between perpendiculars 88-4m (290ft) Beam on LWL (max.) 10-4m (34ft) Depth moulded 7-6m (25ft) Draft moulded 32m (10ft 6in) Length overall 101 -6m (333ft) Length between perpendiculars 94-5m (310ft) Beam on LWL (max.) 1 1 0m (36ft) Depth moulded 7-9m (26ft) Draft moulded 3-4m (11ft) VOSPER THORNYCROFT Shipbuilding Division Vosper House, Paulsgrove, Portsmouth, England Telephone: Cosham 79481 Telex: 86115 1966 1969 71 Section 1 : Ships A Vosper Thornycroft Mk 3 61m (200ft) in length, speed 28 corvette knots GNS Kromantse. one of two Mk 1 corvettes supplied to the Ghana Navy in 1 964. They are (177ft) in length, speed 20 knots 539m LNS Tobruk, a Mk 1 corvette supplied to the Libyan Navy in 1966. Length (177 ft), speed 18 knots 539m 72 5 Section 1 : Ships Corvettes 440 tons to 800 tons displacement The term 'corvette' includes not only small unsophisticated vessels with comparatively simple armament but also larger and faster vessels with very advanced weapons and equipment. Corvettes are the smallest ships with a realistic anti-submarine capability. Because of their small size and basic simplicity they are considerably less expensive than frigates in prime cost and have crews of only about 50 to 60 officers and men. The Vosper Thornycroft corvette range consists Mk 1 type of 440 tons displacement, the Mk 3 some 600 tons and the Mk 8 of some 800 tons. the of of Mk corvettes are diesel-driven ships mum speed of 18-20 knots. The Mk 1 diesel-driven ship capable, with with a maxi3 is a larger three engines, of CODOG The Mk 8 corvette, length, is powered by a single gas turbine driving twin screws, giving a speed of 32 knots. Its cruising speed, on speeds up to 26 knots. 736 m (241 Olympus maximum ft) two 16-cylinder corvette in diesels, is 19^ knots. The Mk 9 Mk similar to the 8 but a little smaller and by two diesel engines. Its maximum speed is is powered 29 \ knots. The ships can be armed with long-range and shortrange anti-ship guided missiles, a variety of different lightweight guns or anti-aircraft missiles, anti-submarine mortar, depth charges or torpedoes, together with the appropriate radar, sonar and control equipment. Two Mk 3 corvettes are under construction for the Nigerian Navy. typical Vosper Thornycroft Mk 3 corvette of advanced design, powered by three diesel engines. It has a maximum speed of over 26 knots and a cruising range of some 5500 km (3000 nm at 1 5 knots. The armament consists of a combination of long- range and short-range anti-surface guided missiles, as well as a Modern fire 35 mm twin gun and anti-submarine armament. control equipment, together with search and tracking radar, is Vosper Thornycroft Mk 8 CODOG corvette. The is a 76 mm Oto Melara. A triple Seacat launcher is mounted aft. Both are controlled by a Ferranti-Selenia fire control system which includes an element of action information. A Bofors anti-submarine rocket launcher controlled by Plessey sonar is fitted to the aft deck. In other Mk 8 or Mk 9 designs the weapons outfit includes Exocet (or other) anti-ship guided missiles and anti-submarine torpedoes instead of the mortar. A A typical forward gun also fitted. VOSPER THORNYCROFT Shipbuilding Division Vosper House, Paulsgrove, Portsmouth, England Telephone: Cosham 79481 Telex: 861 1 1966 1969 73 Section 1 : Ships 103ft (31 -4m) patrol craft armed with 40mm two guns 110ft (35-5m) fast patrol two 20mm guns. An craft, armed with 80mm rocket launcher, torpedoes and depth charges can also be carried 142ft (43-3m) fast patrol craft armed with 75mm gun and guided missiles. Boats of can be powered by diesels or gas turbines according to the performance a this type required 74 Section 1 : Ships Patrol craft diesel-powered Twenty-nine 103ft (31 -4m) fast patrol craft have been supplied to the Royal Malaysian Navy, the Trinidad and Tobago Coast Guard and the Kenya Navy. They are built of steel, with two 40mm guns and a speed of about 25 knots. Six 110ft (335m) fast patrol craft were supplied to the Peruvian Navy in 1965. These are 30-knot vessels armed with guns, rocket-propelled built of steel, missiles, torpedoes and anti-submarine equipment. A further six 110ft (335m) fast patrol craft are at present (1968) being built for the Republic of Singapore. Two of the vessels are being built in Portsmouth, the remainder by Vosper Thornycroft Uniteers Ltd in Singapore. A new design of 142ft (43-3m) fast patrol boat, armed with modern guns and guided missiles, has recently been built as a private venture. Many other smaller patrol craft have also been designed and built. (335m) 30-knot fast patrol guns and powered by two diesel engines Typical Vosper Thornycroft 110ft boat armed with 40mm 1 42ft (433m) fast patrol boat design. Four diesel engines or two gas turbines may be fitted according to performance required. The boat is armed with two twin 35mm guns and long-range anti-surface guided missiles VOSPER THORNYCROFT Shipbuilding Division Vosper House, Paulsgrove, Portsmouth, England Telephone: Cosham 79481 Telex: 861 1 5 1966 1969 75 Section 1 : Ships -T» .& a& S s^ *"^T#.-> Top and left: venture fast 43-3 m diesel (142 fast Vosper Thornycroft private patrol ft) patrol boat Tenacity. This 40 knot gas turbine/ boat, armed with an advanced weapons system of powerful modern guns and guided missiles, repre- new generation of fast patrol boats capable of engaging major warships and sents a modern aircraft LNS Susa, Libyan guided missile 76 Navy, discharges a Section 1 : Ships Patrol craft gas turbine-powered Following the 29-3 one of m (96 ft) fast patrol boats, which were designed and remaining at sea for a week or more and armed with anti-ship guided missiles and powerful modern guns capable of shooting down aircraft or guided missiles. A choice of individual weapons and fire-control twenty- built for six of the world's navies during the last decade, a new generation of gas turbine fast patrol boats has been built as a prototype. Because of the high costs of building and manning large ships, the fast patrol boat of the future will increasingly be used for long patrols and as a major surface strike vessel. Thus the latest Vosper Thornycroft fast patrol boat is much larger than previous patrol boats, capable of Triple-screw 43-3 Mk 43-3 4, m which (142 m (142 ft) fast patrol boat. also controls the four Contraves ft) fast patrol The forward gun Sea Killer missiles is available. Nevertheless, the much less costly 293 m (96 ft) boat, with its exceptionally high speed of 55-60 knots and an armament of 40 guns, lightweight guided missiles and/or torpedoes, is still an extremely effective vessel in many applications. mm is in an Oerlikon twin 35 two fixed mm controlled mountings on the mm gun and one Bofors 40 emergency use. Two torpedoes can boat armed with one Oto Melara 76 control with a separate optical sight for target indication or equipment aft mm by Contraves Sea Hunter deck gun, controlled by Ferranti also be carried if fire required 43-3 m (1 42 ft) fast patrol boat armed with one Oto Melara 76 mm gun and one Bofors 40 mm gun, controlled by NV Hollandse Signaal Apparaten fire control, with a separate optical sight for target indication or emergency use. Two torpedoes can also be carried if required VOSPER THORNYCROFT rffel Shipbuilding Division Vosper House, Paulsgrove, Portsmouth, England Telephone: Cosham 79481 Telex: 86115 1966 1969 77 Section 1 : Ships mmi-W-cMaH . •if*****' Artist's 78 impression (above) and model (below) of Type 21 Frigate . ' ' ~ v:^v *, .f.w.-f.-- ' Section 1 : Ships Frigates of 2500 tons displacement 968 the British Ministry of Defence (Navy) placed a contract with the Vosper Thornycroft Group of the design of a frigate, to be prepared in the fullest collaboration with Yarrow (Shipbuilders) Ltd Portsmouth for Amazon, the first ship of the class, was ordered in March 1 969 and two further ships in May of Scotstoun. 1970. All are being built by Vosper Thornycroft at Woolston. The staff requirements called for a ship of about 2500 tons displacement which could contribute effectively to the defence of a convoy or other force, against surface ship or submarine attack and would moreover be fully capable of self-defence against aircraft, missiles or fast patrol craft. It had to be capable of matching comparable contemporary foreign ships in battle and performance. It also had to be able to patrol the high seas in all areas and in all weather and was required to be able to land armed or unarmed landing partiestodeal with civil disturbance or natural disaster. Brief details of the design arrived at to meet all these requirements are given below. In February 1 HMS Navigation The bridge is enclosed, with open wings at the same level, and is so designed that the maximum all-round view is provided from a central pelorus containing a gyro compass repeater. Engine telegraphs and steering control are sited on the bridge. Automatic steering is provided Specification Weapon systems The design incorporates the most modern weapon systems controlled by miniaturised digital computers designed and built by Ferranti (England) An integrated action information data-handling unit provides for the automatic tracking of targets and for their interrogation, and ensures the most effective use of the armament Communications ship-to-shore, ship-to-ship, ship-to-air radio communications to the latest Full British naval standards are provided Machinery and performance accordance with the latest British naval policy the ship is fitted with gas turbine main machinery and will have Olympus and Tyne gas turbines in a arrangement driving two shafts with controllable-pitch propellers. The maximum speed is about 34 knots and the cruising range more than 8300 km (4500 nautical miles) at 18 knots In COGOG Accommodation The total margin of number 1 has been developed to give the optimum combination of good seakeeping and high speed. The knuckle forward is designed to reduce wetness on the foredeck without causing heavy deceleration when the bow pitches into heavy seas The hull will not exceed 1 70 but to allow some purposes, accommodation is provided for a total company 192 as follows: 14 19 30 128 Seakeeping of the ship's for training or other commanding officer officers (10 single and 2 chief petty officers double cabins) petty officers junior ratings The accommodation is air-conditioned and winterised throughout British Ministry of Defence (Navy) has accorded the sole right to make overseas sales of ships of this design Vosper Thornycroft and Yarrow (Shipbuilders) Ltd. The design has been specifically tailored to the requirements of the Royal Navy. Clearly the sound basic concept and the detailed requirements of the Royal Navy will produce a fine warship, but it is fully recognised that other navies may require modifications in detail of both the armament and the equipment. Within the general space and weight concepts of the ship, there is ample scope to adapt the design to meet the particular requirements of other navies. The to 1966 1969 1969 VOSPER THORNYCROFT Shipbuilding Division (SHIPBUILDERS) LTD Scotstoun, Glasgow Vosper House, Paulsgrove, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England Telephone: Cosham 79481 YARROW Telex: 86115 Telephone: 041 -959 1 W4, Scotland 207 Cables: Yarship Glasgow Telex: 77357 79 Section 1 : Ships The clean lines of the Yarrow frigate are a promise of its economical performance and speed when required. Faster and more sophisticated than a corvette, smaller and more economical than a first-rate frigate, the Yarrow frigate provides powerful armament and control systems for general defence. Designed to help developing nations protect their own interests, the Yarrow frigate gives economy in capital cost, in operating cost and in vital operating manpower at about 60 per cent of the equivalent figures for existing first-rate frigates The Yarrow frigate's twin-screw CODOG arrangement of fully automated machinery combines a single diesel engine of good specific fuel consumption giving high endurance and long-range cruising economy, with a large gas turbine of low specific machinery weight for high-speed operational performance. Normal cruising performance up to 16 knots is obtained from the Crossley-Pielstick PC2V engine driving through an automatic SSS synchronising clutch into a single gearbox from which two output shafts drive two controllable pitch propellers. Running on distillate fuel, life between piston withdrawals will be 12 000h or more. Full control is exercised by independent change of propeller pitch, through simple lever controls on the bridge. At speeds above 16 knots, the Rolls-Royce Marine Olympus gas-turbine is started, and drives into the same gearbox through a separate SSS clutch Air Intake Diesel Exhaust i , GT Exhaust Ventilation Trunks A.r Intake Port Shaft Forward Engine Room. Aft Engine Room D;esei 8 Auxiliaries 30 Gas Turbine. Gearing and Auxiliaries THE YARROW FRIGATE MAIN PROPULSION MACHINERY ARRANGEMENT Section 1 : Ships Frigates with economical manning requirements Compact, economic, versatile and powerful, the Yarrow frigate is a complete major fighting ship of an entirely new design filling the widening gap between the large Leander Class frigates and the small corvettes. Capable of matching first-line frigates in both firepower and performance, the Yarrow frigate is available at about 60 per cent of their cost. The armament payload of 1 50 tons compares favourably with warships of twice the size. design detail provide for fitting out the for general defence services or for specific duties such as anti-aircraft or anti-submarine Variations Yarrow in frigate operations. There is an automatic pilot, fin stabilisers and direct bridge control of the main propulsion machinery. The Yarrow frigate has a cruising range of more than 5000 miles at 16 knots, with a range of more than 1000 miles at full speed. Typical Yarrow easily obtainable standard diesel fuel. Weapon and propulsion machinery variations are all to suit purchaser's requirements. A specialist team is available to visit any country to discuss the adaption of the Yarrow frigate to a specific defence requirement. More than 100 years' experience of warship design and construction lie behind the Yarrow frigate. The modern Yarrow shipyard, with computer scheduling and control of work flow and covered building berths with all supporting services, can deliver a Yarrow frigate fitted out to the very high standard for which the company is famous, in less than three years. and performance Maximum speed: up to 33 frigate: dimensions, range Length: 94-5m (310ft) Breadth: 10-3m (34ft) Draught: 3-36m (11ft) Complement: 120 Armament: as required knots Economical speed: 16 knots Cruising range: more than 5000 miles Full-speed range: more than 1000 miles MEDIUM RANGE GUNS FIRE and operating compartments are fully airconditioned and, with maintenance and operating duties kept to a minimum, most of the complement of 1 20 is available to man the armament. The main engines are fully automated and combine a single diesel with a large gas turbine, using the same All living CONTROL RADARS MISSILE DIRECTOR SURVEILLANCE RADAR NAVIGATIONAL RADAR SURFACE TO AIR ANTI-SUBMARINE WEAPON MISSILE LAUNCHER HELICOPTER SURFACE TO SURFACE MISSILE LAUNCHER ANTI-SUBMARINE DECOY LANDING AREA SONAR Weapon systems The Yarrow frigate can be fitted with surface weapons to engage up to three surface and air targets using radar and computer facilities, with additional closerange defence in local control. A choice of anti-submarine systems is fitted, using either mortar projectile rockets or torpedoes as required; in addition a helicopter can be carried to extend the anti-submarine capability, and for surface attack. A choice of weapon control and action information systems using the latest Ferranti, Signaal or Contraves YARROW computers is offered, together with modern radar, sonar and communications equipment. Typical weapons which can be fitted include surface-to-surface missiles (Penguin, Sea Killer), surface-to-air missiles (Indigo, Seacat, Seaset, Sea medium-range mountings (Bofors L46 120mm, Oto Melara 127/54, Vickers 4-5-in Mk 8), close-range mountings (Bofors 40mm and 57mm, Oto Sparrow), Melara 76/62, Oerlikon twin 35mm), anti-submarine (Asroc, Bofors rocket launcher, Mortar Mk 1 0, Terne, torpedoes), etc. A feasibility study of alternative weapon fits can be carried out on request. weapons (SHIPBUILDERS) LIMITED Scotstoun, Glasgow W4, Scotland Telephone: 041 -959 1207 Cables: Yarship Glasgow Telex: 77357 81 Section 1 : Ships Type 42 destroyer multi-role guided missile vessel The gas-turbine propelled Type 42 destroyer has been designed to provide all-round support for the modern naval fleet. The machinery, outfit, and weapon systems have been selected as being the most cost-effective to meet operational requirements, and emphasis has been on minimising running costs and in-service support during the ship's Items too large for planned replacement such as main gearing or Olympus engines have been designed for long life and very high reliability. Lubrication, power supplies, and machinery control systems have been designed to minimise interdependence, and fail-safe principles are employed. Also, normal sea-going conditions do not require all diesel generators and air-conditioning plants to be on load simultaneously, thus allowing further margins for maintenance. Pipe systems, too, have been kept as simple as possible, and the number of underwater fittings reduced to a minimum. The main armament of the Type 42 is the Sea Dart guided missile, providing the main air-defence role of life. A combined gas-and-gas (COGOG) machinery arrangement has been specified, using Olympus engines for full-power conditions and Tyne engines for cruising. The benefits of the COGOG arrangement, proved in reach reduced space and weight, and savings service, include rapid to ability top in speed, technical manpower. The Type 42 machinery and equipment assist in meeting the high standards of reliability and maintenance required by navies. The Type 42 has been designed to operate world-wide with a minimum of dockyard support between the planned four-yearly refits. To minimise on-board maintenance, a repairby-replacement The Royal Navy's has policy first been Type 42 destroyer widely will For surface engagement and further antiarmament, a Mk 8 4-5-inch gun is fitted. Both Sea Dart and Mk 8 are linked to tracker illuminator radars and a controlling computer. For anti-submarine warfare duties, the Type 42 carries the latest sonar systems and the WG13 helicopter armed with homing torpedoes or guided missiles. the ship. aircraft adopted. be delivered early in 1 972. Vickers has been nominated as lead yard for the class Specification Dimensions Accommodation Length: 1195m (392 ft in) in) Breadth: 140 m (46 ft Depth: 90 m (29 ft 6 in) For 31 5 officers and Armament deep condition: 40 m (1 3 ft in) Displacement, deep condition: 3675 tons Draft, Main machinery Two Rolls-Royce Olympus 50 000 Two Rolls-Royce Tyne 7000 shp shp — — high speed cruising Coupled in a COGOG configuration through non-reversing reduction gearboxes and driving twin controllable-pitch propellers Performance Max speed: over 28 men knots Sea Dart guided missile system Mk 30 Mod 2 One 4-5-in Mk 8 Vickers gun mounting Two 20 mm Mk 7A Oerlikon mountings WG13 helicopters armed with homing torpedoes or guided missiles Two Mk 32 single torpedo tubes FM1600 computer, and associated systems Designers: Ministry of Defence (Navy), Bath Main contractors: Vickers Shipbuilding Group. Barrow-in-Furness Main sub-contractors: Rolls-Royce, Hawker Siddeley Dynamics, Ferranti, Plessey, Westland, David Brown Gear Industries, Stone- Manganese Marine Range: about 8300 km (4500 nm) VICKERS SHIPBUILDING GROUP Barrow Shipbuilding Works PO Box 6, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, England Telephone: Barrow-in-Furness 20351 Telex: 6571 32 Cables: Vicarmsea Barrow-in-Furness vicKers Section 2 Support vessels .83 Section Support vessels 2: Key to diagrams on facing page LOWER DECK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 12 13 14 15 16 HMS s store survey store Diving store Spare gear store De-gaussing equipment Generator room Generators Engine control room Engineers workshop Engine room Main engines Platform deck Stabiliser tank Class II cabin Baggage store 18 Ship's office Class IV cabin Senior ratings cabin 19 20 Senior ratings' baggage store Regulating office 17 *v Bosun RU 21 WC 22 Toilet 23 Junior ratings' bunk space Beagle MAIN DECK Principal particulars form Round bilge Optimum and abridged specification One Hull with knuckle forward and aft. prismatic coefficient and bulbous bow fitted, giving excellent sea-keeping qualities and good flow into propellers Construction All-welded mild steel hull alloy superstructure. division meet to with aluminium Watertight sub- two compartment flooding requirements -100A1. Lloyds Machinery echosounder One Gemini inflatable dinghy One 3 6m (12ft) dinghy system 440V, 3-phase 60Hz Four 225kVA alternators One 36kVA alternator for emergency and Electrical harbour use Steering gear twin spade rudders deck machinery powered by an electrohydraulic system Windlass 6} ton at 9m min (30ft min) Capstan 2 ton at 23m min (75ft min) All Propulsion Blackstone ERS8M marine diesel engines driving twin CP propellers through twin -input single- output reducLister tion survey boat with Deck machinery Certificate Four GRP (18ft) Electro-hydraulic steering gear with hand and auto steering systems operating Classification Lloyds 55m 24 25 gearboxes Performance Deck 7m crane 1 maximum ton \ " (two engines per shaft) maximum bhp 2640 at 750rev min Maximum speed 15 knots Two engines (one engine per shaft) maximum bhp 1320 at 750rev min Maximum speed 11 1 knots The above figures given for the ship in the deep condition under UK conditions Range running, speed 15 knots. nautical miles running, speed 11 1 knots, nautical miles Tank capacity 104 tons Fresh water 52 tons Fuel Operational spaces Wheelhouse Plotting room Chart room Main survey room Survey and navigational equipment Decca Hi-Fix type BM Decca Mk. 12 Survey Receiver Decca type TM 62S Radar Kelvin Hughes Fisherman's Asdic Mk. 11 Three Kelvin Hughes MS 26 Echosounders Electronic Chernikeef Log (28ft 6in; Danielle survey boat with Hi- Fix receivers and echosounder 84 Portable plate (P&S) Battery charging room Potato and vegetable room 30 CO. room 31 Hydraulic 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Upper deck pump room store Woodworking compartment Emergency generator and switchboard room Senior ratings' mess Galley Pantry Junior ratings' dining and recreation space Laundry Drying room room 41 Paint 42 Ante -room 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 Ward room Pantry Sick bay Control communications switchboard Canteen and store Magazine Gunners' store radius (22ft 9in) FORECASTLE DECK Passive stabilisation tank fitted giving roll reduction 60% Accommodation Arranged for a total Commanding complement officer, en suite of 43 men dayroom, night cabin and toilet Six officers, two single cabins, four double cabins Boats One 8 7m 28 29 Stabilisation Four engines Four engines range 2000 Two engines range 4500 26 27 Helicopter dropping zone Gemini dinghy Dinghy Eight senior ratings in four double cabins Twenty-eight junior ratings in dormitory forward 50 Surveying instrument room 51 Hi-Fix compartment Inflammable locker 5 5m (18ft) boat 8 7m (28ft 6in) survey boat 52 53 54 55 56 57 Surveying chartroom Radio room Sound reproduction room 58 59 60 CO's toilet CO's dayroom CO's bedroom 61 1 62 63 Anchor davit 1-ton crane Hydraulic windlass Self service laundry, library, canteen, sick- bay and cinema Air conditioning living spaces and certain working spaces air-conditioned to maintain internal temperatures of 18-30 C in ambient conditions of —4 C to —45 C BRIDGE DECK All Self support 64 65 66 67 68 69 Vessel fitted with workshops and storerooms enabling the vessel to operate for periods up to 1 months without base support Two evaporators each having a capacity of 70 FW 71 five tons day fitted to augment capacity Other features include provision of diving equipment, photographic dark room. Land Rover stowage on upper deck, a marine defecamet plant for sewage disposal and a helicopter dropping area on the quarterdeck Funnel Air conditioning Plotting table room Chart table Wheelhouse 20mm Oerlikon (PErS) TANK TOP Provision store Victualling store 72 73 Dark room 74 75 76 77 78 79 Gyro compass room 80 Naval store Wardroom store Defacamet Cold store and refrigerator Refrigerator machinery Hold Asdic and log compartment under room Section 2: Support vessels New In August 1 survey craft 966 Brooke Marine Ltd were commissioned design and build four survey craft for the Ministry of Defence (Navy) to carry out hydrographic survey work. A high standard of performance and quality has been achieved. The craft have been built to Lloyds Register Special Survey and certain (Navy) standards. These craft, working in pairs, can operate for a two-year period between refits and operate for periods of ten months without base support. Excellent sea-keeping qualities to provide a stable working platform for the hydrographic work have been incorporated in their design. to MOD The propulsion machinery arrangement is such that efficiency is achieved under all conditions of operation, and the controls have been designed for maximum simplicity of operation, reducing to a minimum. watchkeeping duties The vessel has a maximum speed of 15 knots and running on one engine per shaft has a range of 4500 miles at 1 1 1 knots. when In view of the requirement for long operations with- out base support, the standard of accommodation and amenities is very high and all living spaces and certain working spaces are fully airconditioned to allow operation in extremes of temperature from Arctic cold to equatorial heat. The vessels are the most advanced of their type, being fitted with the most modern surveying equipment and survey boats for special inshore work. IQWiK DECK. Dimensions Length overall 57-7m (189ft 6in) Length between perpendiculars Breadth moulded 51 -4m (168ft 6in) 11 4m Depth moulded 60m (19ft 9in) Maximum 3-8m (12ft 6in) draft (37ft 6in) *Sa BROOKE MARINE LIMITED <®> Lowestoft, Suffolk, England Telephone: Lowestoft 5221 Cables: Brookcraft Lowestoft Telex: 97145 1968 85 Section 2: Support vessels The MRS (maintenance and repair ship) Zeltin A maintenance and repair ship of 2400 tons displacement has been some speci- designed to meet the requirements Libyan Navy for a mobile naval base. The Zeltin was completed in 1968 at the Woolston shipyard. This ship provides a complete overhaul and maintenance capability for the fast patrol boat squadron and for the corvette Tobruk, training and recreational facilities for the boats' crews and accommodation ally of the • " i&. * for jW« 86 35L,. the operational staff. She is fitted with a dock for the fast patrol boats, and carries ample stocks of fuel, water, ammunition and stores for squadron use 1 Section 2: Support vessels Maintenance and repair ship for corvettes and patrol boats -- ~- 3 :• 31 i 43 3 :- 2 }i :- 3 ZE : _— : 2 : 2 2 - - y 9 — - : 1 2 3 4 Fore peak Water ballast tanks Fresh water tanks 5 Oil fuel tanks Store rooms 6 7 8 Spare gear store Refrigerated spaces and Magazine rooms Engine room Steering gear compartment Cinema and lecture room Radio and electrical workshops provision 9 10 1 12 13 14 15 Engine control room Junior ratings' mess Enclosed messes for chief 24 25 26 Ship's store Riggers' store Stern door lifting 27 28 29 machinery compartment Capstan motor compartment 40mm Bofors guns 2-ton crane 30 Wardroom 31 Officers' cabins 32 33 34 35 36 Administration office Sick bay petty officers and petty officers 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Laundry Junior ratings' dining Galley Senior ratings' dining hall hall Machine shop Engineering workshop Platers' and plumbers' workshop Engineers' store Maintenance office Woodwork shop Emergency generator room 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 Pump control room Travelling 3-ton gantry Rails for gantry Dock Wheelhouse Operations room Wireless office Commodore's suite Captain's suite Commodore's operations 1036m (34ft) room motor launch 9-ton derrick Inflatable dinghy VOSPER THORNYCROFT Shipbuilding Division Vosper House, Paulsgrove, Portsmouth, England Telephone: Cosham 79481 Telex: 86115 1966 1969 87 Section 2: Support vessels The 17 m (56 ft) patrol boat in) Length overall 17-37 m (57 ft Length on waterline 1 5 84 m (52 ft Beam 503 m (16 ft 6 in) Draft 1 The 10 33 m (4 ft 4.1 in) in) m (34 ft) personnel launch in) Length overall 10 38 m (34 ft in) Length on waterline 9 45 m (31 ft Beam 303 m (10 ft in) Draft 92 Twin- or m (3 ft in) single-screw machinery available 10m (34 ft) open work boat in) Length overall 1038 m (34 ft in) Length on waterline 945 m (31 ft Beam 303 m (10 ft in) in) Draft 0-92 m (3 ft The 88 IS Section 2: Support vessels Launches and boats Nelson craft with glass-reinforced plastics hulls The well-known boat building company Keith Nelson & Co Ltd of Bembridge in the Isle of Wight, England, has joined the Vosper Thornycroft Group and transferred its headquarters to Portsmouth. In so doing it has extended the range of craft that the Group can offer to include a number of extremely sophisticated boats of (34-60 ft) the most up-to-date design in the 10-1 8 range. Theoretical study and long practical experience in all weather conditions have produced the standard Nelson hulls of various carefully chosen sizes. They are of round bilge form and constructed in glassreinforced plastics (GRP) to give both high performance and good seakeeping. The structure is of exceptional strength, with built-in tanks and watertight subdivision. GRP has the considerable additional advantages that it is not liable to rot or corrode or suffer m The 183 m The The 12 13 7 m damage can be quickly and Routine maintenance of the hull is reduced to a minimum. The 183 m (60 ft) hull has been developed from the 17 m (56 ft) boat for use as a patrol craft, with or without a light armament. These boats are suitable for such duties as coastal patrol, anti-smuggling or air-sea rescue in open waters. The Keith Nelson 12 m (40 ft) hull, which has been used extensively for patrol boats, pilot boats, personnel launches, etc, over the last five years, has now been redesigned to be 13 7 m (45 ft) in length with a corresponding increase of about 03 m (1 ft) in beam. The length 103m (34ft) was selected as the smallest twin-engined boat that can carry a dozen passengers or a ton of stores at a speed of about 20 knots in of an open anchorage m (34 ft) in any reasonable weather. personnel launch - The 10 (45 ft) patrol craft m (34 ft) work boat m (40 ft) patrol launch Length overall 12-52 m (41 ft 2 in) Length on waterline 1 1 68 m (38 ft 4 Beam borers and that structural easily repaired. The 10 (60 ft) patrol craft ,- damage from marine 3 61 Draft 0-99 m (11 ft m (3 ft 3 10 in) in) in) VOSPER THORNYCROFT Shipbuilding Division Vosper House, Paulsgrove, Portsmouth, England Telephone: Cosham 79481 Telex: 86115 <8> 1966 1969 89 Section 2: Support vessels and rescue Patrol in glassfibre-reinforced plastics Two examples tough boats built in Standard hull lengths Built by to 2590 m (85 ft). of a range of fast, glassfibre-reinforced plastics. from 7-62 m (25 ft) Halmatic Limited in their quality-controlled factory to rise 12 2m (40 ft) command and A round-bilged, semi-planing hull with proved ssakeeping qualities. Over 70 boats of this type have been produced and many are now in service with navies and pilotage authorities all over the world The latest version has an allglassfibre-reinforced plastics hull, deck and superstructure built to Lloyd's requirements. 9-5 m (64 ft) Length, overall: 1 2 28 m (40 ft 4 in) Length, waterline: 1 1 -68 m (38 ft 4 in) Beam, moulded: 3 35 m (1 1 ft) Draught: 99 m (3 ft 3 in) Displacement: 9200 kg (20 000 lb) Fuel capacity: 1450 litres (218 gal) Range, cruising: 725 km (390 nm) Engines: 2 Cummins V8 185. 175 bhp Speed: maximum 20 knots cruising 18 knots. Designers: TT Boat Designs air/sea rescue craft Specification A fast hard-chined hull in glassfibre-reinforced plastics, developed overthe years from a range of well-proved motor torpedo boats A very seaworthy and stable hull which can be used as a patrol vessel, fast passenger carrier or fishery protection vessel, as well as for many other purposes. HALMATIC LIMITED Havant, Hampshire, Telephone: Havant 61 61 90 Lloyd's specifications, these craft are supplied to navies, public authorities and commercial firms throughout the world. control vessel Specification 1 craft P09 1JR, England Length, overall: 1 9 56 m (64 ft 2 in) Length, waterline: 1 7-90 m (58 ft 9 in) Beam, moulded: 4 98 m (1 6 ft 4 in) Draught: 1 -45 m (4 ft 9 in) Displacement: 31 700 kg (70 000 lb) Fuel capacity: 6280 litres (1 380 gal) Range, cruising: 1000 km (550 nm) Engines: 2 Rolls-Royce DV8. 71 5 bhp Speed: maximum 26 knots, cruising 22 knots Designer: J B Hargrave Section 3 Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment 91 Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment As can be seen from the illustrations on this page, the Type B is a vehicle in which the divers are exposed. It is intended for much the same purpose as the A2; the performance figures and technical details are given in the specification below. Marex can supply instructors to give comprehensive courses on their submersible vehicles any part of the world. The installation of a diving unit can be carried out, together with the supply of diving equipment. Marex also offers a replacement parts service. Experienced consultants are available to advise on any operational and maintenance problems. in Specification Dimensions: Speed indicator, needle indication: knots Echo sounder, forward/downward: metres Clock (running time): digital, reset: hours/mm/sec Length, transportation: 5 9 m (18 ft) Length, operational: 5-1 m (1 6 ft 9 in) Maximum diameter: 508 m (1 ft 8 in) Overall width: 1 -377 m (4 ft 6 in) Overall height: 084 m (2 ft 9 in) Maximum operating depth: 60 m (200 ft) Instrumentation: Main body: Ammeter: current taken from Clock (total time, digital, reset: 005 m' (1 J ft") Weight: basic weight 1 70 kg (380 lb) weight including batteries 270 kg (600 Speed: cruise speed 3 knots (5-5 km/h); max speed 5 knots (9-2 km/h) Endurance: at 2 knots (37 km/h) 1 5 hours at 3 knots (5-5 km/h) 8 hours at 4 knots (7-4 km/h) 5 hours at 5 knots (9 2 km/h) 3 hours . amperes battery state indicator (2 degrees forward and reverse battery, volts, propeller pitch indicator: off): Console: Depth gauge, needle indication -0 to 80 m Compass, vertical display, degrees Log, digital display, reset: 1/100 nautical miles OPERATIONAL LENGTH / 18ft (5-9 m) TRANSPORTATION LENGTH DIVER TRANSPORT VEHICLE General Arrangement 92 hours/min/sec Power supply: normal operations silver/zinc batteries 600 Ah: restricted operation 300 Ah Carrying capacity: compartment for neutrally buoyant equipment, £pprox TYPE B lb) Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Diver transport vehicles Marex Type A2 and B The A2 diver transport vehicle is of a new design especially for military survey and surveillance, attack swimming and carrying divers to strategic areas. A variable-speed dc motor through a high-efficiency gearbox and a large low-speed propeller gives the A2 very good endurance which is necessary from the safety aspect and to provide the necessary range for the vehicle. A which protects divers from large plexiglass screen dynamic flow pressure ensures unobstructed vision in all directions but astern. The controls are straightforward and consist of an aircraft-type steering column which in turn operates rear-mounted stabilising fins to give depth and directional control. All the necessary levers for controlling the buoyancy, trim and speed of the vehicle situated are within easy reach of the pilot The maximum operating depth is limited to 80 metres (250 ft). The physiology of the diver becomes a more important factor beyond this depth. The depth capability can be increased for specialist operations. The instruments of the A2 have been specially selected to provide maximum operational efficiency and are situated on the pilot diver's console, apart from the air/mixture and life support instrumentation which are Ample to be found on the No 2 diver's console. storage capacity is provided by twin lockers in the upper mid section of the vehicle. Handling is made easy by a The single lifting eye positioned in the upper hull. vehicle is balanced about this point, which enables it to be positioned manually once lifted by a crane; it can be secured to the transportation unit by quickrelease clamps incorporated in the skids. diver. Specification Dimensions: Length 4-90 Height 1-42 1-87 Beam m m m (16 (4-6 1 Depth gauge: 0-8C m Compass: degrees Log, digital, reset: 1/100 ft) ft) Maximum operating depth: 80 m (250 ft) Operational weight: 2500 kg (2 5 tons) Speed: maximum 7 knots (1 3 km/h) cruise 5 knots (9-2 km/h) Carrying capacity: twin storage lockers, total volume 03 m J total weight 200 kg Instrumentation: Pilot's console: Ammeter: current taken from battery Trim indicators: degrees nose up/down Motor rev/min indicator Voltmeter: volts : ; nautical mile Speed: analogue Echo sounder forward/downward: metres (6-1 ft) No 2 diver's console: Clock, running time, total time: digital reset Motor temperature monitor: degrees C Ampere hour meter: power contents of battery Diving air/mixture contents indicator: bar Life support: storage volume 42-5 m 3 (1 500 ft 3 ) Power supply: voltage 48 V dc: batteries: lead-acid type; capacity: Endurance: 6 hours at cruise 5|knots"(9-2 km/h) 4 hours at max 7 knots (13 km/h) 30kWh MARINE EXPLORATION LIMITED Marex House, High Telephone: Cowes 4731 Street, Cowes, Isle of Cables: Marex Wight, England Cowes Telex: 86262 93 Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Vickers- Pisces can be naval roles, including: / I Location and recovery equipment used of •9 torpedoes and Positioning and servicing sonar beacons and other instrumentation K R Acting as sonar target or sound emitter Underwater maintenance and v^ - Power source 1 Marine survey and sampling ^ 5 " v- 94 1 2 tons and provides compensation repair for tools or divers £ The handling gear on Vickers Venturer will lift over and submersible motions in rough seas several Inspection of wrecks h? for ship in weapons and equipment Section 3: Underwater vessels, Submersibles for underwater naval work Vickers Pisces submersibles Vickers- Pisces is a depth capability of The two-man work submersible with 1000 metres. a is equipped with sonar, closed-circuit search and navigation equipment, and manipulators. Vickers- Pisces is normally operated from a surface support ship, the oceanographic research vessel Vickers Venturer, which carries a submersible location system SPATE (Submersible Position and Tracking Equipment). One of Vickers- Pisces' main tasks to date has been craft television, torpedo search and recovery, and several weapons have been recovered from various depths down to Other naval applications include 730 m (2400 ft). location of sunken objects, assistance with salvage, hydrography, and laying and recovery of instruments. The submersible can be operated in poor weather and seas up to sea state 4, using a specially developed handling gear fitted to the stern of Vickers Venturer. If necessary, Vickers-Pisces can be air-freighted to site and operated from other ships or shore installations. SURFACE RADIO ANTENNAF TRANSIT SONAR RECORDER UNDERWATE EPHONE TRIM SPHERE BALLAST TANK SONAR AIR PURIFICATION UNIT CONTROL CONSOLE VIEWING PORT TORPEDO RECOVE RY ARM Specification Displacement: 1 1 300 kg (25 000 Length: 5-9 m (19 ft 4in) Breadth: 30 m (9 ft 10 Draft: 2-3 m (7 ft 6 in) lb) Additional Continental Shelf lift capability using Total: 1130 kg (2500 1b) air system: 450 kg (1 000 lb) in) Overall height: 31 m (10 ft 4 in) Maximum diving depth: 1000 m Power source: 40 kWh. (3000 lead acid oil-filled battery Propulsion motors: 2 3 hp Endurance: 4 hours at 2 knots: 1 5 hours at Illumination: 2 100W.QI lamps ft) Payload Personnel: 180 kg (400 lb) Extra instrumentation: 225 kg (500 lb) Additional oil ballast payload: 270 kg (600 lb) Certification: American Bureau J knot; 72 hours life support of Shipping mm Manipulators: Torpedo grabs, 324 General-purpose PHA manipulator and 533 mm (12; in and 21 in) claws VICKERS SHIPBUILDING GROUP Barrow Shipbuilding Works PO Box 6, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, England Telephone: Barrow-in-Furness 20351 Telex: 6571 Cables: Vicarmsea Barrow-in-Furness viCKers 95 Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Oberon diesel-electric patrol The Oberon submarine most successful and advanced submarines in the world. Together with the Porpoise class, from which it evolved, the '0' Class is the mainstay of the Royal Navy's patrol submarine fleet and is in service with, or on order for, is one of the diesel-electric patrol four other navies. Particularly suited to anti-submarine and surveillance operations off enemy bases, the Oberon is fitted with several types of sonar device. The submarine is Nearly thirty 'O' and 'P' in service and has proved duties The design has been continually developed by the British Ministry of Defence and proved during 12 years of service. The Oberon and its ship systems are highly reliable and no serious accidents have occurred in over 30 000 days running at sea. Simplicity of operation and maintenance contribute to this safety record, as well as ensuring that operational availability remains high and in-service support is kept to a minimum. probably the quietest type highly successful Class submarines have entered service since Vickers built the first in patrol of class in 1 958 Specification Dimensions Length overall: km (14 000 miles) Diving depth: greater than 1 50 m (500 Range: over 22 500 90 m (295 ft 3 in) breadth, external: 808 m (26 Inside hull dia: 5-41 m (17 ft 9 in) Height to top of bridge fin: 1308 m (42 Maximum ft 6 ft) in) Complement ft Seven 11 in) officers and 55 men Submerged displacement: 2418 tons Weapon systems Main machinery Diesel-electric propulsion, main generating diesel engines: diesel engines each developing 1840 bhp max two 16 Hz ASR-1 Torpedoes: 6 tubes forward: 2 tubes aft Torpedo control system: TCSS 7/9 Passive/active sonar and intercept sonar Echo sounders, bathythermographs, etc Performance Speed: over 16 knots submerged, over 14 knots surfaced VICKERS SHIPBUILDING GROUP Barrow Shipbuilding Works PO Box 6, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, England Telephone: Barrow-in-Furness 20351 Telex: 6571 96 Cables: Vicarmsea Barrow-in-Furness viewers . Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Submarine weapons Missile systems, fire-control systems and torpedoes new weapons systems are being developed by Vickers to meet the needs of navies for inexpensive and armaments to fulfil specific tasks. These weapons systems are being designed initially to exploit the potential of the Oberon Class submarine, but can also be adapted to suit other types of submarines. The Several easily fitted systems can be fitted independently, or together to form an integrated weapons fit. Submarine-Launched Air-Missile System (SLAM) SLAM is designed to give submarines capability, enabling patrol & to carry out a surface attack more effectively The system carries six Short Harland Blowpipe missiles in a launcher and policing Brothers them roles. housed in SLAM the submarine fin. currently undergoing prototype trials development by Vickers, and should be ready is demonstration at sea in 1 and for 971 Tactical Information Organisation System (TIOS) The system, which is being developed by Vickers in TIOS is an integrated fire-control system, based largely conjunction with Ferranti and Gresham Lion Elecon existing hardware. It is designed to provide reliable tronics, should be ready for demonstration at sea torpedo control tactical situation display, and analysis during 1971. TIOS is compatible with other systems of target bearing information at a low overall cost. Later versions of TIOS will include missile control on the Oberon submarines, and can be retrofitted. capability, such as SLAM, and navigation aids. Improved Mk 20 torpedo To meet the need for an inexpensive torpedo compatible with modern control systems and available to an anti-submarine torpedo of proven reliability, and the modified version will provide a very cost-effective overseas navies, Vickers has designed a modification for the Mk 20 torpedo. The alternative to existing torpedoes. Successive Oberons incorporate yet cable-set Mk 20 is many design improvements. The ships on order for Brazil and Chile will be among the most advanced produced VICKERS SHIPBUILDING GROUP Barrow Shipbuilding Works PO Box 6, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, England Telephone: Barrow-in-Furness 20351 Telex: 6571 Cables: Vicarmsea Barrow-in-Furness viCKers 97 Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Underwater weapons and tracking ranges Torpedoes The company is the pre-eminent underwater weapon development organisation in the UK. Its capability stems from an unbroken record of 25 years' collaboration with the British Government in the development of guidance systems for acoustic homing torpedoes. The homing system electronic packages for every British tcrpedo in service or under development have been designed and produced by this company. The company has been awarded a large contract by systems the British Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment for the completion of the development of an entire submarine torpedo and associated equipment the first time in Britain that such a wide-ranging res- been placed with industry. Forwardlooking studies of potential successors to current designs are also in progress. The company has also been appointed the main contractor for the study of a new British lightweight torpedo for air-launching. ponsibility has Underwater tracking ranges Three types of tracking range are produced by Marconi Space and Defence Systems Limited. They are: 1. Sea-going 3D underwater tracking range, which can simultaneously track three separate targets and plot trajectories in real time to an accuracy of a few yards. Suitable for applications which require shallow and deep-water operation of the tracking range. 2. Portable underwater tracking range (targetcentred 3D tracker), designed for fleet use in submarines, which provides a numeric 3D record of torpedoes fired by or against a submarine. Long-range tracking with high-definition mode in final attack phase. 3. Fixed tracking range, which can be used as a short-range, shallow-water, high-definition system or a long-range deep-water multi-target system. Signals from sea bed or surface buoyed arrays are transmitted shore installation via cable or radio data links. these tracking systems require 'active' targets. A standard range of synchronised acoustic transmitters, from 12 75 in to 21 in diameter have been developed for this purpose. These contain low-drift digital timing sources with a stability of better than 5 parts in 100 million. They are fitted into the target hull and do not materially affect the dynamic characteristics of the target. They can also be supplied as part of a more comprehensive practice head to replace the warhead. For simple underwater location, the company markets an acoustic transmitter which can operate continuously for three weeks, at depths up to 365 m It can be used with existing sonar receivers, (1 200 ft). although a portable directional receiver is available. to a All synchronised acoustic transmitter (SAT) fitted in the weapon practice head. In addition, a synchronising used purposes is required in the submarine or aircraft firing the weapon. The SAT fitted in the torpedo is one of a standard range of devices developed for this purpose, fully compatible with both British and United States tracking installations and available for 1 2 +in or 21 in torpedoes, and in most cases suitable for environmental conditions appropriate to airborne or rocket launch The torpedo installation consists of a small unit for A GEC-Marconi Electronics Company MARCONI SPACE AND DEFENCE SYSTEMS LTD Headquarters The Grove, Warren Lane, Stanmore, Middlesex, England Telephone: 01 -954 2311 98 Cables: Ele :'romcs St«nmore Telex: 22616 , Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Depth presetting system torpedoes for AUW presetter Mk The purpose 1 of the presetter is to pre-select (or preset) the initial search depth (ISD) and floor depth (FD) settings of torpedoes. There are six possible settings of ISD and five settings of FD. The presetter forms one half of an ac Wheatstone bridge (the other half being within the weapon). Selection of a new depth setting unbalances the bridge, the detector senses the unbalance and operates which delivers, via the 'set' switch, power to a Ledex stepping switch in the torpedo. Operation of the 'set' switch causes the Ledex switch to step round until the new depth is selected and the bridge re-balanced. The above circuit is duplicated for the two depth a relay settings needed. produced by an about 1 kHz. The detectors The ac supply astable are to the bridges is multivibrator operating at transistorised and transformer- coupled to the bridges. Despite the compact size and light weight of all units, the system can handle several torpedoes. Correct operation is indicated by lamps and the selected switch positions are also illuminated to give immediate and constant visual indication of all settings. The system is arranged to fail safe. An interlock is incorporated to prevent operator error. Locations for connectors are provided at the top, bottom and rear of the presetter to enable it to be mounted in any convenient situation. presetter Mk for 1 presetting the running depth of torpedoes The equipment equally suitable for use on ships and on aircraft. Although designed for operation at 28 V dc nominal, the presetter has a wide voltage tolerance and operates is from 22 V to 30 V dc. The system is suitable for use with Mod correctly Mk 44 AUW The Plessey and Mod 1 Specification Depth setting range: Range of depth settings available 70 C Operational temperature range: -25 C to Operational ceiling: 9100 m (30 000 ft) Environmental conditions: Tested to the following specifications: Acceleration: Av.P.24, Chapter 104, Category 5 of table 4 Vibration: Av.P.24, Chapter 105, for rotorcraft. Fig. 5 Crash landing: Av.P.24, Chapter 104, Clause 4, Applied acceleration 25g torpedoes. Climatic: Drop DTD. 1085B tests: K.114, Part 6.1 and K114, Part 5.2 Salt corrosion: K.114, Part 5.14 Contamination: To the method of Dimensions: 178 Weight: 2-2 kg (4 J 127 152 DEF 133 mm (7 6 in) 5 lb) Power supply Nominal 28 V : The unit will not dc negative earth Voltage limits 22 V to 30 V dc. be damaged by short-term transients not exceeding 60 V (positive) or 100 V (negative) Current consumption: Mean current 0-5 A Peak current 5 A (approx.) THE PLESSEY COMPANY LIMITED Electronics llford, Group Essex, England Telephone: 01-478 3040 'WwVVirWVj Telex; 23166 99 Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment The transfer-under-pressure system, when a Type 1 and Type 4 chamber are interconnected, enables patient being a the smaller chamber to be transferred the larger chamber where to medical assistance can be given in a more spacious environment. On completion the two chambers can be separated and the smaller released for immediate further use treated in The Type 1 chamber is extensively used where teams of divers are operating. Seven men can be held in the main compartment and a further three men in the The chamber incorporates a air lock. telephone system and individual oxygen connections The Type 4 chamber is readily transport- both compact and of advanced design and capabie of supporting deep-water diving operations able by land, sea or 100 air. It is The low weight and compact dimensions of the Type 5 chamber allow maximum ease in handling. It has been designed for diving work in relatively shallow waters Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Compression chambers for divers The role played by the professional diver in underwater operations, both military and civil, has become increasingly important in recent years both in defence and in projects involving marine surveys, repairs and demolitions. The proficient amateur diver, participating in a novel but increasingly popular sport, is extending his dives to greater, but more hazardous depths. Diving operations frequently entail working at considerable depths, and the staging procedure of a slow ascent to the surface which is necessary to allow the become adjusted gradually to pressure changes without suffering decompression sickness, has imposed severe limitations on the time which can be allocated to the actual work beneath the surface. The use of a chamber permits a more rapid ascent followed by a surface decompression completed relatively free of the hazards associated with the staging procedure previously employed. This has the diver to Type 1 — Ten-man two-compartment compression chamber connection and a telephone system is incorporated in each compartment. Medical supplies and food can be passed by means of a small hand air lock. The control panel, fitted with the necessary supply vent and bleeding valves, pressure gauges and telephone, is shaped around the shell of the chamber and bracketed to it. Length overall: 3-47m (1 1ft 4 Jin) 201m (6ft 7in) -91 m (6ft 3{in) overall: overall: Height 1 Inside diameter: 1 -54m (5ft OJin) Normal working pressure: 7-0kg/cm 2 circuit tested to: (1 to be readily carried out. Intensive development and rigorous testing have resulted in the establishment of a range of compression chambers backed by auxiliary equipment such as air cylinders and pump. The models listed below are manufactured in corrosion-resistant aluminium to the highest standards and cover a wide range of operational conditions. Type 4 One-man compression chamber Many diving operations are carried out in remote areas where permanent recompression equipment is not available and where the transport of such equipment would not be practicable. This model meets the demand for a compact chamber readily transportable by land, air or sea for locations where surface equipment is required both to support diving operations and as a safety measure to meet decompression sickness emergencies. A is mounted on the side of the chamber on which are grouped gauges and controls along with a retractable speaker/microphone unit to maintain communication with the diver during the compression cycle. This chamber is an advanced unit offering the safety, quality and operational efficiency necessary to military diving and to specialised deep-water engineering control panel all problems. Length overall, Length overall, Height speaker Height speaker door closed: 2-44m (8ft) door open: 3-1 5m (10ft 4in) unit closed: unit open: 1 1 -14m (3ft 9in) -37m (4ft 6in) Width door closed: 1 09m (3ft 7in) Width door swung fully open: 2-1 1 m Length, main chamber: 1 -80m (5ft 1 1 in) Length, air lock: 1 07m (3ft 6in) Diameter, access door: 0-60m (1ft 11 Jin) Weight: 1565kg (34501b) Volume (approx): 5-4m 3 (190ft 3 ) Hydraulic test pressure: 10-5kg/cm- (150lb/in 2 ) Air rest pressure:70kg/cm- ( 1 00lb/in 2 ) Maximum permissible drop in 24 hours: 10% Oxygen time with the confidence that his normal penalty of stoppage time can be completed in the Furthermore the relative comfort of a chamber. chamber provides a facility for the therapeutic treatment should a diver develop a 'bend' after surfacing and enables training and pressure-conditioning programmes his diving — This model was designed to meet the extensive requirements for the recompression and subsequent decompresssing of teams of divers, whether on seaborne or shore-based operations or in training, and for therapeutic treatment and research. The main compartment is entered through a single air lock to which a quickaction pressuretight door is fitted at each end, permitting one man to enter at a time. Seven men can bs comfortably held in the main compartment with ample space for a further three men in the air lock. Each man has an individual oxygen Width benefit of considerably increasing the potential of the diver as an underwater technician in that he can remain at work beneath the surface for a longer proportion of (6ft 1 1 in) 0-76m (2ft 6in) 2-13m (7ft) 0-88m 3 (31ft 3 ) Internal diameter: Internal length: Cubic capacity: Weight: 263kg (580lb) Hydraulic test pressure: 10-5kg/cm 2 (150lb/in 2 ) Working pressure, max: 7.0kg/cm 2 (1 00lb/in 2 ) 00lb/in-) Type 316-4kg/cm 2 (4500lb/in 2 ) 6 — One-man compression chamber This model is Type 4 but by helicopter. similar in every respect to the adapted feet to facilitate transport is equipped with specially Transfer-underpressure system 1 two-compartment chamber and Types 4 and 6 one-man chambers can be modified to provide an interconnection facility with both chambers at pressure, thereby permitting a transfer under pressure from the smaller chamber The Type Type When 5 — One-man compression chamber diving operations are to be confined to relatively shallow waters the demands on a compression chamber are less exacting. The Type 5 has been developed as a lightweight unit to support operations where the advanced features of the Type 4 are not required. The working pressure capability is lower and the depth pressure gauge, vent valve, relief valve and through connection for oxygen breathing apparatus are mounted on the door inside the handling ring. An air lock can also be fitted if required. The low weight of this chamber permits maximum ease in handling. Length overall: 224m (7ft 4in) ength internal: 2-1 3m (7ft) Diameter internal: 0-56m (1ft 10in) Height: 0-79m (2ft 7in) air lock: 0-81 m (2ft 8in) Hydraulic test pressure: 8-4kg/cm 2 (120lb/in 2 ) Working pressure maximum: 5-6kg/cm 2 (80lb/in 2 ) Weight: 113kg (250lb) Extra: glassfibre stretcher with vinyl-covered mattress: 1 3kg (28lb) Hand air lock: 1 1 -4cm (4Jin) dia; 13cm (51in) long; 5kg (121b) Width with hand CAMMELL LAIRD (ANGLESEY) to the larger. This enables patients, forced by circumstances to commence therapeutic treatment in the relatively confined space of a one-man chamber, to complete the decompression schedule in a more spacious environment where medical assistance can be given. The T-U-P two-compartment chamber embodies an access door at the end opposite to the air-lock entry, an external sealing ring and a steel clamping ring with intermittent dogs, actuated by means of a handwheel. The weight is 1746kg (38501b). The T-U-P one-man chamber has an adaptor ring and a door with removable external hinge, increasing the weight to 338kg (7451b). The chamber is supported on an aligning trolley, engaged with the larger chamber and the pressure in both chambers and in the intervening space is equalised. The large chamber door is then opened, a substitute hinge coupled to the oneman chamber door and, on opening it, the stretcher and patient withdrawn from the smaller chamber. If the patient's condition permits he can be seated in the larger chamber and, after reversing the above procedure, the two chambers can be separated and the smaller released for further use. LIMITED Beaumaris, Anglesey, North Wales Telephone: Beaumaris 431 Cables: Searoads Beaumaris Telex: 61295 101 Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Swimmer's SABA The air breathing apparatus (SABA) twin-cylinder open-circuit Admiralty breathing set manufactured in corrosion-resistant non-magnetic light alloy and stainless steel. The cylinder capacity is 2800 litres free gas at a maximum working pressure of 170 kgf/cm'2 (2400 lbf/in 2 ). The apparatus (shown at the left) is highly efficient for harbour maintenance purposes and for searching the underwater section of ships. It can be used in comfort and safety by clearance divers down to 51 m (180 ft) depth. The complete SABA consists of cradle and weight boxes, front weight pocket and belt, main and reserve air cylinders with associated valves, and a single-stage high flowreducing valve, feeding the rear-mounted demand valve, face mask and breathing tube assembly. is a Surface demand diving equipment (SDDE) SDDE is a light alloy mobile breathing set suitable for The of 51 m (180 divers down to a maximum ft). The diver's equipment, which is worn with the underwater swimming dress and associated items, comprises a standard damage control breathing apparatus modified to carry divers weights in the front pocket and fittings for flexible supply hoses from the surface. At the surface the supply hose is connected to a surface control panel supplied with high-pressure air from the ship's main or portable air compressor (or from a storage cylinder). The panel contains arrangements for controlling air pressure to the diver according to his depth and can support two divers for normal working; in an emergency can accommodate a third diver. The SDDE has twin cylinders, each charged to 21 kgf/cm 2 (3000 lbf/in 2 air pressure, which automatically supply the diver should the surface supply fail. The breathing apparatus is of the open-circuit type, the used air being exhausted into the surrounding it ) water. The complete SDDE equipment consists of cradle and supporting frame, front weight pocket, belt and swivel hose connection, main and reserve cylinders with associated valves, and a single-stage high-flow-reducing valve feeding the demand valve, face mask and breathing tube assembly. Damage The DCBA control breathing apparatus (DCBA) compressed-air breathing apparatus for use in irrespirable atmospheres, flooded compartments and fire fighting. It is simple to operate and can be used above or below water without modification or adjustment. Provision is made to supply air to a second face mask on an extension harness, which can be coupled to the set through a 1-8 m (6 ft) hose when rescuing a casualty, to provide a supply of air at the earliest opportunity. The apparatus consists of two steel containers having a working pressure of 254 kgf/cm 2 (3600 lbf/in 2 ) and a free gas capacity of 1200 litres; at normal air pressure the endurance is approximately 40 minutes. The control system consists of a normal single-stage reducing valve feeding air to the demand valve. The face mask is coupled to the demand valve by flexible hoses. The set has an equaliser valve for guidance on air consumption: one cylinder feeds the system while the second is held in reserve for topping-up purposes. is a lightweight self-contained Clearance diving breathing apparatus (CDBA) y^M This apparatus (shown below) is a semi-closed-circuit re-breathing set in which the breathing bag contains a volume of oxygen-enriched mixture gas substantially equivalent to the surrounding media and of that in the user's lungs. The gas in the bag is under constant replenishment at an actual controlled flow unaffected by back pressure from an uncompensated reducing valve. All gas, including by-pass gas, is finely filtered. The equipment consists of an integral harness and breathing bag, relief *L* 4 valve, W '4pffj m ^ JBT c Ik J La^/ M£ lS> *" 1 ^ &i jf R/^ ( || T 102 alloy gas cylinders, a . tube and an emergency gas cylinder. The trim is achieved by lead weights loaded into a collapsible fabric container rear harness. Weights are quickly releasable in all attitudes by manual operation of the quick-release device. The Mk 2 version of CDBA is on trial with the British Ministry of Defence Diving fixed to the Establishment at the Royal Navy; NATO approval can be expected when the trials B(^*~~ ) light 9 kg (2 lb) charge of soda-lime granules readily rechargeable, a wide-vision face mask complete with mouthpiece cock, a corrugated breathing ;< JjLi- twin canister holding are complete Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Breathing apparatus High-pressure compressors and boosters Diesel-driven compressor set The set Type IC 1 1 2 is a standard product used throughout the Royal Navy for charging underwater breathing sets and damage control apparatus. It is driven by an Enfield VS1 diesel engine which is mounted with the compressor on a sub-frame. Air is fed to a distribution panel equipped with cleaning and drying apparatus to ensure that clean, dry air is available. The distribution panel can be supplied with several delivery pressures: 1 70 kgf/cm 2 (2400 lbf/in 2 ) for SABA, 210 kgf/cm 2 (3000 lbf/in 2 ) for SDDE and 254 kgf/cm-' (3600 DCBA. for lbf/in-) Alternatively this parts equipment can be divided into two — namely an engine and compressor assembly on own panel which can be a separate component with piping to the compressor. A range of motor-driven machines are also built for the Royal Navy with a variety of panels suitable for charging breathing apparatus direct from a compressor or from a storage system charged by a compressor. its base and a distribution Twin compressor This new Dunlop set IC 476 twin compressor set is designed to combine high output with minimal weight and size. Its high volumetric efficiency reduces the running cost per unit volume of output to an unprecedentedly low level. a 400 V, three-phase, 50 Hz electric incorporates an oil and water trap and dehydrators set to customers' requirements together with filter and pressure gauge. The air delivered conforms to NATO, British Ministry of Defence and Home Office requirements for purity and dryness. Powered by motor, it Both compressor and motor are mounted on a frame which is bolted down when static installation is required. The output is 280 litres (10 ft 3 ) per minute nominal. The weight of the unit is about 230 kg (500 lb). Nitrogen boost system Nitrogen gas 130 kgf/cm 2 normally obtained from suppliers at lbf/in 2 ). Boosting is therefore charge receivers, such as inert gas is (1800 necessary to accumulators, to 280 kgf/cm 2 (4000 lbf/in 2 ). Dunlop booster sets are designed to transfer the maximum amount of gas with minimum loss, by feeding the compressor via a demand valve. This valve allows full pressure to be drawn from the supply bottle into the compressor at the beginning of the compression cycle. Full output continues to be obtained until the pressure in the supply bottles falls to 35 kgf/cm 2 (50 lbf/in 2 ). No gas is lost during the compression cycle because the crankcase of the compressor is sealed and the breathing or piston losses are piped back into the firststage inlet. Wastage is thus practically nil. Dunlop nitrogen boost sets are available powered by a 400/440 V, three-phase electric motor. THE DUNLOP COMPANY LIMITED New Products Division Holbrook Lane, Coventry, CV6 4AA, England Cables: Sound Coventry Telephone: Coventry 88733 Telex: 31677 103 Section 3: Underwater vessels, HMS weapons and equipment Onyx, an 0' Class submarine One of the submarine cells Onyx for main propulsion 104 fitted in HMS Section 3: Underwater vessels, Main weapons and equipment batteries submarine propulsion for Chloride, Exide and Kathanode lead-acid submarine main 'propulsion batteries have been supplied to the many Royal Navy and used are also in all other navies since 1902. They Royal Navy nuclear submarines. Four battery types currently in service with navies throughout the world are: the 6560; the 7420 (NATO A); the 8100, which has an increased performance in the same volume as the 7420; and the 10500 (NATOB). Design features batteries manufactured by Electric Power Storage Limited have a number of important design features which, under normal conditions of submarine propulsion work, ensure a service life in the region of five years. These design features include: (1) Plate groups specially designed for use in submarine main batteries, with double separation between the plates for durability, high performance and Submarine low open-circuit (2) loss Lightweight glass fibre container Electrical and cover designed to w ithstand very severe shock test require- ments Lead-pl ated copper intercell connectors for good electrical contact and mechanical strength (4) Forced circulation of the electrolyte by cornpressed air to ensure mixing of the electrolyte, so reducing charg ing time and increasing efficiency (5) Copper water-cooling plates are fitted to the terminals af ea ch cell, to remove heat and to enable charging to be carried out without interruption. (3) performance Duration of discharge Type 3 5 10 1 3 5 10 8100 1 3 5 10 10500 ampere-hours 1 3 5 10 cell Final volts per cell average Mean volts per cell Wh 7138 10629 12267 14115 8080 12010 13870 15960 8632 13049 15147 17572 10750 16520 19530 22670 1-46 1-66 1*61 1 1-67 1-73 1-46 1 61 1 67 1-73 1-46 1-61 1-67 1-72 1-46 1-61 1-67 1-73 1 82 87 1 91 1-66 1-82 1-87 1-91 1-66 1 82 1-87 1 91 1-64 1-80 1-86 191 Weights Dimensions (nominal) Length of Width of Type container container Height over container and cover mm mm mm 6560 7420 8100 10500 443 449 449 548 341 1026 360 360 388 1081 1081 ELECTRIC per 4300 5840 6560 7390 4870 6600 7420 8360 5200 7170 8100 9200 6560 9180 10500 11870 4300 1947 1312 739 4870 2200 1484 836 5200 2390 1620 920 6560 3060 2100 1187 1 7420 Output in A hours 6560 Capacity Rate of discharge 1210 Height over cell terminals mm The average weight of a single cell filled with electrolyte but excluding connectors and cooling plates is not more than: Type 6560 450 kg Type 7420 501 kg Type 8100 519 kg Type 10500 753 kg intercell 1088 (with cooling plates) 1143( ) 1143( ) 1 268 (without cooling plates) POWER STORAGE LIMITED A member of The Chloride Electrical Storage Group Government Marketing Division 50 Grosvenor Gardens, London SVV1, England Telephone: 01-730 7163 Cables: Chloridic London SW1 Telex: 262038 105 S action 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Bathythermograph Plessey-Sippican expendable type The Plessey-Sippican XBT expendable bathythermograph permits accurate and continuous ocean temperature and ocean depth measurements to be made in any sea state, at ship's speeds of up to 30 knots, without slowing the ship or restricting its course in any way. It is a simple, accurate and dependable system, easy to operate and maintain, capable of providing a profile to a depth of The basis 460m of (1 this 500ft) in less system shaped probe containing spool of fine wire which is a than 90sec. small ballistically connected to a dropped from a launcher a thermistor is normally mounted at the stern of a ship. The wire of the probe is dereeled as the probe drops vertically through the water. The other end of the wire is wound on a second spool mounted within the probe canister. As the ship moves ahead this wire is also dereeled, allowing the probe to fall free, completely unaffected by the ship's motion or the state of the sea. The nose of the probe is weighted and the entire unit spin-stabilised to ensure descent from the launcher at the known rate. Changes in resistanceof thethermistordueto temperature changes of water are transmitted by the trailing wire to a recorder mounted on board ship. 106 Since the rate of descent of the probe is accurately directly from the time scale of the recorder. After the probe passes 460m (1500ft), its wire is exhausted and it sinks to the ocean bottom. This continuous temperature-depth profile is traced on known, depth can be read the recorder chart, giving far greater resolution and durability at less cost than the trace normally recorded on the smoked glass slide of the conventional bathythermograph. This system, already in use in many navies of the world, has similar applications in the commercial field, for example in the fishing industry and in oceanographic research. Specification Depth range: 460m (1500ft) Depth accuracy: 2% Temperature range: -2 C to 35 C (28-96 Temperature accuracy: 2 C 36 F) Rated ship speed: up to 30 knots F) ( Dimensions and weights Recorder: 337 324 352mm (13 1 12] 13 Jin) Weight: 1 6 3kg (36lb) Launcher Breech and discharge tube: 1240mm (48m) long Mounting stanchion: 1170mm (46m) long Weight combined: 35kg (77lb) Operating cost: the expendable probes cost about £stg10 each, depending on quantity ordered Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Mine-hunting system cost-effective, quick, reliable The Marine Systems Division of Plessey is responsible overseas sales of the outstandingly successful The Division's Royal Navy mine-hunting system. responsibilities cover all aspects of procurement, inpreparation for acceptance and stallation, postacceptance support of the complete system. It also includes, when necessary, consultation on all ship construction aspects of installation. Cost-effective minehunting demands speed, accuracy and a highly reliable mine destruction capability. Accuracy is of particular importance, because the whole object of minehunting is to provide safe navigation channels with a minimum of delay. This can be done either by finding and marking areas where no mines have been laid, or by destroying the mines in a carefully defined area. To achieve the necessary very high standards of navigational accuracy, the mine-hunting sonar is integrated into a specially designed command and navigation sub-system. Important elements of the system are a pilotage radar, used to take range and bearings of reference short-scope buoys, and a minefield plot- for ting table. The other essentials in a properly integrated mine- hunting system are: (a) a mine-destruction capability, adequate communication facilities to maintain continuous contact with other vessels in the force and to provide control of the mine destroying team, propulsion and manoeuvring (c) sophisticated ability to enable the craft to navigate with precision at low speed under coastal tide conditions. (b) Sonar operators system at the display units of the THE PLESSEY COMPANY LIMITED Electronics llford, Group yi/VWW] Essex, England Telephone: 01-478 3040 Telex: 23166 mine-hunting sonar ^ 1969 I07 Section 3: Underwater vessels, weapons and equipment Optic/electronic systems Periscopes, distress buoys and compass test tables Submarine periscopes Submarine periscopes for small, medium and large ocean-going submarines are produced by Barr & Stroud Limited, and these incorporate the following features in their basic design: optical antivibration, wire-heated top window with thermostatic control, bearing transmission, true and relative bearing special and sextants. Search periscopes have binocular viewing for optimum viewing comfort under poor light conditions or during long periods of watch-keeping; facilities for high-quality motorised or polaroid camera photography can be provided. Attack periscopes have monocular viewing systems allowing a smaller diameter tube upper end to be used, thus minimising tube exposure above water. Combined search/attack periscopes of 180 mm tube diameter have been designed for smaller submarines in which only one periscope can be fitted. These utilise a special tube upper end of minimal size which can have either a combined search/attack head or a smaller diameter attack head. All periscopes provide rotation in azimuth and variation of elevation scales, Right: Submarine periscope Left: tress Submarine disbuoy Indicator unit for submarine distress buoy The submarine distress buoy is a self-contained equipment which is released from a submarine in distress. A submarine normally carries two of the buoys which are tethered to it by steel cables stowed on free-running drums. The buoy consists of an indicator unit (1) sealed in a pressure vessel (2), a whip antenna (3) and a flotation unit (4). The indicator unit transmits a preset code sequence on HF and UHF international naval distress frequencies, at the same time flashing a high-power lamp (5). The equipment is completely transistorised and its comparatively low current consumption results in an endurance of at least 72 hours from a mercury cell type battery pack. Essex, England Cables: Marinst llford Telex: 896401 1967 1968 115 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and Above: Vospsr Mk weapons 5 fast destroyer IIS Plessey surveillance radar AWS-1 and integrated IFF (Mk10) system (picture courtesy of Vosper Thorny- Saam croft is fitted with Group) A Plessey three-man tactical display for systems. A fully automated digital display with a 55 cm (22 in) directviewing horizontal labelled radar picture ADA backed by a full alpha-numeric tote The display operates in conjunction with 30 cm (1 2 in) digital display consoles to provide comprehensive and display. display systems for destroyers and frigates. Full accessibility for maintenance is ensured by hinged table-top and tilting viewing unit, as shown at the versatile left 126 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Naval radar systems and satellite communication systems Plessey AWS series of naval radars The Plessey AWS series of surveillance and early warning radars are high-performance S-band radars intended for service in destroyers, frigates and corvettes. They fulfil the following operational roles: air warning, aircraft control, surface warning, navigation and air and surface target indication. The AWS-1 employs two transmitter-receivers, operating in frequency diversity through a single, lightweight aerial. It can also be supplied with a single transmitter- receiver. Coastal radar applications A land-based variant of the Plessey AWS-1 has been currently being supplied for coastal surveillance and is installed by the Royal Navy for helicopter purposes. control systems and is currently supplying equipment for systems to the Royal Navy for the Type 82 destroyer HMS Bristol, Type 42 frigates and kara- equipped Leander Class frigates. I Naval support services The increasing complexity of warship design, particularly in the electronics and weapons systems areas, demands a detailed and well-planned schedule of maintenance and repair by highly qualified technicians. Modern ships' electronics systems are sophisticated and are occupying more of the initial capital cost of a ship. Plessey Radar is offering a total support service to protect the customer's considerable investment and prolong the active life of his ship. Backed by wide experience in naval electronics and refits Plessey Radar can offer a total support service covering both refitted and Naval IFFMk 10 (SIF) equipment The Plessey IFF Mk 10 SIF equipment package uses silicon integrated circuits extensively and incorporates the latest techniques in micro-miniaturisation, to provide a compact and highly reliable system. Operation SIF decoding of 4096 codes on each of Modes 1 2 and 3A is a feature of this system. Facilities are available for both passive and active decoding. The package includes a companion transponder. with Installation design services Provision command constantly up-dated information on air, surface and sub-surface situations and can assist in, or control, threat evaluation and weapon assignment. The degree of automation and computer assistance incorporated in the system may vary according to the type of ship, its weapons system and its operational role. A Full Action Data Automation (ADA) system would be required for a guided missile destroyer, whereas a manually operated display system with or without a computer would be installed in a general- purpose with of ship or shore-based maintenance engineers , Plessey Radar is a leader in the field of completely integrated display and data-handling systems for all classes of ship, from small corvettes to guidedweapon destroyers. First-class action information systems enable the fighting efficiency of a ship to be dramatically increased. An integrated action information system supplies the construction warships. These services include: Preventative maintenance schedules Commissioning and setting to work of electronic equipment full Action information systems new Training and instruction of technicians. Plessey Radar will also undertake the complete project management of entire ships' electronics systems refits from the ship survey and resultant recommendations for refurbishment or replacement to sea trials and handover to the customer. Naturally the same responsibilities can be undertaken from installation design to customer acceptance in a new ship. Naval satellite communications terminals conjunction with the Admiralty Surface Weapons Plessey Radar Limited is the first company to design and manufacture a successful shipborne satellite communications terminal, as shown above. Installations aboard the two Royal Navy In Establishment, assault ships, HMS Intrepid and HMS Fearless, will provide a world-wide multi-channel telegraphy and voice communication capability to the fleet by means of geo-stationary military satellites. The 1 8m of warship (6ft) terminal down can befitted aboard mosttypes to frigate class. frigate. Plessey Radar has wide experience in the design, installation and integration of naval action information Plessey land-based radar and defence systems are described elsewhere in this catalogue. PLESSEY RADAR LIMITED yUoOrW] Addlestone, Weybridge, Surrey, England Telephone: Weybridge 47282 Cables: Plessrad Weybridge Telex: 262329 <& 1969 117 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Top: operator's console Left: Far 118 transducer head left: electronic units Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Small ship sonar Plessey Type MS26 Types MS27 and MS26 and MS27 are the latest additions to the Plessey range of naval sonars. They have been designed expressly for one-man Use operation. of the latest ensures high reliability, while modular construction techniques permit rapid maintenance and minimise loss of operational time. These new sets are much smaller and lighter than those This not only makes important currently in service. savings in shipboard space and weight, but renders transistorised fully circuits MS26 and MS27 suitable for installation in small down to patrol craft of 150 tons displacement. vessels thus possible to provide small escorts and patrol craft with a primary sonar capability which, until now, has been possible only in the larger classes of escort. MS26 and MS27 also offer a means of economically providing secondary sonar capability in multi-role It TypeMS26, general description Plessey sonar Type MS26 is a self-contained sonar system for ships and patrol craft down to 150 tons. The equipment provides full 360 deg coverage in four steps of 90 deg and may be manually controlled to cover a particular sector or set to carry out an automatic maintenance of search procedure. It incorporates a facility for tracking close or deep targets. close contact A single operator controls the sonar through a special console. He is provided with three sources of sonar information: is vessels. Performance any sonar is determined by many factors including transmitted power, receiver sensitivity, interference levels and transmission losses. The first two of these factors are under the full control of the designer and, in the case of MS26 and MS27, are optimised by the use of maximum transmitted power, high directivity index and a sophisticated and highly Interference sensitive receiving and display system. levels and transmission losses depend partly on the sea conditions prevailing at any time, but the effect of interference is minimised in both sonars by careful receiver design and hull outfits. Under slow-speed operation, when the background noise is that caused by the breaking and pounding of the waves equivalent The performance to, say, sea state of 4, the theoretical can be calculated to be 6825m initial detection range (7500yd). (a) audio (b) visual doppler (c) visual sector The doppler facility provides increased initial detection range and improved classification capabilities compared with conventional small ship sonar equipments. The MS26 transducer array is mounted within a Plessey hull outfit with a glass-reinforced plastic dome. Type MS27, general description Plessey sonar MS27 differs from MS26 only in its associated hull outfit. The MS27 transducer array is mounted in a Royal Navy hull outfit 19 or similar, which renders the equipment suitable for installation in small escorts down to about 750 tons displacement. Type MS27 can be used in the surveillance role in association with a separate fire control sonar within the same hull outfit. This enables the ship to continue surveillance for new threats while engaging a target already detected. Types MS26 and MS27, electronics Width (cm) Description 53 Operator's console — Support frame Doppler receiver (cm) Depth (cm) 43 — 30 52 Height Auxiliaries unit 40 29-2 29-2 19-2 29-2 Sonar power supply Support structures 43-2 38-1 40 40 Sector receiver Transmitter 29-2 — — 44-5 — Interconnecting cables Transducer assembly Total weight Type MS26, — 380 52 51 50-1 Weight Width Height Depth Weight (kg) (in) (in) (in) (lb) 26 5 20-9 — 16-9 — 11-8 — 58-4 15-75 15 75 11-5 15-75 17-4 11-5 11-5 7-5 11-5 20-1 45-6 23-8 30-0 20-1 150 19-5 250 20-7 10-8 13-7 27-1 — 99-6 — — — 53-4 — 73 50 50 100 397-4 J 15 205 600 1600 1100 1100 2200 — — 17-5 — — — 400 — Weight Width Height Depth Weight (kg) (in) (in) (in) (lb) 320 540 59-0 190 28-5 520 — — — 21 872-9 hull outfit Description Width (cm) Height (cm) Depth (cm) Hull outfit 800 137-3 140) 1015 Sonar dome 48-3 Hydraulic power supply — Total weight Note: I 55-1 Details of hull outfits suitable for use with MS27 are available 72-5 — — 132^ — — 136 1151 \ ( — — — — — — 2240 * 300 2540 on request THE PLESSEY COMPANY LIMITED Electronics llford, & Group <|/i/Umm/| Essex, England Telephone: 01-478 3040 Telex: 23166 1969 119 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons One of the Westland Sea King helicopters Navy making a sonar dip of the Royal Helicopter sonar Type 195 This equipment has been designed by the Ministry of Defence and manuIn factured by the Marine Systems Division of the Plessey Company. conjunction with a high-definition radar, an aircraft tactical plot and an air-launched torpedo it provides the modern helicopter with the equivalent of a frigate's anti-submarine warfare fire power and plotting facilities Type 195 Sonar is now in squadron service with the Royal Navy. The dunking' sonar is fully capable of dealing with the modern submarine and has proved robust and reliable in service to the satisfaction of the Royal Navy. 120 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Helicopter sonar unit and computerised sonar ray trace indicator * Sonar has proved a most effective means of submarine location, while helicopters, with their outstanding manoeuvrability, are in many respects ideal platforms for anti-submarine warfare. The combination of the two, in the form of the Plessey Type 195 'dunking' sonar shown on the opposite page, has already proved highly successful in many trials under battle conditions. However, sonar is based on the assumption that sound waves travel outwards in a straight line and at a fixed speed from the source. This is not always the case; temperature gradients, changes in salinity and other parameters affect the transmission of sound waves through water. Especially changes in temperature with increasing depth can reflect and refract sound waves to a considerable extent. Acoustic ray trace indicator The new Plessey Acoustic Ray Trace Indicator (ARTI) has been developed by the Marine Systems Division for the Royal Navy to apply automatically corrections due to such effects. The equipment, which provides rapid corrections to the is very compact, detection range of any sonar by using temperature/ depth or velocity/depth profiles derived from suitable detectors. The indicated correction enables targets to be located with greatly improved accuracy. ARTI can accept input data from any temperature or velocity-profile source, but is specifically designed to accept plots automatically from either the Royal Navy sound velocity recorder, or from the PlesseySippican expendable bathythermograph which is described in detail elsewhere in this Catalogue. The bathythermograph is already in service with ten navies. The ARTI incorporates an analogue computer which integrates the sonar plot with the temperature/depth or velocity/depth data and predicts ray paths at one Mounted degree intervals within the sonar beam. specific the that designed so it is independently, manually parameters of any sonar equipment can be display on an ARTI demonstrates the vertical coverage pattern derived from the simple batythermograph trace shown This below preset. The equipment consists of three portable housed in a separate instrument case: units, each Data converter: This unit contains the devices for data input setting from each of the possible sources, the input data store and the first stages of the com251 mm < 356 putation. The overall case size is 441 in). 14 x 9| (17f Sonar ray computer: This contains the major part Overall of the computer, with the output display. 14 < 356 480 mm (17| x 18^ in). size is 441 provides storage Accessory outfit: The third unit space for the polaroid camera and all connecting cables and accessories. The power supply or 230 V ± 15 V. is 115 V + 15 V, 45-66 Hz, Simple sea depth temperature curve obtained on a PlesseySippican bathythermograph from an expendable probe THE PLESSEY COMPANY LIMITED Electronics llford, Group yivwW] Essex, England Telephone: 01-478 3040 Telex: 23166 <& 1969 121 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Left: radar Target tracking and illuminating for the Sea Dart guided missile system HMS Below: Kent is one of the many ships fitted with Marconi radar and in service with the Royal Navy 12: Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Naval radar systems and all associated equipment Marconi Radar Systems Limited has always played an important role in meeting the Royal Navy's radar requirements. It has also designed and installed complete radar systems for Commonwealth and for foreign navies. The company has extensive experience in the development, design and manufacture of naval radar equipment for most operational requirements including long-range early warning, target indication and fire control. The equipments can be supplied as individual items or engineered into an integrated ship's system. The company collaborates with the shipbuilders to plan the layout of radar equipment to suit the user's requirements and can undertake installation of the equipment if desired. Marconi Radar Systems Limited is actively engaged the development programme of the complete in electronics system for Seawolf, a new generation of missile in the Royal Navy. The company will be responsible for the complete system electronic equipment, including surveillance radars, target-tracking radar, missile-gathering and guidance television, datahandling and display equipment and command guidance communications. The company is also responsible for all aspects of management and development coordination for the complete shipborne system. The company has major sub-contracts for radar equipment which forms part of the new Sea Dart Artist's shipborne missile system, in particular the tracker/ illuminator radar and the transmitter for the surveillance radar. In addition to radar equipment, the company's naval systems capability is enhanced by the control engineering department. This department has specialised in servo equipment for weapons for over 30 years and at present has contracts for the remote power control systems for the Seawolf, Sea Dart and RN Ikara launchers, the 4-5-in Mk 8 gun mounting and the antisubmarine mortar Mk 10. Control equipment Many specialised sub-systems are also supplied by the company, including gyro and magnetometer degaussing schemes, cathodic protection equipment, temperature scanners and static inverters which power several sub-systems. new Mk 100 VR The company has developed matic voltage regulator, the a standard autoSeries, in con- junction with the British Ministry of Defence (Navy); this is described elsewhere in this Catalogue. The various activities within the company are coordinated by the systems engineering department to provide a naval systems capability embracing radar, electronic and control systems, utilising the extensive development, design and manufacturing services of Marconi Radar Systems Limited. impression of the Type 42 destroyer (photo by courtesy of Vickers Ltd) A GEC-Marconi Electronics Company MARCONI RADAR SYSTEMS LIMITED New Parks, Leicester, LE3 1UF, England Telephone: Leicester 871331 Cables: Assocelect Leicester Telex: 34551 123 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Vertical reference gyro Mk 20 The Arma-Brown vertical reference gyro stable element which is smaller than many Mk 20 is a types of a gyro of instruments of this class. It consists platform controlled by a single two-axis floated gyroscope placed with the spin axis vertical. The gyro is normally slaved to the vertical by means of a pair of damped pendulum units. By using a computer to correct the platform for errors due to the ship's motion and earth's rotation, the system yields a basic accuracy of = 3 minutes earlier The degree of sophistication that is the computer depends on the require- of arc. incorporated in ments of the particular application, notably the maximum speed of the ship in which it is to be used. The Mk 20 gyro and computer are in service, and are used in conjunction with an Arma-Brown gyro compass to provide an integrated heading and vertical reference system for navigation and weapons fire control stabilisation. The gyro reference unit occupies approximately 5000 cm 3 (300 in 3 and weighs approximately 1 36 kg (30 lb). The associated computer occupies approximately 6500 cm 3 (400 in 3 and weighs approximately ) The Arma-Brown fire vertical reference gyro Mk 20 for navigation and control ) 13-6 kg (30 lb). Arma-Brown gyro compass Mk |P.» The (Mk li tional gyro mode and speed com- Mod 16 kg (35 124 lb). compass control box Left: reference for fire control and kindred applications. This reference system uses good-quality floated gyroscopes of the same type as that produced by the company in large quantities for its gyro reference systems and can therefore be regarded as already proven for marine application. Provision is made for the unit to operate either in the gyro-compassing mode or directional gyro mode, as required, and hence it is possible to use the reference system to replace all vertical and directional gyroscopes at present found in a ship, other than those provided specifically for a ship's inertial system. The system yields a basic accuracy of 3 minutes of arc to the vertical and 6 minutes of arc to true north. The platform unit occupies approximately 00424 m 3 (2-5 ft 3 ) and weighs approximately 23 kg (50 lb); the associated computer and power supply occupy a further 00566m 3 (2ft 3 ), and weigh approximately gyro Mod 5) has a separate that enables the direc- 1 These facilities are particularly advantageous in maintaining compass accuracy in fighting ships during high-speed manoeuvres. I Three-axis stable platform Mk 30 The Arma-Brown three-axis stable platform Mk 30 is a compact three-axis general-purpose reference system giving roll, pitch and heading information which meet the needs of all ship's equipment requiring a stable 5 Arma-Brown pensation controls to be selected remotely from the compass. ^ n i¥i r Mod 1 the Arma-Brown gyro compass 5 with remote control unit Below: the Arma-Brown three-axis stable platform pitch and heading information roll, Mk 30 Mk 1 gives Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Gyro reference system for ship's navigation and weapons control Arma-Brown gyro compass The Arma-Brown gyro compass is suitable for use in naval vessels of all types for speeds up to 60 knots. provides a true north reference in the form of a visual on a card in the compass unit, and remotely of synchro transmitters which can operate means by heading indicators or a variety of other equipment, either directly or through an external retransmission It indication steering repeater and as such can easily be incorporated into any vessel's layout, offering maximum utilisation of available space. Power converters enable the compass system to be operated from virtually any ships main supply from 24 V upwards. The measured magnetic signature of the gyro compass special applications unit. Unlimited azimuth reference outputs can be provided for such duties as navigation, weapon alignment, radar stabilisation and automatic steering control. The master compass is little larger than a standard MAGNAVOX EMERGENCY STEERING CONTROL SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEM by is in within the limits laid the Royal Navy. down for The Arma-Brown compass system has been proven its extensive use in naval ships of 30 nationalities. Minimum shipboard maintenance is necessary; the gyro unit has a mean-time-between-failure record in excess of 25 000 hours. ARMA BROWN GYRO COMPASS AND MAGNETIC COMPASS, RETRANSMISSION INCLUDING COURSE CHART RECORDERS, BEARING AND STEERING REPEATERS, RADAR AND DF STABILISATION BRIDGE STEERING CONTROL, VERSATILE CONSOLE SYSTEM, ALL-ELECTRIC STEERING SYSTEM & AUTOPILOT RUDDER ENGINE CONTROL AND FEEDBACK UNITS POWER CONVERSION FOR GYRO COMPASS AND STEERING SYSTEMS STABILISED PLATFORM FOR WEAPON CONTROL MASTER STEERING CONTROL Typical reference and associated control equipments supplied for use in naval vessels Specification Settling point error: normal Turntable: ^0-5 Small angle Scorsby: Large angle Scorsby: total total +0-25 Humidity: 95% RH Shock: 16 g spread 1 spread 2 -5° 1-5 Vibration: maximum error Radio interference: none Follow-up rate: 100 per second (limiting rate before toppling (run mode): 50% to 65% at period 120 minutes Correction for speed: manual or automatic to 60 knots Damping Latitude range: magnetic fields: effectively nil Angular freedom: ± 50 in pitch and roll axes Temperature (operating): -10 to +50 C 80 north to 80 south as gyro compass; no All the above parameters meet or are better than spec MIL-C-1 A Hawker BROWN LIMITED Greycaine Road, Watford, Hertfordshire, Telephone: Watford 27241 as directional gyro Effect of S G 140 /second) limit WD2 4XU, England Cables: Sidbrownix Watford Telex: 23408 Siddeley 5952F (Ships) Company f& 125 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons CABLE DUCT MONITOR PANEL MONITOR PANEL DISPLAY DRIVE JUNCTION AREA COMPUTER SLOW SIGNAL INTERRUPT EQUIPMENT INTERFACE FM 1600 B COMPUTER ENCODER S Y C SS TE ER Q R | E MV J £ S C E T E R S E DECODERS RADAR EXTRACTORS RB KB PCU PCU CAAIS PSU PSU digital modular flexibility in wide FANS ^^^^^ 126 FANS equipment is designed on a considerable the creation of systems for a principle, offering variety of vessels. typical cabinet Illustrated arrangement for frigate, incorporating a Ferranti microminiature computer an is a ASW FM1600B Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons CAAIS Computer-assisted action information system CAAIS (Computer-Assisted Action Information System) data-handling systems is using Ferranti computers and equipment to be ordered by the Royal Navy. It is intended for fitting in frigates and smaller craft, for both new construction and subsequent fitting. The system has been specifically designed for small ship applications, with the primary aim of enhancing the performance of human operators by computerassistance in appropriate areas. It is adaptable on a modular basis to suit the requirements of different the latest of a series of digital classes of ship. in CAAIS provides many features normally found much bigger systems, such as: only Interlaced raw radar and computer-generated display picture Automatic tracking of air and surface radar targets Semi-automatic input of sonar and other data Digital data-link operation Target designation to weapon systems Special aids for anti-submarine and surface operations. With all this, CAAIS has been designed to a cost low is the data-link terminal equipment. Dimensions of a two-cabinet suite are 117 cm by 57 cm by 198 cm high (including shock mounts) and the total weight of the digital equipment is 500 kg. Each shelf module houses a number of withdrawable six-layer printed-circuit logic panels, on which are mounted Ferranti Micronor 2 micro-circuit elements. The panels plug into 12-layer printed circuit backboards. For system variation, extra modules may be separately, as added, or some units omitted; the input/output units are themselves modular, the number of panels fitted being adjusted to requirements. The principal units are: FM1600B computer {central processor): 24- bit parallel mode computer, operating at a clock rate of 3 MHz. Three-address, indirect addressing instruction enough This has been to permit widespread fitting. achieved by careful selection of operational requirements to give maximum cost-effectiveness, by the use of extremely economical Deccascan displays (which none the less provide all the essential features for this type of operation) and by the use of the highly efficient Ferranti FM1600B digital computer and the modular range of fully compatible associated units. These have been developed especially for naval systems and permit the adaptation of CAAIS to the widest range of ship applications. Specification The digital equipment modules for CAAIS are housed in two standard cabinets, each having its own power Main power (approxisupply unit and fan cooling. mately 2 kVA at 200 V 400 Hz) is required from a regulated supply. The cassette-loaded tape reader and tape punch (with spooling take-up unit) are mounted code. Core store: Typically 16 384 words of Ferranti 650 nanosecond core store; additional store modules may be added to a total of 65 536 words Computer interrupt equipment: Controls input/output of data via standard interfaces, and regulates interrupt priority. System services Include alarm logic, real-time clock, and control logic and power supply unit for tape reader and punch. Display drive unit: Provides synthetic character generation and positioning signals, synchronisation, 'interlace' and off-centring controls for up to six displays. 'Slow signal' interface: Provides multiplexed input and output control for single-bit (relay and switch) signals, up to a total of 144 incoming and 96 outgoing signals, as required. Encoder unit: All-solid-state device providing multiplexed input control and analogue-to-digital conversion for up to 28 synchro-resolver channels. Decoder (stepper) unit: Provides synchro outputs, the synchros being driven by stepper motors under closedloop control from the computer. Radar extractors (LAX): Provide gating control, quantisation, and binary coding of radar video for processing in the computer. Rolling ball and keyboard peripheral control units: Provide multiplexed input control for signals from up to 12 rolling ball and keyboard units respectively. FERRANTI LIMITED Systems Department Western Road, Bracknell, Berkshire, RG12 Digital Telephone: Bracknell 3232 Telex: 84117 1 RA, England FERRANTI 127 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons 128 — Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and Weapon control weapons system Data-handling and weapon-control for naval use In modern warfare, threats materialise and strike so quickly that it is physically impossible, without automatic assistance, for the commander to evaluate and retaliate rapidly enough to be effective. Thanks to the enormous range and variety of modern sensor equipment now available, the problem is further complicated by the sheer volume of information pouring into the command centre too quickly for human sorting and comprehension. Ferranti data-handling and weapon control systems provide the answer. Based on a range of sophisticated microminiature digital computers, Ferranti systems are capable of accepting automatically a mass of information from radars, sonars, passive equipment, data links, etc, of digesting, correlating, ordering and displaying information in clear, comprehensive form and, subject to command approval, of aiming, controlling and tiring such weapons as guns, anti-aircraft or anti-submarine missiles, torpedoes, etc. Ferranti systems can also, if required, do much more, such as assembling messages for data links, controlling radars, forecasting or recommending actions and Ferranti on order FM1600 computers are currently in service or for control of the following weapons: Seadart Seawolf Seacat IKARA Guns Torpedoes and in various systems for the control of aircraft and helicopter operations. solving navigational problems. Unique to Ferranti systems is the flexibility of operation offered both in terms of the range of vessels in which they can be fitted either as original equipment — or subsequently, and in the wide range of duties they can undertake. At the heart of all Ferranti systems lies either the computer the most the FM1600B advanced microminiature digital computers currently available. Ferranti has applied the same degree of sophistication to all the other modules vital to a complete, integrated system, such as modules for processing radar data, for encoding synchro outputs for weapon control, for operating data links and for generating information for display. These and many others are the 'building blocks' of Ferranti systems easily and quickly assembled in different configurations to create a system exactly tailored to any type of vessel FM1600 — or and any range of duties. Having worked closely with the Royal Navy and other members of NATO, Ferranti has wide experience, technical ability and large-scale resources to provide data-handling and weapon control systems to meet specific service requirements, present or future. FERRANTI LIMITED Digital Systems Department Western Road, Bracknell, Berkshire, Telephone: Bracknell 3232 Telex: 84117 RG12 1 RA, England FERRANTI 129 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons asp The Ferranti FM1600B microminiature computer incorporates the latest techniques in solid-state circuitry is an advanced parallel-mode designed for Ferranti action data automation (ADA) systems such as that installed in HMS Eagle Poseidon' computer Cerberus was specially designed as the Ferranti 'Green Ginger' data processing system, which is used to control the operation of Thunder- central processor for the bird II missiles Apollo' is general-purpose time-sharing a computer oriented to handle operational control tasks. It is installed at the Control Centre of Prestwick Airport, to test the use of computers in handling air traffic The FM1600 range of equipment is velopment of 'Poseidon', using the solid-state integrated circuit devices. faster and facilities. trials of 130 is latest It is improved input/output used in development and offers It a de- 'Sea Dart' missiles Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons data processor Digital FM1600B Ferranti microminiature computer FM1 600B is the latest and most advanced unit in a long line of military computers designed and made by Ferranti. These include Poseidon (now installed The Ferranti on the Royal Navy's aircraft HMS Eagle to Prestwick Airport carrier Now in production for: Seawolf control process action data), Apollo (used at tests to validate the use of computers in air traffic control), Cerberus (which controls the operation of Thunderbird II missiles), the F1600 (employed in the development of Sea Dart missiles), and the CAAIS FM1600. Radar simulators in All in these equipments have proved highly successful their tasks and have led computer technology Data handling for submarines Admiralty Research Laboratories in SHAPE their respective fields. The FM1 600B Gun/Seacat control the basic unit of the latest range of computer systems. Its outstanding feature is its compactness: with half the power of its immediate predecessor, the FM1600, it occupies only one-fifth of the space, thus offering considerable space savings for an equivalent data-handling capacity. The FM1 600B is the central processor of a complete range of modular electronic data processing units capable of handling the inputs and outputs of naval data handling and weapon control systems, air defence systems, message switching systems and air traffic control systems, as well as the requirements of a wide range of trainers and simulators. The equipment also suitable for use in computer programme is is Ferranti real-time military Technical Centre LEOK Trainers Universities development centres. Specification The Ferranti FM1600B unit is a single-shelf module comprising the central processor, one 4096-word block of 1;i.sec core store, drive and selection circuits. The complete module measures only 483 408 178mm (19x16 x7in) and weighs 18kg (40lb). The central processor comprises 19 six-layer printed circuit panels carrying a total of 1300 Ferranti integrated circuit devices. These logic circuit panels plug into a twelve-layer printed circuit backboard. The basic core store of 4096 words can be expanded to a total capacity of 63 536 words. The word format is twos complement type. The operating mode of the system is clock rate is 3MHz.Both fixed point and of the 24-bit, arithmetic The British is The floating point used. Ferranti and parallel. FM1600B equipment NATO fully conforms to specifications for electronic data handling equipment. FERRANTI LIMITED Digital Systems Department Western Road, Bracknell, Berkshire, Telephone: Bracknell 3232 Telex: 84117 RG12 1 RA, England FERRANTI 131 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Static frequency changers The company also responsible for the design, in co-operation with the Defence (Navy), production and installation of a range of static frequency changers and power inverters for various ship's is British Ministry of electrical systems. Brief details of standard units are given here; enquiries for these or for special units to serve individual requirements are welcome. Mk SFC no-break W static frequency changer of 80 peak for short periods. Designed 20 to British Ministry of Defence (Navy) specifications, the unit converts an input of 1 1 5 V, single-phase, 50/60 Hz into an output of 115V, single-phase, 60 Hz. Protection against supply failure is provided by a float-charged 24 V battery, which can maintain a continuous output for up to 30 minutes. The unit is inherently Left: the mean 1 capacity, is a and up to 1 W short-circuit-proof. Mk 4 SFC is a static frequency changer of 1 kVA Designed to MOD (Navy) specifications, the unit capacity. produces a 115V, single phase, 400 Hz output from a 400 V, three-phase, 60 Hz input. The unit is short-circuit-proof, with an overall efficiency of approximately 70 per cent and a total harmonic Right: the distortion of less than 5 per cent. \ * * "!"!'""»•••••*'***" Mk 3 SFC is a convection-cooled, no-break static frequency (Navy) specificaconverter of 2 kVA capacity. Designed to tions, the unit converts an input of 440 V, 50 or 60 Hz, three-phase into 115 V, 400 Hz, single and three-phase outputs. Local The MOD remote control and indication facilities are available. Protection against supply failure is provided by a float-charged 140 V (nominal) battery supply in a separate cabinet, which can maintain the output for up to 30 minutes, Trips are incorporated as a precaution against incorrect frequency and voltage outputs, and the battery charging current is monitored. 132 MOD (Navy) Mk 5 SPI is a static power inverter designed to specifications for submarines. The unit converts a dc input of The 1 70-320 V to two 115V, 400 Hz outputs of 1 kVA (three-phase) and 400 VA (single-phase) capacity. Local and remote control and indication facilities are provided and the unit is naturally cooled. Trips are employed as protection from incorrect frequency and voltage outputs. Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Naval control equipment Power servos and thyristor control systems Power servos The AEI Control Engineering Department of Marconi Radar Systems Ltd has been associated with naval servo systems since the 1 930s, and today designs and manufactures the remote power-control systems for the launchers and mountings of the Royal Navy's most modern weapon systems, including Sea Dart Seawolf RN Ikara 4-5 in Mk 8 gun A/S mortar Mk 10 Using the latest techniques of technology, world-wide experience semiconductor in this field is and enquiries are invited for the design and development of power servo systems for launchers, mountings and aerial turning gear. offered, Automatic voltage regulators AEI Control Engineering has, in conjunction with the British Ministry of Defence (Navy), developed a standard automatic voltage regulator known as the Mk 100 VR Series, which is suitable for conventional or brushless main and auxiliary generators. The advantage of this standardisation is that logistics problems are much simplified because the Mk 100 VR Series can be used with different types of generator on one ship a facility not available before. The Mk 1 00 VR is made up of a standard basic tray or sub-assembly on which the circuits common to all generators are mounted. Different units may be selected from a range of sub-units and easily attached to the basic tray to meet the specific generator requirements. This versatility means that the Mk 100 VR is suitable for operation with generator outputs of 1 1 7, 205, or 450 V and at frequencies of 60 or 400 Hz three-phase. — Sea Dart missile launch Other products addition to the equipments shown on these two pages, the AEI Control Engineering Department can also offer thyristor motor-control systems, degaussing equipment, cathodic protection equipment which is marketed jointly with Morgan Berkeley, three-term control systems, motor thermal protection units and several other items of control equipment including Standard Admiralty Modules. The cathodic protection equipment, a standard equipment for the Royal Navy, has recently been redesigned and new design techniques have reduced the equipment cost, size and weight by more than half. In Mk 100 VR A GEC-Marconi Electronics Series automatic voltage regulator Company MARCONI RADAR SYSTEMS LIMITED AEI Control Engineering Department New Parks, Leicester, LE3 1UF, England Telephone: Leicester 871 331 Cables: Assocelect Leicester Telex: 34551 133 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Systems management General-purpose systems processor suitable for military Missile systems: hydraulic and electric actuation; autopilot; computer systems r.*5, Gunfire control: ' large and small ship systems ! v Radar: --c ^ scanning; circular conventional parabolic electronic : polarisation; systems Ship inertial navigation systems (SINS): suitable for surface and underwater vessels to establish exact their position without external reference Automatic check-out equipment Gyro-compass systems: for surface vessels, submarines, fast patrol craft and amphibious vehicles Ship stabilisation: activated fin and tank stabilisation for all types of vessels; list control systems are also available Digital data handling Memory storage: fixed and floatinghead magnetic drum systems are available Torpedo systems: actuation; sensors; electric and hydraulic attitude control systems Mine counter-measure equipment Sea-bed vehicle navigation: based on the Sperry land vehicle navigation system 134 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Naval control systems Hardware, software and systems management A wide range of control equipment and systems, comsystems management back-up, has been developed for naval purposes. Some examples of costeffective Sperry systems are briefly described: plete with Hydraulic actuation A lightweight, rapid-response/high-torque actuation system has been designed primarily for missiles and torpedoes. Three versions are offered: a conventional system employing a separate gas (1 ) generator to power a hydraulic ring main. An advanced system employing iso-propyl nitrate both as a power source and as the hydraulic medium, whose principal advantages are improvements in weight, packing density (2) Hydraulic actuation unit and cost-effectiveness. An on-line hot-gas system, using hot gas at up to 1100 C, fed directly to the actuator. (3) Electric actuation lightweight, low-cost system designed especially for A the medium-torque range, typically for small missiles. Power take-off is either torpedoes and from a propeller shaft or separate electric motor. The system is offered either as a single module, or in multiples as a package. applications in Gyros A wide use. A range of gyros is offered for civil and military example for a weapons application is a two-axis unit which has a free drift rate of better than e an hour, with a run-up time of 20 seconds. The 1 instrument is packaged in a 152 mm (6 in) diameter Electric actuation unit typical sphere. Safety and arming devices in this field. A typical safety and comprises pressure-sensitive switches, g-sensitive switches and a mechanical double-inte- Sperry are specialists arming unit grating accelerometer. Electronic data processing To match Sperry's capability in actuation systems, the Division has developed a strong electronics facility, the emphasis being on digital systems. The Division has for a number of yearssupplied home and foreign navies with memory systems for tactical data handling. Fixed and floating-head units are available in capacities up to 8 Megabits. Two-axis missile gyro Systems managemant Sperry Gyroscope Division maintains a comprehensive systems management facility backed by simulator, computer, PERT and theoretical studies departments, whose tasks include the development of advanced integrated systems and subsequent systems management. Cost-effectiveness is the keynote of the operation. SPERRY GYROSCOPE DIVISION Sperry Telephone: Bracknell 3222 Cables: memory store JL Rand Limited Downshire Way, Bracknell, Berkshire, RG12 Floating-head QL, England Telex: 84129 Sperigyco Bracknell 1 135 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Gyroscope systems for marine navigation Mk 23 gyro-compass system The Sperry Mk 23 gyro compass is a small true-north-seeking compass designed specifically as standard equipment for surface vessels, submarines, fast patrol and craft where amphibious vehicles, and accuracy under severe operating conditions are essential. It consists of a master unit and control panel, with additional alarm control, speed signal potentiometer (electro-magnetic log), one or more alarm bells, one or more annunciators and an isolating transformer as reliability required. The compass is error, latitude error operate as compensated for speed and unbalance. It can directional a gyro high at synchronous outputs of 1-1 and 36-1 speed/heading data which can be fed into a compass retransmission unit with either synchro outputs or stepping outputs to navigational and other systems' heading receivers. Many naval vessels compass systems, one the other for weapons; Mk it is also fitted as a instrument in major warships using the Sperry Mk 19 gyro compass. Specification 0-2deg Accuracy in gyro compass mode: 90% accuracy ±0-5deg; maximum error ~ 0-75deg Settling time from within ± 5deg of settling point: Settling repeatability: • 30min Maximum the 0-5deg/h drift as a directional gyro: first Mk consists of error in magnetic of field 10 gauss: ±1-5deg two major components: the The Sperry master compass and the electronics low-cost, highly accurate heading reference specifically designed to meet the requirements of small military and commercial vessels. It complies with all For military specifications for small-craft com- The system requires only 0057m 3 (2ft 3 space and 50W of input power for for 2h Maximum passes. 23 and stand-by latitudes and has an electronic follow-up system which provides smooth accurate 27 gyro-compass system Mk 27 gyro compass is a new, dual utilise for navigation, operation directly from 115V, 60-400Hz power supply, converter also is Mean is power Overall provided. accuracy of the system a unit. ship's the ±0-5 degrees. time between failure on the gyro element is in excess of 20 OOOh. ) of operation. It provides a direct (conven- tional marine type) readout for installations employing the steering station. master compass at the The equipment can also be supplied with transmitters for compatibility with the Sperry gyro pilot automatic steering stand, radar, sonar and other systems requiring heading informa- •,/,#. I tion. The 27 gyro compass equipment Sperry tape-type heading indicators may be used either as heading indicators or steering repeaters and are specially designed for receiving master compass transmissions of the synchronous type. ,: jj They are most suitable for the bridge, chartroom, captain's cabin and operations room. steering Settling point error: » 0-5deg Typical peak error at sea: 1 -5deg Roll and pitch clearance: 45deg Heading transmission system: (a) step transmission; (b) 1 -speed or 1- and 36-speed synchro (either | | 60or400Hz) Power requirements: 24V dc with power converter Starting power: Mk Tape-type heading indicator f™"™™^^ffi^" r' Specification position, Heading is shown by large graduations and figures viewed through a rectangular glass window, which is wide enough to Rand Telephone: Bracknell 3222 136 Cables: Sperigyco Bracknell Telex: 84129 100W (5min) 50W display 15 lubber line. degrees lighting adjustable; either side of the Heading or rate of change of heading can easily be observed from one side of the bridge to the other. Accuracy is ±0-25 degree for synchro transmission and ^0 25 degree for step transmission relative to the master compass. The instrument is fully weather-proofed and built to meet specification DEF 133 The operating temperature Section N2. Backrange is from -10 C to +55°C. fitted. Limited Downshire Way, Bracknell, Berkshire, RG12 1QL, England 115V 60-400Hz Operating power: SPERRY GYROSCOPE DIVISION Sperry or ~M7 is red filters are S541 Charts of sea lanes and coastal areas For some years the Hydrographic Department of the Ministry of Defence has been considering a new style for the Admiralty Chart. The aims have been to improve its legibility and usefulness to the mariner, and to make increasing use of modern techniques to enable new information to be the chart more speedily. In addition, thought has been applied to the "metrication" of Admiralty Charts in view of the United Kingdom Government's declared policy to convert all measurements to metric units. This change should be of considerable benefit to many overseas users of Admiralty Charts who normally employ incorporated in metric units. The which result has will a new style chart has been adopted radically different from former Admiralty of the old and new styles are shown here. been that look Charts. Examples The new style charts will show depths and heights in metres. colours and style of lettering will be used and the result be a general simplification and greater legibility. New will The Hydrographic Department The Hydrographic Department dates from 1795 when the Board of Admiralty appointed Mr Alexander Dalrymple, Hydrographer of the East India Company, as the first Hydrographer of the Navy. Before this, the collection of charts and hydrographic information was the responsibility of the individual ships' captains which proved a haphazard business. It resulted in more ships being lost by stranding and shipwreck than by enemy action. During the term of office of the second Hydrographer of the Navy, Captain T Hurd, RN, ships of the Royal Navy were getting the best charts available. The present Hydrographer of the Navy, Rear Admiral G S Ritchie, CB, DSC. FRICS, is the nineteenth and all, with the exception of Mr Alexander Dalrymple, have been naval officers. Department now provides a comprecoverage of navigational charts and publications. Great Britain is one of the few countries which The Hydrographic world-wide hensive can provide this coverage. British Admiralty Charts are used the world over by all nationalities. The primary concern of the Hydrographic Department is of course the needs of the Royal Navy, but consideration is also given to the needs of the British Merchant Service and foreign shipping. Apart from charts and publications supplied to the Royal Navy and United Kingdom Government Departments, the value of sales of charts at home and abroad last year was more than £ 800 000, nearly two thirds of which was for sales abroad. The distribution of Admiralty Charts and hydrographic publications is made through appointed commercial agencies throughout the world, but further details and information are available from: MINISTRY OF DEFENCE (NAVY) The Hydrographic Department Taunton, Somerset, England Telephone: 0823-7900 Cables: Creechup Telex: 46274 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Navigational computer and other data-processing systems The company is among the leading authorities on ways in which computers may be used in situations where a mass of data has to be collated, analysed and presented, as for instance in ship navigation and maritime research. On-line real-time electronic data-processing systems are supplied that produce plots, graphs, charts and drawings in cartesian form from an input of positional data from any type of navigation aid and other measured The required forms of input and output vary widely among users. Each system is, therefore, likely to be unique but all are identified by or recorded parameters. the generic name of Hydroplot. Hydroplot, which is particularly suitable for research and scientific applications, is installed on the ocean survey ships H MS Hecate, H MS Hecla and HMS Hydra as well as on the Fishery Research Vessel Explorer. Great benefit may be derived by both naval and merchant vessels from using computer-based systems that can undertake many of the tasks associated with management, such as collision avoidance, satellite navigation, and weapon systems organisation. Commodore is a co-ordinated system which, using an online computer, handles both economically and effectively a ship's total requirements of this sort. By accepting inputs from such devices as radar, sonar, radio navigation aids and communication equipment, Commodore can provide assistance in navigation, ship handling, weather routeing, loading and other duties. Electronic Electronic Communication Communication Bulk Data Storage iavigation Flat Receivers Bed Plotter Time Radar Central Ship's Alpha-Numeric High Speed Processor Sensors Display Instruments Roll Plotter Map Reading Equipment Printer Man- Machine nterface Paper Tape f A GEC-Marconi Electronics Paper Tape * Indicators Company MARCONI SPACE AND DEFENCE SYSTEMS LTD Naval Division Chobham Road, Frimley, Camberley, Surrey, England Telephone: Camberley 63311 Cables: Elliotauto Camberley Telex: 85289 137 Section 4: Surface sensors, controi systems and weapons The Type A32 naval mounting ensures effective The Type A41 naval mounting provides a simple and inexpensive form of defence with 138 minimum operator training AA defence Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Gun mountings for vessels of all Gyro-stabilised twin 30 mm gun The Type A32 mounting provides sive types mounting Type A32 effective but inexpenaircraft and missiles, defence against very low-flying together with a significant surface-to-surface role. optical control when gyro-stabilisation the gives an excellent aiming capability even in the roughest seas. Coupled to a ship's fire control director it can also be used for remote It can be used under local operation. The rapid rate of fire and control performance result in a high hit probability which, combined with the very low weight of the system, enables it to form either the main armament of modern high-speed patrol boats or the secondary weapon system in larger vessels. Specification mm cannon Type 831 L Muzzle velocity: 1080m/sec (3540 ft/sec) Total rate of fire: 1 300 rounds/min Max effective AA range: 3000 m (3300 yd) *Ammunition capacity: 320 rounds Ammunition: details are given elsewhere in Weight of mounting: 1642 kg (36121b) (without ammunition and gunner) Weight of 320 rounds: 320 kg (704 lb) Armament: twin 30 Elevation arc: 80 to -15 Overall height: 1 46 (4 80 ft) Swept radius at elevation: 2 52 m (8 25 ft) Aiming control: Remote: fire director Local: two-motion controller with emergency m this Catalogue *Electrical manual drive power supply: 440 V 3-phase 60 Hz: 115V single phase 400 Hz *Gunsight: gyroscopic lead angle computing. Nife reflector or Delta IV *Standard specifications may be altered to Traverse arc: unlimited suit customers' special requirements Manually operated single 20 mm pedestal gun mounting Type A41 is the simplest form of armament of the various types manufactured by BMARC. Its elementary construction and simple operation The A41 mounting fulfil the requirements of modern customs and coastal patrol launches. Specification Type 804 70 Type 820L 85 cal barrel cal barrel 20 mm Muzzle velocity: 835 m/sec (2750 ft/sec) Rate of fire: up to 800 rounds/min Feed mechanism: 60-round drum magazine Weight of mounting: 157 kg (345 lb) 20 mm 1050 m/sec 3445 ft/sec) up to 1000 rounds/min 50-round drum magazire 157 kg (345 lb) Traverse arc: unlimited Elevation arc: -10 to -33 Overall height: 1 6 m (63 in) -10 Calibre: Swept radius at elevation: Control: manual operation unlimited 1 -7 m (67-5 -6 to - 33 m m (63 in) 2-1 (83 in) manual operation ring-and-bead type 1 in) Gunsight: ring-and-bead type A BRITISH MANUFACTURE AND RESEARCH CO LTD HISPANO SUIZA Springfield Road, Grantham, Lincolnshire, England Telephone: Grantham 2101 Cables: Marco Telex Grantham MEMBER OF THE Telex: 37635 ARMAMENTS GROUP 139 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and Look-out and aiming sight The look-out and aiming sight Mk weapons Mk 1 covers in one unit the functions which in the past have required separate air 1 look-out sights and aiming sights. It has been engineered to meet the very arduous environmental conditions encountered at sea in small ships, with the maximum of reliability and the minimum of operator fatigue. The sight is fully stabilised and its main functions are: 1 To serve as air look-out, particularly for surface and low-flying aerial targets 2 To transmit target indication of such targets to a main fire-control system 3 To be conned by the ship's sensors or by a main fire-control system on to a particular target requiring visual examination, for instance for identification 4 To operate as a visual aiming sight directly controlling an associated gun. Against surface targets, the sight is provided with a surface fire computer contained in an emergency fire control box which is separately manned 5 To be used by a safety officer for practice shoots In the design the principle of unit construction has been widely applied. This makes the sight readily adaptable to a variety of ship fitting applications as a complete lightweight visual, visual/television or visual/radar fire-control system for guns or guided missiles. Code No NSN 1 265-99-520-91 1 2 under the The sight is in production for the Royal Navy, and has the title 'sight, stabilised, visual and data transmission'. NATO 140 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and weapons Gun mounting and aiming sight for naval guns 4.5 inch Mk 8 gun mounting The 4-5 in Mk 8 mounting has been specified by the British Naval Staff to give the optimum naval gun for the 1970s and 80s. With fully automatic operation, long range, great accuracy and a high-capacity shell, it has exceptional performance in surface fire and support fire overland. The mounting employs the new N99 role selective fuse to give the highest probability of destroying low and medium-altitude aircraft and missile targets which pose the major threat from the air in the future. This round includes the following new features: Improved shell design to give better lethality Cool propellant offering an exceptional increase in barrel life to over 5000 rounds. This avoids frequent barrel changes and reduces costs A unique method of fixing the shell and holding so allowing high ramming speeds it rigid in the cartridge, High muzzle velocity and long range Elimination of primer misfires A new very versatile fuse VICKERS LIMITED Vickers House, Millbank, Telephone: 01 -828 7777 London SW1 Cables: Vickers , England London SW1 Telex: 27921 ViCKers 141 Section 4: Surface sensors, control systems and Electro-magnetic ship's log Aeronautical & General Instruments Ltd 40 Purley Way, Croydon, CR9 3BH, England 142 weapons AGI logs provide continuous electro- magnetic readings of ship's speed and distance covered with an accuracy and reliability unmatched by any other The Royal Navy has specified this system. equipment for surface and undersea vessels. Speed range: 0-60 knots. Accuracy of speed and distance indication: 0-1 per cent of full scale. Other speed and accuracies available. Synchro or Telephone: 01-684 3211 Hull fittings suitable dc remote indication. and double-skin craft. Independent salinity. Operator training courses arranged. single Cables: Instradio Croydon Telex: 262960 for of Section 5 Propulsion and auxiliary machinery 143 Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Over 70 000 operating hours have been accumulated by Marine Gnome gas turbines in British hovercraft, such as the SR. N6, since 1 964. They have successfully operated in many parts of the world, including regions with such extreme climatic conditions as North Canada, Borneo, Scandinavia, Brunei, Iceland and Libya. In military evaluated r ^, <^ ;* in — Warden Class (SR. N5 one Gnome) one Gnome) have been jungle swamp, ice, over rapids and in operations the and the Winchester Class (SR. N6 — conditions of and coastal waters. river estuaries The Marine Gnome is a shaft engine with a very specific fuel consumption compact lightweight axial-flow twogood power/weight ratio and a low Proteus-powered boat HMS Brave Borderer commenced 1958, and since then the British Royal Navy has had continuous sea experience with the Marine Proteus. In HMS Brave Borderer, as in her sister ship HMS Brave Swordsman, three Marine Proteus engines form the sole propulsive machinery. The success of these installations led to the adoption of the Marine Proteus by the navies of Germany, Denmark, Greece, Sweden, Italy, Malaysia, Brunei, Iran, Libya and the USA. The Marine Proteus also has ideal power characteristics for hydrofoil craft and hovercraft. The Mountbatten Class hovercraft (SR N4) has four Proteus, the Wellington Class (BH. 7) one Proteus, and the BH. 8 two Proteus engines. The US Navy's hydrofoils USS High Point and Tucumcari also have Proteus engines The first sea trials in The Marine Tyne RM 1 is a free power turbine engine of 4100 bhp. It has been developed from the earlier Marine Tyne Mk 621 that powers the United States Navy's hydrofoil USS Flagstaff and the Dolphin passenger-carrying hydrofoil. 1 The has been ordered by the Ministry of RM Defence (Navy) as the cruise engine for all future frigates and destroyers for the Royal Navy. It will be supplied in a packaged or module form to simplify installation and to ensure easy access for servicing. Olympus gas turbine, adopted mainly from its gas generator lightweight unit producing high power, and having a longestablished reputation for reliability in exacting duties as an The outstanding advantages of the for larger ships, are derived — power plant, and in industrial applications. 1966 the Admiralty Board approved the conversion of the Blackwood Class Frigate HMS Exmouth (1500 tons) to all-gas aircraft In turbine power. This ship, now in service with the Royal Navy, has power with two Proteus engines for cruising. This configuration gives the British Royal Navy the first major warship with all-gas turbine machinery. The Royal Navy has chosen the Olympus as the boost engine for all future frigates and destroyers. Two engines in module form will be installed in each Type 21 frigate and Type 42 destroyer, with two Tyne engines in a COGOG machinery arrangement. The Type 82 destroyer at present under construction will also have two Olympus gas turbines, and steam turbines in a COSAG arrangement. Olympus engines are also in service with the Finnish Navy and on order by the navies of Iran, Libya, Malaysia and Thailand. one Olympus engine 144 installed for full Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Gas turbine engines Marine propulsion units In 1 958 the Royal Navy started sea trials on a new class of fast patrol boat powered by Rolls-Royce marine gas turbines. Since then 13 other navies have ordered Rolls-Royce gas turbines for similar craft. Many are The Royal Navy have now chosen these service. engines for all future warships. By the end of 1969 Rolls-Royce marine gas turbines in 180 000 hours of sea-going ex50 Olympus, 29 Tyne and 98 Gnome engines were in service or on order. accumulated had perience, and 200 Proteus, All British gas turbine-powered hovercraft in quantity production have Rolls-Royce engines and the second generation of both military and civil hovercraft will have them too. Specifications Gnome Marine Marine Tyne The Marine Gnome engine consists of a 10-stage axial compressor driven by a two-stage turbine, an annular combustion chamber and a mechanically independent single-stage turbine which drives the power output shaft. Max rating: Continuous 1050bhp 900bhp rating: in a Length: 1666mm (65-5in) Width: 314mm (12-36in) Height: 519mm (20-4in) Weight: 147kg (324lb), 201kg (444lb) with reduction gear Fuel: DERD 1494 Avtur Fuel consumption: Oil Max litre (1 -2pt)/h 00 bhp mm mm 0283kg (0-625lb)/bhp/h max consumption: 0-75 pedestal. rating: 41 Length: 4343 (14 ft 3 in) Length (complete module): 5562 (18 ft 3 in) Width: 1828mm (6ft) Height: 2692 mm (8ft 10in) Weight: 14 062 kg (31 000 lb) Fuel: BSS 2869 Class A Fuel consumption: 0-221 kg (0494 lb)/bhp/h DERD 2487 Oil: The Marine Tyne RM 1 engine has a six-stage low-pressure compressor in tandem with a nine-stage high-pressure compressor, each driven independently by a single-stage turbine through co -axial shafts. The gas generator is connected to a separate two-stage axial-flow power turbine with the drive shaft supported max DERD 2493 Oil: Oil consumption: 0-56 litre (1 pt)/h max Marine Proteus Marine Olympus The Marine Proteus engine is a simple-cycle, lightweight gas turbine with a combined 12-stage axial and a single-stage centrifugal compressor, eight combustion chambers and independent compressor and power turbines. The Marine Olympus gas generator is a high-pressure ratio unit with a five-stage low-pressure compressor and a seven-stage high-pressure compressor. Each compressor is driven by its own single-stage turbine through co-axial shafts. The gas generator is connected to a separate power turbine which is a Max rating: Continuous 4250bhp rating: 3400bhp single-stage axial-flow type, with the rotor shaft supported Fuel: DEF 2402 —TM in a pedestal. 27 200bhp Output shaft speed: 5660rev/min max Max Length: 2890mm (113in) Width: 1070mm (42in) Weight: 1413kg (31181b) rating 3: Length: 6860mm (22ft 6in) Width: 3300mm (10ft 10in) diesel Height: Fuel consumption: 0-26kg (0-58lb)/bhp/h max OEP 71 Oil consumption: 0-28 litre (0-5pt)/h average 2900mm (9ft 6in) Weight: 13 155kg (58 0001b) Oil: Gas generator: Length: 3580mm (11ft 9in) Width: 1300mm (4ft 3in) Weight: 2950kg (65001b) BSS 2869 class A Fuel consumption: 0-22kg (0 490lb)/bhp/h Fuel: Oil: Oil max DERD 2487 consumption: 0-84 litre (1 -5pt)/h max ROLLS-ROYCE LIMITED and Marine Gas Turbine Division PO Box 72, Ansty, Coventry, CV7 9JR, England Industrial Telephone: Walsgrave-on-Sowe 3211 Cables: Roycov Coventry Telex: 31637 145 Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery The Paxman 16-cylinder Ventura engine an outstanding unit for marine propulLight, compact and dependable, it is available in a wide range of rated power to suit naval vessels of many different types is sion. Royal Libyan Navy corvette built by Vosper Ltd powered by twin Paxman 16-cylinder Ventura engines each developing 1900bhp HMS Hecate survey ship 1 hasdiesel-electric drive by three 2-cylinder Ventura engines totalling 3840bhp MOD Paxman (Air) long-range recovery and support craft Seal powered by two 16cylinder Ventura engines each rated at 2000bhp 146 at 1485rev/min Section Propulsion and auxiliary machinery 5: Diesel engines Ventura range for marine propulsion Paxmans have for many years been leaders in the field of compact, high-output prime movers and the design and construction of the Ventura range is another major technological advance based on experience accumulated from millions of running hours by Paxman vee-form diesels. Particular attention has been paid to: Compactness All extraneous equipment, coolers, free-end engine dimensions giving a remarkably small high-powered package. drives, etc., are packed oil Engine speed 6 rev/min Brake Brake Brake Brake 1500 1250 1200 1000 hp hp hp hp 8 6 12 8 12 16 16 YJXM YJCM YJXM YJCM JYXM YJCM YJXM YJCM 550 510 500 450 700 620 600 525 750 680 670 600 1150 1025 1000 900 925 825 800 700 1530 1370 1350 1200 1400 1235 1200 1050 1850 1650 1600 1400 inside the overall These are continuous ratings intended for sustained high-speed running, meeting the requirements of continuous duty and diesel-electric drive. Low weight This has been achieved with the use of the latest and fabricating techniques without sacrificing any the well-known Paxman ruggedness. metallurgical Propulsion engines for high-speed patrol craft of Special ratings are available for vessels requiring high Smooth power flow Stringent control of tolerances and finishmoving parts together with ultra-fine balancing of crankshaft and flywheel gives vibration-free running over the full and fluctuating speed/load range. ing of all Quietness The pressure charging combines high volumetric Rating, bhp Engine speed rev/min Max 6 8 6 power 12 8 for 12 short periods 16 16 YJXM YJCM YJXM YJCM JYXM YJCM YJXM YJCM Inter 1600 1550 750 690 850 770 1000 920 1200 1100 1500 1380 1800 1650 2000 1840 2400 2200 Cont 1500 625 700 825 1000 1250 1500 1650 2000 efficiency with a muffling of the exhaust note. Economy Pressure charging of air into the advanced design combustion chamber with a highly efficient fuel injection system ensures economy of operation and clean exhaust gases. Maintenance A characteristic of Paxman vee-form diesels is the run for long periods between overhauls, 20 OOOh in some cases. This, combined with the clear access to components requiring routine maintenance means that down-time is a very small percentage of the total working life. ability to Interchangeability A large number of wearing parts are common throughout the range and replacement spares, machined to precision limits, can be instantly exchanged without hand This fitting. where a is of particular benefit to multi-engine installations common spares stock can be held. Maximum rating may rating is the power available for short periods. Frequent use of this increase maintenance down-time. Intermittent rating is the of the total running hours. for short periods not exceeding 10% Continuous rating is intended for sustained high-speed running meeting the requirements of continuous duty as generally applied to patrol craft of the highspeed type. Ratings are for temperatures not exceeding 29 C (YJXM) or with the temperature of the water supply to the intercooler not exceeding 24 C (YJCM). Engine data Number of cylinders: 6, 8, 12, 16 216mm Bore and stroke: 197 x (7-75 X 8-5in) Cycle: 4-stroke Compression ratio: 13:1 Full-load speed range: 750-1 500rev/min Mean piston speed at 1500rev/min: 10-8m/sec (2125ft/min) Dimensions and weights = LC Length (engine and coupling only) Width over HB = HD = bearers Height Height Engine mm 6 1745 1137 (68-75) (44-75) 1745 1137 (68-75) (44-75) 1850 1137 (72-75) (44-75) YJXM 6 YJCM 8 YJXM (in) mm (in) mm (in) mm (in) Dry weight kg (lb) 641 (25-25) 1257 3660 (49-5) (8050) 641 (25-25) 1257 3750 (49-5) (8275) 641 (25-25) 1675 (660) 4250 (9350) 1850 1137 (72-75) (44-75) 641 (25-25) 1675 (660) 4360 YJCM 12 2220 1283 711 1638 5180 YJXM (87-5) (50-5) (280) (64-5) (11 12 2220 1283 711 1638 5460 YJCM (87-5) (50-5) (280) (64-5) (12 025) 16 2720 1283 743 (107) (50-5) (29-25) 1675 (660) 6950 YJXM 16 2720 1283 743 (107) (50-5) (29-25) 1675 (660) 7220 YJCM 8 A Management Company power usable (9600) 400) (15 300) (15 900) of English Electric Diesels Ltd RUSTON PAXMAN DIESELS LIMITED Vulcan Works, Newton -le-Willows, Lancashire, England Telephone: Newton-le-Willows 5151 Telex: 62366 1968 1969 147 Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Top: maintenance escort vessel RNAS Stalwart with five 16 YJCAZ and two 12 YJCAZ engines installed Left: one the of engines installed in Class guided missile Ventura 16-cylinder HMS Fife, a County supplying frigate, for electrical power Below: view of the engine room of Hecate, a Royal HMS Navy survey ship. Powered by three 12-cylinder Ventura engines coupled with generators each producing 610kW for main propulsion duties, Paxman a there are engines also two coupled 6-cylinder to 300kW generators for electrical power supplies Below left: a 750kW Paxman Ventura generating main standby set installed in supertankers Esso Malaysia and Esso Mercia. Paxman -powered generators supply power for various duties including emergency and auxiliary power for fire pumps and deck machinery for 16 vessels completed or building in European shipyards UZ Section Propulsion and auxiliary machinery 5: Diesel engines for marine auxiliary duties Backed by over a century of engineering experience, most powerful engines Paxman range of marine auxiliary diesel engines offers many characteristic advantages. There is the high output combined with a relatively low weight, com- the production; its weight class now in are all-important. Adopted as standard by the Ministry of Defence (Naval), the YJ or Ventura as it is called has an output ranging — — from 475 to 1920bhp. Although outputs are high, running costs are low these are easily-proven facts. The shorter stroke of the Paxman engine means that piston speed, the really vital factor, is most moderate. For example, the 197mm (7-75in) stroke (RPH or YH) diesel running at 1 200rev/min has a piston speed of 470m/min (1 550ft/ min). This may be compared with a vertical unit of similar power but with a 305mm (1 2in) stroke which, at 750rev/min, would have a piston speed of 460m/min Other features contributing to the low (1 500ft/min). running costs are the small size and low weight of the cylinder heads, pistons and other components, which make overhaul and maintenance a simple procedure. Periods between major overhauls often exceed 20 OOOh. Because of their inherent reliability, Paxman marine auxiliary engines are particularly suitable for multiunit installations operating under remote or automated First is the RPH, with outputs from 1 37 to 825bhp and speeds of up to 1500rev/min. The result of some 30 years of progressive development, this series of heavy-duty engines has a proven history of reliability and a service life unsurpassed by any other make of diesel throughout the world. Second is the YH series, direct-injection in particularly suitable for installations where space considerations pactness which is a main advantage of the vee-form design, smooth running, long service life between overhauls, and the ability to operate satisfactorily on marine diesel oil Class B. In addition, the higher outputs of the smaller units in the range make them particularly suitable for driving the modern 60Hz ac generator. The Paxman range of auxiliary engines covers outputs of from 1 00 to 1 920bhp, with from four to 1 cylinders, and can be supplied with natural aspiration, turbo-charging, or turbo-charging with charge intercooling. The range covers four basic designs, with many of the wearing parts commonly interchangeable. a is it version of the RPH, with outputs 1 1 OObhp. Third istheYJ, oneof the ranging from 690to control. Typical outputs, dimensions and weights Marine Engine rev/min :1500 4RPHZ .. 4RPHXZ 4RPHCZ 6RPHZ .. 6RPHXZ 6RPHCZ 8RPHZ 8RPHXZ 8RPHCZ 12RPHZ 12RPHXZ 12RPHCZ . 12YHXZ.. 12YHCZ.. 6YJXZ 6YJCZ 8YJXZ 8YJCZ 12YJXZ 12YJCZ 16YJXZ 16YJCZ . . . . . . . . . . 176 223 275 274 334 413 366 447 550 618 825 960 1030 600 700 825 960 1230 1440 1650 1920 168 111 154 188 188 211 143 184 165 217 280 286 255 312 383 432 465 581 670 720 415 490 578 675 870 1020 1165 1365 273 244 317 409 325 422 546 512 634 820 900 850 550 610 735 840 1100 1260 1470 1680 bhp'kW 221 290 376 355 438 573 630 600 380 425 512 590 770 890 1045 1200 137 190 241 209 286 362 280 380 482 440 572 724 700 738 475 550 660 770 990 1160 1320 1540 Width Length mm 1000 1200 121 231 671 auxiliary rating 92 130 163 142 196 245 190 262 334 303 394 450 505 520 330 380 458 539 693 814 930 1090 2410 2460 2460 2720 2740 2790 3070 3120 3120 3580 3730 3810 4545 4700 3480 3480 3710 3835 4215 4140 4750 4800 in 95 97 97 107 108 110 121 123 123 141 147 150 179 185 137 137 146 151 166 163 187 189 mm 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1650 1520 1520 1520 1675 1650 1450 1450 1575 1575 1700 1675 1675 1780 Weight Height in 59 59 59 59 59 59 59 59 65 60 60 60 66 65 57 57 62 62 67 66 66 70 mm 1700 1680 1800 1750 1700 1800 1750 1780 1800 1960 2130 2240 2195 1860 1995 1995 2440 2440 2540 2640 2665 2665 in 67 66 71 69 67 71 69 70 71 77 84 88 86-5 73 77 77 96 96 100 104 105 105 kg 4380 4670 4800 5520 5670 5920 6400 6720 6870 8470 9900 10 300 9880 10 750 7860 8120 9270 9850 11 250 12 600 14 000 15 400 lb 9560 300 550 150 500 050 150 850 100 18 650 21 850 22 700 21 800 23 725 17 350 17 820 20 400 21 770 27 000 27 800 33 050 34 050 10 10 12 12 13 14 14 15 Z denotes marine auxiliary or diesel-electric propulsion For diesel-electric propulsion ratings are reduced by approximately 10 percent Weight includes underbase and generator X Denotes pressure-charged C Denotes intercooled pressure-charged Starting equipment: electric, air or hydraulic The marine auxiliary rating complies with Lloyd's unrestricted service requirements for engines operating in ambient temperatures up to 45 C (normally aspirated or pressure-charged) or 30 C seawater temperature (intercooled. pressure-charged). For diesel electric propulsion and pumping duties, the temperatures are 29 C and 24 C A Management Company of English Electric Diesels Ltd RUSTON PAXMAN DIESELS LIMITED Vulcan Works, Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, England Telephone: Newton-le-Willows 5151 Telex: 62366 <8> 1968 1969 149 Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Top: Deltic-powered fast patrol boats of the Royal Norwegian Navy. These 'Nasty' class FPBs have two turbocharged engines of 3100shp each Upper left: a motor torpedo boat of the Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force powered by three Deltic turbo-blown engines developing a total of 9300shp Lower left: Peruvian fast a patrol boat of charged Deltic engines developing of the Navy powered by two turboa total 6200shp Bottom left: a 'Ton' class coastal minesweeper of the Royal Australian Navy. Over 65 of this class of ship powered by two Deltic engines each of 1500shp are in service throughout the world Bottom right: an installation pair of engines for a coastal minesweeper. Panels can be easily removed for servicing purposes accoustically 150 clad Deltic Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Diesel engines range for marine propulsion Deltic The Deltic engine was designed specifically for use by the Royal Navy and, although unique in the triangular arrangement of cylinder blocks, crankcases and crankshafts, only proven principles of opposed-piston practice, and the equally proven forkand-blade rod design fitted conventional type are used. in Acoustic cladding Special acoustic cladding has been developed to reduce diese noise. It is arranged in easily removable panels. As regards heat insulation, it is assumed that 2 percent of the total heat energy available from consumed fuel in a liquid-cooled engine can be accounted for in radiation. Although the acoustic cladding is not a complete insulator, it can be expected that a total increase in cooling capacity of approximately 5 percent would be required and it is suggested that the normally fitted coolers (with excess capacity in the order of 10-15 percent) would accommodate this increase. This cladding method can also be applied to other diesel engines. countless vee-form engines of The triangular configuration, coupled with the extensive use of the engine castings, has considerable advantages, providing an extremely compact power unit with, for a compression-ignition engine, an unusually high power/weight ratio. For example, the CT18-42K engine (see engine data) offers 3840bhp with a ratio of 1-43kg/hp (3 1 5lb/hp), bmep is conservatively rated at 9 45kg/cm 2 (134-4lb/in 2 ). A special feature of the Deltic range of marine engines is the reverse reduction gearbox which can be supplied as a unit integral with the engine. Even when fitting this unit, a power/ weight ratio of just under 1-8kg/shp (4lb/shp) is achieved and the basic concept of a compact power unit is enhanced by this light alloy for feature. The original specification called for an engine with a low maintenance factor capable of being dealt with by semi-skilled engine room staff, and only minor attention is called for during the life of the engine up to major servicing. The complete interchangeability of common parts and components, such as auxiliary pumps and control units, permits the extensive use of the repair-by-replacement technique. Major units of the engine such as the blower, phasing gear case and reverse reduction gearbox, are also interchangeable thus reducing servicing time. For fast patrol boat installations where boat trim and space limitations are of major significance, a vee-drive gearbox can be supplied which enables a particularly compact installation arrangement to be achieved. To match the concept of light weight and compactness, a special range of ancillary installation equipment has been developed in conjunction with the respective manufacturers of exhaust and air intake silencers, coolant heat exchangers, oil coolers and priming pumps. A Deltic-engined installation offers substantial advantages where weight and space affect the performance of the vessel and often make possible machinery arrangements previously considered impracticable. Technical data No of cylinders common to all Section through No 2 cylinders of Deltic Type CT18-42K Deltic marine engines 18; cylinder bore 1302mm (5 125in); stroke 184mm 2 (7-25in opposed-piston compression-ignition engines operating on the two-stroke cycle and employ either a mechanically driven scavenge blower or a turbocharger. On the higher rated CT' engines charge-air coolers are introduced and are integral with the turbocharger unit. The engines are liquid- 2) cooled with exchangers. closed circuit system incorporating thermostatic valves and heat Lubrication system is on the dry sump principle with scavenge oil pump returning oil to a service tank via an oil cooler; a thermostatic valve controls the temperature. Deltic engines are a Engine data Full-load Engine type 18-25K T18-27K . T18-37K' . CT18-50K* Full-load Engine weight less gearbox kg (lb) Overall length less Overall gearbox width Speed bmep rating range kg/cm 2 bhp power bhp rev/mm (lb/in 1725 1900 600/ 6 34 (90-2) 9-51 160-3 4605 2337 1905 2134 1550 (1873) (0-358) (10 350) (92) (75) (84) 600/ 85-7 9-51 172-8 4513 2337 1905 2134 2000 (97-1) (1873) (0-386) (9950) (92) (75) (84) 600/ 1650 7-58 (107 8) 10-12 (1994) 162-9 5071 (11 180) 3048 1905 2314 (120) (75) (84) 600/ 7-98 (113-4) 12-88 (2537) 171-1 (0-382) 4890 3048 1905 2134 (10 780) (120) (75) (84) 9-45 (134-4) 12 88 (2537) 173-8 5852 3120 1778 2007 2100 (0-388) (12 900) (123) (70) (79) 600/ 8-62 5852 3120 1778 2007 (145-0) 12 88 (2537) 170-8 2100 (0-380) (12 900) (123) (70) (79) 2200 2500 2630 2420 3240 2100 CT18-42K" maximum Maximum 1970 18-39K' Piston speed Continuous 2850 3100 3840 600/ 4140 The prefix T to the engine type denotes a turbocharged engine, mechanically driven scavenge blowers " Sprint rated engines, generally for fast patrol boat applications A Management Company at 2 ) fuel cons. m/sec g/bhp-h (ft/min) (Ib/bhp-h) (0-364) CT denotes turbocharging with mm integral charge-air coolers. (in) mm (in) Engines with no prefix Overall height mm (in) letter have of English Electric Diesels Ltd RUSTON PAXMAN DIESELS LIMITED Vulcan Works, Newton-!e-Willows, Lancashire, England Telephone: Newton-le-Willows 5151 Telex: 62366 1968 1969 151 Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Above: Type 16 VTS engine on Below: Indian Navy test .:::> i*Wt* 152 frigate Beas Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Diesel engines ASR 1 range for marine propulsion Vickers has been manufacturing the highly successful Admiralty Standard Diesel Engines Range 1 since 1948 and has supplied them for submarines, frigates, tugs and aircraft carriers. Modifications have been constantly introduced to take advantage of modern developments and to keep latest abreast of the technology. Many navies abroad have taken advantage of this proven design and include Australia, current users Canada and India. The basic design of engine is such that variations for purposes are easily made, which facilitates in such a wide range of vessels. The in-line version, which may be normally aspirated or supercharged, has either six or eight cylinders and is eminently suitable for auxiliary generating engines, being rated at 360 kW and 550 kW respectively. The V-type is available with either 1 2 or 1 6 cylinders and may be normally aspirated, supercharged by turboblowers or mechanically supercharged. Brief technical particulars of the various types are specific use their shown in the accompanying table. The photograph on the opposite page shows a 16 VTS engine on the test bed. Normally eight engines of this type (four operating clockwise and four counter- main propulsion in Admiralty has recently completed and supervised the installation of a set of these engines in a frigate built by Yarrow (Shipbuilders) Ltd. Previous frigates engined by Vickers include HMS Salisbury and Leopard as well as Beas and Betwa for the Indian Navy. Auxiliary generating sets have also been supplied for HMS Llandaff, Chichester, Ausonia, Lynx and Brahmaputra, and the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes, while the 12 VTS engines have been fitted in the Admiralty tug HMS Typhoon. Vickers is known the world over as submarine builders and has been closely associated with the British Admiralty and most other naval countries of the world in the production of complete vessels. Although the first Barrow-built engines for submarines were petrol-driven in about 1 903, they weresoon followed by the first diesel engines in 1 908, and Vickers has been constantly engaged in this field ever since. Many of the highly successful Oberon Class submarines, each of which incorporates two 16 VMS diesel generating sets for main propulsion, were built by Vickers. clockwise) are fitted as frigates. Vickers Specification ASR 1 diesel engines Type 6 mm 247-7 8 LTS 12 VTS 16 VTS 16 VMS 247-7 9-75 247-7 9-75 247-7 9-75 247-7 9-75 266-7 10-5 266-7 10-5 266-7 266-7 266-7 10-5 10-5 10-5 rev/min 720 720 920 920 920 Continental 532 UK 525* 786 775t 1460 1440 kN/m- 848 123 938 136 903 m 4-8 5-69 4-8 in 189 224 189 m 1-3 1-3 1-7 1-7 1-78 in 51 51 67 67 70 2-82 111 2-87 2-59 2-59 305 113 102 102 120 10 160 10 13716 14 732 13-5 14-5 18 035 17-75 Bore in mm Stroke in Speed Maximum bhp LTS BMEP Ib/in 2 Length Breadth Height m in Weight kg tons 975 131 1 1 967-2028 940-2000 931-945 135-137 1866 1840 871 126-3 5-66 5-7 224-75 223 21 336 21 'Output with generator 360 kW ^Output with generator 550 kW VICKERS LIMITED Barrow Engineering Works PO Box 12, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, England Telephone: Barrow-in-Furness 3366 Cables: Vickerseng Barrow-in-Furness Telex: 6597 vicKers 153 Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Main propulsion gearing for improved Leander Class frigates This double-reduction double-helical main propulsion gear unit designed for the improved twin-screw Leander Class frigis of dual tandem articulated design driven by a single steam turbine. The allwelded gearcase, fabricated at the David Brown plant at Penistone, shows how ates modern welding techniques produce the finest possible results with an extremely complex design Main propulsion gearing HMS Exmouth for With double-reduction double-helical propulsion gear unit was designed for the Royal Navy frigate HMS Exmouih, the world's first all-gas turbine major warship. This massive gearbox, a dual tandem locked-train unit with gearing, this main self-synchronising clutches, is a complex design to transmit the drive from two alternative sources of gas turbine power. An Olympus engine, positioned forward of the gear unit, supplies the main power and two Proteus engines, located aft, supply power for normal cruising Main propulsion gear unit for Vosper Mk 5 and Mk 7 fast destroyers The Vosper Mk 5 and Mk 7 marine gearbox double-reduction single helical main propulsion gear unit designed for the series of fast destroyers being built for the Imperial Iranian Navy and the Libyan Navy by Vosper Thornycroft. The gearing is of dual-tandem locked-train design and transmits the drive from two alternative power sources, an Olympus gas turbine for the main drive, positioned forward, and is a a Paxman diesel engine, located normal cruising 154 aft, for Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Gearing for marine main propulsion For well over half a century David Brown have played prominent role in the design, development and manufacture of main propulsion gearing for naval ships, working in close collaboration with the Ministry a Defence (Navy Department). David Brown have contributed greatly to post-war gearing developments, in close involvement with the work of NAVGRA and considerable progress has been made in the use of hardened gears. Produced under 'clean air' conditions of strict temperature and humidity of approx. 97 control, David demanded by Brown gears British are well within the limits Standard 1807, Part 1, Class A1, and balance. Examples of designs produced include those for Whitby Class frigates, Leander and improved Leander Class frigates, assault ships and others, while of recent date a David Brown gearbox was fitted in the all-gas turbine ship HMS Exmouth. Present contracts include the design and manufacture of main propulsion gear units for the projected type 42 gas turbine-driven ships. for pitch, profile, helix in. 2,464 m. Main propulsion gear approx. 128 unit for improved Leander Class frigates approx. 168i in. in. t^ELfJf Main propulsion gear unit for HMS Exmouth c '-.-.• Main propulsion gear DAVID BROWN GEAR unit for Vosper Mk 5 and Mk 7 fast destroyers INDUSTRIES LIMITED Gear Division Park Gear Works, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England Telephone: Huddersfield 22180 Cables: Gearing Huddersfield Telex: 51562 155 Saction 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery pontoon with two 75 hp units mounted together on the stern. A third unit of 1 50 hp (stem raised) is mounted on the bow for test purposes. Stem lengths Above: can be varied according to displacement of vessel and working depth of water. The units can be operated by controls mounted on the engine bed or from a remote control Other illustrations for one or more units. show Ford-engined units of 50 hp (right) and 65 hp (far right) with Dorman-engined units of 75 hp (below left) and 150hp (below right) Harbormaster units are designed for moving heavy loads at comparatively low speeds under arduous conditions, over long periods of continuous operation with the minimum of maintenance. They are therefore designed to deliver power at a high thrust/hp ratio with the reliability 156 maximum of • • Section Propulsion and auxiliary machinery 5: Outboard propulsion units I heavy-duty marine applications for a powerful and unique type of propulsion for more substantial craft such as tugs, dredgers, floating cranes and heavy barges. A safety device in the form of a friction slip-gear permits the stem and tail assembly to swing back if underwater obstructions are encountered. The entire unit can be mounted on any craft by simply clamping down the four base lugs to the deck. The units are of robust design, reliable under the most arduous conditions, and are supported by a first-class spares service. These large outboards provide ferries, Technical specifications 50 hp 1800 Engine (1 Ford 2701 C four-stroke four-cylinder diesel. 50 bhp at 1850 rev min for continuous duty. Totally enclosed freshwater cooling with tropical radiator. freshwater cooling with tropical radiator. Transmission Borg & Beck overcentre clutch or Borg Warner 1 :1 reverse gear driving 737 mm (29 in) dia standard towing propeller through Harbormaster geared transmission. Vertical 2135 mm 360 deg. (7 ft) Total shaft lengths 1220 mm (4 ft) min, max. Steering through continuous weight of unit 1500 kg (1-5 tons). Fuel tank 68 litres (15 gal). rev min for continuous duty. Transmission Parsons hydraulically operated Totally enclosed 1 :1 reverse gear mm driving 965 dia standard towing a (38 in) propeller through Harbormaster geared transmission. Vertical shaft lengths 1220 (4 ft) min, 2135 mm mm max. Steering through continuous 360 deg. (7 Total weight of unit 2850kg (2-8 tons). Fuel tank 135 litres (30 gal). ft) 150hp Engine Engine (2) Dorman 4DA four-stroke four-cylinderair-cooled 50 bhp at 1 850 rev/min for continuous duty. diesel. Dorman 6LDT four-stroke six-cylinder turbo-charged 1 50 bhp at 550 rev min for continuous duty. diesel. 1 enclosed Totally fresh-water cooling with tropical radiator. Transmission Borg and Beck overcentre clutch or Parsons hydraulically operated 1 1 reverse gear driving a 737 (29 in) dia standard towing propeller through Harbormaster geared transmission. Vertical shaft lengths 1220 Steering through (4 ft) min, 2135 (7 ft) max. continuous 360 deg. Total weight of unit 1 500 kg (1 -5 tons). Fuel tank 68 litres (1 5 gal). mm : mm mm Transmission Borg & Beck overcentre clutch driving a 1270 mm dia standard towing propeller through (50 in) Harbormaster geared transmission. Vertical shaft lengths 1520 mm (5 ft) min, 2440 mm (8 ft) max. Steering through continuous 360 deg. Total weight of unit 5700 kg (5-6 tons). Fuel tank not included in supply. 65 hp Engine 2704C four-stroke six-cylinder diesel. 65 bhp at 1800 rev min for continuous duty. Totally enclosed freshwater cooling with tropical radiator. Ford Transmission Borg Warner hydraulically operated 1 :1 reverse gear driving a 965 (38 in) dia standard towing propeller through Harbormaster geared transmission. Vertical shaft lengths 1220 (4 ft) min, 2135 Steering through continuous 360 deg. (7 ft) max. Fuel tank Totai weight of unit 2450 kg (2-4 tons). 104 litres (23 gal). mm mm mm Harbormaster units can be operated by the controls on or, if necessary, from a remote position with mechanical, hydraulic or electro-hydraulic controls. the unit Where multiple unit installation is required, control can be achieved by variations of the above methods. a 65 hp and 75 hp units Pedestal-type control columns are available for remote control of one or more units for steering, throttle and 50 hp, reverse gear, with mechanical steering through lay- shafting. 750 hp units Control consoles can be supplied for mounting on the bridge or wheelhouse, to accept the electro-hydraulic controls which are supplied as an integral part of the 75 hp Engine Dorman 4LD Remote control four-stroke four-cylinder diesel. 75 HARBORMASTER bhp at 1 50 hp unit. LIMITED Sa/es Department Central Road, Temple Telephone: Harlow 24301 Fields, Harlow, Essex, England Cables: Jonwhiteng Harlow Telex: 81317 ISM.-M'l.-J.'. rViH .-l 157 Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery The illustrations of the facilities used Fixed-pitch propellers Stone Manganese Marine Limited is leading supplier of propulsion equipment The company's Navy. to the Royal Birkenhead Works specialises particularly production in this Controllable-pitch propellers and thrust units The company provides three designs bow bow thrust units to of addition to meet all naval controllable-pitch propellers in The SMM Greenwich Works, in which the accompanying photographs were taken, specialises in the production of this equipment applications. 158 in on this page show some and equipment of SMM the production of propellers Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Propellers for all marine applications Stone Manganese Marine Limited continues a long history of over a century as main supplier of propulsion equipment to the British Ministry of Defence (Navy). In position, the company continues to of products and manufacturing fully all requirements of the Royal Navy. this priviliged develop its facilities to range meet 12 13 14 3 4 B B lO IB IB 17 1B IB SO 11 27 2B 1 Vernier locking assembly 2 Thrust collar 3 Cylinder head 4 Piston 5 ring Circulation valve 6 Sealing ring 7 Bearing ring 8 Blade bolt 9 Piston rod bearing 10 Pressure tubes 11 Shaft coupling 12 Header tank connection 13 Pneumatic actuator 14 Valve casing Diagramatic arrangement of a Model XX 25 aa S3 as 15 Valve 16 Valve spindle 17 Pitch feed-back rack 18 Command rack 19 Operating lever 20 Feed-back 21 transmitter Pitch locking device Feed-back lever 22 23 Feed-back sliding ring assembly 24 Carrier pin 25 High-pressure seals 26 Oil transfer-box 21 27 Oil 28 29 30 shaft Tail shaft Tail shaft bolt Crank pin ring Sliding blocks 31 32 33 34 35 36 transfer-box Hub body Servo cylinder Piston rod Servo piston Cone 37 Driving sleeve 38 Cone cap 39 Jacking screw casing controllable-pitch propeller The range High-definition propellers of the types required by the Ministry of Defence involve close manufacturing tolerances both in the casting and machining stages. Adherance to these fine limits is achieved using most modern production techniques, in the three works of of propulsion equipment supplied for applications fixed-pitch and controllablepitch propellers and bow thrust units is supported by other specialised equipment in this field, including watertight door and fire-door systems as well as SMM at Greenwich, Birkenhead and Glasgow. SMM has developed a range of alloys which marine windows. have been adopted for use by the Ministry of Defence (Navy) these include Superston Seventy, Novoston and the new sound-deadening alloy Sonoston. — naval — — SMM From the Glasgow Works foundry supplies non-ferrous castings in a variety of intricate patterns for naval applications. STONE MANGANESE MARINE LIMITED Anchor and Hope Lane, London SE7, England Telephone: 01-858 6171 1966 1969 159 Section A new 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery range of co-axial reduction gears installations up to 18 000hp. These incorporate the Vickers epicyclic gear and ratios up to 9:1 are available. The small size and low weight make them especially suitable for modern high-speed for diesel ships The increasing use of marine gas turbines has led to the development of a new range of gearboxes incorporating synchro self-shifting clutches and flexible coup- lings so arranged that the main engine can take the drive from the cruise engine without stopping the ship and to provide a smooth take-up of power from rest and during change-over of the engines. Vickers has a range of designs to suit all combinations of gas steam diesel prime movers. The design shown is suitable for main gas turbines and cruising diesel engines PARALLEL- SHAFT PRIMARY REDUCTION MAIN ENGINE-DRIVEN OIL PUMP "^TURNING GEAR A modular design suitable tor multiplemain propulsion machinery incor- ir'Dut porating the Vickers epicyclic gear for the reduction stage final 160 RAL OIL TANK Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Main propulsion gearing for naval and marine vessels Vickers marine main propulsion gears have earned an unrivalled reputation for reliability, quiet operation, compactness and ease of maintenance with merchant This and naval engineers throughout the world. reputation can be attributed to the company's policy of continual research and development into manufacturing accuracy, hardening techniques, bearings and gear Vickers association with the British case design. Ministry of Defence (Navy) through the Royal Navy and Vickers Gearing Research Association is continuing to provide fundamental research into all aspects of gear design and manufacture. In comparison with conventional designs of marine gearing, epicyclic gears overcome size and weight limitations. The Vickers epicyclic gear, incorporating improved load-sharing principles, is now available for marine applications using diesel or turbine main propulsion machinery. The examples illustrated give an indication of the designs available for all forms of main propulsion machinery. A vertically off-set gearbox for a diesel engine rated at 1700 hp with an input of 900 rev/min and an output of 300 rev/min. The design incorporates a thrust bearing and lubricating oil modules A single-reduction double-helical gearbox to take the drive from Control equipment for a controllablefour 2000 hp engines. pitch propeller is fitted to the forward end of the gearbox. The design can be modified to suit two or three engines and powertakeoffs for pumps and generators can be provided VICKERS LIMITED Barrow Engineering Works PO Box 12, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, England Telephone: Barrow-in-Furness 3366 Telex: 6597 Cables: Vickerseng Barrow-in-Furness vicKers 161 Section 5: Propulsion and auxiliary machinery Disc brakes marine main propulsion transmissions for Dunlop Aviation Division, with long experience in advanced brake design for aircraft and other applica- was OL'Pt" SuP<>OnT « N Typical rounds of typical 214 81mm smoke round; and mortar ammunition: typical HE round Left to right, round 81mm HE L15A4 fused L35; round 81mm HE L1 5A3 fused No 162; Section 9: Weapons and ammunition Mortar system 81mm medium mortar ammunition Ammunition available for the 81 mm mortar system includes high-explosive, smoke and practice rounds which have been specially designed to match the mortar and to achieve a general range of well over 5000m (5500yd) with great accuracy at The high-explosive all ranges. bomb has a special cast-iron body which explodes of small fragments, each capable of causing lethal injury. Fragmentation into a few large pieces and ineffective metal dust, which occurs with many other types of mortar bombs, has been eliminated. number into a large The short-ranging bomb (a failing with other mortars which troops) does not occur at all with well-known constitutes a hazard to the user's own system. this Specification High-explosive round (Round, 81mm Practice round (Bomb, 81mm mortar, practice L22A1 HE L15A3) mortar. Weight: 4-4kg (91b 13oz) Filling: This 60.40 (RDX TNT) is (90yd) a re-usable store item designed to fire with a maximum range of 80m when the obturating ring is fitted. It is in service with the British Army Body: ductile cast-iron extruded aluminium alloy Tail unit: Fuse: No 162 or L35 Propellant in celluloid container: porous nitrocellulose No of augmenting charges: 6 Primary cartridge: filled cordite 017 Obturation: plastic ring Overall length: 51 05cm (20-1 in) with L35 fuse; No 162 fuse Ranges NC30 given by the existing six augmenting charge system: WM Minimum 47-24cm (18 6in) Primary with Charge Range: minimum 200m (220yd) Range: maximum well over 5000m (5500yd) with supercharge 1 2 3 4 5 6 Smoke round (Round, 81 mm Smoke mortar, WP A L1 special extended range charge gives a range of Maximum 500m ;550yd) 1000m (1100yd) 1700m (1860yd) 2200m (2400yd) 3000m (3280yd) 3700m (4050yd) 4500m (4920yd) 5400m (5900yd) 9A1 Weight: 4-5kg (9lb 14oz) Filling: white phosphorous Body: grey cast-iron Fuse: No 162 or L35 Overall length: 49-78cm No 162 fuse 200m (220yd) 400m (440yd) 600m (660yd) 800m (880yd) 1 1 00m (1 200yd) 1400m (1530yd) 1600m (1750yd) Packaging (19 6in) with L35 fuse: 45 97cm (18 1 in) with The ammunition is supplied in strong waterproof containers, each holding two rounds; two such containers are fitted into a steel box. resulting in a very robust package which, with four rounds, weighs 33kg (72lb) MINISTRY OF DEFENCE Director of Sales (Army) St Christopher House, Southwark Street, London SE1, England Telephone: 01-928 7999 215 Section 9: Weapons and ammunition Bren conversion to NATO 7 - 62mm calibre ammunition New lease of life for the Bren The Bren gun has long been a deservedly popular weapon with the men in action the world over. By converting now made possible by the Royal Small Arms team at Enfield it to use modern NATO 7 62mm ammunition the many excellent features of this weapon have been given a valuable new lease of life and the overall flexibility of the gun has been greatly increased. — What conversion comprises: At the Royal Small Arms Factory, Enfield, all marks of 303in Bren light machine gun are the Enfield converted to fire present-day ammunition. Conversion comprises the supply of several entirely new components, including barrel, magazine and breech-block assembly; also modification and machining of the body and special plant Important: tained in All original the converted parts re- Bren are checked for wear or other defects and are renewed where necessary. Thus, every Enfield Bren conversion means delivery of virtually a brand-new gun. carefully Improved flash eliminator better barrel too: One of the features of the Enfield Bren conver216 sion is the introduction of a improved much Also a new barrel, chromium-plated in the chamber to give better operation under adverse conditions and in the bore for greatly prolonged barrel life. flash eliminator. other units, requiring and tooling. the 20-round magazine of the LIAI rifle, which will give welcome flexibility in the field. Further information and quota- Interchangeable magazines for tions: If you require more details about the Bren conversion, or firm quotations on price and delivery, greater flexibility: The new 30round magazine has been specially please contact the Director of Sales (Army) at the Ministry of Defence designed to be interchangeable with in London. Section 9: Weapons and ammunition Bren machine gun conversion to NATO ammunition New magazine catch/ejector block New 30-round magazine (interchangeable with 20-round LIAI rifle magazine) New barrel (complete with flash eliminator ) improved New breech-block and extractor New backsight leaf Cover added to bipod sleeve to shield gas cylinder ports Sundry machining operations and modifications to body Main features of RSAF Bren conversion Specification General particulars Main dimensions Type of feed: magazine, 30 round Overall length: downward bottom, downward 1237mm Position of feed: top, Position of ejection: Overall height System of operation: gas, four-position adjustment Type of fire: single shot and automatic (magazine Rate of fire: 500-575 rounds/min Muzzle velocity: 869m/sec Type of cooling: air, removable barrel Type of cocking: hand, right-hand side, folding Type of front sight: blade Type of rear sight: leaf, Bore diameter: 7-54 Rifling diameter: Rifling width: graduated to 2000metres or yards of rifling grooves: 6 rifling: Shot travel: 1 turn in 305mm right-hand 114mm Length of magazine: 613mm 216mm Weight of magazine 0-5m rifling 422-460mm Weight of magazine (empty): 0-39kg Chamber chromium-plated: Bore and 224mm Weight of complete weapon (less magazine): 9-52kg + 0-10mm + 002mm Number and bipod extended): Length of barrel assembly: + 005mm Twist of fitted Overall width (bipod folded): 7-798 2-79 (magazine removed and bipod folded): Overall height 0025mm thick minimum chromium-plated: 005mm thick minimum (full): 109kg Weight of barrel assembly: 2-63kg MINISTRY OF DEFENCE Director of Sales (Army) St Christopher House, Southwark Street, London SE1, England Telephone: 01-928 7999 217 Section 9: Weapons and ammunition The mine-laying plough, fitted with cage wheels, towed by a standard armoured personnel carrier. The harrow discs close the trench opened by the plough point after the mines are laid. The chain attached to the discs drags the surface smooth 218 Bar mines are loaded on to the conveyor of the plough from the Conveyor height is adjustable. Buried laying rate is 600-700 mines per hour. The plastics-cased mines cannot be located by electro-magnetic detectors safety of an armoured vehicle. Section 9: Weapons and ammunition Bar mine system Bar mines and mine-laying equipment The new British bar mine system combines great inhibiting enemy movement with effectiveness in simplicity, safety and economy in the deployment of mines. The system is based on the use of a new type of mine and of a mine-laying plough'. The mines are transported in and the plough is towed by any suitable vehicle, usually a tracked armoured personnel carrier. Advantages The new bar mine system has many advantages, the most important being: Greater effectiveness by mine detectors and severe. Greater by the Eager Beaver fork lift described elsewhere in Bar mines this Catalogue. can also be assembled in manpacks of four mines each for use in situations where trucks cannot be used. The logistics of mine-laying are therefore greatly ideally suited for handling tractor shown below and fully simplified. a trailer-type bar per hour. to mines enemy armour are is required to Improved handling to mines can 700 be from an laid bar mines can be buried — compact unit loads can be safely air-lifted, quickly handled in the field. Specifications Bar mine mm mm mm Overall length: 1200 Overall width: 108 Overall height: 81 Total weight: 1 1 kg Weight of explosive: 8-4 kg Laying plough mm Overall length: 4190 Overall width, including cage wheels: Overall height: 1270 Weight, ready for use: 1240 kg 1600 mm mm Unit load of 72 bar mines 840 mm 1220 mm Width: 1020 mm Height: Length: pallet: Effective density (load 855 kg package ratio): 88 percent plough of mechanical hydraulic nor design; neither electrical equipment is involved in its operation. A conveyor arm above the tow bar accepts bar mines loaded from the armoured towing vehicle, without exposing personnel to enemy fire. The conveyor is adjustable in height to adapt it to any towing vehicle. It feeds the mines to an adjustable spacing mechanism, which deposits them in a trench of adjustable depth made by the plough. Two harrow discs then close the trench; a dragged chain may be used to smooth the surface. The plough and harrow can also be raised to allow the mines to be laid on the surface. All wearing parts, such as the plough point, are quickly and simply replaced. The machine can be used on any type of soil capable of being ploughed. Cage wheels can be quickly fitted to the two hubs to provide extra stability on soft or uneven ground at high travelling speeds. The plough is capable of laying buried mines at the rate of 600-700 mines per hour and at even higher rates on the surface. Conveyor, tow bar and cage wheels can be quickly purely damage — fewer — armoured Greater speed — up safety vehicle. Weight, including Mine-laying plough The bar mines are laid by bar mines cannot be located inhibit a given area. Greater Bar mine The new bar mine has a tough plastics casing housing the explosive charge and the fuze, which contains only very few small metal parts. The mine cannot be detected by any current electro-magnetic mine detector. Extensive trials have shown that this mine is completely effective against any tank track and causes severe damage to tank belly armour The fuze is fitted before operational use and is armed immediately prior to loading; the mine can thus be handled, transported and stored in safety. Because of its shape, 72 bar mines are combined into a unit load of approximately one cubic metre volume and 1 tonne in weight, securely steel-strapped to a standard pallet for ease of handling. Such a load is efficiency — removed for transport. The equipment portable. is fully air- Standard unit load of 72 bar mines on a steel-strapped pallet. is safe and can be air-dropped. Manpacks of four mines each can also be made up The load MINISTRY OF DEFENCE Director of Sales (Army) St Christopher House, Southwark Street, London SE1, England Telephone: 01-928 7999 219 Section 9: Weapons and ammunition Anti-riot for short-range Greener Mk 3 police mm (14/2J (12/21 in) Mk3/12: 70 mm (12/23 Mk3: 73 peace-keeping duties gun Overall length: 1067 mm (42 Weight: 351 kg (7 lb 1 2 oz) Bore and chamber size: Mk3/14: 73 equipment in) in) mm in) Webley anti-riot -inch 1 gun mm (9 in) mm (24 in) 246 Barrel length: [J Overall length: 61 Weight: 2-48 kg (54 Webley 38 and 32 Mk 4 Webley 38 lb) Mk 4 revolver revolvers Police and military Pocket model Barrel length: 76 mm (3 in) Overall length: 178 mm (7 in) Barrel length: Weight: 67 kg (1 lb Mk 3 The Greener Overall gun to This gun is intended for the dispersal of riots, guarding of vulnerable points, night ambushes, etc. It is constructed on semi-military lines to withstand the roughest usage, is a powerful and versatile shortrange smooth-bore shotgun for use against targets at up to 100 metres, and has the Greener improved Martini action. Three types are available to meet a wide variety of special needs. Mk 3/12 is chambered for use with standard 2| inch 12-bore cartridges obtainable all over the world. A special security feature is incorporated in the Mk 3 and Mk3/14 which fire only special ammunition. Cartridges may be loaded with any shot. The Webley 1 -inch anti-riot Typical uses for this gun gun are the dispersal of riots, the arrest of armed besieged criminals, etc. It is a shortrange shoulder-controlled weapon for use by internal security forces. Accurate, robust, light in weight and simple to operate and maintain, this gun has a long barrel and adjustable rear sights for consistent accuracy over ranges of approximately 100 metres, firing standard 1 |-inch tear gas cartridges. The gun is accurate WEBLEY & SCOTT LIMITED (incorporating W W Greener Ltd) Handsworth, Birmingham 21, England Telephone: 021-553 3952 220 (5 in) length: 254 mm longer barrel Cylinder: six-shot Weight: 0-76 kg (1 7£oz) police (4 in) or mm 127 Cylinder: six-shot Cables: Webley Birmingham model mm 102 300 lb 11 300 in) oz) mm used for signal (10 at 40 metres, This gun can also be flares. The Webley 32 and 38 calibre Mk 4 revolvers These side arms are designed for close-quarter work and for personal defence. The break-open frame has a When the top strap of the barrel closed and the barrel catch is home, the breech fastenings form practically a solid mass. No force, short of one sufficient to tearthe metal through the solid, could blow the pistol open. The hammer design prevents firing when the revolver is not securely fastened at the breech. positive stirrup lock. is 38 calibre police and military model The -38 calibre police and military model is the latest and most efficient Webley revolver and embodies many new features. It offers power and accuracy with the 38 S and cartridge (1 45 grain bullet). W 38 and 32 calibre pocket model The -38 and -32 calibre pocket model has the same action and features as the police and military model but may be fitted with a small grip for handy pocket use or with a longer overhand pocket grip if required. A safety catch is included on this model. Section 10 Sensors and control systems for ground forces 221 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces ,/ r- s ; ZB 298 in action can be easily concealed, the height of the radar head being adjustable to provide a low silhouette. The remote display unit allows the operator to site himself behind cover The remote display unit contains all the operator controls. These have been kept Azimuth and elevation to a minimum. indicators are illuminated with Betalights 1 ZB 298 can be mounted on of military vehicles. typical 222 mount on a wide range The photo shows a a Chieftain tank Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Portable radar ZB 298 for short-range ground surveillance The ZB 298 short-range ground surveillance radar is designed to meet a UK General Staff requirement which in turn conformed to the NATO basic military requirement for this class of radar. ZB 298, now in quantity production and currently being delivered to the British Army as Radar GS No 14, Mk 1, meets the long-felt need for an all-weather day and night surveillance radar. Unskilled operators of ZB 298 after only a few days' training can speedily detect, recognise and provide accurate positional information (azimuth, range and angle of sight) and direction of movement on all forms of moving target on land and over water from a few metres out to 10 000 metres (64 miles). Helicopters Furthermore ZB 298 can be can also be detected. employed for observing ground or sea bursts of artillery and mortar fire and the correction of such fire on to both moving and stationary targets. The system is designed to be carried by two men (or one man in an emergency). It can also be mounted on almost any wheeled or tracked vehicle and operated from within, ZB 298 necessary with the hatches closed. if non-coherent pulsed doppler radar operating in X-band from a 24 V dc supply. Except for a long-life magnetron of proven high reliability, solidThe state techniques are employed throughout. complete system consists of a radar head, tripod, remotable display unit and battery power supply. When man-packed, the display unit clips to the base of The colthe radar head forming a one-man load. lapsible tripod and the battery carried in the accessory bag form the other load. The radar is inherently rugged and requires no extra protection or special cases for a is transit. in The equipment can be brought into or out of action 2-3 minutes: because a magnetron with short warm-up time used, the radar is ready for operation switching on. All operations of the in radar, including movement of the radar head performed from the elevation, be azimuth and can a few seconds is after which can be positioned 20 metres or more away from the radar head. The radar is operated by one non-technical operator, for instance an infantry display unit soldier. The display unit incorporates a unique solid-state display, which acquired and tracked, allows moving targets to be even in the presence of clutter and other interference, such es vegetation moving in An audio display (headset) facilitates a high wind. recognition of the type of movement (man/men walking, running, crawling, wheeled vehicle, tracked vehicle, helicopter, shell-burst, etc). A visor is provided for viewing the visual display in bright sunshine. Azimuth and elevation readouts and the telescope graticules (used for orientation) are illuminated with Betalights to facilitate operation at night. The following features are also provided: A confidence check facility which allows the operator to check instantly the correct functicning of the equipment, that line-of-sight conditions exist at any azimuth within radar range and to ensure that the elevation of the antenna is correctly set for optimum visual signal returns. 1000 metre audio alarm to give warning to the operator of the presence of any moving target over an extended range zone, to minimise operator fatigue. search arc indicator so that the operator can see at any time the position of the radar head within a pre-set azimuth sector. Indication is also given when the radar head has reached the limits of the allotted azimuth A sector. Indicators which show when the antenna has not aligned itself in either azimuth or elevation with the control settings. A battery warning lamp lights up when the battery requires changing. Also developed as part of the system are a training simulator capable of working off a mains supply and permitting the use of up to four standard display units, and test gear which permits rapid fault-finding and check-out using general radar technicians as opposed to specialists. Specification: Transmitter and antenna system Operating frequency: X-band Antenna beamwidth: horizontal 90 mils; Performance Maximum range: 10 000 metres vertical 90 mils Polarisation: vertical Output: 2-3 W Parameters Range coverage: 50-1 000 metres Azimuth traverse: 6400 mils electrically controlled from display unit Elevation limits: ^355 mils electrically controlled from display unit Temperature range: operating -40 C to 50 C; stored -40 C to 70 C Power supply: UK Army uses Varley 24 V secondary battery, non-spill lead-acid. Alternative batteries to meet special user requirements can be provided -: Weights (approximate) Radar head: 11-36 kg (25 lb) Display unit: 8-63 kg (19 1b) Tripod: Battery: Display system phosphide display covering any selected 1000-metre range zone. Adjustable in 500-metre steps and incorporating a 50-metre Fine range control allows adjustment of range to range marker bracket. 5 metres Audio display: headphone signals; audio gate position ganged to 50-metre range market bracket. A 1000-metre audio gate giving audio alarm over selected 1000 metres also incorporated Range presentation: numerical indicator tubes giving direct range reading in 5-metre steps Azimuth: direct-reading mils scale (2 mil graduations) Elevation: direct-reading mils scale (10 mil graduations) 1000 kg (22 lb) 1044 kg (23 lb) Visual display: gallium A member ELLIOTT of GEC-Marconi Physical dimensions Radar head 508 x 483 x 178 mm (20-19-7 in) Display unit: 508 x 1 78 x 203 mm (20 -7-8 in) Tripod: Length collapsed 610 mm (24 in), max dia 292 mm (1 1 \ in) Cables Data (display to tripod): 3 m long or 20 m. required Power (display to battery) 2 m : (78 A longer cable can be provided if in) Electronics Ltd AUTOMATION RADAR SYSTEMS LTD Mobile Radar Engineering Division Elstree Way, Borehamwood, Telephone: 01-953 2030 Hertfordshire, England Telex: 22777 223 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Cymbeline lightweight, mortar-locating radar equipment The equipment can be carried by six men, on a Land Rover, on a trailer or by helicopter J*r ^t-i j/J* - *•*# 224 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Cymbeline mortar-locating radar is a rugged lightweight portable radar for and for the adjustment of artillery fire. location mortar It is a completely self-contained radar system, including its own power supply, with a detachable display unit. The radar is mounted on a four-legged structure supported on screw jacks fitted with hydraulic absor- Cymbeline transmitter/receiver and the radar timing and computer modules. The display unit can be removed from the equipment box for remote operation for distances up to 1 6m (52ft). It consists of a short-persistence 'B' scope on which the radar returns are displayed. It also carries the the controls necessary for the operation of the radar. bers. all The antenna system consists of a Foster scanner which illuminates a parabolic cylinder reflector and The produces a pencil beam scanning in azimuth. complete radar head can be rapidly rotated to cover any required sector; for example, 1 80 deg rotation takes only When in transit the reflector folds down. 1 5sec. Below the antenna is an equipment box which houses the main radar unit, the power unit and the display unit during transit. The main radar unit contains The mortar co-ordinates are shown on another unit which is detached and can be used at distances up to 2m (6ft) from the display. The radar can be operated from any 1 kVA dc supply However, provision has been made for at 24V = = 4V. either a Wankel gasoline engine-driven generator or a hydrazine air fuel cell unit to be mounted on the equipment. These two units are being separately i developed as alternatives. Specification Physical Weight Weight Reliability 205kg (440lb) power supply (generator Radar of radar: of or fuel cell): 65kg (1461b) Height (stowed): 100cm (39iin) Height (operational): 220cm "(87in) Length: 175cm (69jin) Width: 160cm (63in) reliability: MTBF 200h Electronic units: fully sealed (excluding power source) and dessicated with air-to-air heat exchangers Power units 1, Wankel generator: weight, 65kg (1461b); 200h MTBF. Silence: inaudible at 100m (330ft) on Alternative and Radar system in reliability, a still day tropical night conditions Alternative 2, fuel cell: weight, 65kg (1461b); reliability, 500h MTBF Frequency: X band Aerial: Foster scanner with reflector Bearing limits: 9600mils total rotation Operating limits Temperature: -46 to Altitude: sea level to Performance Location range: out to 10 000m (1 1 : 52C 3000m (10 000ft) Wind conditions: no loss of accuracy up No damage up to 160km/h (100mph) 000yd) to 80km/h (50mph). EMI ELECTRONICS LIMITED Miiiiary Division Hayes, Middlesex, England Telephone: 01-537 3888 Cables: Emidata London Telex: 22417 |emi <$> 1968 225 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces FACE computer system FACE (Field Artillery for artillery fire control Computer Equipment) a mobile computing system for use in command posts and artillery battery survey computing centres to automate the is procedures associated with the preparagun firing and survey data. Advantages over manual methods include speed, elimination of human error under battle conditions and improved accuracy. FACE was developed in conjunction with the Royal Armament Research and Development Establishment and the School of Artillery at Larkhill. tion of Gun data role the information required to place a shell accurately on target is processed by the computer and displayed on the console. A single system can process information relating to two batteries, each containing up to eight guns, and in addition can deal with three other In this role all batteries, each treating battery on a battery centre basis. For each calibre of weapon in the gun data role and for the artillery survey role there is a program tape stored in a sealed cassette, and the data on this tape can be read into the computer by the loading unit within two program minutes. Artillery survey role the calculations necessary for survey are carried out. In this role, artillery Maintenance and repair No routine maintenance is required. A the program for each role provides the operator with a confidence check. A complete engineers' test diagnostic program is available for testing of computer and console. Use of these test facilities enables a fault to be traced to the defective unit. Furthermore, test test sequence sets in have FACE computer system installed in for which FACE installation vehicles Computer Console Power supply unit Program loading unit Teleprinter with RF suppression and can Teleprinter inverter in the vicinity of radar and highpowered communications equipment. be used It is . Battery 2 Technical data normal operation: A GEC-Marconi 14 9 31 81 44 51 20 5 11 83 183 Temperature units can work under ambient temperatures from -32 to -52 C 300W Electronics Installation All units can be installed in one vehicle Company MARCONI SPACE AND DEFENCE SYSTEMS LTD Military Division Road, Frimley, Camberley, Telephone: Camberley 63211 226 100 79 All Environment Complies with Def. Spec. DEF 133/L3 Chobham 45 36 37 20 23 De pth Width mm 490 490 260 450 540 220 220 220 610 mm in 19-2 19 2 10 1 17-5 21 8-6 8.6 8-6 23-8 230 470 410 310 560 240 170 170 350 in 90 18-6 160 12 2 21 8 9-4 6-6 6-6 13-7 . Power consumption In Supply control unit Teleprinter line adapter not affected by radiation at levels 10mW/cm Weight lb kg Unit Interference below Other British FV432 and FV610 Dimensions fault-finding. fitted Rover. available include the Weights and dimensions which simulates the control waveforms generated in the computer, and enables a technician with no knowledge of the computer to carry out comprehensive is kits are been developed which to be isolated to a sub- enable the fault unit, such as an electronic circuit panel. For the computer, a test set is available FACE long-wheelbase Land a Surrfey, England Cables: Elliotauto Camberley Telex: 85289 Sealing All units are fully sealed Height mm 820 590 590 310 360 220 220 180 310 in 320 230 23 12 2 14-1 8-6 8 6 70 12 2 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Seismic detectors and intruder alarm systems TOBIAS intruder alarm system The TOBIAS seismic intruder alarm system is designed day and to provide a small, easily portable, all-weather night surveillance system which does not require lineof-sight conditions, to meet the needs of all those involved in security, whether on the battlefield or for frontier or perimeter protection. It makes use of small, rugged, low-cost, passive sensors (geophones) which, because they are buried below ground level, are virtually undetectable. They may be sited near likely intruder approach routes or round a perimeter. Their deployment area can be many miles from the display unit. TOBIAS has four independent channels on each of which up to 20 geophones may be connected. Thus, if desired, a considerable frontage or perimeter can be protected by one system. Maximum detection distances for one geophone depend largely on the nature of the ground and the amount of natural and man-made seismic activity in the area, but for a walking man this is seldom less than a circle of radius of 50 metres round the sensor. Distances considerably in excess of this have been frequently achieved and circular detection patterns of 300 metres radius or more are not uncommon. Visual indication of movement on each channel is provided at the display unit; an aural display (headset) also allows the nature of movement on each channel to be recognised (man, animal, vehicle, etc). The aural display also allows operator to monitor activity on all four channels continuously and simultaneously. Power supply (contained in lid of display unit) is eight fcV standard 1 which provide a minimum U2 of (or equivalent) cells, 72 hours' continuous operation. Dimensions and weights Geophone: Width 3 8 cm (1 i in) Overall height, including spike Weight 163 grammes (5 1 oz) 1 2-7 cm (5 in) Display unit: Width 37-2 cm (14? Depth 28-9 cm (11 j in) in) Height 15-9 cm (6} in) Weight (excluding batteries) 5-5 kg (14; lb) «^vr* TOBIAS display unit, showing display panel and headset TOBIAS display unit, ready for carrying, shown with four geophones AIDA intruder alarm system To eliminate the need for continuous monitoring and at the same time to provide an effective intruder warning system in areas of high seismic activity (urban areas, Automation has developed AIDA, an automatic intruder alarm system. Again, seismic sensors are used which may be industrial estates, etc), Elliott deployed singly or in arrays buried in the ground, or attached to fences, gates, etc. The display console, which can be mounted on racks in a guardhouse or other building, can be set to provide an automatic alarm signal on, say, a man walking or crawling but not A member ELLIOTT of GEC-Marconi signals from sources such as road traffic, trains, machinery, etc. Alternatively the alarm could be passed down a telephone wire to a remote site or headquarters. The equipment includes comprehensive monitoring facilities which check correct functioning and, with a fail-safe facility, gives an alarm in the event of an attempt to interfere with the geophone arrays and connecting cables. As with TOBIAS, provision is made for the operator to monitor the alarm signal and thereby establish the nature of the intrusion. to react to interfering Electronics Ltd AUTOMATION RADAR SYSTEMS LIMITED Mobile Radar Engineering Division Elstree Way, Borehamwood, Telephone: 01 -953 2030 Telex: Hertfordshire, England 22777 227 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces IRIS Infra-red intruder system of the enemy's movements is essential. has been specifically designed to meet this requirement and to offer a light, low-cost, reliable and rugged equipment requiring the minimum of technical It ability to set up and operate efficiently in the field. from any convenient 12V supply. can be powered dc Delay circuitry has been built in to overcome false alarms such as birds flying through the beam. The basis of the system is an infra-red beam pro- Knowledge !RiS jected of the between a transmitter and a sensor; interruption beam causes an alarm to be triggered at a remote monitoring unit. The beam is extremely narrow it is virtually impossible to detect without interrupting reception by the sensor. The effective part of the beam is a narrow cylindrical 'pipe' about 40 and mm indiameterconnectingthetransmitterand sensor which must be completely obscured to give an alarm. particular, the transmitter and sensor may be In hidden in light foliage, amongst or behind small twigs and branches, etc. IRIS can be used both during day and at night over ranges of 200 m in average conditions. Even in fog, snow or tropical rain, a range of 50 m may be obtained. The system is designed to be 'fail safe' in that (1 i in) damage * Above: in the complete IRIS positions ""*NSMirTER equipment, showing the headset alternative or destruction of either transmitter or sensor, disconnection of the battery, or the cutting of the signal cables leading to the monitor will automatically indicate an alarm condition. Below: monitoring the IRIS infra-red intruder system A member of GEC-Marconi Electronics Ltd ELLIOTT AUTOMATION RADAR SYSTEMS LIMITED Mobile Radar Engineering Division Elstree Way, Borehamwood, Telephone: 01-953 2030 128 Telex: Hertfordshire, 22777 England Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Mine detector New lightweight model Mine detector No 4C The mine detector No 4C, now in general service with the British armed forces and the armed services of many other nations in all parts of the world, is the logical development of the well-proven models 4 and 4A. The most important innovation is the replacement of the thermionic valve-operated amplifier by a transistorised unit of modern design, and the fact that the control box is incorporated in the amplifier. As a result the entire equipment is now much lighter, the amplifier weighing only 1 -8 kg (4 lb) complete with battery, and much more compact and insensitive to mechanical shock and vibration. The mine detector comprises a search head mounted at the end of a telescopic pole (or handle), an amplifier unit and headphones, together with all interconnecting For transport these are stored in a robust case, which also contains a spare boxes, other battery, test extension cable and accessories. cables. wooden transit Right: an assault pioneer of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) using a mine detector No 4C to search for mines Below: the mine detector No 4C with all accessories and carrying case A Division of United Scientific Holdings Ltd UNITED SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS LTD Kirkman House, 54a Tottenham Court Road, London, W1 P OBQ, England Telex: 265403 Cables: Scodil London W1 Telephone: 01-636 5905 229 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Above: LNS 101 equipment showing standard units Below: the Chieftain tank 230 is fitted with LNS 101 equipment Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Land navigation systems for military vehicles Conditions of modern warfare demand that small units should be able to move rapidly about the battlefield under all conditions, but particularly at night or when visibility is poor. LNS 101 is a land navigation system that has been developed by the Aviation Electric Company using the Arma-Brown gyro compass as the standard heading A second system (LNS 102) is available, reference. using a magnetic heading transmitter where conditions of use do not warrant a gyro compass. Advantages These land navigation systems accurately and continuously compute and display the geographical location of the vehicle and the direction in which it is headed. The presentation is designed to let the commander use the information immediately without need for any manual plotting or calculating. The LNS makes it possible for crews of tanks and any other vehicles to navigate across unknown country quickly and easily even when features on the ground cannot be seen, as for instance in darkness, fog or smoke or when hatch covers must be kept closed. It also enables vehicles to navigate accurately in country devoid of landmarks, where reliable maps are not available or in areas lacking permanent topographical It permits the position of the vehicle to be quickly and accurately reported without map reading. The LNS 101 is supplied to the British, Canadian and US Armies for operational use in tanks such as the Chieftain and Centurion, and armoured personnel carriers such as the M1 1 3A1 The advantages of using a self-contained deadreckoning system have been firmly established. While armoured vehicles have received priority in respect to fitment of land navigation equipment, it has become increasingly evident that the ability to navigate under adverse conditions can be equally important in other vehicles used under combat conditions. features. Method of operation The continuous computation and display of the present position of the vehicle is obtained by automatic deadreckoning from a known starting point. The distance travelled by the vehicle is measured by the odometer drive, while the direction of travel of the vehicle is derived electrically from either a gyro compass or a magnetic heading transmitter. Prior to moving off, the starting point co-ordinates, obtained from a standard military map grid, are set into the appropriate units. Any subsequent movement of the vehicle is continuously followed and displayed. Specification Power requirements Operating conditions The equipment is designed 24 V dc obtained from vehicle battery Computer and all display units only: 2 A max LNS 101 System: 5 to 12 A running LNS 102 System: 4 A max to meet the following environmental conditions in accordance with Canadian Army specification CA-E126, 10 May 1962 and US Army MIL-N-52549 (ME) 4 January 1 967 and US Army TECP 700-700, 8 March 1 967, extracts of which are briefly stated below: Temperature: from -65 F (-54 C) to 1 50 F ( - 65 C) Range of operation Humidity: up to 100% relative humidity at varying temperatures wherein condensation takes place on the equipment in the form of both water and frost - Computer: no limit Indicator, heading and position: no Plotter, vehicle position: Scale Scale Scale Scala map limit Moisture: prolonged exposure to driving rain or snow and total immersion in fresh or salt water at covering depths up to 0-91 (3 ft) for 2 hours area: m 1/25 000 10km(E/W)x 8km(N/S) 1/50 000 20 km (E/W) x 16 km (N/S) 1/100 000 40 km (E/W) 32 km (N/S) 1/250 000 100 km (E/W) 80 km (N/S) Dust and sand: dust and sand particles as small as 10 microns concentration likely to be encountered in service Vibration: • accordance with CA-E126 and Speed range km/h (60 mph) any US Army TECP 700-700 Orientation: any Accuracy 1% distance travelled, whichever is Altitude the greater up to 3050 m (10 000 A Hawker S G in Shock: shock of the type encountered in any type of military vehicle moving Also, shock resulting from ballistic impact over extremely rough terrain. when mounted in an armoured vehicle Zero to 95 Within 50 meters or in in size BROWN LIMITED Greycaine Road, Watford, Hertfordshire, Telephone: Watford 27241 WD2 4XU, England Cables: Sidbrownix Watford Telex: 23408 ft) above sea Siddeley level Company f& 231 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces -a^fti Above: Rapier guided missile launcher and Rapier tracking system Above: Installing a laser rangefinder in a tank * 1 • 4 232 of laser rangefinder Below: Wire-heated windows Below: Infra-red binocular sight tr Above: Inside tank view *r ^V Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Optical equipment Sights, laser rangefinders and special optics Rapier tracking system & Stroud Limited has been responsible for the design and manufacture of the sighting optics and Barr sufficiently accurately for the missile to hit the target. system. Many difficult engineering and optical problems have had to be overcome to satisfy the required level of accuracy necessary for the Rapier tracking system. The sighting optics and line-of-sight drive mechan- The servo-optical section consists of an optical system with associated drive mechanisms and servo controls. It is the precision manufacturing and careful alignment of these optical and mechanical assemblies which enables the operator to direct the line of sight isms for the servo-optical section of the tracker unit are designed to match the complete Rapier tracking system for stability and durability. Consideration was also given at design stage to the extreme climatic conditions which are experienced in military service. line-of-sight drive mechanisms for the servo-optical section of the tracker unit used in the Rapier tracking Laser rangefinder LF2 LF2 is a fully engineered laser rangefinder designed for use in a tank; it can be fitted to other vehicles where space permits. Itis designed in conventionaltankgunner'ssightstyle, combining the function of a laser rangefinder with conventional tank sight optics. Thus the gunner has only to locate and sight on a target, then press the laser firing button to obtain a range. Range read-out is afforded by an eyepiece positioned to minimise head movement. The equipment consists (1) the combined laser and sighting equipment, laser of two separate units: sight unit containing the transmitter, receiver and associated electronics; (2) the power unit. Laser rangefinder LF2 is of robust construction to withstand vibration and extreme climatic conditions experienced in military service. Driver's infra-red binocular sights Driver's sights CU9, CU10 and CU13, permit night driving of military vehicles of illumination. without using a visible form These sights are binocular periscopic instruments differing only in the position of their exit are angled to give optimum driving comfort for different driving positions. They afford stereoscopic vision and have large exit pupils providing vision comfort. The sights convert the radiation from the vehicle's beams which infra-red light source into visible light and because of the wide field of view combined with wide-aperture optics, driving at night using the sights compares favourably with night driving using a visible form of illumination. The sights are robust instruments, designed to withstand vibration and extreme climatic conditions experienced in military service. Wire-heated windows Barr & Stroud wire-heated windows are particularly suitable for military sighting instruments where exceptional optical performance and electrical reliability are required. These precision-made yet rugged windows do not have diffraction effects, and retain definition throughout their operating temperature range, typically - 65 to -50 C. Light transmission is not less than 90% and there are none of the grading and delamination problems frequently associated with conducting film windows. Windows are available in a variety of shapes and sizes; thermostatic control can be provided. Infra-red materials Calcium aluminate glasses transmit from the ultraviolet to over 5;j. and combine high strength and hardness with resistance to abrasion and thermal shock. A new arsenic triselenide glass transmits well from 1-5 to 16a and when anti-reflection coated has over 90% in transmission in the 8-1 4;x band. Other materials are available and all can be supplied a variety of forms including domes, lenses, prisms and plates. BARR & STROUD LIMITED Caxton Street, AR R Anniesland, Glasgow W3, Scotland Telephone: 041-954 9601 Cables: Telemeter Glasgow Telex: 778114 AND ST R OUD .233 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces The problem All soldiers know the difficulty of aiming at night, or when there is not enough light to line their sights with the target. Unless his sights are illuminated the firer must rely on rough weapon alignment with only a small chance of hitting the enemy. Illuminated sights are therefore essential, but while being easily seen by the firer they must not be so bright, or so positioned, that they interfere with his view of the target under difficult night conditions. The illuminations must also be self-energising, free from deterioration (as occurs with luminous paints), free from radio-activity hazard and long-lasting. The Trilux night sight meets all these requirements. It is unique, simple, safe, adaptable, long-lasting and robust. The solution The Trilux night sight consists of: Foresight. The blade incorporates a luminous glass tube, coated on the inside with phosphorus which is activated by tritium gas. The glass tube is manufactured for the Royal Small Arms Factory by Saunders-Roe Developments Limited. It has the following advantages: Its brightness can be varied in manufacture to meet the requirement; its size allows it to be adapted to all known weapon foresights; the illuminant is completely sealed; it has a long half life of 8-10 years. Various configurations of foresight blade as made at the Royal Small Arms Factory are illustrated. Backsight. This incorporates a large aperture of the optimum size to match the requirement of the nightadapted eye. As with any small daylight aperture the firer instinctively places the illuminated foresight in the centre of the aperture. Ease of use The technique of firing is simple and a trained soldier can be instructed in a matter of 10 minutes. Effectiveness World-wide trials by the British Army show that, under light conditions where a man-sized standing target can just be seen between 20 and 50 metres, the average firer will score 70 per cent hits. Using Trilux night sights a soldier can effectively engage all targets out to the furthest distance at which he can see them: From 15 metres dark night and background. To 300 metres light night and background. Apart from its night-firing advantage the Trilux night sight increases accuracy in 'quickfire' engagements. — — Security The luminous tube away give the concealed from direct view by the enemy, and is firer's field tests in poor daylight conditions and have shown that the sight does not position at night. Adaptation to your weapons In addition to the British Army rifle and machine gun, sights have been made and fitted to a number of overseas weapons including the Colt AR15, Heckler and Koch G3, FN's FAL, the US M1 and M14 and the Italian BM59 (M1 7-62 conversion). The system can either be in the form of clip-on-sights, or permanently fitted replacement , for the existing iron sights. Further information and quotations for the Enfield Trilux night sights can be obtained from the Director of Sales (A), Ministry of Defence, at the address given below. MINISTRY OF DEFENCE Director of Sales (Army) St Christopher House, Telephone: 01-928 7999 234 Southwark Street, London SE1, England mm Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Night sight shooting Trilux foresight for in the dark Typical foresight arrangements L1A1 rifle and FAL German G3 rifle A Flat-sided pillar-type adjustable for elevation zeroing. A Trilux tube is mounted centrally for Trilux maximum rear protection, facing the firer with two portholes' fixed block, rifle with a the backward-sloping or clip-on-blade type tube mounted in edge of the blade, and visible through narrow slit, or portholes US AR 15 rifle Adjustable pillar-type, with portholes, similar to the L1A1. Trilux sights for other rifles and machine guns are also available either a 235 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces User's view (left) of the operational position of the Vickers periscopic sight No 30 Mk A view 1. of the sighting right, head while below the adjusting of the aperture is shown at the view showing knobs and illumination is a unit Below is the Vickers AA radar elbow telescope No 2 Mk 1, while at the left it is shown ium carrying case 236 in its alumin- Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Sights and telescopes General-purpose and radar alignment Periscopic sight The Vickers periscopic sight No 30 Mk 1 for armoured vehicles (NATO ref. No. 1240-99-200-7856) is a It is fitted robust optical precision instrument. as equipment on the Centurion tank. standard Two adjusting knobs are provided which, set in midpoint reading, are capable of moving the graticule (in system) at least 18mil to each side of this the 8x setting. The sighting head is removable, being held by hinged which are operated easily through an eccentric hinge pin, notched at the end. Spare sighting heads can be supplied, each being interchangeable with latches the other. is provided to the graticule. sight is located in a mounting by means of two Weight of the complete sight is side trunnions. 6 35kg (141b). Replacement parts can be supplied. Electric illumination The Optical characteristics Telescope 8 x system Field of view diam. Exit pupil EFL objective EFL eyepiece Eyepiece focusing Alignment telescope The Vickers AA radar elbow (NATO ref. No. Mk 1240-99-960-4670— OS 1314 MA) telescope No 2 1 is robust telescope suitable for the accurate alignment of radar systems. The body of the telescope is a onepiece component to ensure stability of the sight line and includes graticule illumination ports. The telescope is supported by the two stainless steel a -i Infinity sight 8°-30' Field of view, vertical 4-45mm Field of view, bino 249 68mm 31 -47mm Field of view, 1 X 9"-0' 11°-45' 45--30' mono 2i dioptres end rings which are an integral part of the telescope body. Weight telescope the of 0-76kg is (2lb 11oz), excluding the case. A robust aluminium carrying case can be supplied if required. Collimation The aligned to the mechanical axis to within ±30sec but a finer tolerance of ±15sec can be achieved if required. Although this telescope is set at infinity, it can be adjusted to suit customers' own requirements, ie to focus down to 18-28m (60ft) optical axis is minimum. A typical graticule pattern is a 20-min square sub- divided into four 10-min squares, with the horizontal and vertical cross lines divided into two-min intervals. Other patterns can be produced to suit customers requirements. Optical characteristics Magnification » 7 view 6 deg Apparent field 42 deg Field of Exit pupil 3mm Eye relief 21 mm Focusing adjustment ±3 dioptres VICKERS LIMITED Vickers Instruments Haxby Road, York, Y03 7SD, England Telephone: York 24112 Cables: Coordinate York vicKers 237 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Navigation system Sperry vehicle navigator is an automatic and an entirely self-contained navigation system that continuously and accurately displays a vehicle's co-ordinates and heading, relieving the commander of the necessity to calculate No external reference is required; the his position constantly and freeing him for his other vital tactical tasks. completely immune enemy interference. The therefore to equipment is in world-wide general service is system with the British Army, has been sold in quantity to the Swedish Army and is on evaluation trials throughout the world. The Sperry Navigator Specification r^jTVyfe COMPUTER Overall accuracy Heading, magnetic version: better than 1 deg (18mils) Directional gyro version better than 5 deg (10 mils) Position: better than 1% of the distance travelled Environmental standard: meets all British Army requirements Operating temperature range: -40 C to 60 C : Inputs distance run (from vehicle transmission) 1 2: heading reference (magnetic detector or gyro) : 3: 24V dc magnetic system (about 6A) 1 -5A. gyro system 1 A plus gyro consumption Outputs 1 : vehicle heading in mils an eight-figure 2: vehicle position as map reference Weight: 11 -5kg (25lb) Dimensions: 277mm (10 88in) wide 222mm 211mm (8 69m) high (8-31 in) deep HEADING INPUT Magnetic detector unit Weight: 91 kg (2 2lb) Dimensions: 120mm (4 75in) diameter Boom: non-magnetic metal System readiness time: immediate System power consumption: 1 -5A or directional gyro Input: 1 1 5V 3-phase 400Hz from 24V inverter Weight: master unit 4-1 kg (9lb) Dimensions: 184mm (7-25in) wide 176mm 243mm 94m) high (9-56in) deep (6 Power consumption: 40VA at 115V 3-phase 400Hz Readiness time: better than 2min Total drift rate: 15mils/h or north-seeking gyro The equipment can also accept nputs from a north-seeking gyroscope MAP DISPLAY (optional) A map display designed and developed by Sperry is available as an optional extra. It gives a continuous visual indication of the vehicle's position by the intersection of the two cursors driven by the computer. The vehicle commander can slip the map out of the display and take it with him for marking up at briefing meetings, orders groups, etc. No map preparation other than folding around a platen is required and the displayed area can be quickly changed. Any one of three scales can be selected. The map display meets Finabel military requirements. SPERRY GYROSCOPE DIVISION Sperry Rand JL Limited Downshire Way, Bracknell, Berkshire, RG12 1QL, England Telephone. Bracknell 3222 238 Cables: Sperigyco Bracknell Telex: 84129 , -, Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Optical systems Sights, telescopes, periscopes Defence Instruments (Optical) Ltd, in association with Charles Frank Ltd and Survey and General Instrument Co Ltd, carries a wide range of instruments and spares current, obsolescent and obsolete. Included in our range are periscopic sights, stereoscopic telescopes for armoured fighting vehicles, tank periscopes, tank episcopes, rangefinders, artillery directors, dial sights, binoculars, etc. Since we have design, repair and manufacturing facilities, we can undertake to overhaul, modify or re-build. Catalogues can be supplied on request. Details of our optical instruments photogrammetry and surveying in this will and equipment for be found elsewhere Catalogue. Overhead projector for personnel training In conjunction with our associate company, of developing a we are in the process combined overhead projector and episcope. Data are available on request. DEFENCE INSTRUMENTS (OPTICAL) LTD 145 Queen Street, Glasgow C1, Scotland Telephone: 041-221 6666 Cables: Binocam Glasgow 239 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Gun sight with automatic digital elevation read-out This automatic digital elevation (ADE) sight is based on a gravity sensing device which provides a horizontal datum. A sensor is fitted to the elevating mass of a gun and its output is relayed to digital readouts. As the gun is elevated or depressed its elevation is continuously displayed on a counter. This obviates presetting of the elevation and laying by bubble and lends itself to automation. It improves the accuracy as it measures the actual elevation of the elevating mass, its readout can be set to 0-25 mil and the layer's task vastly simplified. to existing guns. is It The sensing head can be fitted swiftly and simply standard equipment and is designed to be interchangeable with any other head unit and to be mounted on any gun. The head, which has a cross-levelling capability, is fixed to the elevating mass. No accurate aligning of the sensing unit to the gun barrel is necessary as this is done electronically is when sight testing. The electronic unit carries all the electronics necessary for the operation of the sight. It can be mounted in any convenient place on the gun or in the turret. The miniaturised components, using silicon transistors and integrated circuits, are mounted on a number of plug-in printed circuit boards which facilitate maintenance as they are easily and rapidly replaceable. The mean time between failures (MTBF) is more than 2000 hours. The display unit is a standard design and is common to all equipments. It incorporates two pairs of light indicators. The first pair shows whether the detector head cross axis is level and, if not, in which direction it is inclined. The second pair indicates to the layer whether he is elevating or depressing within the speed range of the sight. Specification Dimensions mm mm 90 mm Electronic unit: 230 x 1 90 \ 1 1 5 Digital display unit: 210 > 1 1 5 y Sensing head: 200 1 90 1 85 Weight 36 Electronic unit: kg Digital display unit: 1 -4 kg Sensing head: 8-5 kg Power requirements: 24 V 1 A max 1600 mils (90) Angular range: Automatic reciprocating sight bracket This carries the azimuth sight, automatically maintains it vertically and offsets the sight line when the gun is elevated over tilted trunnions. The elevation is supplied to it by the ADE sight. Laying is considerably simplified and is speeded up. In the event of breakdown or enemy action reversion can be made to the manual mode as at present. The carrier can befitted to any gun and can be adapted Being unconnected mechanicwith the elevating mass it can be mounted anywhere on the traversing mass. for any azimuth sight. ally Specification Dimensions: 410 Weight- 27 2 kg • 380 355 mm Power requirements: 24 V 2 A max compensation: 180 mils R L(10°) Tilt These units, together with a data link between gun and command post (field computing equipment), can form the basis of an automatic sighting system. Automatic reciprocating sight bracket an Abbot self-propelled gun installed in The ADE sight comprising sensing head, switchbox and BRITISH AIRCRAFT Precision Products Six Hills Group Way, Stevenage, Telephone: Stevenage 2422 240 CORPORATION LIMITED Herts, Cables: England Britair Stevenage Telex: 82125 digital display unit A Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Gyro-stabilised sight Avimo-Ferranti series for vehicle-borne The Avimo-Ferranti AF.120 is adaptable sighting system stabilised to vehicle-borne Type weapon systems. these applications sighting can be effected on the move. Anti-vibration mountings smooth out inherent high-frequency low-amplitude vibrations and an integral gyroscope stabilises the sightline against larger Two magnifications of the viewed disturbances. stabilised image are provided: low magnification with a large field of view and high magnification with a small field of view. A thumb-operated switch on the tracking control is used to obtain the required magnification. An electrically driven gyroscope is directly coupled to the top mirror of a periscopic arrangement stabilising Any the sightline against pitch and yaw motions. movement in roll only causes apparent rotation of the image. In any periscopic mirror arrangement rotation of one mirror about a vertical axis causes an apparent tilt of In weapons the viewed horizon. The Avimo-Ferranti sight incorporates an automatic image-tilt correction prism which maintains the viewed horizon correctly orientated throughout the yaw motions of the sightline. Since the mirror is electrically controlled, a variety of tracking control configuration and positions is available. The bi-ocular eye-pieces remain in a forwardlooking direction at all times. In both axes, azimuth and elevation, the rate at which the mirror scans is related to the movement made of the tracking control handle. The scan rate is thus directly controlled by the operator. The servo-driven rotating head on the top of the sight protects the top mirror from buffeting by external forces and ensures that an optically acceptable window is provided at the correct angle to receive the top mirror image. The window is fitted with an electrically driven wiper with washing and de-misting facilities. The sight is collapsible for easy storage. Specification Magnification: X 2-5; X10 Fields of view: >2ff ( 2-5); Deflection of the field of view: >5 C ± 60 ( x 10) azimuth; 60 elevation : (total) Tracking rates: azimuth up to 40/sec; elevation up to 6 /sec Total exploration field with stationary eye-piece: azimuth 140 elevation 80 Eyepiece: bi-ocular (5 exit pupil) Interpupillary distance: 56 to 72 Independent eyepiece focusing: -5 to - 2 dioptres (6-5 in) distance Vertical adjustments: over 165 The type AF.120 sight can be fitted with a simulator spot injection unit which, together with an analogue unit located at a convenient position within a helicopter, provides the Additionally, necessary simulation for operator training. where operator training performance is required to be monitored, a camera can be fitted which films simulated engagements as well as live firings. The simulated missile flight is represented by a light spot projected on the face of a cathode-ray tube within the spot injection unit. The light spot is injected into the operator eyepiece and therefore into the field of view. The camera input is so arranged that it can record the field of view with the injected spot or real firing. The spot-injection unit is mounted on the lower optical assembly. The voltage inputs to drive this unit are provided by a small analogue and power supply unit. The initial conditions on the missile analogue are set up by the instructor The analogue unit controls launch attitude and missile launch relative to aircraft speed, together with range, etc. The analogue is designed on the modular principle so that different missile simulations can be set up by changing plug-in board components. The size of the analogue and (12-5x5x8 in) power supply unit is 317 127 203 ; mm mm mm mm The illustration shows the Avimo-Ferranti Type AF.120 gyro-stabilised sight assembly with the mounting frame for installation in Scout and Components of the spothelicopters. injection unit for the simulator are also shown Wasp FERRANTI LIMITED Aircraft South Equipment Department Hill Park, Easthampstead, Bracknell, Berkshire, England Telephone: Bracknell 4202 Telex: 84117 FERRANTI 241 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Periscopes and cupolas for all-round vision in fighting vehicles Helio periscopes and cupolas for fighting vehicles give personnel maximum vision coupled with safety. The periscope illustrated is the one now replacing the original instruments fitted to the cupola of the Chieftain tank and versions of it are under development for the Scorpion, Fox and other British fighting vehicles. Prototypes for M.109, M.113, Leopard, AMX series and several other fighting vehicles are also under development. These instruments, which can be produced to fit most types of military vehicles, are non-reflecting and of advanced design embodying several advantages: Immunity from detection by reflected light from the sun, a searchlight or an infra-red source. Immunity to the crew from shattering glass, because the two prisms comprising the periscope are isolated so that if the upper prism is damaged in action the lower prism protects the 1) 2) user's eyes. Synthetic rubber encapsulation affords protection to the periscope and the user, allows easy withdrawal for replacement and provides a sealed instrument. The periscope is fully desiccated and nitrogen-filled. Collimation of line-of-sight during manufacture ensures that when used as a nest of periscopes a common horizon is obtained without further adjustment. The instrument remains fully operational over the temperature range -40 C to — 80 C and can withstand air transportation in an unpressurised cabin at 11 200 m (37 000 ft) without damage and an external water head of 46 m (1 5 ft) without leakage into the periscope or vehicle. Better light transmission compared with a plastics type periscope results in far greater efficiency under threshold conditions of dawn and dusk. Prisms are flush-faced for ease of cleaning and the periscope is suitable for mechanical wiping. In place of the usual coating of black paint a layer of black glass is fused to the matt surfaces of prisms to ensure 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) *) 9) permanent The of the No 40 Mk 2 periscope optical contact. illustration on the right shows part of the ring No 40 Mk 2 periscopes giving all-round vision No 17 cupola, designed and produced by Helio in in MVEE for a Chieftain variant. Indicated diagramatically below are the four hatch positions possible on this cupola. Changing from one position to another takes only a few seconds. conjunction with No 1 7 cupola Below: the four hatch positions of the No We UMBRELLA 7 cu pola s r^ CLOSED 1 V 90°OPEN FULLY OPEN be glad to carry out design studies on any aspect of sighting periscopes or cupolas within the scope of our facilities. A shall Division of United Scientific Holdings Limited HELIO MIRROR COMPANY LIMITED Crabtree Manorway, Belvedere, Kent, England Telephone: 242 Erith 32142 Cables: Scodil London W1 Telex: 265403 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces AM artillery AMETS meteorological survey self-contained, computer-based, mobile meteorological station designed for the British Army, forobtaining and processing information on atmospheric conditions. The system comprises conventional radiosonde launching, receiving and radar tracking equipment with a specially designed data-processing system. is a The data-processing system capable of producing accurate meteorological information almost instantaneously in immediately usable form as the balloon ascends. There are no delays while the information is processed manually, no highly trained operators and no chance of human error. The equipment has been is designed and built to military specifications. This knowledge of computer-based data processing be applied to many other aspects of military management. It has particular application where command and control decisions have to be taken rapidly, and where all relevant information has to be called up and presented to the commander or staff can cell. The elimination immediate access of human staff great flexibility and generate new and speed NBC | / with commanders and response to amend of plans. RADAR DISPLAY D G TAL RADAR CONSOLE coupled errors, to information, give UNIT | DISPLAY UNIT PROGRAM LOADING UNIT INTERCOM JUNCTION TELEPRINTER BOX TECHNICIAN'S COMPARTMENT POWER SUPPLY CONSOLE MONITOR BOXES COMPUTER COMPUTER TEST SET BATTERY POWER SUPPLY TEST SET COMPARTMENT AIR CONDITIONING CABLE DRUM LOCKER UNIT Cut-away view of a typical AMETS system for providing commanders with virtually instantaneous information on meteorological conditions. The entire computer-based system can be mounted on one general-purpose vehicle A GEC-Marconi Electronics Company MARCONI SPACE AND DEFENCE SYSTEMS LTD Military Division Chobham Road, Frimley, Camberley, Surrey, England Telephone: Camberley 63311 Cables: Elliotauto Camberley Telex: 85289 243 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Gun for Gun all control equipment types of fighting vehicle improves the battle performance of a tank by ensuring faster target engagement and a higher first-round hit probability while firing on the move. The all-electric system fitted to the Centurion and Chieftain tanks has proved to be the most suitable for fighting vehicles. stabilisation The EC517 gun control and stabilisation equipment is an all-electric system. The equipment uses all "the latest techniques to provide a gun-laying and stabilisation performance which has been proved under battle conditions. The system has been selected forthe Vickers main battle tank and enquiries are invited from companies or countries who wish to improve the performance of their present tanks or who require new equipment for projects under development. Centurion modernisation Centurion tank gun-control equipment may be modified using the EC517 system. This not only secures the advantage of improved performance, but also increases reliability, simplifies operation and reduces procurement problems. The equipment can be fitted to replace the FV/GCE No 1 equipment during a normal rework period at a base workshop, no change to the Centurion vehicle being necessary. Centurion tank on manoeuvres EC517 gun A GEC-Marconi Electronics Company MARCONI RADAR SYSTEMS LIMITED AEI Control Engineering Department New Parks, Leicester, LE3 1UF, England Telephone: Leicester 871 331 244 Cables: Assocelect Leicester Telex: 34551 control equipment Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Infra-red sights Portable and vehicle-mounted Infra-red sights for armoured vehicles These infra-red periscopes are either for permanent fitting in tanks and armoured vehicles or for substitution for the normal daylight periscopes to provide They are of the latest binocular pattern two types, one for use at the gunner's the other for use by the commander. night vision. and are made position, in The majority of parts are identical to both types but whereas the gunner's sight has an illuminated graticule and is rigidly aligned to the gun, the commander's sight has a field of view which is adjustable in elevation for observing near or far objects. The sights are operated from the 24 V electrical system of the vehicle. They are of extremely rugged construction and completely waterproof and are not affected by gunfire or bumps and vibrations. facilities can be provided any make of tank or vehicle. Engineering them into for fitting Projector/searchlights for use with the sights are supplied as separate units to meet specific requirements. Commander's Gunner's sight sight Specification 13° Depth of focus: 30 m Field of view: Eyepiece setting: Infra-red weapon 24 V tank supply (negative or positive earth) Temperature range: -40 C —70 C Magnification: 2-8 X Tubes and spares: details on request Power supply: ; (1 00 ft) 2 dioptre to infinity sight for infantry This is a portable infra-red system used by infantry for night combat, consisting of an infra-red projector and monocular telescope combined in a single light-weight unit. It may be used with any make of rifle, machine-gun or anti-tank weapon. Special brackets enable the unit to be quickly attached or detached from the weapon. Adjustments are provided for accurate alignment of the illuminated graticule with the weapon sights, and for optimum positioning of the projector. The unit is operated from a 6 V portable battery which provides six hours of continuous use. This is regarded as adequate for a typical one-night operation. The battery is carried in a webbing pouch and is rechargeable. All electrical parts are suitably enclosed and the unit is panclimatic and immersible. It conforms to the relevant NATO standards and to the specifications of the defence forces of most countries. Muzzle bore sights Muzzle bore sights are optical devices for checking and adjusting the accuracy of gun-sights. The standard muzzle bore sight is a right-angled telescope for fitting in the muzzle of the gun to enable it to be accurately trained on a target. The gun-sight, or the graticule of the gunner's periscope, is then independently adjusted to the target, which brings it into exact alignment with the gun barrel. With this device the aiming accuracy can thus be checked at any time without going on to a firing range or expending ammunition. special muzzle bore sight also The includes a reference telescope for inserting in the breech end of the gun barrel which enables the ballistic performance of the gun to be measured with great accuracy. Muzzle bore sights can be provided with adaptors number of different sizes of barrel, including 76 mm, 105 mm, 120 mm, a 20 pounder and suitable for a 5-5 and 6-5 in. These instruments were designed in consultation with the British Military Vehicles and Engineering Establishment, are fully approved by the Ministry of Defence and are in service with the British Army and many other armies throughout the world. THE MEL EQUIPMENT COMPANY LIMITED Manor Royal, Crawley, Sussex, England Telephone: Crawley 28787 Telex: 87267 ©oo 245 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Sound ranging system for locating artillery positions by radio that eighty percent of the battlefield casualties in the Second World War were caused by artillery fire. As a result much effort was made to destroy or neutralise enemy artillery by counter-bombardment. However, before counter-bombardment fire can be brought to bear, the enemy weapon must first be located. Analysis has With this in shown mind the Plessey gun sound ranging system No 2 Mk 1 has been developed. cm* SOUNDS ggppHHHHHHHHHHanMHaMMMn ' I" 111111 HHIIIIIIIIII REMOTE SWITCHING UNIT SOUND RANGING COMMAND POST(CP) Sound ranging is a means of locating a sound source, based on the assumption that sound travels uniformly from its source at a known velocity. A typical sound ranging base consists of seven microphones, connected by a data transmission link to a data recording and processing centre. To achieve an accurate location, the position of each of the microphones must be fixed by precise survey, and the time intervals must be corrected for non-standard atmospheric conditions. An observer is deployed in the forward area at an advanced post. It is his task to listen to the enemy artillery fire and to switch the system on when he wishes it to record. He also provides additional information such as estimated type and calibre of weapon, number of rounds fired and so on. This information is relayed to the data recording and processing centre by radio. Two advanced posts are normally deployed. Sound ranging has three applications: 2. The location of a hostile weapon (passive role) The adjustment of counter-bombardment fire by sound comparison (active role) 3. Self-help procedures: 1 a. Assuming surveyed microphone data are not available: (1) The calculation of microphone co-ordinates accuracy) (at reduced veyed detonations (2) locating sur- calculation of relative microphone co-ordinates, for adjustment of fire procedures, by locating the shellburst of a The co-operating b. by fire unit (base registration) The calculation of meteorological correction in the absence of a standard sound ranging meteorological message, by locating data, surveyed detonations. THE PLESSEY COMPANY LIMITED Electronics Group Vicarage Lane, llford, Telephone: 01-478 3040 246 Essex, England Telex; 23166 'J/lAwwV] 1969 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Optical equipment for military use Tank sights, periscopic sights, rifle sights, services binoculars, gun-mounted binoculars, paralleloscopes Rank Kershaw manufactures a wide range of sights, and bore telescopes for all aspects of military use and to specific requirements, as well as a binoculars standard range of aerial reconnaissance lenses, optomechanical systems and fibre optic products. RANK PRECISION INDUSTRIES LIMITED Rank Kershaw Industrial Division 200 Harehills Lane, Leeds, LS8 5QS, England Telephone: Leeds 624601 Cables: Science Leeds Telex: 55162 247 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Passive night sight for armoured fighting vehicles Fox image intensifier night sight These image intensifier night sights are designed for use the turret of fighting vehicles such as the Fox and Scorpion. They have two roles: firstly they enable the gunner to locate, identify and engage targets at night without recourse to artificial lighting, and secondly they may be used for general surveillance. The sights contain two objectives mounted one within the other. The outer one, which is selected when the sight is to be used in its primary role, has a magnification of 58 (Fox), 65 (Scorpion). The inner one, which is selected when the sight is to be used for 1-6 (Fox), surveillance, has a magnification of x1 -8 (Scorpion). A flap shutter isolates the low-magnification objective when the high-magnification objective is in use and an iris diaphragm isolates the high-magnification objective when the low-magnification objective is mounted in selected. The iris diaphragm may also be used to reduce the light-gathering power of the high-magnification objective to suit the brightness of the target. A flash shutter, operated electrically from the gun the image intensifier tube from the effects of gun muzzle flash. firing button, protects Either a setting graticule or a ballistic graticule be illuminated may when the high-magnification objective is in use. The former is selected when the sight is to be correlated with the gun and is used in conjunction with a bore sight. The latter is used for laying the gun. The graticules are adjustable in tangential elevation and azimuth and are ganged together so that the ballistic graticule becomes aligned when the setting graticule is being adjusted. A circular graticule may be illuminated when the low-magnification objective is in use and this defines that portion of the field which would be covered if the high-magnification objective were to be selected. The illumination of all the graticules may be adjusted to suit the brightness of the target. The exposed window of the objective, which is a plane window, is cleared by a wiper and washer and the eyepieces are prevented from fogging by thermostatically controlled eyepiece heaters. RANK PRECISION INDUSTRIES LIMITED Metrology Division Langston Road, Debden Telephone: 01-508 5522 248 Industrial Estate, Loughton, Essex, England Cables: Survey Loughton Telex: 23855 1966 1967 1968 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Individual weapon sight L1A1 for direct fire and surveillance The L1A1 weapon individual designed to be used with infantry was originally weapons for engage- sight ment of targets at night. It relies solely on natural moonlight or starlight illumination of the target, even under darkest jungle conditions. The sight is selfcontained and consists of three integrated units: the primary optical system (which can be focused from 10 metres to infinity), the main body (which incorporates the graticule, intensifier tube, oscillator and power supply), and the magnifier. The graticule is adjustable in elevation and azimuth for weapon align- ment. The incorporated battery provides about 100 hcurs intermittent operation and can be readily replaced in darkness without breaking the seal of the complete unit. The sight carries a device enabling it to be boresighted to the weapon during daylight and this also enables the sight to be used in dawn and dusk conditions. Brackets are available to enable the sight The sight has to be mounted on various weapons been thoroughly tested by the British Ministry of Defence and has its full approval. Above: Individual weapon sight L1A1 Below: weapon sight mounted on general-purpose machine gun RANK PRECISION INDUSTRIES LIMITED <®> Metrology Division Langston Road, Debden Telephone: 01-508 5522 Industrial Estate, Loughton, Essex, England Cables: Survey Loughton Telex: 23855 Son 1967 1968 249 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Night viewing aids Betalights (Trilux lamps) for military equipment Betalights are low-level light sources that require no power supply, batteries or electrical connections. Betalights are available in a variety of shapes, sizes and a range of colours: they do not require maintenance and have a useful life generally in excess of the equipment in which they are used. Betalights have already been adopted for-a wide range of military uses. Some of them are shown below, while details of others are readily available on request. The British and other armies have already shown that Betalights increase mobility and improve efficiency. Betalight illuminated rifle foresights have improved night firing accuracy by an average of 70 percent. The leve of illumination has been chosen to give adequate rear visibility for the soldier firing without being visible It cannot be from long distances. seen from the front. The Betalight illuminated aiming post lamp is a single 227 g (8 oz) unit which can be carried in the pocket. It contrasts very favourably with previous methods which required a power supply or batteries. Betalight illuminated level and graticules are available bubbles for a wide range of sighting equipment. The components are easily assembled without the added complication of considering wiring problems. 1 md Panel illumination by Betalights gives absolute reliability without maintenance and a life that is usually longer than that of the equipment itself. No heat is generated, no battery is required and there is no need for any wiring connections. Betalight illuminated map and message readers largely eliminate the risk of security lapses caused by torches and similar devices. The Stanley Mk 4 prismatic compass has Betalight illumination on the dial, index ring and sighting points. The level of illumination is superior to conventional luminous paint, making readings more accurate and greatly reducing eye strain. SAUNDERS-ROE DEVELOPMENTS LIMITED <®> North Hyde Road, Hayes, Middlesex, England Telephone: 01 -573 3800 Cables: 250 Airily London Telex: 22121 1970 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Fire-control aids ground forces for A wide range of instruments is available from United Scientific Instruments Ltd to aid in the control of two typical units being shown here. Details of other instruments and equipment are available artillery fire, on request. Light fire-control plotter FBA No 1 Mk 1 This fire-control plotter provides quick and accurate solutions of the various problems concerning the deduction of map data for artillery and mortar fire. It can be used successfully with almost any type of field artillery equipment. The plotter operates over a complete arc of 6400 mils (360 ) about the gun position, and out to a range of 20 000 metres, at a scale of 1 :1 2 500. It has been designed in a lightweight version which allows for easy air-portability, and measures only 1 8 in). 580 460 (23 mm \ M Gun rule The gun and fuze indicator, for NATO 105 mm and fuze indicator illustrated is specifically designed for use with the 105 mm pack howitzer, now standard equipment with several NATO armies. Use of the gun rule gives two important advantages: a) Simplification of command post drills. The command post need only deduce the map azimuth and range to the target, without having to look up the quadrant elevation, and b) More accurate shooting. The individual muzzle pack howitzer velocities of the different rule respective gun guns can be rules; this will set on their concentrate the fire of the guns. Use of the fuze indicator allows quick and accurate calculation of the fuze setting for mechanical time fuzes, to achieve an airburst over the target. It allows the observation post officer to adjust range and height of burst separately. % « ... -, < 5f% " A Division of United Scientific Holdings Ltd UNITED SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS LTD Kirkman House, 54a Tottenham Court Road, London, Telephone: 01-636 5905 Cables: Scodil London W1 Telex: W1 P 0BQ, England 265403 251 Section 10: Sensors and control systems for ground forces Small arms day/night sight Avimo This sight increases the effectiveness of small arms operation particularly during low light level conditions because of its very high light transmission. The sight has a graticule illuminated by a trithium light source which is easily adjustable. It has been designed to meet stringent military specifications. Different mounts are available which incorporate adjustments for zeroing in azimuth and elevation. Small portable radar torch: SPRAT Telephone: Taunton 81071 This 1 Light transmission: mm 65% Exit pupil dia: 7 mm mm Length: 290 Weight: 330 grammes Focus: fixed is Cables: a hand-held ground-surveillance primarily intended for military use. SPRAT was Establishment Avimo Taunton radar designed by the Royal Radar Surveillance Section), It is now being the prototypes. manufactured and sold by Avimo Ltd under a licence from the British Ministry of Technology. SPRAT is a clutter-locked pulse doppler radar. who also (Battlefield made 46126 Telex: The composite signal reflected from the target is received and processed to detect target movement, which is denoted by an audible doppler note in the earphones. Range is metres for a up to man 1 1 00 metres for a vehicle and 500 d 30 metre accuracy range with a discrimination of 50 metres. Ltd Vehicle and airborne optics, military optics Telephone: Taunton 81071 Cables: Avimo Taunton We design, develop and manufacture optical systems for a variety of weapons, ranging from selfpropelled anti-aircraft guns to anti-tank guided weapons. The vehicle-borne optics are of the periscopicThe type and can be binocular or monocular. monoculars can have split-field presentations (two magnifications in one eye piece or a flip change to Telex: 46126 two separate magnifications). The monoculars for anti-tank guided weapons are of low magnifications with high fields of view. This is necessary for acquiring missiles early in their flight and bringing them on to the line of sight. Avimo has also designed periscopes for aircraft use, for the examination of stores (underwing or inside the aircraft) and for drift measurements. Ltd Herbert Street Taunton, Somerset. England 252 is which The Herbert Street, Taunton, Somerset England Avimo 28 Field of view: 7 Ltd Herbert Street, Taunton, Somerset, England Avimo Magnification: x4 Objective aperture: Telephone: Taunton 81071 Cables: Avimo Taunton Telex: 46126 Section 11 Engineer equipment 253 Section 11: Engineer equipment ' Y.i*.. 4v*vf* Tank on double-storey medium girder bridge (see table on opposite page for spans) Truck on single-storey bridge (see table on opposite page for spans) A bridge 254 is launched, undecked, with a central launching nose of suitable length Section 11: Engineer equipment Medium girder bridges and double-storey single- The medium girder bridge can be assembled either as a single- or a double-storey construction, of varying lengths. It will carry Class 60 loads over gaps of up to 30-5 metres (100ft), but longer spans of lower load classes can be built. When span junction posts and other accessories are available, it will be possible to build multi-span bridges of any length on fixed or floating piers. The basic unit is a light alloy box section top panel, 183cm (6ft) in length. Sections can be rapidly joined together to make a pair of long girders which form the load-carrying members of the bridge. A light alloy decking is then laid between them to give a roadway 4 metres (1 3ft 2in) wide. For long spans and heavy loads the side girders can Assembly: In use: 1 A 1 to 2 hours hour Dismantling: 2 Total: 4 A to 5.1 to 2 A hours hours (by night) The medium girder bridge can be built, used and dismantled in about half the time that would be needed simply to build a comparable bridge of the same span and load class, that is to say of 30-5 metres (100ft) Class 60. It takes about 30 per cent longer at night. This high speed is achieved by keeping the bridge and all its components to the minimum weight, by be deepened by the addition of triangular bottom panels, which are equally easy to handle and assemble. Very long bridges can be made up of successive spans joined together by span junction posts and supported on piers or pontoons. Kerb sections can be fitted along the edges of the bridge. Where required, footwalks and handrails are available. Ramp units give access at the ends of the bridge which may be placed directly on the ground. There is no need to rest the bridge on grillages. The bridge can be assembled, in 1 -8-metre (6ft) increments up to the longest span of 487 metres (160ft), by 24 men and a NCO. No cranes are needed and no component requires more than six men to lift it. minimising the time required to unload stores, and by providing pin-hole aligning devices to ensure quick and easy insertion of panel pins. When a single- or double-storey girder bridge has been assembled it is launched across the gap before the decking is laid. Both single- and double-storey bridges are launched with the aid of a central launching nose a light alloy beam which is long enough to touch down on the far bank before the centre of gravity of the whole bridge assembly passes beyond the launching rollers. When the end of the launching nose reaches the far bank a roller is placed to receive it. — tables show the maximum permissible spans. As a rough guide, the Class number can be taken as an indication of the vehicle weight in short tons (1 short ton 907kg). The following = Single-storey spans Double-storey spans Class 60 9-1 metres (30ft) Class 60 30-5 metres (100ft) Class 30 14-6 metres (48ft) Class 30 41-4 metres (136ft) Class 16 21 -9 metres (72ft) Class 16 48-7 metres (160ft) MINISTRY OF DEFENCE Director of Sales (Army) St Christopher House, Southwark Street, London SE1, England Telephone: 01-928 7999 255 Section 11 : Engineer equipment Components assembled The Class 1 6 bridge in in Dowered raft form moving in to a landing point clearspan form with seven deck boxes Using special carrying bars, a squad of eight men can easily carry deck box between transport trailer and assembly area over any reasonable distance a 256 Trailer with four deck boxes. sponsons are carried in the similarly carried. towing truck Articulator Floats boxes, (deflated) ramps and are normally Section 11: Engineer equipment Portable bridges for clearspan, floating and The Class 16 bridge is lightweight hand-erected equipment capable of being assembled as a clearspan bridge, a floating bridge or as a powered raft. Made of high-strength aluminium-zinc-magnesium alloy, it is designed for ease of transport and handling. Its basic components can be quickly assembled and placed into use. Each component has integral interlocking fittings and, when assembled, the equipment provides a clear non-skid roadway 3-3 m (11 ft) wide. General description The basic components of the Class 16 bridge are deck boxes, ramps, articulator boxes, floats and sponsons. The deck box combines the functions of bridge girders and cross girders and contributes buoyancy in floating applications. The top of the box forms the deck of the bridge. Tapered ramps are fitted to each end of the bridge to provide an easily negotiable access. Hydraulically operated articulator boxes are fixed between the deck boxes and the ramps to allow adjustment for varying bank heights with floating bridge and raft applications. For floating bridges and rafts, pneumatic floats are fitted to the deck boxes to give additional buoyancy and stability. Sponsons with integral turntable brackets for 40 hp Johnson outboard motors are fitted at each corner of a floating raft for powered raft operations. raft applications Clearspan bridge 1 5 2 m (50 ft) clearspan bridge is assembled from seven deck boxes and two pairs of ramps. The bridge can be constructed and positioned by 16 men in approximately 20 minutes using a special launching nose and rollers. A Floating bridge floating bridge 58 m (1 92 ft) long can be assembled from 40 deck boxes, two pairs of articulator boxes, two pairs of ramps and floats using a standard bridge set, but there is no limit to the length of floating bridge that can be built. A Powered raft The standard raft has a 1 22 m (40 ft) level deck and is 22 m (72 ft) overall. It is assembled from 10 deck boxes, two pairs of articulator boxes, two pairs of ramps, floats and four sponsons with outboard motors. The building time is approximately 40 minutes with 24 men. Longer rafts may be built up to 28 m (92 ft) overall and operated for a total distributed load of 24 tons. Transport Component sizes and weights enable bridge and raft sets to be economically and easily moved overland on special trailers towed by Land Rover or similar trucks. The equipment may also be carried in strategic transport aircraft or by helicopters. ARTICULATOR BOX Dimensions and weights Component Deck box Ramp Articulator box Float and support frame Sponson (with motor Depth m Weight in m in 1-2 1-8 1-2 1-2 48 72 48 48 0-38 0-38 0-38 0-75 15 15 15 273 304 20 144 144 72 78 30 23 600 670 550 50 20 78 1-2 48 0-75 30 329 724 3-6 3-6 1-8 in kg 251 lb fuel tank and anchor) CAMMELL Width Len gth m LAIRD (ANGLESEY) LIMITED Beaumaris, Anglesey, North Wales Telephone: Beaumaris 431 Cables: Searoads Beaumaris Telex; 61295 257 lection 11: Engineer equipment of launching and recover/ combined with low maintenance costs have resulted in Class 30 Trackway being specified as standard military equipment in many countries. Launching is normally carried out over the front of the vehicle and this can be completed in a few minutes by a team of three men Speed A roll of Class 30 Trackway may be transported on any suitable 5-ton flat platform truck. The roll is mounted on a spool and turntable which permits the trackway to be positioned within the length and width of the vehicle without overhang. When the operation is complete, the launching equipment can if necessary be quickly removed, so releasing the vehicle for other duties The demand for a heavy-duty quickly assembled roadway capable of supporting both tracked and wheeled vehicles is met by the Class 60 Trackway. It is commonly used at the approach to and exit from temporary bridge and ferry sites and, in conjunction with Class 30 Trackway, is ideal for operations involving the combined use of tracked and wheeled vehicles 258 Section 11 : Engineer equipment Portable roadways truck-laid Class and heavy-duty types 30 and Class 60 Trackway are portable non-skid surfacings designed for use on would become increasingly difficult with continual traffic and eventually result soft ground where condi- immobilisation of vehicles and mobile equipment. Both classes of Trackway are engineered for easy transportation and rapid handling so that they can be placed quickly and effectively by the minimum number of men. Trackway can be easily taken up after use, transported elsewhere and re-laid. Simplicity of construction and the use of aluminium alloy planks result in a very low maintenance and replacement factor. Cammell Laird (Anglesey) Limited manufactures and supplies all components for these portable roadway tions in total systems. Class 30 Trackway Class 60 Trackway Application Class 30 Trackway Application The Class 60 heavy-duty Trackway is designed for both tracked and wheeled vehicles. In general it is used to support tanks over very soft ground and in areas of large vehicle concentrations such as may occur at bridge and ferry approaches, at the entry and exit to marshalling areas and other areas subject to heavy traffic. Class 60 Trackway is also used to protect Class 30 Trackway designed for wheeled vehicles and for tracked vehicles with rubber pads. Heavier vehicles can use the Trackway when ground conditions are favourable and tanks up to Class 50 may cross at an angle provided they do not slew while on the track. Class 30 Trackway is a simple, quick and highly efficient means of maintaining vehicle movement over soft ground, particularly in conjunction with amphibious or other temporary bridges where its application extends the choice of crossing point. One of the main features of Class 30 Trackway is that it can be launched and recovered by the transport vehicle and can therefore be put into use without delay. is Assembly Class 30 Trackway is assembled from a number of extruded aluminium alloy planks with interlocking captive tongue-andgroove joints, forming a continuous non-skid surface 335 m (11ft) wide and normally 49-95 m (150 ft 9 in) long. This standard Trackway length is reeled on to a carriage assembly transported by normal platform trucks. Class 30 Trackway is launched from the truck and later recovered on to the truck. The spool carrying the length of track is mounted on a frame and turntable assembly which clamps to the truck platform. This arrangement permits the equipment to be stowed within the vehicle dimensions or swung to the launching and recovery positions. Launching Class 30 Trackway is launched forward over the truck cab, using a quickly fitted removable roller frame launching assembly. The track may also be launched over the rear of the truck. The preparation and launching operation can be completed in about ten minutes by a three-man team. tank crossing points. Class 60 Trackway is quickly and easily assembled and the components can be transported in quantity by standard trucks. at Assembly The heavy-duty Trackway is assembled from interlocking 0-23 m extruded aluminium alloy planks made in two sizes: 4-57 0-23 m (7 ft 6 in -9 in). These dimen9 in) and 2-28 (1 5 ft sions enable a continuous load-carrying mat to be assembled quickly over areas of soft ground. The method of assembly is by sliding individual planks together successively and engaging a simple locking device. An access mat area 183 11 -6m ft) assembled 38 can be in four hours by ten men. A pre(60 4-6 m (25 assembled length of Class 60 Trackway 7-6 15 ft) secured in a roll is easily laid and recovered by ten men. Tanks are driven on to the mat over the longitudinal lay of the planks. Slewing can take place once the tracks are fully on the mat. Transport Class 60 Trackway component dimensions permit transport in quantity by standard trucks and easy handling at both loading and application points. Two 3-ton trucks can transport components for assembly of a trackway area measuring 183 -11-6m (60 38 ft). Comfor assembling a roadway 15-3 m (50 ft) in length and (15 ft) wide can be loaded on one 3-ton truck as loose planks or as a single pre-assembled roll or as two pre-assembled rolls each 7-65 m (25 ft) long. ponents 4-6 m Recovery Class 30 Trackway is recovered over the rear of the vehicle, being rewound on to the spool by ratchet levers. Roller supports clamped to the rear of the truck platform support the track clear of the truck. The recovery operation can normally be completed in 10 to 1 5 minutes by a four-man team. Dimensions and weights Typical Class 60 Weight per m- (ft-): Total weight: 71 Dimensions and weights Mat Length: 18-3 m (60 ft) Width: 11-6 m (38 ft) Area: 212 m- (2280 ft 2 ) 34 kg (7 lb) 82 kg (15 960 lb) Typical Class 60 Track Standard Class 30 Trackway Length: 15-3 m (50 ft) Width: 4-6 m (15 ft) Weight per metre (ft) run: 144 kg (105 Total weight: 2385 kg (5300 lb) Length: 45-95 m (150 ft 9 in) Width: 3-35 m (11 ft) No of planks: 201 Weight per m(ft) run: 62 kg (45 lb) approx 0-23 m (1 1 ft Individual plank: 3-35 9 in) 14-9 kg (33 lb) Carriage assembly: 760 kg (1672 lb) approx Launching assembly: 340 kg (750 lb) approx Recovery equipment: 41 kg (92 lb) approx Total weight trackway and components: 4218 kg (9298 lb) approx CAMMELL LAIRD (ANGLESEY) lb) Individual planks Length: 4-57 m (15 ft) Width: 0-23 m (9 in) Weight: 33 07 kg (73 lb) Short plank Length: 2-28 m (7 ft 6 in) Width: 0-23 m (9 in) Weight: 16 76 kg (37 lb) Long plank — — LIMITED Beaumaris, Anglesey, North Wales Telephone: Beaumaris 431 Cables: Searoads Beaumaris Telex: 61295 259 Section 11: Engineer equipment Examples of mechanical winches Examples of hydraulic winches 260 Section 11: Engineer equipment Winches mounting on wheeled and tracked vehicles for As one of the oldest established manufacturers of winches, T T Boughton offers a comprehensive range of units suitable for use on vehicles, wheeled or crawler tractors, or for special applications. Mechanically driven from the power-takeoff shaft, the small end of the range is suited to vehicles or lightweight tractors; it starts at 2720kg (60001b) line pull and increases through subsequent models to 22 680kg (50 0001b) line pull. A equipment variety of optional is readily available, such as alternative gear ratios, two-speed gearboxes, freespool and automatic brake, four-roller fairleads, choice of underwind or overwind in most models and drums applications. (Regarding special applications, of varying width. For heavier wheeled tractors and for the bigger crawler types, winches with line pulls of up to 31 750kg (70 0001b) are in regular production with the optional equipment as mentioned above. Partial or complete waterproofing is available on some models for beach landing craft and similar fairleads, etc, are available. Mechanical specification Hydraulic specification As a typical specification the winch are as follows: characteristics of the Model V 19 mechanical a unit providing 200 tons line pull went into service this year.) In addition to their mechanically driven units, T t Boughton has pioneered and developed a range of hydrostatic winches, actuated by hydraulic motors. This group of seven models is also suited to vehicles, wheeled and crawler tractors or to special applications. Capacities range from 2720kg (60001b) to 27 210kg (60 0001b) line pull and varying line speeds. Apart from the smooth shockless functioning so characteristic of hydraulic power, hydrostatic winches permit many more permutations and combinations than the mechanical types. Not only can a range of optional gear ratios be used between the motor and the winch drum, but pumps providing different flow rates may influence line speed, while variations in hydraulic pressure can increase or diminish line pull. Optional equipment such as automatic brakes, A typical specification of an hydraulic winch is that of the Model 2H: Drum dimensions Barrel diameter: 152mm (6in) Flange diameter: 406mm (16in) Between flanges: 304mm (12in) Drum dimensions Barrel diameter: 165mm (6iin) Flange diameter: 355mm (14in) Between flanges: 398mm (1 53in) Rope capacities with 304mm (12in) drum (standard) 12-7mm 137m max lin > 150yd). Recommended length 110m (120yd) 1 58mm X 91 m max (tin x 100yd). Recommended length 91 m (100yd) Recommended length 46m (50yd) I 90mm X 69m max (Jin X 75yd). Rope capacities 91m (100yd): 15-8mm (tin) dia 100m (110yd): 14-2mm £in) dia 118m (130yd): 12-7mm (Jin) dia - ( ( Maximum line pull 1 1 340kg (1 Line pulls 5 0001b) on bare Worm: Gearing final drive providing 30:1 ratio. Worms are nickel-chrome gears are cast in high-grade bronze and teeth accurately generated by hobbing. Housing in-line bored Worm steel. Main shaft Mounted Housing 1 i% nickel-chrome-molybdenum generous bronze bushings in Steel casing to steel heat-treated and ground. BS 592 Grade B Automatic brake Totally enclosed in housing on worm shaft. Absolute safety against runback assured. No rearrangement of parts is required when changing from overwind to underwind or vice versa Clutch Direct on drums. Sliding member and pad brake actuated by single lever Catsheads 340kg (25 0001b) at 1 2-2m/min (40ft/min) on bare drum 5670kg (12 500lb) at 24-4m/min (80ft/min) on full drum assuming a pressure of 105kg/cm- (1500lb/m 2 ) and delivery I I drum of heat-treated alloy steel. Clutch of 145 litres/min (32gal/min) from the pump Rope attachment to drum is by simple ferrule let into recess in side of drum flange; allows rapid changing of ropes and recoiling Free drum is incorporated and allows easy pay-out of rope by hand when required. Free drum clutch is of the internal and external toothed type, operated by lever. By applying the brake, this clutch can be disengaged easily even if the winch rope is under load 280mm (11 in) dia, self-energising for over and underwind, and requires very little effort on hand lever to give a very powerful grip. External contracting band is operated by over-centre toggle mechanism. Brake drum and band are totally enclosed ensuring freedom from dirt and moisture in the Brake mechanism Towing on the winch brake is ensured without tractors. Ratchet hand brake (standard) slip on tractor up to 65hp Standard equipment Brake and free drum levers are grouped for ease of operation from seat or ground. Winch is operated by control valve with forward and Control levers Cab controls All winches designed with longitudinal control rods and down- hanging levers when linkage is taken to control levers inside cab. flexible cables simplify difficult installations Basic weight Push-pull reverse selection lever which automatically returns to neutral position when released, causing hydrostatic lock as safety precaution. Very fine inching control and cushioned pull is obtained on this winch 276kg (6101b) All gears, clutches, etc, are made of ample strength materials, heat-treated as required and run in totally enclosed oil baths. The winch is Transmission designed for continuous hard working with long life and freedom from failures and breakdowns. Taper rollers, ball and parallel roller bearings are fitted throughout, and are continually lubricated by winch transmission Nett weight 304mm (12in) drum, main winch only 460-51 0kg (9-10cwt) approx without rope T T BOUGHTON & SONS LIMITED Engineering Division Bell Lane, Telephone: Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England Little Chalfont 2666 Cables: Boughtons Amersham Telex: 83132 261 Section 11: Engineer equipment Plumett auto-capstan winch Type CA-45 The Plumett auto-capstan winch and gearbox Type CA-45 is shown above fitted is given above. A similar model is available for mounting on the Bedford 4 tion in a fighting vehicle Type FV432; 4 army truck shown elsewhere a brief specifica- in this Catalogue Specification Power: through power-takeoff from fighting vehicle Max rope pull at hook: low gear 6500 kg; high gear 3000 kg Rope speeds: low gear 4-5-18 m/min; high gear 33-1 32 m/min Diameter of rope: 14 mm length of rope: 250 m Breaking load of rope: 1 1 200 kg Weight (excluding rope): 470 kg Max Plumett transportable motor winch The illustration BM Volvo Type and diagram below show the Plumett portable motor winch Type TL-20; in the photograph it is shown carried on a BV 202 truck. Brief specifications of Type TL winches with integral 5, 9 and 1 5 hp drives are given in the specification below Specification Power: integral two-stroke engine through centrifugal clutch Max rope pull at hook: 2000kg (5, (5 9 or and 9hp); 2200 kg (15hp) Rope speeds: 07-0-28 m/sec (5hp); 6 m/sec (9 hp); 0-2-0-8 m/sec (15 hp) mm 15hp) 15- mm Dia of rope: 8 or 9 Max length of rope: 300 m 8 or 21 mx9 Breaking load of rope: 4000kg (8 mm); 5150kg (9 mm) Weight (excluding rope): 140kg mm / i I I 6 ^tl ' WL \ Mt t, • 262 *» • mm Section 11 Engineer equipment : Capstan winches vehicle-mounted or with own power Plumett capstan winches are robust units suitable for wide range of recovery, construction and similar work. Their essential feature is that the steel rope is winched by a multiple-groove twin pulley block, ensuring uniform speed at any point on the rope, while the rope itself is stored on a separate drum, as shown in the diagram below. The advantages of this design are that a great length of steel rope can be carried, that speed can be controlled and maintained very accurately over a wide range, and that pay-out of the rope can be powera unit Further features of the design are automatic rope laying on the drum, a free-wheel brake to prevent run-back under load, and overload protection devices; an hydraulically operated braking system is available assisted. optionally. Plumett winches are available in two ranges: the CA series, which is intended for vehicle-mounting and is driven through a power-take off from the vehicle power unit, and theTL, which is portable and completely self-contained, having its own power unit. Plumett auto-capstan winch Type CA-15 all models of Land Rover, a typical method of mounting being shown below. Apart from military purposes, this winch is being used by electricity companies for cable-stringing and laying, by firefighting and post office services, by civil engineers and many others. A brief specification for the CA-15 winch is given below; the specification for the larger and more powerful CA-45 winch is on the opposite page. This winch can be fitted to shown here with the driver's seat removed to give a better view. The principle transmitted to the steel rope by the multiple-groove pulley block A and B. The drum C, driven by a friction clutch, ensures adhesion and stores the cable passed by the multiple-groove pulley block. The pulley D can turn through 360 allowing traction in all directions. Plumett CA-15 winch of operation (right) is installed in a that the Land Rover power of the motor (left) is , Specification Rope speeds: 03 to Diameter of rope: 8 40 mm : mm mm : mm FULLER, LUCAS Crowborough • mm m/sec or 9 mm length of rope: 230 m 8 dia or 1 70 m 9 dia Breaking load of rope: 41 00 kg (8 dia) 51 50 kg (9 d ia) Weight (excluding rope) 95 kg Max Power: through power-takeoff from vehicle Max rope pull at hook: 1 500 kg & COMPANY LIMITED Cross, Eridge Road, Telephone: Crowborough 2000 Crowborough, Sussex, England Cables: Lucas Crowborough Telex: Lucas Crowborough Chamcom London 261981 263 Section 11: Engineer equipment Air compressors Portable and stationary models Duplex air compressors of all types are available wide range of applications. The current range Bristol for a includes diesel-driven portable plants for construction work, light industrial and heavy-duty units for workshop use, high-pressure models for laboratories and airbottle charging, garage compressors, and tractor- mounted plants. The patented Duplex airflow-cooled, two-stage design embodied in all Bristol air compressors enables the machines to deliver a greater volume of usable air power. This design uses a stepped piston and cylinder to enable both stages of compression to be carried out in any one cylinder. Efficient airflow cooling of the high-pressure area of the cylinder, together with inter-cooling carried out between stages, results in very cool-running compressors with high for a given horse Portable air compressor Model ATS, 150, volumetric efficiency. In addition, the double-acting piston does an equal amount of work on each stroke and plants run relatively free from vibration while the short stroke inherent in this design gives low piston speeds with consequent reduction in wear. Bristol Duplex air compressors, large numbers of which are serving with the armed forces of British and other NATO countries, have undergone the most stringent tests. These include subjecting the plants to ambient temperatures ranging from —52 C to -40 C with no detrimental effect to performance. Free air delivery figures are quoted for every Bristol air compressor and are guaranteed to the relevant British Standard Specifications and all international WD equivalents. Specification Portable tyre inflator Model 306/JL.5 Model ATS 150 Two-wheeled two-stage. 70kgf/cm WD portable trailer-type Free : air delivery diesel-driven 368 m 3 /min (130 air ft 3 compressor, air-cooled, /min). Working pressure (100lbf/in ! ) Other sizes available from 1 mVmin to 9 mVmin (36-320 ft 3 /min) Model 306/ J L.5 Compact tyre inflator air compressor, air-cooled, two-stage, easily transportable Free air delivery 0-1 (150lbf/in=) mVmin (3-5 ft 3 /min). Working pressure up to 10 5 kgf/cm- Model 308 ATS/500 Heavy-duty industrial-type compressor, air-cooled, two-stage. Free air delivery 11-3mVmin (400ft7min). Working pressure 70 kgf/cm 2 (100 lbf/in ! ) J 1 mVmin to 1 1 -3 m /min (35-400 ftVmin) Other sizes available from Heavy-duty stationary compressor Model 308/ATS/500 BRISTOL PNEUMATIC TOOLS LIMITED Causeway Works, Fishponds, Telephone: 264 Bristol 657511 Bristol, BS.16 3JS, England Cables: Percussion Bristol Telex: 44641 Section 11: Engineer equipment Portable electric tools from vehicle-mounted generator for field service The Consolidated Pneumatic Tool Company Limited, manufacturers of industrial high-frequency tools for in collaboration with the Army authorities a range of specially adapted British tools to meet most known requirements anywhere in the world under the severest conditions of climate and over forty years, has produced usage. Known as the Hicycle range, these tools operate from the electric supply of 400 Hz, 200 V, adopted as standard for British Army service requirements. more comprehensive information, trade cata- For logues are available from the company or any of branches and agents throughout the world. its Drills The model No mm of 9-5 1 57 MOD drilling machine has a capacity metal or in) for ( 3 equipment available bench a is wood Additional stand and 90 drilling. drill angle head. H-MOD-490 is a 19 mm wood drilling and earth The model No 40 capacity drill for metal or to a depth of 1 -2 includes a bench m (47] drill bit. Grinders The model No 51 1 a 150 > 25 mm (6 in) Additional equipment bit chuck, earth in). wood stand, boring chuck, rod and (|-in) boring G-MOD-5400 wheel grinder is fitted with for general grinding. For sharpening tungsten carbide bits and tipped tools 25 a 1 00 (4 x 1 in) wheel is fitted. A bench stand is available as additional equipment. 1 mm Wrenches The model No 7250 MOD is a reversible impact wrench for tightening and removing nuts, driving metal screws up to 13 mm (i in) diameter and wood screws up to No 14. Additional equipment includes a right-angle head, carrying case with set of sockets and screwdriver attachment. Sanders The model No 511 AS-MOD-5400 is fitted with a 230 mm (9 in) diameter abrasive disc for angle sanding. a 1 50 mm can also be used for wire brushing with (6 in) diameter brush. It Shears The model 200 MOD shearing machine cuts mild sheet up to 2 mm (14-gauge) thickness. steel Saws The model No 575 timber and felling 1 -19 m height (91 (46| is in) 280 MOD chain trees. including 584 mm (11 in) saw is ideal for cutting length is only (23 in) cutter bar. Its and the width is 240 Its overall mm mm in). 1 Screwdrivers " The model No 157 SC-750 screwdriver for driving metal or wood screws, with a capacity up to 6 mm ( i in) Pumps The new Hicycle sump pump has a capacity ranging from 545 litres/min (120 gal/min) at 6 m (20 ft) head ranging to 1 09 litres/min (24 gal/min) at 36 m (1 20 ft) head. CONSOLIDATED PNEUMATIC TOOL CO LTD 97-107 Uxbridge Road, London W5, England Telephone: 01-567 3411 Cables: Caulking London W5 Telex: 21311 265 Section 11: Engineer equipment Optical systems for photogrammetry and surveying Defence Instruments (Optical) Ltd can supply a wide range of technical instruments for defence purposes, some of which are shown on page. Periscopes, telescopes other optical equipment for fighting vehicles are shown elsewhere in this Catalogue. this and Photogrammetric equipment Our range includes large-scale and smallscale plotters, mono and stereo comparators of 230 230 mm (9 9 in) and 460 230 mm (18 9 in) size, stereo scopes of 70 70 mm (2^ 2 ^ in) and 230 230 mm (9 9 in) size, co-ordinatographs, photo-interpretation equipment, area-measuring instruments, scribing tools and digitising systems. Surveying equipment The range covers theodolites and instruments, gyro-theodolites, levelling electronic distance-measuring equipment, co-ordinate plotters, survey clinometers, magnetic compasses, plane table equipment, measuring tapes and bands, ranging poles and staves. the equipment shown here are available on Full details of and listed request. Defence Instruments (Optical) Ltd has a staff of specialists qualified to interpret technical requirements, to offer advice and to make recommendations on the choice of suitable equipment for the widest range of purposes. aT^l DEFENCE INSTRUMENTS (OPTICAL) LTD Sudbury House, Tylney Road, Bromley, Kent, England Telephone: 01-460 4665 266 Cables: Optic Sales Edenbridge Section 11: Engineer equipment Gas welding, Milne products, as supplied to the British Ministry Defence, are available either separately or in working packs: a cutter and/or welding blowpipe, with gas regulators, hose projectors, hose and of cutting, brazing and connectors. soldering equipment 100g The blowpipe range includes: Firecrest' weighing (31 02) for micro-welding and brazing and electronic circuit connections up to 1 6 Baby' and General' for welding gauge-1 in) mild steel plate and for cutting 0-5-76 mm (26 gauge -3 in) plate, 'Spitfire' for cutting up to 300 (12 in) plate and Seafire' for underwater cutting up to 230 mm (9 in) plate all with nozzles for most oxy/gas and air/gas fuel (16-gauge) 10-32 mm foil systems. mm We also plate. (0 i make acetylene generators. C S Milne & Co Ltd Harley Works, Deptford, London SE8. England Telephone: 01-237 9841 Cables: Acetyweldo London SE8 267 Section 12 Earthmoving equipment 269 Section 12: Earthmoving equipment The high driving seat on the AllisChalmers 645 ensures good all-round visibility. capacity Its is SAE rated operating 4082kg (90001b) Allis-Chalmers 645 Articulated Wheel Loader combines dependable power with excellent stability, speed and operating ease for high productivity With its ability to swing through a full 90 degrees arc (45 degrees each way), the 645 can head into the pile or swing toward the truck with only a minimum of time-wasting linear travel 270 Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Earthmoving equipment Articulated wheel loader The Allis-Chalmers 645 is a rugged 2m 3 (2\yd 3 ) machine with an SAE rated carrying capacity of 4082kg The six-cylinder 142hp diesel provides a (90001b). high horsepower-to-weight ratio. Good weight distribution and long wheelbase combine to provide exceptional balance and stability. The 90 degree swing and axle placement equidistant from the joint centre line allows the loader to turn in a (17ft 8iin). radius of only 54m sits on a fully adjustable bucket seat bucket and the rear of the machine is to the The operator Visibility Single-lever excellent. power — shift for on-the-move changing, both forward and in reverse (no stopping or foot clutching); power steering; air over hydraulic dual system brakes; push-button electric all combine to make starting; easy-to-read gauges gear — operation easy. DIMENSIONS eta L JLs v% \r .I**' A Overall length (bucket B Axle centres 2945m 415m on ground) 7 2006m C Centre rear axle to drawbar pin D Ground clearance E Centre drawbar pin to rear of drawbar F Height to underside of drawbar top 457mm Height to centre line of axles 71 Height to top of air J Overall height to top of cab 3 Maximum height at 1 50mm (2in) 482mm (1ft 7in) mm (2ft 4in) 654m cleaner stack cap 2 full (6ft 7in) (1ft 6'n) G H K (24ft 4in) (9ft 8in) 302m raise with (8ft 8Jin) (10ft 10in) clam fully open 5-721 m (18ft 9iin) L M Clearance pin. fully raised 3 581m (11ft 9in) when bottom dumped 3-473m (11ft 4jin) width, across bucket Height to hinge N Maximum O Track width P Outer turning circle (tyres) Q Outer turning circle (bucket) 1 -993m 2-692m (8ft 10in) (6ft 6Jin) Overall length less bucket 4-81 3m (15ft 9iin) radius 5-397m (17ft 81in) radius and winch 5 486m (18ft Oin) Overall length (bucket on ground) with scraper 7-264m (23ft 10in) SPECIFICATION Hydraulic system Total capacity 150 litres (33gal), all piston rods chrome-plated cylinders (2) double acting 152mm (6in) diameter Dump cylinders (2) double acting 140mm (5iin) diameter Clam cylinders (2) double acting 102mm (4in) diameter Steering cylinders (2) double acting 76mm (3in) diameter Bucket pump: gear type three-stage 265 litres min (70gal'min) at governed Engine AEC AV505 six-cylinder diesel Maximum horsepower 142bhp Lift at 2200rev/min Service rating 89 6bhp at 1800rev/min Maximum torque 52 2kg m (378ft-lb) at 1 20O-1 400rev min Bore and stroke 1 16mm (4-56in) by 130mm (5-1 2in) Displacement 8226cm= (502in : ) Air cleaner dry, Donaclone 254mm (10in) Fuel tank capacity 197 litres (43-5gal) engine speed Power train Transmission: Allison TT2420-1 with power shift. Changes from 1st to 2nd and 3rd to 4th are automatic Converter: Allison twin turbine TT425. with stall ratio of 5-18:1 Forward speeds: 1st 4-8km h (3-0mph); 2nd 10-6km h (6-6mph); 3rd 18 8km h (11-6mph): 4th 40 0km h (24 8mph) Reverse speeds: 1st 4 7km h (2 9mph); 2nd 140km h (8 7mph) Axles Planetary type, floating shafts, torque-proportioning hypoid gear differential, pin -connected to frame Front: Rockwell Centrax Model PR209. rigidly mounted to frame Rear: Rockwell /Centrax Model PR111. pivot-mounted to frame Tyres Tubeless, 20 5 25, 20 ply Brakes Dual system, air over hydraulic with service line couplings for trailer braking Service: double anchor pin, single cylinder, operating on all four wheels Size: front 438mm (17Jin) diameter 102mm (4in) wide. rear 406mm (16in) diameter 89mm (3lin) Parking: Rockwell standard drum, mechanically actuated, engagement automatically shifts transmission to neutral Size: 254mm (1 Oin) diameter 38mm (1 tin) • • Electrical system Type 24V negative towbar stowed earth, two batteries 12V 125A (10h rating) Steering pump: gear type, 68 litres, min (18gal min) with demand valve interconnected to bucket hydraulic system Control valves: three-spool for loader hydraulic and winch control, two-spool for trailer attached scraper Main relief valve 126-5kg,cm ! (18001b in : ) Filters: Full flow micronic, magnetic, full flow wire mesh and air filter Winch TT Boughton Series 2H Bar drum line pull and speed 1 1 884kg (62 200lb) at 9m. min (30ft/min) Rope length 46m (150ft), rope diameter 19mm (Jin) Bucket 4 in 1 multipurpose SAE rating 1-91m" (2jyd*) Rated carrying capacity 4082kg (90001b) Maximum lifting capacity to full height 5443kg (1 2 0001b) Tipping load 9298kg (20 5001b) Maximum breakout force, boom lift 8618kg (19 0001b); crowd 14061kg (31 0001b) Lifting time to full raise 6-5sec, from full raise 4-2sec Drort Weights Front axle 6001 kg ( 1 3 230lb) Rear axle 6386kg (14 300lb) Total (less operator) 12 487kg (27 530lb) General equipment with two rear-facing headlamps, inter-vehicle starting Connections for trailer equipment. Front and rear windscreen motors. Swivel-type tow hook. Detachable tow hook suitable for scraper. Tyre inflator Full lighting socket. ALLIS-CHALMERS GREAT BRITAIN LTD Essendine, Stamford, Lincolnshire. England Telephone: Stamford 2471 Cables: Gyrating Stamford Telex: 32255 271 Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Caterpillar D4D at work in heavy soil with bulldozer attachment Hydraulically adjustable multi-shank ripper attachment on D8H Caterpillar D8H with turbocharged engine delivering 270 bhp net at 1280rev/min, giving a drawbar pull of nearly 50 tons at lowest speed and a maximum speed of over 10 km/h (6-5 mph) unloaded ^^^.Fvv u^M«lj i _^ | ,Y ^7^^^* Cushioned on D8H D6C at is fitted with angle dozer blade with hydraulic rams. The engine delivers 125 bhp net pull of over 20 tons at lowest speed. Maximum speed 900 rev/min, giving a drawbar nearly 11 km/h (7 mph) 1 Caterpillar 621 272 wheel tractor-scraper operating in coarse sand rear push block attachment Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Tractors and scrapers Caterpillar-built equipment Of the wide range of earthmoving equipment made by Caterpillar, only a very small selection is shown here. The tractors, ranging from 65 to 385 bhp net, can be adapted to a variety of needs with a wide range of attachments. The sealed track is specially designed by Caterpillar and extends the normal life of pins and bushings by up to 30%. Track rollers, carriers and idlers are lubricated for life. On the D6C and D8H models the sprockets have bolt-on replaceable rim segments, so that the sprockets can be re-rimmed in the field without dismantling track, sprocket or frame. The track guides have high-speed hauling units, incorporates Caterpillar's design for increased capacity and speed in loading. Bowl and tractor can be transported separately. of Low Bow! replaceable wear strips. The 621 wheel tractor-scraper, smallest in the range TRACTOR MODEL D4D Caterpillar engine type D330 D8H D6C D333 diesel 4- cyl. 7-litre 65 bhp net at 1 680 rev/min 1 diesel 6-cyl, 25 bhp net at 1 D342 5-litre 1 diesel 6-cyl. 20-4-htre 270 bhp net 900 rev/min at 1 2S0 rev/min turbocharged Transmission direct drive power direct drive shift full power shift full power shift (direct drive not available) Max speeds (forward) km/h km/h km/h km/h km/h 1st gear 2nd gear 3rd gear 4th gear 5th gear Max drawbar (mph) (mph) (mph) (mph) (mph) — — 2-4 3-4 4-8 6-8 9-5 — — 15-3 10-3 6 9 4-5 2-8 3-2 (20) 5-8 (3-6) 9-3 (5 8) 2-7 (1-7)3-9 (2-4) 5-5 (3-4) 7-1 (4-4) 9-3 (5-8) (1-5) (2-1) (30) 3-7 (2-3)* 6 6 (4-1) 10-3 (6 4) 0-3-9 (0-2-4) 22 5 0-4 9 0-27 0-16 0-6 8 (0-4-2) 0-10-5 (0-6-5) — — — — (4-2) (5-9) pull (forward) 63* tons tons tons tons tons 1st gear 2nd gear 3rd gear 4th gear 5th gear mm mm Ground contact m area 2 9 30 5 2-2 16 Track Number cf shoes (each side) Width of track Length of track (on ground) 17 4-3 135 8-5 — — — — 35 330 (13) 1840 (72 .1) 36 455 (18) 2370 (93!) 39t 560 (22) 2900 (115) 1-22 (1885) mech. or hydra ulic mechanical 2-17 (3357) 3-26 (5049) hydraulic hydraulic hydraulic hydraulic 2410 (95) 1710 (67 A) 380-475 (15 -18|) 3400 (133) 1980 (78) 1520 (60) 355 (14) 2700 (106) 2120 (83 A) 415-500 (1 51-19}) 3950 (156) 2370 (93) 1880 (74) 370 (14;) 3100 2440 530 5200 2700 2130 510 (in) (in) (in ! ) Track adjustment Steering Dimensions (see sketch) Overall height Height to fuel filler cap B mm mm mm mm mm mm mm A Drawbar height C Overall length D Overall width E Width of track centres F Ground clearance Shipping weight (in) (in) (in) (in) (in) (in) (in) 5900 (13 100) kg (lb) 10 400 (23 000) 10 700 (23 500) 6200 (13 700) (122) (96) (21) (204) (107) (84) (19;) 22 700 (50 000) "Other transmissions are available as standard options +A direct-drive transmission is available as standard option tThese figures refer to the model with six-roller frame; a seven-roller frame is available as standard option Type 621 wheel tractor-scraper Tractor Caterpillar engine: D336 diesel V8 11-5-litre 300 bhp net at 2200 rev/mm Transmission: 8-speed and reverse mechanical gearbox with torque converter on 1st and 2nd (optional semi-automatic for 3rd to 8th) Tyres: 26 5 X 29 (wider 29-5 29 optional) Scraper Capacity: 1 Max depth Width of 5 3 m 5 of cut: cut: (20 yd 3 ) heaped, 10-7 330 (13 in) 3000 m 3 (14 yd 3 ) struck, SAE mm mm (1 1 9 in) kg (28 Max penetrating force: 1 2 900 Max depth of spread: 430 mm (17 400 lb) in) Controls: hydraulic, from tractor Dimensions A mm mm B 3550 2950 C 2110mm G H (139 in) (1 16 in) (83in) 2080 mm (82 in) E 3050 mm (120 in) F 3400 mm (134 in) Weight: 23 600 kg (52 000 I D J K 4100mm (162in) 2750 mm (108 in) 7100 mm (281 in) 1730 mm (68in) 11 600 mm (457 in) V f H - empty, 45 400 kg (1000 00 lb) lb) " ¥ I — K J *~ with average load CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO LTD 55 St James's Street, Telephone: 01-493 1882 London SW1, England Cables: Caterpillar London SW1 Telex: 262931 m CATERPILLAR <%> 1967 273 Section 12: Earthmoving equipment The Hy-Mac 580BT excavator with standard back-acter bucket, The Hy-Mac 1 080 (as illustrated) a 1 is -2 amply powered to work a m :) (1 \ 1 m3 (1 shown here in British Army colour 3 } yd ) bucket, or yd') face shovel The wheel-mounted Hy-Mac 610C can be supplied not only with digging grabs and buckets, but also with a variety of special materials- The Hy-Mac 880 can handling grabs operate continuously on a gradient of 274 specification travel on a gradient of 1 in 4 1 in 2 and Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Construction equipment Excavators, cranes and materials-handling units In 1962, Hy-Mac introduced the first all-hydraulic crawler excavator to be made in Great Britain. Now the range of Hy-Mac products embraces all-hydraulic excavators, materials handling equipment and inspection platforms, as well as Hy- Lift cranes. These products have been found widely acceptable in countries of the world, even in extreme climates and difficult ground conditions; a large number of many Hy-Mac 580BT excavators British now is in service with the Army. Excavators The main machines in the excavator range Hy-Mac 580C Outreach: 909 m (29 ft 10 in) Digging depth: 6 48 m (21 ft in) :! SAE required. all Hy-Mac machines is that and placed functionally, so that grouped controls are untrained operators can be quickly taught, and operator-error and fatigue are kept to a minimum. An important feature of are: Hy-Mac 1290 Outreach: 1273 m (41 ft 9 in) Digging depth: 8-69 m (28 ft 6 in) Capacity: up to 1 200 litres (1 \ yd Engine: 1 90 bhp at 21 00 rev/min 1 Capacity: up to 700 litres (087 yd Engine: 95 bhp at 2250 rev/min At every stage of production, from design to final inspection, special attention is devoted to reliability There is a world-wide network of and durability. distributors, with experienced servicing staff and HyMac parts stocks, to guarantee after-sales service when SAE :1 rating) rating) Hy-Mac 610C Hy-Mac 880 Outreach: 1026 m (33 ft 8 Digging depth: 7-93 m (26 (with back-acter equipment) Outreach: 8 86 m (29 ft 1 in) Digging depth: 6-17 m (20 ft 3 in) Capacity: up to 700 litres (087 yd Engine: 95 bhp at 2250 rev/min in) ft) Capacity: up to 1200 litres (1 A yd J Engine: 145 bhp at 2600 rev/min SAE rating) :i SAE rating) SAE rating) Hy-Mac 61 OC Hy-Mac 1080 Outreach: 1 1 28 m (37 ft) Digging depth: 732 m (24 ft) Capacity: up to 1 200 litres (1 A yd 3 Engine: 1 64 bhp at 21 00 rev/min SAE (with actuated grab) Outreach: 7-65 m (25ft 1 in) Digging depth: 6 60 m (21 ft 8 in) Capacity: up to 700 litres (087 yd Engine: 95 bhp at 2250 rev/min rating) :i Front end equipment: the Hy-Mac range of special equipment is wide and includes varied types of buckets, grabs, face shovels and extended dipper arms. Cranes Hy-Mac manufactures the cranes. The main models are: also range Hi-Lift of Hy-Lift HM300 Truck-mounted telescopic crane Height of Maximum lift: 2042 m load: (67 Hy-Lift HM1150 All-hydraulic crawler crane Maximum boom length: 4267 ft) Maximum Hy-Lift m (140 ft) Fly jib also available 10 161 kg (10tons) load: 40 642 kg (40 tons) HM675 Self-propelled telescopic crane Boom extension (with manual stage) to: Maximum load: 6096 kg (6 tons) A Powell Duffryn 1036 m (34 ft) Company HY-MAC LIMITED Hy-Mac House, Bath Road, Newbury, Telephone: Newbury 2205 Cables: Berkshire, England Hymac Newbury Telex: 84557 HY-moc <& 1968 275 Section 12: Earthmoving equipment A JCB 7B tracked excavator, demonstratgeometry of the boom and dipper, which gives it a load over height of 5 54 m (18 ft 2 in), a digging depth of 6 10 m (20 ft) and a reach of 9 30 m (30 ft 6 in). The 7B has a bucket capacity rated at 0-67-0-76 m 3 ( £-1 yd 3 ) ing the straight-arm The versatile JCB 3C, job-proven for most popular wheeled in the UK. The famous, economically designed JCB cab offers the excavator/loader reliability, the is optimum in plicity of controls all-round visibility, sim- and operator comfort Speedy, tough and economical, the JCB 1750 is one of a range of eight-wheeled loading shovels, offering high economic performance for a wide variety of bulk materials handling applications. The JCB 1750 has a rated payload of 3175 kg (7000 lb) and is powered by a Leyland 138hp engine with Clark transmission 276 Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Excavators loaders and shovels range of earthmoving equipment to suit most needs is made by JCB and available from JCB Sales Ltd, backed by a world-wide parts and repair service. Brief details only of some of the most popular machines A wide are given here. The hydraulic systems machines have been developed over nearly 20 years to a high pitch of efficiency as the result of experience gained in operation in all parts of the world, under all kinds of climatic conditions. Servicing requirements have been reduced to a minimum and the entire range enjoys a high degree of interchangeability of components. Controls, too, have been kept simple, to enable personnel with a minimum of training to operate the machines efficiently. JCB of all JCB tracked excavators A range of machines of popular size capable of big Important features are superior lift performance. capacity, bucket crowd action and tear-out force. JCB tracked excavators have 360 of continuous slew and incorporate a revolutionary two-step hydraulic system which directs maximum power and speed to where and when needed for fast and efficient working cycles. JCB 5C Engine: 77bhp at choice of machines with two-wheel or four-wheel drive, with payloads ranging from 1600 to 5000 kg Patented three-ram geometry (3500 to 11 000 lb). gives ideal bucket-carrying positions and permits a design of great stability with excellent visibility and low fuel consumption. The combination of modern functional design and job-proven components results in a range of machines capable of extremely high economic performance. 2250rev/min Digging depth: 5-76m (18ft 1 1 in) JCB JCB 704 Drive: four JCB 6C JCB JCB 6D front 2250rev/min Two-position boom and dipper at 702 wheels only 1b) 1000 Drive: four 106bhp wheels Engine: 90hD SAE gross Payload: 1590 kg (3500 Engine: 106bhp at 2250rev/min Two-position boom and dipper Digging depth: 6 35m (20ft 10in) Engine: loading shovels A wheels JCB 900 front wheels only Engine: 131hp SAE gross Payload: 2150 kg (4750 1b) Chain-type running gear Digging depth: 6 35m (20ft 10in) JCB JCB 7B Engine: 106bhp 2250rev/min at JCB7C 106bhp JCB 2250rev/min Two-position boom and dipper at Chain-type running gear Digging depth: 6-73m (22ft JCB wheeled 1 JCB 907 front wheels only 3000 Drive: four wheels Engine: 224hp SAE gross Payload: 5000 kg (1 1 000 lb) in) excavator loaders rugged construction most luxurious, which the have, as standard, economically designed cab on the market. All backacter positions can be controlled from the cab. Controls are simple and within easy reach whether the operator is Highly wheels Engine: 151hp SAE gross Payload: 3180 kg (7000 1b) Digging depth: 6-1 m (20ft) Chain-type running gear Engine: 1750 Drive: four machines versatile facing front, rear or of range of attachments includes: bulldozer blade, lifting forks, crane jib of one ton capacity, scarifier, pole erector or tree planter, 4-in-1 shovel, loader, grab and many standing. is The loading shovels, developed from the JCB 2 and JCB 3 machines, are outstandingly versatile. The wide JCB 2B JCB Engine: 70bhp at 2200rev/min Snap-mount backhoe Digging depth: 3-25m (10ft 8in) others. 700 Engine: 70bhp Capacity: 0-91 m> (1 *yd s ) JCB3 Engine: 70bhp Digging depth: at JCB2BS 2200rev/min 370m Engine: 70bhp Capacity: 0-57m 3 (Jyd s ) (12ft 2in) JCB3C Engine: 70bhp at 2200rev/min Digging depth: 4-1 9m (1 3ft 9in) JCB3S Engine: 70bhp 57m J (1yd 1 ) Capacity: JCB 3D Engine: 70bhp at 2200rev Digging depth: 4-60m mm (1 5ft 1 in) JCB3CS JCB4D Engine: 70bhp at 2200rev Engine: 70bho 77m 3 (1yd 3 ) CaDacity: mm Digging depth: 4-95m (16ft 3in) JCB SALES LIMITED Rocester, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, Telephone: Uttoxeter 31 21 ST14 5JP, England Cables: Earthmover Uttoxeter Telex: 36154 277 Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Above: Muir-Hill A5000 all-wheel-drive, all-wheel-steer loading shovel with 4-in-1 bucket and rear-mounted trenching attach- ment Digging with the rear-mounted trencher. sitting over the boom has the advantage of perfect visibility even in the most awkward spaces The operator The 4-in-1 bucket clamshelling the of the pile. In ventionally, scrapes 278 last addition to operating conthis bucket bulldozes and Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Bucket loader Multi-purpose military loading shove The Muir-Hill A5000 all-wheel-drive, all-wheel-steer loading shovel has been specially prepared for military application. Specification Overall dimensions m Overall height with cab: 2-87 (9 ft 5 in); without cab: 2 Width over tyres: 2-1 6 (7 ft 1 \ in) Max width overall: 2-29 (7 ft 6 in) approx (over bucket) m 30 m (7 ft 6,' in) m,« m Length: bucket on ground: 6-30 m (20 7 ft at carry: 6 30 m (20 ft 7; in) Wheelbase: 2-29 m (7 ft 6 in) Track: 1-77 m (5 ft 91 in) Ground clearance: 41 9 mm (1 ft 41 in) Approach angle: 90 Departure angle: 25 with winch Height of towing hooks: 705 mm (2 ft 3 i in) I over sprag in carry post; bucket with winch in) Weights Axle loads, with full fuel, oil and water, with cab, bucket and winch: Front axle: 3402 kg (7500 lb) Rear axle: 4921 kg (10 8501b) 2 Tyres 15 5 (7 ft t m S 2 29 a 30- 120 17 II 6x1 HI t 70 m IS MO ml ml • Draw bar pull and 2nd gear: 12 927 kg (28 5001b) available, vehicle ie U =0-75 on unladen vehicle 5987 kg 3rd and 4th gear: travelling range 3992 kg (8800 lb) 1st limitation on weight of H 3200 lb) Winch T T Boughton Type 2H Bare drum line-pull and speed: 9072 kg (20 000 Engine Perkins diesel. 4-stroke Model: 6 354 Horsepower: 104 lb) at 7 m/min (23 ft/min) Rope: Length: 91 44 m (300 ft) Construction: 6/19 hemp core 17 324/18 898 kgf'cm ! Diameter: 1 5 ( j in) Weight (including rope) 689 kg 1 520 lb) approx 2500 rev/min governed speed 875 in) at mm (3 mm (5 in) Bore: 984 Stroke: 1 27 (1 mm Fork lift 10/120 tons/in : ) ( : Displacement: 5800 cm 3 (354 in J ) Fuel tank capacity: 1 82 litres (40 gal) Cooling system capacity: 29-6 litres (6-5 gal) Air cleaner: Coopers 8-in Cyclopac with restriction indicator Cold starting device: Start Pilot Oil-filter: full-flow type equipment Size of forks: 1 Max and min 27 mm (5 in) wide spacing (centre-to-centre): 1-14m (3ft 9 in) max; 152 mm min (6 in) Max height of lift (forks horizontal and back of forks level with front of tractor): 2 85 m (9 ft 4 in) Transmission Max Torque converter: Allison TT2220-1 Torqmatic Hydropowershaft direct-mounted to engine by Flexplate coupling. Single-lever control Full powershift between work and travel ranges. Torque multiplication 5-1 :1 1) forward tilt: At carry position: 10 below if level ground. 70 below horizontal if discharging level At max height: 43 range (forwards to backwards) 110 Side shift (each side of central position): 229 (9 in) in) load centre: 1 81 4 kg (4000 Capacitv at 61 mm (2 ft Weight: 590 kg (13001b) approx 2) Full tilt mm Steering Hydraulically assisted by direct-driven vane Min turning circle: 1) 2) n * 25-12 PR Tread: Dunlop EM 1 Pressure: Front 2-5 kg/cm- (35 lb/in") Rear 1-8 kg/cm 3 (25 lb/in-) Size: 24 Radius to inside: 1-83 m (6 ft in) Radius to outside of bucket: 4-70 m Bucket equipment SAE capacity: 075 m 3 pump (1 5 ft Back acter 5 in) mm Size of bucket: 61 (2 Capacity of bucket: 0-1 2 m yd 3 ) struck; 1 m 3 (1 1 yd 3 ) heaped Lifting capacity (rated): 2268 kg (5000 lb) payload Max lifting capacity to full height of lift: 4082 kg (9000 lb) Max break-out force: 1) Boom lift: 4536 kg (10 0001b) 2) Crowd: 5897 kg (13 0001b) Width outsida: 2-29 m (7 ft 6 in) Depth (1 of dig: 3-66 m (1 2 ft Crane hook attachment Angle of dump: 45 Capacity: max ft 3 in) (4-2 ft ) in) in) Outreach: 4 27 m (14 ft Loading height: 348 m (11 ft 5 in) Slew and digging arc: 193 Max offset of king post from centre: 71 1 mm (2 Width of stabiliser base 1 63 m (5 ft 4 in) Weight: 1293 kg (28501b) Max dumping height: 300 m (9 ft 10 in) Max load-over height: 357 m (11 ft 81 in) Raising times to lb) height with rated load: 6 sec at 914 1 81 4 kg (4000 lb) at 61 in) outreach (3 ft mm (2 ft ft in) 4 in) outreach; mm 1 588 kg (3500 lb) Other products The A500 one of a range of nine Muir-Hill loading shovels with payloads from 1 800 kg (4000 lb) to 5450 kg (12 0001b), all featuring the same basic design concepts for increased efficiency. Muir-Hill also produces three is & MUIR-HILL LIMITED A member Bristol of the Babcock four-wheel drive tractors, a range of with payloads from 5 to 25 tons, and two dumpers mobile cranes of 10 tons and 20 tons capacity heavy-duty respectively. Wilcox Limited Group Road, Gloucester, GL1 5RX, England Telephone: Gloucester 21481 Cables: Muirhill Gloucester Telex: 43179 Muir-Hill 279 Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Model 54RD2 Tandem vibrating roller equipped with a variableamplitude system enabling the degree of vibration to be altered to suit the depth of material being rolled. It provides the most efficient compaction ever on a wide variety soils of and materials. Other This roller is important features include extra smooth excellent manoeuvrability, compaction on steep gradients and easy maintenance. Several of these rollers have recently been supplied for use in the construction of airfields and access roads reversal, ^Ail-'iL-. -.: at military installations Model T1 82 Trailer vibrating roller machine tandem, two Ideal for large-scale projects, this can be towed singly, in formation— a abreast or chevron suitably equipped four-wheel drive 65 hp tractor being suitable under most site conditions. Features a totally enclosed vibrator belt drive and self-adjusting clutch. A sheepsfoot conversion is available for clay soils Model T208 Trailer vibrating roller The most powerful model in the Vibroll range. Up to 300 tons of impact assures faster, deeper compaction for a wide range of materials in the construction of fills, embankments and dams. Handles rock in lifts up to 9 m (3 ft) extra-capacity deep. Heavy-duty frame, fuel tanks, high-yield steel roller and 105 bhp engine are just a few outstanding features. A sheepsfoot conversion is earth available for clay soils Model D76 High-frequency, high-output duplex vibrating roller This model is one of the latest additions to the Vibroll range The and is suitable for any so that the roller tends to maintain its line giving less operator effort, although the random phasing of the vibration makes it easily steerable when required. Features include surface. 97 percent rolls are fixed isolation from vibration, two speeds, excellent climbing ability and an extremely reliable air-cooled Lister engine. Extra-high kerb clearance and adjustable operator's handle are also important features fast 280 travel Section 12: Earthmoving equipment Vibrating rollers compaction and consolidation for soil The Vibroll range of vibrating rollers was first introduced by Stothert & Pitt 1945. in The patented such a way vibrating vibrating action of the Vibroll system causes the material particles to re-orientate themselves in that voids are kept to a minimum. The action extends to a considerable depth and area around the roll. On materials such as non-cohesive soil, sand, wet mix, gravel, etc, the Vibroll has of material particles ensuring that compaction is particularly good. Besides the four heavy-duty models from the Vibroll range illustrated here, there tandem and pedestrian models, each employing the same Vibroll system. is no equal, the re-orientation also a wide range of smaller trailer, Specifications Model 54RD2 Model T208 Total weight (wet unballasted): 7360 kg (7 30 tons) Weight on front roll (wet unballasted) 2860 kg (2-82 tons) Weight on rear roll (wet unballasted) 461 kg (4-56 tons) Total weight (fully ballasted): 8570 kg (8 46 tons) Weight on front roll (fully ballasted) 3970 kg (3-9 tons) Weight on rear roll (fully ballasted): 4610 kg (4-56 tons) Width of vibrating roll: 1 372 (54 in) Width of steering roll: 1 295 (51 in) Diameter of rolls: 1 21 9 (48 in) Total operational weight: 11 700 kg (11 828 mm (72 in) Roll width: 2082 mm (82 in) Overall length: 5963 mm (1 9 ft 6 J in) Roll diameter: : : mm (8 ft 21 in) Frequency: 30 Hz Maximum impact: 306 1 75 kg (300 tons) Engine: Lister HR56, 105hp at 1800 rev/min or Deutz F6L514, 1800 rev/min Engine speed control: mechanical Fuel tank capacity: 1 82 litres (40 gal) Overall width: 2501 : mm mm mm Wheelbase: 2972 mm (9 ft 9 in) Overall length: 4451 mm (14 ft 71 -5 tons) 1 in) 106hp at mm Overall width: 1 753 (5 ft 9 in) Overall height (with cab): 2642 (8 ft 8 in) Clearance, travel drive side: 178 (7 in) Clearance, vibrator drive side: 381 (1 ft 3 in) Overhang both sides: 191 (7 J in) mm mm mm Model D76 Maximum 8m (42 lb) Roll width: mm Turning circle: 12 Frequency: 50 Hz 1 1 34 kg (2500 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) diameter: 570 mm (22i in) Total operational weight: Roll ft) Length overall: 2971 mm (S ft 9 in) Length without handle: 1 308 mm (4 ft 3 1 in) Width overall: 990 mm (3 ft 3 in) Height overall: 1295 mm (4 ft 3 in) Frequency of vibration: 66 6 Hz Amplitude: 0-40 mm (0061 in) Maximum impact (each roll) 9638 kg (9-5 tons) Engine: Lister diesel SR1 7-75 hp at 2500 rev/min air-cooled Speeds: two, forward and reverse 2-88 and 1 -42 km/h (1 -8 and i impact: 55 090 kg (121 450 lb) Travelling speeds 1 st gear: 1 -5 km/h (0-9 mph) speed constant 2nd gear: 4 km/h (2-5 mph) speed constant 3rd gear: 5 5-8 km/h (3-5-5-0 mph) (not vibrating, controlled by engine throttle) : , Power unit HA3 3-cylinder air-cooled diesel engine giving 33 bhp at 1 800 rev/min (governed speed) with manual control down to idling speed of 900 rev/min. Lister Electric starting Fuel consumption at load: 7-73 litres/h (1 -7 gal/h) full Model T1 82 Machine with smooth Roll 88 mph) -25 gal) Water tank capacity (2 tanks): 61 litres (13-4 gal) Water spray on both litres (1 rolls — — mm Ground clearance drive side: Ground clearance overhang: 141 mm (5-75 in) non-drive side: 445 mm (17-5 overhang: 38 mm (1 -5 in) 76 (3 in) in) roll mm (16 61 in) mm (7 ft 5 in) mm (4ft 10in) width: 828 mm (6 Oin) diameter: 380 mm (4 6 in) Overall length: 5048 Overall width: 2261 Overall height: 1473 Roll Fuel tank capacity: 5-5 ft ft 1 ft 1 Weight: 5051 kg (4 95 tons) Vibrator frequency: 34 3 Hz Maximum impact: 98 474 kg (96 9 tons) Machine with sheepsfoot 1475 roll mm (4 ft 10 in) Weight: 5607 kg (5 5 tons) Engine: Lister HA4 4-cylinder diesel, Roll diameter: air-cooled, (continuous rating BS 649:1 958) Fuel tank capacity: 90 litres (20 gal) (sufficient for Starting by means of Simms spring starter STOTHERT & 1 44 hp at 1800 rev/min 2 hours' operation) PITT LIMITED Construction Equipment Division PO Box 25, Bath, Somerset, Telephone: Bath 63401 BA2 3DJ, England Cables: Stothert Bath Telex: 44177 281 Section 13 Vehicles 283 Section 13: Vehicles The AEC on This recovery vehicle has an AEC Militant 1 0-ton chassis and is fitted with a Renolds Boughton hydraulically operated crane with a manual jib extension mounted on a ballbearing slewing ring giving an angle of slew of 180. Hydraulic luffing is carried out by the Boughton B19H winch which is fitted with an automatic brake. Hydraulic power is generated by a pump driven from a single-speed power take off which is supplied with the chassis. The crane's main frame and structure is fabricated from standard road steel sections electrically welded. A load indicator is fitted to the main jib and suitably marked showing safe loads. The crane can lift a maximum weight 284 of 10 tons a 6x6 Militant chassis III 10-ton cargo truck Section 13: Vehicles Militant 10-ton 6x6 III cargo truck body sides as well as the tail board may be dropped or removed. The vehicle has an average road speed of 53 km/h (33 mph) and a range of action at maximum speed of 480 km (300 miles). Its robust construction, good road speed and crosscountry capability combined with reliability in service and ease of maintenance render the Militant III an fork been built to comply with the Fighting Vehicle Research and Development Establishment's 10-ton general-service cargo a for specification The design includes current commercial vehicle. vehicle components adapted as necessary to meet The Militant has military requirements. The body has a flat floor carrying of all and forms of cargo. To is intended for the loading by lift truck, the outstanding vehicle for military purposes. facilitate Dimensions mm (1 6 ft) B Overall length: 8798 mm (28 C Body length: 6153 mm (20 A Wheelbase: 4877 ft ft D Body 2^ in) 3702 to centre line of bogie: (12 ft 1} 10| in) mm in) mm (8 1470 mm (4 E Rear overhang: 2451 G Front overhang: ft ft I in) 91 in) Specification Electrical system Voltage: 24 V Wiring: insulated return Performance Weight: unladen 11 850 kg (26 104 1b); gross 22 000 kg (48 504 1b) Average max speed: on road 53 km/h (33 mph) cross-country 24 km/h Range at average max road speed: 480 km (300 miles) Gross power-to-weight ratio: 10 bhp/ton Max tractive effcrt, low gear: 544 kg/ton (1 200 lb/ton) Max climbing ability: 1 in 3 Max gradient for stop/start: 1 in 3 ; (1 5 mph) Type mm (5 in) dia, and 25 A suppression: to FVRDE Spec 2051 m (75 ft) Wheels Rims: WD Tyres: 1400 x 20 divided disc in cross-country, or 1500 or 600 X 20 1 in on four-piece discs Brakes Foot: two-line air pressure, dual circuit Hand: air-assisted mechanical on four rear wheels Warning devices: buzzer and gauge Fuel system lift 27 Steering Type: AEC AV760 diesel 3 Displacement: 12-473 litres (761 in ) 141: 1967) (B.S.AU rev/min bhp 2000 201 at Output: 204 bhp at 2000 rev/min (DIN 70020) Torque: 79-3 kgf m (571 Ibf ft) at 1500 rev/min (B.S.AU 141: 1967) Governed speed: 2000 rev/min Ignition type: compression Type of 1 Type: worm and nut, hydraulic assistance Turning circle: right-hand 22-9 m (75 ft); left-hand 27-9 Engine Type: of alternator: Capacity of batteries: 100 Ah Water-proofing, tropicalisation Appendix D1, Sched B pump fuel: diesel Suspension Air cleaner: oil bath Fuel capacity: 21 8 litres (48 gal) Type: front semi-elliptic springs; rear semi-elliptic springs inverted Shock absorbers: front only Transmission Military characteristics Roles: transportation of cargo including NATO palletised loads 3 Cargo capacity of load deck: 21 2 m 3 (277 yd ) Clutch: single dry plate Gearbox: 6-speed constant mesh Transfer box: 2-speed Towing Transfer box ratios: 1 :1 and 1 -634:1 Axle type: fully floating Overall ratios: top 7-9:1, bottom 91-5:1 Number of differentials: three ability: front hook, rear hook Variants of basic chassis Fueller/tanker, command vehicle, tractor, recovery vehicle, tipper AEC LIMITED Military Safes Division Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London Telephone: 01-499 6050 Cables: Leymotors W1 , London W1 Telex England Telex: 22498 285 ^•jciion 13: Vehicles WlUunr M The workshop body .Ml insulated. IS °.. •j: o ! is is fully a enclosed and door, rear four windows, roof lamps (230 V 60 W), flexible bench lights and electric extractor fans. The exterior is proofed for use in the tropics. There are two hardwood benches, racks, a tool cabinet, a cable drum and ' fire extinguisher, also selection a of machine tools which include a 2\ in lathe, in bench drill, two 6-in grinders and a polishers, a machine for spark plug cleansing and testing, valve refacing equipment, a battery charger and a tyre inflater. Power «* 3760.»|UI«I There i; ® © © Lathe 115mm ® (4iin) Oxy-acetylene rack grinding and polishing © Bench machine Benches with cupboards and drawers machine © Bench © Battery-charging plant ©Valve drilling Spark plug cleaner and tester re-facing machine supply :ge cupboard a stretcher case or case patients s unit 8 and water tank inside the truck and facilities for heating and ventilating. First-aid equipment is also supplied with this vehicle for 5 sitting patients A k * jjft E £ 1 s D i If s 1- . i a j c \ •4 3SeOo>(Mttn> - - 46Ur 5HO»-l24: •* 3760MH.4e.rJ SOw(2«l D tlSiDE ' Vardrobe -awers 286 ® Folding table © Armchair © Folding chairs ©D esk wit ®S wivel c is windows sitting p seats UAJMlStol a suitable generator-trailer fully version - from enclosed body of the ambulance divided into two compartments. The forward one is suitable for sitting cases and for carrying equipment; the rear compartment can either be arranged for four stretcher cases or eight seats. Two large double-doors extending the whole width of the body are fitted at the rear for ease of access. There are four sliding The © Sink is ri dra* vers I s The basic construction of similar to the workshop this caravan truck, but is an additional window is fitted at the front of the body and a partition with sliding door is constructed approximately 282 cm (9 ft 3 in) from the rear. The front compartment is equipped as a bed and dressing room; the rear compartment is for use as an office. There are four other 4.1/5 ton trucks in this range designed for available specific requirements: a message centre lair 330x9 15mrr edside table (72 x )6in) fed and exchange truck, a teleprinter truck, a charging signals truck and munications repair truck a telecom- Section 13: Vehicles Albion 42/5-ton general service 4x4 cargo truck when The vehicle addition to providing four-wheel drive a to be engaged, giving a Power-assisted steering further reduction of 204:1. The Albion can be fitted with a is fitted as standard. variety of bodies for military applications, including an engineering workshop, a portable stores system, a caravan and an ambulance. is suitable for all military applications where 4.1-ton payload is required cross-country. It is available in three alternative wheel bases (3089 mm, 3623 mm, 4080 mm), making range of applications. 0-370 diesel It it suitable for a powered by is 106bhp developing engine, a wide Leyland at 2200 rev/min. The main gearbox has five forward gears and one An reverse. auxiliary box is fitted which, in enables an extra-low M - N mm Dimensions A B C D Wheelbase Rear of cab to rear axle Rear overhang Rear of cab to E Overall length F Overall height cf chassis tail 4080 3850 1945 5790 7380 2820 - mm in 160; 151 required, ratio i G H 76 V 228 290 i M 111 N 1170 1727 2273 1740 2280 865 Height to top of chassis Track, front Overall body width Track, rear (centres of twin wheels) Width of rear axle Width across chassis main members K L in 46 68 89 i 68 i 89| 34 Specification Wheels Engine Type: Leyland 370 diesel Displacement: 6075 cm 3 (371 in 3 ) Gross bhp: 106 at 2200 rev/min Gross torque: 38-7 kgf m (280 Ibf Governed speed: 2200 rev/min Ignition type: compression Rims: B6 5 \ 20 with 142 mm (5-6 in) offset 900 X 20-12 ply, singles front and twins rear 20-14 ply, single tyre equipment al round. This reduces the Options: 1 1 00 gross vehicle weight limit to 9297 kg (20 496 b) on road and 8789 kg (1 9 376 lb) cross-country Tyres: - ft) at 1400 rev/min I Brakes Fuel system Type: mechnical lift Type of fuel: diesel Hand: mechanical, power-assisted pump Foot: air-over-hydraulic, all wheels Warning devices: buzzer and gauge Air cleaner: oil bath Fuel capacity: 1 1 3 litres (25 gal) Suspension — Type Transmission Clutch: single dry plate 356 mm rear: semi-elliptic leaf springs (14 in) dia Gearbox: five forward speeds and one reverse (option of 6th forward speed) Transfer box: two-speed Transfer box ratios: 204:1 and 1 00:1 Axle type (front and rear): single-speed double-reduction (spiral bevel centre, epicyclic hubs) Axle ratio: option of 5 555:1 or 6 250:1 or 6-933:1 Differentials: front: semi-elliptic leaf springs two Electrical system Voltage: 24 V Wiring: insulated return available Type of generator: alternator Capacity of batteries: two 12 V 81 Ah capacity Water-proofing, tropicalisation and suppression available Shock absorbers: hydraulic, telescopic, at front axle Performance data Unladen weight: 4217 kg (9296 lb) Gross weight: 12 193 kg (26 8801b) on road, 10 161 kg (22 400 1b) crosscountry Speed, average maximum: 72 km/h (45 mph) with 6-250:1 axle ratio Range of action at average maximum speed: 400-480 km (250-300 miles) Gross power weight ratio (bhp per ton) 9-7 Maximum tractive effort, in low gear: 485 kg (1071 lb) per ton with 6-250:1 : axle ratio Maximum Maximum climbing ability: 1 in 2 with 6-250:1 axle ratio gradient for stop and restart: 1 in 3 with 6-250:1 axle ratio Military characteristics Steering Type: Burman re-circulatory ball type, hydraulically assisted Turning circle: 17-1 m (56 ft) or 20-4 m (67 ft) or 22-9 m 75 ft) depending on wheelbase Roles: cargo, office, workshop, engineering (appropriate bodies available) Cargo area: dependent on types of body Towing ability: rear hook available plant, caravan and ambulance ALBION MOTORS LIMITED Military Sales Division Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London Telephone: 01-499 6050 Cables: leymotors W1 , London W1 Telex England Telex: 22498 287 Section 13: Vehicles ^p 3" •***(??*- Tne four-stretcher ambulance on the 277 cm (109 in) wheelbase Land Rover chassis has been specially developed by Pilcher for military purposes and for use in civil disasters. The rear compartment of the ambulance provides accommodation for four fulllength military stretchers, or two stretchers and four sitting patients, or eight sitting patients. In all combinations of accommodation, a fold-up seat is provided for one attendant. 288 Section 13: Vehicles ambulance Military Four-stretcher body on long-wheelbase Land Rover This vehicle is a great step forward in the development 4 x 4 ambulance for military and civil disaster use. The most advanced methods are used in the construction of the body, which is of the one-piece doubleskin type, fully moulded in glass-reinforced plastics. The advanced specifications include injection insulation, colour impregnation and fire-retardation. The floor is also moulded of glass-reinforced plastics of a with integral tread pattern; it is therefore not necessary to use any type of floor covering. The floor is further reinforced between theskin mouldings with 1 (fin) plywood. The interior walls are of colour-impregnated plastics and can be easily cleaned; the seats are also of an easy-clean material. The roof is of the same construction as the remainder of the body, that is double- 9mm /letres 2-768 1-308 4-800 2-413 1-790 Wheelbase Track AA BB CC DD A Overall Overall Overall Overall length height width width over hinges 1 Interior length 2 892 336 B Interior height 1-524 C D width Top of front cushion to floor Front to rear of front cushion 1-701 Interior E 0368 0-406 skin glass-reinforced plastics with injection insulation, giving a very high degree of thermal insulation and good shock-absorbing properties. An additional tropical roof can also be supplied. One of the advantages of this ambulance is that the bodywork colour-impregnated and never repainting, kits being available in a matching colour. The interior is also colour-impregPilchers requires is repair nated. The Pilcher four-stretcher ambulance has the same readability and cross-country capability as the original 277 cm (109 in) wheelbase Land Rover, which Catalogue, complete with technical specification. Brief specifications of the Pilcher ambulance body are given below. fully is described elsewhere Inches (109) F Front squab height (51 i) G (189) 95) ( (70J) (744) (92) H Width of front cushions Width between front seats Width between wheel boxes Width of stretcher rack Width of seat (60) (67) (144) (16) 1 J K L Height Height Height Height Height M N O P in this of nurses seat between top rack and roof between top and bottom rack of bottom rack of wheel boxes Metres 0-431 0-457 Inches (17) (18) 0025 (D 0-977 0-660 0-457 0-457 (381) (26) 0622 0622 (24 4) (24 4) (16) 0-406 228 (18) (18) (9) Specification Power unit The following power Windscreen Basic Rover fixed screen units are available: 4-cylinder 21 litre petrol engine 6-cylinder 2-6 litre petrol engine 4-cylinder 21 litre diesel engine Driver's bulkhead Full-length with central opening complete with roll-up blinds. Bodywork Constructed of a one-piece, double-skin, fully moulded glass-reinforced plastics Insulation Complete body insulated with injection Fibreglass insulation Rear doors full -width rear doors made to open and secure flat to body side. Two-way locking bar with interior handle secures left-hand door. Right-hand door secured by double-locking handle. Interior head pad above door opening Double Two open lockers Driver's compartment Rover windscreen, cab doors, sidescreens and cab seats Finish Interior: white or ivory colour-impregnated plastics laminate Exterior: colour-impregnated in colour selected, with some lettering Standard fittings Illuminated ambulance sign, siren or alarm bell, twin wipers and wing mirrors Interior Two Pilchers folding stretcher racks with fold-up seats. Accommodation: four Lighting Two windows with opening section darkened safety lighting system glass. One fixed in each side of body. Plain, frosted, or in each rear door. 12 V interior window Folding rear step with locking bar Ventilation adjustable air Optional extras intakes and one large-capacity extractor. Two 12 V rubber- Weight 1930 kg (4256 bladed fans PILCHERS (MERTON) LIMITED Victoria Road, Burgess Telephone: Burgess Hill mm Blood bottle holder, vacuum flask, forced ventilation system, 178 (7 in) dia rear floodlamps, tropical roof, fluorescent interior lamps, telescopic or Mk 2 stretchers, ventilated floor compartment, first-aid kit, flashing roof beacon, reversing lamp, universal spotlight on screen pillar, heater, resuscitation equipment, provision for two-way radio, air conditioning, fire extinguisher Rear steps Two stretchers, or two stretchers and four seats or sitting cases, or eight seats for sitting cases, plus attendant's seat Hill, 5707 pilchers Sussex, England Cables: Ambulap Burgess 1b) Hill Telex: 87323 289 Section 13: Vehicles AEC Militant 10-ton recovery crane Additional equipment Salvage winch (mechanical or 1 hydraulic) Scammell Constructor 12-ton recovery crane — Snatch blocks single sheave with swivel oval eye, working load 10 tons 12 Shackles, 5-ton capacity 8 Ground anchors 1 'A' type distance frame 2 — one and crane, one illuminate work Floodlight equipment illuminating deck swivelling to Spade, shovel, axe, crowbar, sledgehammer Wire bonds 5 48m 1 9mm (18ft) long, (Jin) dia wire eyes each end Double lashing chains comprising 2 legs 1 8m (6ft) ring and 2 hooks, leg 1 capacity 5 tons each (b) 2 off comprising 2 legs 1 8m (6ft) long, 1 ring and 2 hooks, leg capacity 2 A tons each (c) 1 off comprising 4 legs 1 -8m (6ft) long, 1 ring and 4 hooks, leg capacity 2 A tons each 2 Hydraulic bottle jacks, 8-ton capacity 1 Rear spade designed to support jib under suspended-tow conditions, providing greater safety under vertical (a) 1 off long, lifts 2 Timber packing, 152cm 20cm hardwood 10cm 8in (5ft x 4in) 2 Timber jack blocks, 30cm (1ft) hardwood cube 4 Timber supports for jack leg feet, hardwood 30cm 1 1 1 290 30cm 10cm (1ft > Heavy duty towpole 5-ton breakdown ambulance Flashing beacon on cab roof 1ft x4in) Section 13: Vehicles Heavy recovery vehicles 10-ton and 12-ton capacity is all electrically welded with 20-3cm (8in) pressed steel channel crossmembers mounted on rolled steel channel mainbearers adequately gussetted at all intersections. Floor in 6-35mm ( ]in) mild steel Chequer plate pressed to form capping to extremities of cross members, stitch-welded to underframe. Outrigger jack support beams fabricated in box sections mounted below chassis members, the forward beam braced up to body and incorporating sliding inner portion extending 45-7cm (1ft 6in) each side. Access steps fitted at Underframe strengthened to receive crane rear. slewing ring. The toolbox is in 1 0swg steel sheet extending for the full width of body 61cm high 121cm wide (2ft 4ft) fitted with hinged access flaps at the rear of the cab. Crane hoisting, slewing and luffing are hydraulically operated; jib extension is by hand. The Boughton V1 9H hoisting winch is worm-driven with automatic brake incorporating sheave headpiece and sheave crane block The body with swivel hook giving approximately 2-43m (8ft) per min hook speed, with rope falls of 15-8mm („in) dia 6/37specially improved plough wire rope. The VI 9H unit is also used for luffing. Recovery crane mounted on ball bearing slewing from common power source via appropriate valve, having 180deg slewing, speed approximately 2-2irev/min with full load. ring hydraulically operated Jib extension manually operated by winch mounted below main jib fitted with 6.35mm (jin) dia 6/19 specially improved plough wire rope, giving 121cm Locking pin provided to sustain (4ft) extension. 406cm jib at (16in) intervals. Hydraulic power generated by a suitable pump driven from a single-speed power take-off which should be supplied with the chassis. Load showing main indicator fitted to safe loads. suitably jib marked APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS A Model B C D E F Width •AEC 0870 cm 483 190 244 96 732 288 122 48 165 65 331 in 130 244 96 i"Scammell Constructor cm 510 200 335 132 670 264 122 48 170 in 67 360 142 290 114 cm 371 in 146 244 96 544 214 122 48 157 62 325 128 244 96 Foden "17 tons fully laden f21 tons fully laden SAFE WORKING LOADS FOR AEC MILITANT Jib positioned at the rear Load luffed at 20 Jacked Min length kg lb 1st extension kg lb 2nd extension kg lb Full extension kg lb Free Load luffed at 45 Jacked Load luffed at 20 Jib positioned at 90 Free Min length 10 160 22 400 8618 19 000 6100 13 440 6100 13 440 6100 13 440 6100 13 440 1st extension kg 4064 8960 4064 8960 4064 8960 4064 8960 2nd extension kg 3048 6720 3048 6720 3048 6720 3048 6720 Full kg | lb lb lb extension kg lb i Load luffed at 45 Jacked Free Jacked Free 6852 15 150 3311 7300 8365 18 480 3556 7840 5080 11 200 3070 6770 6100 13 440 7300 4064 8960 2789 6150 4064 8960 3048 6720 3048 6720 2181 3048 6720 2540 5600 4810 3311 SAFE WORKING LOAD FOR SCAMMELL CONSTRUCTOR Load luffed at 20 Jib positioned at the rear Jacked Min length kg lb 1st extension kg lb 2nd extension kg lb Full extension kg lb Free Load luffed at 45 Jacked Jib positioned at 90 Free 12 240 26 988 8708 19 200 12 240 26 988 10 523 23 200 Min length 7348 16 200 7348 16 200 7348 16 200 7348 16 200 1st extension kg 4828 10 640 4828 10 640 4828 10 640 4828 10 640 2nd extension kg 3556 7840 3556 7840 3556 7840 3556 7840 Full kg lb lb lb extension kg lb Load luffed at 20 Load luffed at 45 Jacked Free Jacked Free 6532 14 400 1814 4000 11 612 25 600 3084 6800 5987 13 200 1451 3200 9434 20 800 2902 6400 '717 10 400 3200 7983 17 600 2540 5600 1088 2400 7983 17 600 2177 4800 3991 8800 1451 REYNOLDS BOUGHTON LIMITED Vehicle Division Bell Lane, Telephone: Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England Little Chalfont 2666 Cables: Boughtons Amersham Telex: 83132 291 Section 13: Vehicles This Dodge heavy-duty vehicle is available with a wide choice of cargo bodies, tipper variants being illustrated. Different wheelbase lengths add additional versatility to this popular model .J***. Illustrated at the right is the basic standard chassis form; clearly shown is the bolted chassis structure, a construction which enables easier realignment of chassis should any distortion under excess load conditions members 292 occur Section 13: Vehicles Dodge 14-ton heavy-duty truck The Dodge 14-ton heavy-duty truck is a wheeled, long-distance vehicle with rigid chassis, powered to maintain high convoy speeds. Experience in many areas has shown it to be fully dependable even under the most adverse conditions of operation. The five-speed gearbox with full synchromesh on the top four gears, careful layout of all controls, spacious cab and other features reduce driver fatigue robust to a minimum. The twin wheels on the two make sure-footed for surfaces. The basic truck wheelbases. This, progress even on rear axles slippery available in a wide range of combined with the bolted con- is struction of the chassis, facilitates conversion from the basic load-carrying model to heavy-duty tipper or specialised vehicle transporter. Specification Engine type: Perkins Gross bhp: 185 at diesel Suspension V8-510 2800rev/min Front: semi-elliptic leaf springs Rear: semi-elliptic leaf spring with equalising Nett torque: 51 kg m (378lb ft) at 1 600rev/min Lubrication: wet sump with full-flow oil filter Fuel tank capacity: 227 litres (50gal) Electrical equipment: 24V beams negative earth return with 720W alternator Transmission mm Clutch: single dry plate 381 (1 5in) dia Gearbox: five forward, one reverse, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th synchromesh engagement Propeller shafts: needle roller bearing Drive axle: two-speed Eaton 38DT fully floating, spiral bevel. Third differential with air-operated lock. Ratio 7-17/9 77:1 Weights — Unladen chassis/cab with fuel, oil, water and spare wheel: 6360kg (14 0201b) Gross vehicle weight: 22 352kg (49 2801b) Dimensions Overall length: 9220m (363in) Overall width: 2-394m (94}in) Overall height: 2438m (96m) Wheelbase: 5080m (200in) Track, front: 2032m (80in) Brakes Foot: Hand: full air full air dual circuit. Lining area 8200cm 2 (1 272in 2 ) with positive mechanical lock on front and front driving axles rear: 809m 1 (71 Jin) Ground clearance (laden): Tyres: 1000x20-16 234mm (9-6in) ply rating Performance Max. speed: 74km/h (46mph) Range (road use): 644km (400 miles) Tractive effort 1st gear: 6350kg (14 0001b) Max. gradient climbable based on rolling resistance of 134kg/1 000kg (30lb/ — Steering Type: recirculating ball, variable ratio Turning circle: 1828m (60ft) 22401b): 27% ROOTES MOTORS LIMITED Export Sales Division 26-40 Kensington High Telephone: 01 -937 8077 Street, London W8, England Cables: Rootesmoti London W8 Telex: 23535 ^g ROOTES 293 •"~-tjon13: Vehicles <^». • Illustrated the here Commer chassis truck in typical 10-ton is rough ground. vehicle stationary shown Also military setting, heavy-duty illustrated in a firing a field unit, having delivered and engineering stores ?94 rigid- travelling is over the range and at ammunition ~A>) Section 13: Vehicles Commer 10-ton heavy-duty truck proven record as a heavy-duty load-carrying vehicle, this Commer 10-ton wheeled rigid-chassis truck is ideal for transporting heavy loads such as bridging equipment, field defence stores, mines and ammunition. With its Its strong carbon-manganese steel chassis combines with its superb suspension to smooth the ride over the rougher terrain. On the open road, it has the power to match convoy speeds under full load and in all weather. The diesel engine of proven design, acting on two twin-tyred rear axles fitted with equalising excellent performance beams, give the vehicle in difficult terrain. The careful layout of the cab, combined with powerassistance on the steering, ensures that driver fatigue is kept to the minimum even on long runs at full load over difficult terrain. Equipment is designed to give long life under typical service conditions. The body type illustrated here is only one of several available. The wheelbase quoted in the specification below is the most popular, but trucks with longer or shorter wheelbases, to suit different types of bodies and tasks, are also available. Specification Engine type: Rootes 3D 215 Suspension Gross bhp: 125 Front: semi-elliptic leaf spring with lever-type hydraulic Rear: semi-elliptic leaf spring with equalising beams at 2400rev/min Nett torque: 4395kg m (3181b ft) at 1300rev/min Lubrication: wet sump with full-flow oil filter Fuel tank capacity: 1 90 litres (42gal) Electrical equipment: 12V negative earth return with shock absorbers 420W alternator Transmission Weights Clutch: single dry plate 355mm (14in) dia Gearbox: five forward, one reverse. 2nd. 3rd, 4th, 5th synchromesh engagement Propeller shafts: needle roller bearing Drive axle: single-speed Eaton 30DT fully floating spiral bevel. Third differential with air-operated lock. Ratio 7-17:1 Unladen chassis/cab with fuel. oil. water and spare wheel: 4284kg Gross vehicle weight: 1 8 285kg (40 300lb) Hand: air-assisted to Lining area 6800cm (1054in ! ) ! rear bogie Tyres: 9 00 X 20-14 ply (1 1 650lb) Dimensions Overall length: 8 915m (351 in) Overall width: 2263m (89!in) Overall height: 2 534m (99 4 m) Wheelbase: 4 863m (191 Jin) Track, front: 1 -806m (71 Jin) rear: 1 702m (67in) Ground clearance (laden): 226mm (8 9in) Brakes Foot: air/hydraulic divided line. — rating Performance Max. speed: 61km/h (38mph) Range (road use): 676km (420 miles) Tractive effort: 1st gear: 3982kg (87801b) Max. gradient climable based on rolling resistance 22401b): 20-8% Steering Type: cam and peg, power-assisted Turning circle: 21 -3m (70ft) of 13-4kg/1000kg (30lb' ROOTES MOTORS LIMITED Export Sales Division 26-40 Kensington High Telephone: 01-937 8077 Street, London W8, England Cables: Rootesmoti London W8 Telex: 23535 ^y ROOTES 295 Cc "Uon 13: Vehicles The Commer 2-ton heavy-duty pick-up isthe ideal general-purpose personnel carrier; illustrated with soft-ground tyres, it provides convenient transport to and from the firing range and yet is tough and dependable enough arduous conditions. carrier, a further vehicle tyres 796 is add for As use a in more bulk-liquid use for this most adaptable again soft-ground illustrated; to its versatile characteristics mam Section 13: Vehicles Commer 2-ton heavy-duty pick-up Its extremely versatile rigid chassis makes this Commer 2-ton heavy-duty pick-up truck a great asset in any modern army. Apart from its obvious uses as a load carrier, it can be adapted to fulfil a variety of requirements, including those of personnel and bulk-liquid transportation. It is powered by a diesel engine of proven economy, with synchromesh transmission on top three gears and has a full tank capacity range that more than normal supply Fitted with softthe most arduous conditions. Free access to all parts of the engine and chassis render maintenance in the field easy, while robust construction and careful design reduce the need for covers ground tyres, it excels distances. in maintenance to a minimum. The high road speed combined with good crosscountry performance render this vehicle suitable for general duties with most types of fighting unit. Specification Type: Diesel Suspension Engine: Perkins 4-236 Gross bhp: 80 at 2800rev/min Nelt torque: 25 9kg m (1 871b ft) at 1 500rev/min Lubrication: wet sump with full-flow oil filter Fuel tank capacity: 136 litres (30gal) Front: semi-elliptic leaf spring with lever-type hydraulic shock absorbers Rear: semi-elliptic leaf spring with lever-type hydraulic shock absorbers Electrical equipment: 12V negative earth return with 420W alternator Weights Transmission Clutch: single dry plate 279mm (1 1 in) dia Gearbox: four forward, one reverse, 2nd, 3rd, 4th synchromesh Propeller shafts: needle roller bearing Drive axle: fully floating, spiral bevel, ratio 5-43:1 — chassis and cab with fuel, oil, water and spare wheel: 2735kg (60301b) Gross vehicle weight: 5440kg (12 0001b) Unladen engagement Dimensions Overall length: Overall width: Overall height: Brakes Foot: air/hydraulic divided line. Lining area Hand: mechanical to rear wheels 2580cm (400in : : ) 5537m (21 8in) 2-200m (86|in) 2464m (97in) m (115in) Wheelbase: 2-921 Track, front: 1 rear: 1 -829m (72in) -905m (75m) Ground clearance (laden): Tyres: 10 50 • 16-12 209mm (8 iin) Sand ply, rating Performance Max. speed: 84km/h (52mph) Range (road use): 724km (450 miles) Tractive effort 1st gear: 1767kg (38951b) Max. gradient climbable based on rolling resistance — Steering Type: cam and peg Turning circle: 13-41m (44ft) 22401b): of 134kg/1 000kg (30lb) 31% ROOTES MOTORS LIMITED Export Sales Division 26-40 Kensington High Telephone: 01-937 8077 Street, London W8, England Cables: Rootesmoti London W8 Telex: 23535 f^f ROOTES 297 Sp^t»on13: Vehicles The long-wheelbase Land Rover (227cm, 109in) shown above can be adapted to many uses, some of which are shown below: 1 with Scottorn powered-axle trailer, 2 with 1 05mm Pack howitzer, 3 with Moy aircraft loader, 4 as four-stretcher ambulance, 5 with 120mm Wombat, 6 as fire tender, 7 fitted for radio (FFR), 8 as FFR command vehicle, and 9 with Wombat in action 298 Section 13: Vehicles Land Rover model military f-ton This world-famous 277-cm (109-in) wheelbase vehicle is the standard vehicle in its load class in all British Services and many other armed forces throughout the world. The specification includes FV design towing hook, twin fuel tanks, vehicle lashing eyes at front and rear, freight lashing cleats in body, rear bumpers and front bumpers modified to permit pushing of one vehicle by another, oil cooler and eight-bladed fan, FV pattern lights, chassis frame with extended spring shackles to permit fitment of larger tyres when required, etc. The vehicle is available in both '1 2-voit cargo' and '24-volt fitted for radio' (FFR) specifications. The FFR version incorporates a 90A rectified ac electrical system with provision for charging wireless batteries, full suppression of electrical equipment, wireless table, battery carrier, two 100Ah batteries, co-axial leads, HF aerial brackets, operators seats, etc. Metres 2-768 1-308 Wheelbase Track Overall length Overall width (over hinges) Overall height of cab Overall height with hood Front cushion to accelerator pedal Front squab to steering wheel Headroom front seat (uncompressed) Front to rear of front cushion Width of front cushion A B C D E 4-441 1-676 1-86 1-905 0-438 Metres Inches 109 F 51 -5 175 66 G H J 75 K 17-25 14 5 L 0369 0-991 39 0-406 0-457 16 N 18 O 0025 Top 0-368 of front cushion to floor Front squab height Height of body sides I 73-25 0-381 Width of front centre cushion Width between front seats Width of body interior Length of body interior Interior body width between wheel boxes Width of wheel boxes Height of wheel boxes M Inches 15 1 0431 14-50 17 0-483 1-444 1-85 19 56 87 72-75 921 36-25 13-75 0-349 0-229 9 Specification Transfer box ratios: 1-148:1 High General -43 X 1 -83m (56J 72in) clearance (laden): 0-24m (9in) Loading area: Ground 1 Low 14-3m (47ft) Unladen weight: 1630kg (37101b) Gross vehicle weight (approx): 2680kg (59051b) Turning Axle circle: litre, 2-4:1 — front and rear: 4-7:1 Equipment Tyre size: three alternatives: 7-50 > 16in or 8 20 15in sand tyres Wheel rim size: 5-50 16in well base Electrical system: 12V dc (24V ac 90A optional) Engine Type: 2-25 ratio four -cylinder petrol : 15in sand tyres or 9-00 Transmission Performance Main gee rbox ratios: Top direct Approach angle (laden): 47 deg Departure angle (laden) 29 deg Payload, including crew (road and cross-country): 765kg (15cwt) Maximum speed, four-cyiinder petrol: 96km/h (60mph) Gross power/weight ratio (laden): 30-8bhp/ton Maximum tractive effort (laden): 1600kg (35001b) Third 1-512:1 2nd 2-22:1 1st 3-6:1 Rev 30:1 X : THE ROVER COMPANY LIMITED Meteor Works, Lode Lane, Telephone: 021 -743 4242 Solihull, Warwickshire, England Cables: Rover Solihull Telex: 331 56 299 c ^rtion13: Vshicles The standard wheelbase Land Rover (223 cm, 88 inch) shown above can be put to a wide range of uses and is in service with many military and police forces throughout the world, some of which are illustrated below: 1 as two-stretcher ambulance, 2 fitted for radio (FFR), deep-wading, 3 as used in the Australian Army, 4 as a cargo carrier, 5 as a recovery vehicle, 6 on air-drop platform (with J-ton model), 7 as command post, 8 as used by the Royal Air Force, and 9 at the headquarters of Northag. 8 j^^ifl^ t 7 £ n j 3KBB - ?00 "IS Section 13: Vehicles Land Rover military Hon model In operation with armed and police forces throughout the world, the adaptability and immense strength of the 223-cm (88-in) wheelbase Land Rover have proved it one of the finest general-purpose military vehicles ever produced. The specification includes FV design towing hook, twin fuel tanks, vehicle lashing eyes at front and rear, freight lashing cleats in body, rear bumpers and front bumpers modified to permit pushing of one vehicle by another, oil cooler and eight-bladed The vehicle is available in fan, FV pattern lights, etc. both '12-volt cargo' and '24-volt fitted for radio' (FFR) The FFR version incorporates a 90A specifications. rectified ac electrical system with provision for charging wireless batteries, full suppression of electrical equipment, wireless table, battery carrier, two 100Ah batteries, co-axial aerial leads, HF aerial brackets, operators seats, etc. !*=* ( ^ N ^ M F 1 1 K N J: Tr A B c D E Metres Inches Wheelbase 2-23 88 Track 1-31 Overall length Overall width (over hinges) Overall height of windscreen Overall height with hood Front cushion to accelerator pedal Front squab to steering wheel Headroom front seat (uncompressed) Front to rear of front cushion Width of front cushion 3 62 1 68 1 714 97 0-489 1 50 142-56 66 67 5 77 50 19 25 0368 0965 400 0457 Metres Width of front centre cushion Width between front seats Top of front cushion to floor Front squab height Height of body sides Width of body interior Length of body interior Interior body width between wheel boxes Width of wheel boxes Height of wheel boxes F 51 G H I J K L M 14 5 38 N 15 75 18 0381 0025 0-362 Inches 15 1 0451 14-25 17 75 0508 20 448 1-206 57 47-50 0-917 0-349 36 125 13 75 0216 8-50 1 Specification General Loading area: -43 1 x 1 22m Ground clearance (laden): 0-203m Turning circle: 1 1 58m Transfer box ratios: 1-148:1 High (56J x 48in) Low (8in) Axle ratio (38ft) Unladen weight: 1530kg (33751b) Gross vehicle weight (approx): 2020kg (44531b) Engine size: Wheel rim litre, front and rear: 4-7:1 Equipment Tyre Type: 2-25 2-4:1 — 16m; 6 50 6 00 size: 500 Electrical system: four-cylinder petrol 12V 16in; 7 50 16m; 8 20 16in well base dc (24V ac 90A optional) 1 5in (sand) Transmission Performance Main ge£ rbox ratios: direct Top Approach angle (laden): 41 deg Departure angle (laden) 34 deg Payload including crew (road and cross-country): 508kg (10cwt) Maximum speed: 105km/h (65mph) Gross power/ weight ratio (laden): 40bhp/ton Maximum tractive effort (laden): 1800kg (40001b) Third 1-512:1 2nd 1st 222:1 36:1 Rev 3-0:1 : LAND^ THE ROVER COMPANY LIMITED Meteor Works, Lode Lane, Solihull, Telephone: 021-743 4242 Cables: Warwickshire, England Rover Solihull Telex: TROVER 33156 301 Section *3: Vehicles 302 Section 13: Vehicles Land Rover lightweight air-portable model new half-ton 223cm (88in) wheelbase Land Rover has been designed and developed in conjunction with the British Fighting Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (FVRDE) to meet the special air-portability requirements of the British Army, RAF and Royal Marines. Over a period it will succeed the normal 88-in Land Rover vehicle which is at present the standard light 4 4 in its load class in all British Forces. The main feature of the new halfton Land Rover is that any or all of the hood, body sides, doors, windscreen, bumpers and spare wheel may be removed more easily for transportation by aircraft or helicopter than from current models, resulting in an austere but highly robust and serviceable vehicle weighing little over a ton. In its built-up form it offers the same degree of comfort and weather protection as existing models. The half-ton is available in both '12-volt cargo' and '24-volt fitted for radio' (FFR) This specifications. AA Wheelbase BB Track CC DD Overall length Overall width Overall height of windscreen Overall height with hood Front cushion to accelerator pedal Front squab to steering wheel Headroom, front seat (uncompressed) Front to rear of front cushion Width of front cushion EE FF A B C D E Metres 2-23 88 00 F 1-31 3 65 51-50 144 00 G Width of front centre cushion Width between front sets H Top 52 6000 170 195 67 00 1 7700 36 17-50 14 25 M 105 41 50 N 0-43 17-12 18 00 0-44 45 Specification -40m (48 • 0-45 0-50 Height of body sides 00 2000 5925 4525 50 0-91 O 020 36-00 11-60 8-12 P Platform height (unladen) 071 2800 L 1st 3-6:1 Rev 30:1 1 1-14 0-28 Transfer box ratios: 1-148:1 High 24:1 Low: 1 1 14-00 18 00 Width of body interior Length of body interior Interior body width between wheel boxes Width of wheel boxes Height of wheel boxes General Loading area: 1-21 002 035 of front cushion to floor Front squab height I J K Inches 18 00 Metres 0-45 Inches Axle 551in) Ground clearance: 0-21 m (8Jin) Turning circle: 12-80m (42ft)* Unladen weight: 1386kg (32101b) 1206 5kg (26601b) in stripped-down form Gross vehicle weight (approx): 2018kg (44501b) ratio — front and rear: 4-7:1 Equipment — Tyre size five alternatives: 6 00 1 6in; 6-50 15in (sand tyres) 8 20 Wheel rim size: 5 00F 16in well base Electrical system: 12V dc (24V ac optional) X 1 6in; 7-00 X 1 6in; 7-50 X 1 6in • Engine Type: 2 25 litre, Performance four-cylinder petrol Approach angle: 49 deg (58 deg in stripped-down form) Departure angle: 36 deg (38 deg in stripped-down form) Payload (road and cross-country): 508kg (10cwt) Maximum speed: 105km/h (65mph) Gross power weight ratio (laden): 40bhp/ton Maximum tractive effort (laden): 1800kg (40001b) Transmission Main gearbox ratios: Top direct Third 1512:1 2nd 2 22:1 LAND^> THE ROVER COMPANY LIMITED Meteor Works, Lode Lane, Telephone: 021-743 4242 Solihull, Warwickshire, England Cables: Rover Solihull Telex: ROVER 33156 303 Section 13: Vehicles uper Constructor heavy-duty tractor The Scammell 6 6 Super Constructor is designed to give exceptional performance with heavy loads over all types of terrain. This is achieved by the well-proven Scammell method of transmission and suspension and Gear by power steering and two-pedal control. changes up or down at full engine torque are made by moving a lever on the steering column, the gear selected being shown on a dial. Powered by the Rolls-Royce C6 TFL, 12-17 litre Brakes Prime mover 6 6 engine producing 275 bhp, the Super Constructor is available in wheelbase length of 5-81 m (17 ft 2iin) as three main types: tractor for drawbar trailers with gross train weight up to 180 tons; prime mover for use with semi-trailers for payloads up to 75 tons; chassis for recovery workshops. It is also available as a heavy-duty wrecker/recovery vehicle with 1 2-ton capacity Reynolds Boughton equipment described elsewhere in this Catalogue. Scammell Super Constructor for 50-ton trailer air system Mechanical: rear bogie Foot: two-line tank transporter This six-wheel drive vehicle is the motive unit for a 50/60-ton semi-trailer. The cab accommodates two passengers in addition to the driver. A 15-ton winch with 137 m (450 ft) of rope is fitted for loading the semitrailer and for self- Steering Cam and double-roller with hydraulic power-assistance recovery. Suspension Front: coil Rear: balance beam Dimensions Fuel tanks Twin 455 litre (100 304 m (10 ft in) m (10 ft 10 in) Track, rear: 2-48 m (7 ft 91 in) Wheelbase: 5-35 m (17 ft 21 in) Height: Width: 3-30 Unladen weight: 14 532 kg (32 480 gal) tanks fitted to frame 50-ton semi-trailer tank transporter 6-6 lb) tractor, forms a This semi-trailer, with the Scammell Super Constructor transportation unit for the movement of tanks, armoured fighting vehicles and miscellaneous stores and equipment up to 50 tons. Power unit Type: Rolls-Royce C6 TFL oil ignition No of cylinders: 6 Capacity: 12-17 litres Gross bhp: 275 Gross torque: 1 03 691 kgf m (750 Ibf ft) Governed speed: 2100 rev/min Cooling: pressurised Lubrication: forced feed wet Dimensions at 1 300 rev/min Height: 2-62 m (8 ft 7 in) Width: 3 35 m (11 ft) Length: 1 1 77 m (38ft 71 in) Wheelbase (to kingpin): 8 66 m (28 ft 5 in) Track: inner 91 m (3 ft): outer 2-74 m (9 ft) Platform height: 1-17 (3ft 9} in) Weight: unladen 1 6 205 kg (35 728 lb) laden 77 21 9 kg m sump : Wheels 51 m (37-5 x 20 20 Michelin Metallic Transmission Rims: 0-95 Fluid coupling: Fluidrive Type 550 stepped coupling Gearbox: RV30 air-operated with 8 forward and 2 reverse speeds Tyres: E Propeller shafts: Hardy Spicer Axles: Scammell double reduction spiral bevel and epicyclic fully floating driving axles with disengageable drive to front axles. Ratio 1 0-25:1 Jacking • Manually operated hydraulic jacks Suspension Unsprung walking beam Wheels Rims: 406 5 08 m (16 00 20-00 in) Tyres: Michelin Sahara X. Spare wheel and tyre supplied loose 304 in) Towing attachments Kingpin size 89 mm (31 in) dia (1 70 240 lb) Section 13: Vehicles Contractor high-speed heavy-duty tractor not just one truck but a whole range of vehicles for high-speed long-distance road haulage. available with different capacity rear bogies, It is alternative engines and gearboxes for gross combination weights of 75 tons and more. Contractor performance ranges in speed from 80-96 km/h (SOSO mph); gradient ability is 1 in 4 (depending on choice of engine, gearbox and rear bogie); payloads The Contractor is 60 tons or more can be carried. The specification and performance details quoted here are typical and intended as a guide only they do not indicate the of — full extent of the range of performance. The Scammell Contractor is built to order to meet Each truck is particular requirements and needs. designed and equipped to suit a specific purpose. Specification Engine Cummins NTC-335 rev/min. Torque 1 335 bhp at 2100 Clutch Lipe-Rollway twin plate 381 mm (15 in) dia 15-2DP. Hydraulic actuation with Clayton with solid centre plates. 'Airpak' booster Type No Gearbox Fuller RTO-913 Ratios: 12-50:1 8 35:1 338:1 2-47:1 1-35:1 1-57:1 0-87:1 governor type D supplied by the main reservoir. The compressor charges the main reservoir, which in turn charges a second reservoir through a charging valve which connects the two reservoirs only above a preset pressure The main reservoir supplies air to the E-1 type pedal valve which regulates air to all the brakes on the vehicle and to a relay controlling air feed to the service line trolled by a six-cylinder diesel engine producing 29 kgf m (930 Ibf ft) at 1 600 rev/min 4-56:1 1-81:1 6 12:1 2-14:1 1-17:1 Electrical equipment A 12 V single-pole system starter. A battery carrier is 100:1 Reverse: 1307:1 3-87:1 Brakes (front) Leading and trailing shoe type, operated by S-cams with cam levers operating through slack adjusters Diaphragm type 24 actuators operate the cam levers. Size of brake: 431 1 52 mm (1 7 x 6 in) 1 6 mm ( j in) thick • • coupling. The second reservoir supplies air to the valve controlling the spring brakes; it also supplies air for the gearbox control. A standard two-line air system is employed. Aeroquip (or equivalent specification) brake hoses are used. is fitted, with series-parallel switching for the 24 V mounted on the frame. Four headlamps of 146 mm (5 J in) dia are provided, protected by, but mounted independently of, the front bumper. Two forward facing side lamps Contour lamps: two amber, facing forward, on cab roof at front corners two red, at front sides Two combined stop-and-tail Two lighting switches: one tail and marker two flashing turn indicators at front corners. controlling headlights, the other controlling side, lamps, lights only Brakes (rear) Design as for front brakes. Size of brake: 457 * 203 Wheels Diaphragm type 30 actuators mm (18x8 in) 1 9 mm Brakes, air pressure system The engine-driven compressor is regulated by SCAMMELL LORRIES ( I in) thick a built-in unloader valve, con- 10.00W 24 Tyres 1400-24 in x, in with 8-75 in offset 20-ply rating, ten per vehicle LIMITED Military Sales Division Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London W1, England Telephone: 01-499 6050 Cables: Leymotors London W1 Telex Telex: 22498 305 i ""0: Vehicles The Bedford MK general-service vehicle has a low overall height, which gives excellent air-portability characteristics and renders is •; it easy concealment. types of terrain ideal for home on at all It *>^;V* New wide good belly clearance fording or track, high ground clearance, and an unprepared wading ability up to 760 mm provide even greater versatility and efficiency than with the widely known R-type Bedford (30 ~- .---•_- 306 a-:* --'^ ~-^- :_ « = in) now Four-wheel drive is MK both chassis transfer box in ratios, and available on the and low' changes can 'high' ratio be made without stopping the vehicle. Handling and performance are even better than with the Bedford R 4 4 Section 13: Vehicles Bedford MK general service truck Latest in a range of very successful cross-country > 4 vehicles from Bedford, which have been in continuous production for over 30 years, the new M-type Bedford 4 4 truck offers many new features and 4 improvements: completely new 'cab-ahead-of-engine' (1) The layout gives very much improved crew accommodation, unobstructed cross-cab access and reduced step height; (2) the redesigned transfer box provides four-wheel drive in both 'high' and 'low' ratios, with two-wheel higher gross ratings mean increased (4) the exceptionally wide track gives improved stability on rough terrain; (5) there is a completely new braking system with dual air and dual hydraulic operation, or with three-line air for trailer brake operation; (6) vehicle height and weight drive only; high' in (3) load capacity; are low for air-portability. Specification variations can be provided for special Power units can be for petrol, diesel, or applications. multi-fuel operation. Dimensions A— B — 343 343 mm mm (13-5 (13 5 in) F— 1422 mm in) G— 1235 mm (48 62 in) H— 1333mm(52 50in) T—41 E— 3251 mm (1280 in) U— 38 J (257-1 2 in) mm Unprepared wading (shallow fording) 762 (30 in) — 6530 mm C— 1079 mm (42-5 D— 3962 mm (1560 in) in) (560 in) Weights Si ngle rear kg Gross vehicle weight Gross train 9450 20 832 14 734 2464 rear axle total weight Kerb weight: front axle Dua wl leels ton lb I rear kg 9-30 wh eels ton lb 175 32 480 — 24 640 14-5 5432 243 2412 5318 237 1270 2800 1-25 1400 3086 1-38 3734 8232 3 68 3812 8404 3-75 5716 12 600 5 62 7363 16 236 7 25 11 11 00 — — Body and payload capacity without Note trailer —The above are estimated weights in dry condition Specification MK data given are for the standard type with multi-fuel engine and single rear wheels All Power unit Type: 330 in* (5-4 litres) Bedford Displacement: 5420 cm 1 (330 in 3 ) Gross bhp: 107 at 2800 rev/min Net torque: 30-4 kgf m (220 Ibf ft) Governed speed: 2800 rev/min tri-fuel at 1 600 rev/min compression ignition Ignition type: Fuel system pump AVTAG, AVTUR Type: electrical Types lift of fuel: or DIESO Air cleaner: FV oil-bath with pre-cleaner Tank capacity: 150 litres (33 gal) Parking: drum-type transmission brake on axle casing Trailer: three-line air Warning device: gauge, buzzer and lamD Rims: B8 20 4-4 offset ten-stud heavy-duty three-piece Tyres: 1 200 \ 20 1 4 PR cross-country Tyre pump: via compressor Chains: provision for, can be fitted System: worm and sector Turning circle: 1829 m (60 Transmission Clutch: 230 (13 in) single dry plate Gearbox: four-speed synchro and reverse Transfer box: two-speed Trans box ratios: 2:1 and 1 :1 Propeller shafts: Hardy Spicer Front: semi-elliptic Rear: semi-elliptic Dampers: double-acting telescopic front and Type: hook front and rear hypoid to Electrical equipment Alternator: 24 V Batteries: 2 12 air/hydraulic dual-line wheels rear Towing attachments ; Differentials: two, fully-floating, Brakes System: pressurised, with pump, fan and thermostat dia Suspension Axles: fully-floating Ratios: top 6 8:1 bottom 96:1 Foot: ft) mm sump Engine cooling rear- Steering Winch: optional. 5 tons capacity, mid-mounted permit winching to front and rear Engine lubrication System: wet Wheels drum pattern on all V 80 Ah Suppression: MVEE specification 2051, Appendix D1, schedule B VAUXHALL MOTORS LIMITED Luton, Bedfordshire, England Telephone: Luton 21122 Cables: Carvaux Luton Telex: 821 31 307 Section 14 Vehicle equipment 309 section 14: Vehicle equipment Above: many 5MS connectors of different types and sizes are used in the turret of the Chieftain tank to protect all electric cabling The Patternjl04 connector, showing the latest fully sea led high - density assembly This inter-vehicle connector is a heavy-duty unit to aid starting at sub-zero temperatures, either by linked distribution systems or slave units This twelve-point trailer connector is a robust sealed assembly able to meet rough unskilled handling in trailer coupling ^0 Section 14: Vehicle equipment Electrical connectors Multi-pin ordnance types of AB Electronic Components years designed and manufactured electrical connectors to the exacting requirements of The Connector Division Ltd has for many Government We are proud to have been associated with the British Military Vehicle British specifications. Engineering Establishment, formerly FVRDE, for the past five years as design parents for connectors in defence networks, communication systems, and vehicle developments. Our expertise enables us to tackle the most complex applications. 5MS is the nomenclature for the standard range of connectors used throughout the UK in general vehicle This company played a major part in their design and development. The basis of the concept was the MIL-C-501 5 specification but it was updated in line with current connector practice. Bonded and sealed assemblies, using closed entry sockets, are manufactured to more stringent tolerances to ensure wiring. Other ranges available from production include Pattern 104, principally used in radio and signal com- The range is fully approved to DEF-5325-2. Pattern 104 connectors have replaced and remain intermateable and interchangeable with Mk 4 connectors, a British Government standard for many years. team has During the last two years our devoted much time and effort to analysing the feasiThe advantages of using bility of using 'flat cable'. particularly on government/ flat flexible cables, aerospace and defence projects, are well known. Our results from this programme are due to be launched very soon. The concept will provide not only an extremely simple answer for termination and coupling, munication systems. specification R&D interfacial sealing. itself the key to a wiring system. are presenting here only the Connector Division of our company. employ over 2500 people in three modern factories in South Wales, making thick-film number circuits, of The concept employs a minimum components to produce a fully universal system, with advantages to the engineer, purchasing officer and storeman. but is in We We a potentiometers, switches and edge connectors; subsidiary aids our service to Europe. German — B The above sketches illustrate the design concept of the 5MS connector series: The basic components are a fixed unit (A), a free unit (B) and a coupler unit (C). If sealing is required on the back of a fixed unit (A), a grommet assembly is used, comprising a grommet, follower and nut (D). to combine into the unit shown at (E). For units requiring a right-angled outlet, an angled outlet set is available comprising an outlet, grommet and follower (F). This results in a fixed angle outlet (G) or in a free angle outlet (H). The outlet with its integral nut is fitted in place of the grommet nut, which then fits on the end of the outlet. Should additional support be required for the cables or any assembly, the grommet nut can be replaced by a grommet cable clamp nut (J) of the many different concepts developed by us specifically for defence applications; full details are available on The following brief details describe some Automatic coupling connector Produced for coupling the firing circuits for the Swingfire missile. The design overcomes and eases the location problems associated with this form of system. Twelve-point Intervehicle connector This provides the link for coupling two vehicle distribution systems to ease of multisub-zero temperatures. With the introduction starting at fuel engines came the problems of increased starting current. This concept can handle well in excess of 1000 A for six minutes. It is fully approved by MVEE and NATO STANNAG 4007 and is intermateable and interchangeable with the previous 350 A UK standard. connector Quick release connector Originally developed for the latest version of the military Brewcan The canteen now has a place at No 1 in the modern fighting services, as important now as in the past. Variations are now installed for other applications on bridgelayer vehicles and Snowcats. The latest form is in the motor racing world for starting Grand Prix cars. connector AB ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS LIMITED Sutherland House, 5-6 Argyll Street, London, Telephone: 01 -437 7581 trailer approved by MVEE and NATO STANNAG 4074, this new design is intermateable and interchangeable with the previous NATO standard. Provision is made for positive cable and conductor sealing, providing fully weatherproof assemblies for both vehicle and trailer. This obviates the hazards of the past with vehicle wading. Fully request. Telex: 49606 W1V 1AD, England , DD 311 Section 14: Vehicle equipment Alternator, type AC140 CAV AC140 alternator has been designed to supply high electrical outputs. It fully meets specification FV2051 The alternator produces a self-limited maximum output of 140 A at a nominal 24 V at an ambient temperature of 80 C and can operate in an ambient temperature range from -40 C to —80 C, but up to 140 C with forced ventilation, ventilating air being drawn through ducts at an inlet temperature of 60 C. The stator laminations have been cast in position to obtain high thermal efficiency. The insulation in the stator has been designed to withstand high temperatures. The output from the stator is rectified by the main six silicon diodes mounted in the slip ring end shield. Three additional diodes in conjunction with three of the main diodes provide a rectified auxiliary dc supply for field excitation. Full-load excitation is provided at approximately 2 A field current. The alternator can be driven in either direction by a shaft or belt. Drive ratio depends on the installation but can usefully be fixed somewhere between 2:1 and 3:1 The Starter motor, type SL6 CAV motors come in two types, axial and co-axial. These high-performance have been designed to provide maximum efficiency with a long service life coupled to a reliable high duty rating. Pinion engagement occurs under reduced power and full starting torque is not applied until the pinion is completely in mesh with the flywheel ring gear. This positive low-load engagement eliminates any risk of damage as a result of violent engagement. The design incorporates a protection against overspeeding which can occur when an engine is firing and rapidly accelerating and the starter button is held engaged. The starters can operate in a wide variety of climatic conditions and fully meet British military specification FV2051 starter starters Multi-fuel injection n 16: '>n craft and engines Some bombs the wide range of missiles, (with ballistic or retarded tails), rockets and heavy-calibre guns available for the Lightning of 44 rockets (2-in) (1 0001b) overwing in a ventral pack, 450kg bombs on wing-pylons, and two an additional Bombs or (260gal) of fuel. rockets can be fitted at these overwing stations instead of fuel; a combined twin rocket-launcher/227 litre (50gal) fuel tank is also available for overwing attachment. The latter provides atotal additional fuel capacity of 910 litres (200gal) 1180 fuel tanks carrying litres Rotatable pack with reconnaissance camera ports exposed for photography. Gun pod with 2 30mm cannon installed in front portion of ventral pack 44 rockets (2-in) in the front fuselage with 72 rockets (68mm) beneath the wings <42 Section 16: Aircraft and engines Lightning high-low-high multi-mission aircraft Powerful ground-attack capability Already established as the world's finest interceptor, the Lightning, as a result of an intensive development programme, now has a high-performance groundattack potential of formidable strength. Under- and overwing weapons attachment stations enable it to carry in this role a wide spectrum of armament, bombs, rockets and cannon. For example, in one configuration no less than 188 rocket projectiles of both 2in and 68mm calibre can be carried. The mix of weapons can be varied to suit many operational requirements, over four hundred different combinations of load being feasible. Mission change in minutes and weapons In addition to missiles for high-altitude interception, and bombs, rockets and cannon for lowlevel attack, the Lightning can also carry out high- speed reconnaissance tasks utilising a pack contained within the fuselage for camera lens protection, and with capacity for the installation of side-looking radar and other reconnaissance electronics. A change of role from interceptor to ground attack reconnaissance can be made in a minimum of or to time, frequently as armament is the little only as one hour; the change of between-sortie modification necessary. Full potential in all roles In all these roles the Lightning retains unimpaired its qualities of manoeuvrability, ease of handling and response to control which have proved it unexcelled as a weapons platform. Its high-performance radar equipment is retained in all tasks and supplemented by a light fighter sight for accurate air-to-ground target destruction and as a stand-by sight for air-to-air combat. Diagram showing weapon stations on the Lightning: A Front fuselage B Ventral pack for fuel or combination C weapons bay and Underwing pylons for bombs, missile mounting fuel/30mm gun pod rocket pods or special containers D Overwing combined stations for fuel, fuel tank/rocket bombs, rocket launchers or launcher A D BRITISH AIRCRAFT B A CORPORATION Preston Division Warton Aerodrome, Preston, PR4 1AX, England Telephone: St Annes 21255 Cables: Britair Warton Telex: D 67627 343 Section 16: Aircraft and engines A BAC 1 67 340 litre Strikemaster takes off with two (75gal) auxiliary fuel tanks at outboard underwing SURA rockets at stations, inboard 16 80mm underwing guns and and two 762mm ammunition in fuselage mounting. stations, this configuration the Strikemaster radius of action of over A salvo of 68mm 500 In has a nautical miles rockets at the moment of launch from the Matra rocket pods beneath the wings of a Strikemaster. Outboard stations were empty on this occasion for trials recording purposes, but additional launchers or stores can easily be fitted at these points Some of the wide range of armament BAC 167 Strikemaster available for the 344 Section 16: Aircraft and engines Strikemaster BAC BAC 167 for pilot training and defence 67 Strikemaster variants are now being delivered and are on order for several air forces throughout the world. The dual capability of the Strikemaster has been High operational effectiveness Powered by the Rolls-Royce Viper 20 Mk 535 engine giving 1550kg (34101b) s.t, the Strikemaster has a choice since it enables jetbe introduced to project a soundly based defence plan, while incorporating simultaneous training to advanced standards with immediate avail- radius of action which can be varied from, for example, 250 nautical miles carrying 1360kg (30001b) underwing stores, to over 600 nautical miles on an armed reconnaissance sortie. At 100 nautical miles from base it can 'loiter' in the target area at low level for over 2ih, or at 500 nautical miles can patrol for 35min followed 1 a significant factor in this powered aircraft to ability for national security. by Two defensive concepts Not only is the BAC 167 Strikemaster a superb trainer for training up to a standard where easy transition to sophisticated supersonic machines can be achieved, but it gun a attack. vital also provides throughout this training period a powerful weapon and ground-attack national counter-insurgency costeffective and capable of integration into any projected or existing defence environment. for security. It is flexible, Wide armament spectrum Armament capability includes 2in, 80mm, 3in, and 5in rockets, bombs 2-75in, 68mm, of heavy calibre retarded tails, and various gun pods. underwing store configurations the Strikemaster carries two 7-62mm fuselage guns with 1100 rounds of ammunition. with ballistic or In all Fuel weight (lb) 1000 2000 3000 4000 Operational effectiveness 500 The graphs illustrate the considerable potential of the BAC 167 as an armed ground-attack or counter-insurgency patrol aircraft. In compiling 1500- these charts allowances have been 3000 1000- Take-off and accelerate to climb speed I Climb to optimum cruise a height Cruise at a (B £ 500- 1000 < ? after attack 8 Cruise 1500m to Loiter at 1-15Vmd 1 1 i 000 1 ' 1 at optimum height 9 Descend to circuit optimum height Descend while a Factors taken into capability, 7 Climb with tanks less stores (5000ft) 10 90kg (200lb) reserve fue at ISA conditions 1 1500m (5000ft) Attack for 3 minutes at 95 per cent power 1 for all operational factors fuel = i 2000 made consumption and weight carrying realistic fuel reserve figure has been allowed for. account or assumed are: affecting 12 Guns fined with 1 1 00 rounds ammunition * 2000 500 Fuel weight (kg) P.adius of action (nautical miles Radius of action nautical miles 200 100 400 300 1360 kg J 30001b =5 600 500 100 700 ts dropped 400 300 600 500 200 X^ Tanks retained Tan 200 200- for return 150- — _— _ x> Tanks dropped for return Tanks retained 150 U Z i c B E 910 kg 2000 < 450 kg 1000 50- X^n 1b Guns and 1100 200 100 100- lb O'J^ 600 400 Radius of BRITISH AIRCRAFT ds 800 action km 200 1200 N ^v 50 \ 400 600 800 1000 Radius of action (km) A CORPORATION Warton Aerodrome, Preston, PR4 1AX, England Cables: Britair Warton \ x2«v> Preston Division Telephone: St Annes 21255 N \\ X n >v x^ N ^v. ^^V \\ ^S?' OS \\ N \. mm 1000 "^N?* Telex: 67627 345 Seotfon 16: Aircraft and engines Performance (unfactored) at normal maximum weight 2860 ISA conditions (63001b). Short take-off and landing zero wind, dry hard surface. at kg sea level 2 x 260 hp Lycoming 0-540-E Take-off run: 170 m (560 ft) Take-off distance to 15 m (50 ft): 333 m (1090 ft) Landing run: 137 m (450 ft) Landing distance over 15m (50 ft) 293 m (960 ft) Sea level rate of climb, 2 engines: 5-3 m/sec (1050ft/min) Sea level rate of climb, 1 engine: 096 m/sec (190ft/min) Absolute ceiling: 4950 m (16 200 ft) Sea level maximum speed: 274 km/h (1 70 mph) Minimum control speed: 72 km/h (45 mph) Stalling speed: 78 km/h (49 mph) Cross wind velocity: 56 km/h (35 mph) : 2 300 hp Lycoming 10-540-K Take-off to 15 m (50 ft) at sea level: 287 m (940 ft) Landing distance from 15 m (50 ft) at sea level: 293 m (960 ft) Rate of climb, 2 engines (1260ft/min) Rate of climb, 1 engine at sea at level; 6-3 m/sec sea level: 1-3 m/sec (240 ft/mm) Single-engine ceiling: above 2440 m (8000 ft) Cruise 75% at 2290 m (7500 ft): 274 km/h (170 mph) Cruise 67% at 2740 m (9000 ft): 265 km/h (165 mph) The Britten-Norman BN-2landing on Hermes during trials in April 1968 346 HMS Section 16: Aircraft and engines Islander Britten-Norman BN-2 multi-purpose The BN-2 light transport aircraft gives dependable under tough close-support field conditions. Maintenance is simple. The fixed undercarriage is indestructible. virtually The entire structure is completely corrosion-proofed. The BN-2 is a twinengined aircraft which combines the capabilities of the service best single-engine STOL aircraft with the payload/ range performance of aircraft designed for long runway operation. The BN-2 communications, logistic parachute and supply dropping and roles of the are: support, utility, casualty evacuation. A version is available for aerial reconnaissance. Low in first costs, economic to operate and maintain, the BN-2's cost-effectiveness is increased by its short-field performance and ability to operate from unprepared clearings, sand areas or Arctic wastes which converts any small clearing into a forward air base. At its public transport gross weight of 2857 kg (6300 lb), the BN-2, powered by two rugged Lycoming light transport 0-540 engines, can be airborne in 171 metres (560 ft) and land in only 137 metres (450 ft), from any reasonably In flat ground. the Casevac role, the BN-2 can carry two sitting patients, two stretcher patients, plus attendants and medical equipment. The 4-77 m 3 (1 68-5ft ) cabin of the BN-2 can carry 900 kg (2000 lb) of supplies, ammunition and equipment, or eight fully equipped troops. The large rear door and high wing combined with the low minimum control speed make the BN-2 an ideal parachute or supply-dropping aircraft. As a ship-toshore liaison aircraft, the BN-2 can land and take off fully loaded from a conventional aircraft carrier without :! catapults or arrester gear. Numerous attachment points can be provided for the carriage of a wide assortment of underwing stores. The BN-2 is in quantity production and the basic equipment including propellers, brakes and instruments were chosen for their availability from commercial Over 1 80 BN-2s are in world-wide operation. sources. Casevac As a port combination forward support transand air ambulance, the BN-2 offers maximum cost made for two sitting patients medical room Provision effectiveness. plus is and two stretcherattendants, with to spare for extra payload or medical equipment. Supply drop The BN-2's rear door is 122 112 cm 44 in) which means that sacks, (48 large boxes and supply packs can all be delivered by the supply-drop BN-2. The BN-2 flies 320 km (200 miles) in just over an hour, has the ability to fly at low (83-4 km =45 knots) speeds for accurate on-target supply drops. Numerous attachment points can be provided for the carriage of a wide assortment of under- wing stores. Logistic support The BN-2 cabin is 427 cm (14 ft) long with a volume of 4-77 m 3 (1 68-5 ft 3 ). The BN-2 can take off and land in under 171 which means that any small clearing can be a forward supply base. Because of its low price the BN-2's metres (560 ft) cost effectiveness is many times greater than that of a helicopter offering equivalent payload. Internal security For the cost of one sophisticated aircraft, more BN-2s may be operated, each carrying eight troops a unique combination of flexibility and cost effectiveness. The BN-2 can take off from a standstill with one engine completely inoperative. five or — BRITTEN-NORMAN SALES LIMITED Bembridge Airport, Bembridge, Telephone: Bembridge 2511 Isle of Wight, England Cables: Britnor Bembridge Telex: 86277 347 Section 16: Aircraft and engines The Buccaneer was designed from the outset as a low-level high-speed weapon system. The use of high-strength steel wing spars and outer wing skins machined from the solid give high strength and durability. Special forward-looking and avoidance radar enable the aircraft to stay below the detecting radar horizon, while the high load-carrying capacity gives it an outstanding attack capability. The long range and transonic speed combined with comparatively low take-off and landing speeds (achieved by boundary blowing) result while some layer exceptional the most in flexibility, sophisticated electronic control and attack aids standing effectiveness in of navigational, ensure all outoperational roles. The Harrier is the only operational world able to take off vertically, or with only a very short run, thus making it completely independent of prepared air-strips. Despite this helicopter-like capability, the Harrier can attain speeds in excess of Mach 1, has an endurance of more than 7 hours and has already flown with external stores of 3630 kg (8000 lb) and will shortly 4540 kg be cleared to (10 000 1b). A full range of the latest electronic aids, aircraft in including the INAS (inertial navigation and attack system), ensure strike effectiveness under the most difficult conditions. The T2 two-seater Harrier in service with the Royal Air Force has a dual fighter/trainer role. A Harrier New York the Central of 5 hours 31 minutes 10 seconds, taking off and landing from building sites in the centre aircraft established — Central London time of both cities. Pictured is a Harrier in US Marine Corps markings carrying external stores of 3630 kg (8000 lb). The Hunter, although one of the first reach operational service, has undergone constant development and still represents one of the most effective ground-attack and general-service fighters available today. In service with the Royal Air Force and twelve other air forces in all parts of the world, the Hunter can deliver a considerable load of varied weapons at near-sonic speed over a wide radius. jet fighters to The basic Hunter specialised available in many including two-seat is versions, trainer, single-seat reconnaissance fighter, interceptor and ground- operational attack fighter. made craft 348 it one and safety have most popular air- Reliability of the with pilots everywhere. Section 16: Aircraft and engines Buccaneer, Harrier, Hunter Low-level strike and ground-attack aircraft Hawker Siddeley Aviation is one of the largest aircraft manufacturing company outside the USA. Its products cover the entire range of fixed-wing aircraft from civil and military trainers to strategic bombers and jet airliners. Hawker Siddeley Aviation is part of the Hawker Siddeley Group, one of the largest industrial organisations in the world with branches in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the USA, South Africa, Argentina, India and Pakistan. The Group has 94 000 employees and a turnover exceeding £1 million a day. In addition to aviation, manufacture extends to missiles and aerospace equipment, diesel engines, electric power, general engineering and metals. Buccaneer S Mk Power plant: two Rolls-Royce Spey turbofan engines in) spread; m (19 ft 11 in) folded Span: 13 4 m (44 ft 6 158m (51 ft 10 in) folded Length: 19-3 m (63 ft 5 in) spread; Height: 4-95 m (16 ft 3 in) Gross wing area: 478 m 2 (515 ft 2 ) Aspect ratio: 3-76 Normal crew: pilot and observer Typical war loads: Martel Bullpup or AS 30 air-to-ground missiles on wing pylons; 68 mm or 2 in rocket pods on wing pylons; 4 x 450 kg (10001b) bombs in bomb bay, 3 x 450 kg (1000 lb) bombs on each of four wing pylons; day/night photo reconnaissance pack. Total war load 7250 kg (16 000 lb) Weight and performance: details not released but speed is high subsonic Range at max all-up weight: an unrefuelled non-stop flight of 3700 km (2300 miles) including a low-level attack has been announced by the Royal Navy (Buccaneer S Mk 2) Max endurance: a non-stop flight of nine hours with two in-flight refuellings has been announced by the South African Air Force (Buccaneer S Mk 50) 2 low-level strike aircraft The Buccaneer Power Harrier GR Mk 1 V/STOL is in production for the Royal Air Force one Rolls-Royce plant: Bristol Pegasus 101 vectored-thrust turbofan engine fighter Max static thrust: 8620 kg (1 9 000 lb) Span: 7-70 m (25 ft 3 in) Length: 14-12 m (46 ft 4 in) Height: 3-35 m (11 ft) Gross wing area: 18-67 m 2 (201 ft 2 ) Normal crew: pilot 7260 kg (16 000 lb) max Weight: 5440 kg (12 000 lb) empty; hover; in excess of 9980 kg (22 000 lb) gross Speed: transonic (no details available) Ferry range: 3700 km (2000 nm) War load: in excess of 2268 kg (5000 lb) including two 30 mm Aden guns External fuel tanks: 455 (100 gal) combat; 1500 litres litres (330 gal) ferry The Harrier Power Hunter FGA plant: Static thrust: 9 and FR 10 operation with and in production for the Royal Air production for the United States Marine Corps in is Force and in one Rolls-Royce Avon 4540 kg (10 000 m (33 ft 8 in) Length: 1 3 98 m (45 ft 10i Height: 4-0 m (13 ft 2 in) Mk 207 turbojet engine 1b) Span: 10-26 in) Gross wing area: 32-42 m 2 (349 ft ) Normal crew: pilot Weight: 9980 kg (22 000 lb) gross Max speed: 0-95 Mach 2 Refurbished Hunters are HAWKER SIDDELEY AVIATION Richmond Road, Kingston upon Thames, Telephone: 01-546 7741 LIMITED Surrey, England Cables: Hawsidair Kingston upon Thames Telex: 23726 still in great demand throughout the world fe 349 Section 16: Aircraft and engines Able to operate from rough airfields, only simple maintenance and giving dependable service at compararequiring tively low cost, the HS 748 is ideal for military operation. The unobstructed layout of the main fuselage allows it to be quickly adapted from airborne stateroom to cargo transport. Internal starting and hydraulically operated airstairs can be provided. Combined with the high landing weight of 18 824 kg (41 500 lb) which enables the HS 748 to carry its own fuel for several short stages, the aircraft can operate independently of ground support. The Series 2A has a greater loadcarrying shorter capacity, requires a runway, has even more extended inspection periods (500 hours instead of 250 hours) and has a higher rate of climb than the original version. The Andover is the fully militarised version of the highly successful HS 748. While retaining full cabin pressurisation, the Andover has been adapted to transport relatively bulky and heavy loads and will accept floor loadings of up to 976 kg/m 2 (200 lb/ft 2 ). With a maximum all-up weight of 22 680 kg (50 000 lb), the Andover can lift a payload of up to 6800 kg (1 5 000 lb) with a take-off run of less than 400 (1300 The m ft). rear loading doors form a ramp which, coupled with the unique kneeling undercarriage, gives direct ground-loading access to the entire hold. A side door is also provided. Twin low-pressure tyres all round, a steerable nose wheel and other features enable the Andover to air use unprepared strips. The Argosy was designed primarily as cargo transport and is used by the RAF in the medium-range tactical support role. With its Rolamat cargo handling system, the full cargo of up to 13 tons can be loaded and unloaded in little more than ten a minutes. The cargo area is designed to take six 2-24 m standard military pallets 255 deck in), with cargo 88 the (108 being at normal truck height. At the same time, the aircraft has full pressurisation and air conditioning, enabling it to carry 84 men in high-density seating, or 54 paratroops with full kit. The four Rolls-Royce Dart engines have a time between overhaul of well over 2000 hours, enabling the Argosy to give sustained service over long periods. 350 Section 16: Aircraft and engines HS748, Andover, Argosy Transport and support aircraft These three movement aircraft in their many available versions completely meet the of personnel and stores in any modern fighting force. Power HS plant: need for the fast, safe and cost-effective two Rolls-Royce Dart RDa.7 Mk 532 engines 2230 each engine Effective shaft horsepower: 748 Series 2A feeder airliner 3002 m (98 ft 6 in) Length: 20-42 m (67 ft in) Height: 7-58 m (24 ft 10 in) Span: Gross wing area: 75-35 m Max wing kg/m 3 (54 9 loading: 267 Aspect ratio: 1 1 -967 3 (810 75 5 ft ) lb/ft*) Normal crew: pilot and co-pilot 58 (high-density) plus Passenger accommodation: 48 (typical) 9-54 m 3 (337 ft 3 ) cargo capacity 1-92 X 2-46 m = 54-86 m* Cargo hold (freight version): 14-30 (46 ft 6 in x 6 ft 4 in x 8 ft 1 in ^ 1936 ft 3 ) Max all-up weight: 20 183 kg (44 495 lb) - Max payload: 5300 kg (11 700 lb) 453 km/h at 4600 m (245 knots at 15 000 ft) ISA 1650 km (890 nm) with 4540 kg (10 000 lb) payload Take-off balanced field length (at max AUW): 1230 m (4050 ft) Landing distance from 1 5 m (50 ft); 1010 m (3310 ft) Typical cruise: Typical range: Power two Rolls-Royce Dart RDa.12 engines 3245 each engine plant: Effective shaft horsepower: Andover C Mk 1 Span: 29-95 m (98 ft 3 in) Length: 23-77 m (78 ft in) Height: 9 17 m (30 ft 1 in) Gross wing area: 77-2 m 3 (831 military transport Max wing loading: Aspect ratio: 1 Normal crew: 1 -4 ft 3 ) 2938 kg/m 3 (60-1 lb/ft 3 ) -61 pilot and co-pilot (radio operator/navigator optional) Typical loads: 56-58 troops, 40 paratroops 24 stretcher cases with nursing team, vehicles, 6963 kg (15 350 lb) freight Cargo hold: 14-11 x 1 91 » 2-47 m (46 ft 3 in 6 ft 3 in x 8 ft 1 in) Max all-up weight: 22 680 kg (50 000 lb) Typical cruise: 416 km/h at 6100 m (225 knots at 20 000 ft) ISA Range at max all-up weight: 1850 km (1000 nm). 5% reserve Max endurance: 7 5 hours Mk Power plant: four Rolls-Royce Dart RDa.8 Effective shaft horsepower: 2680 each engine Argosy Mk 101 engines Span: 3505 m (115 ft in) Length over nose radome: 27-13 m (89 ft in) Height: 8 23 m (27 ft in) 2 Gross wing area: 135-45 m (1458 ft') Max wing loading: 351 kg/m (720 lb/ft') Aspect ratio: 907 Normal crew: pilot, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer Cargo hold: 14-27 2 59 2 64 m (46 ft 10 in 8 ft 6 in x 8 ft 8 in) Typical loads: palletised freight, AFVs, 54 paratroops, 69 troops, 48 stretcher cases with nursing team Max all-up weight: 47 610 kg (105 000 lb) Typical cruise: 433 km/h at 6100 m (234 knots at 20 000 ft) ISA Range at max all-up weight: 5230 km (2830 nm), 13% reserve Max endurance: 10 hours 660 military transport : < HAWKER SIDDELEY AVIATION Richmond Road, Kingston upon Thames, Telephone: 01-546 7741 LIMITED Surrey, England Cables: Hawsidair Kingston upon Thames Telex: 23726 fe 351 "<6: Section Aircraft and engines The Nimrod is the world's first jetpowered maritime reconnaissance aircraft and and some utilises of the airframe design developed detail for the Comet 4C The four Rolls-Royce Spey turbofan powerplants give good specific fuel consumption and enable long-range civil airliner. In the low-level missions to be flown. patrol phase at average search weights loiter time can be extended by shutting down two engines without sacrificing safety. of the Nimrod renders it with the rapidly changing tactical pattern of naval warfare involving modern high-speed submarine and surface The spacious cabin accomvessels. modates all the electronic equipment and operators required to meet naval reconnaissance requirements. A wide range of stores can be carried in the large fuselage The high speed ideal for dealing weapons bay and missiles can be carried on wing pylons. The Shackleton is a mid-wing mono- designed for long-range antisubmarine and reconnaissance patrols under all climatic conditions. Normally a plane crew ten of is personnel can be carried but additional accommodated without difficulty. Equipped with the latest search equipment and powerful offensive armament, Shackleton can also carry a large and varied load of detection equipment and anti-submarine weapons. Particular attention has been paid to requirements which demand long periods of operation at low altitude and low speed, and interiors have been furnished and equipped to meet stringent specifica- the tions Crew comfort is of the highest and includes such items as a full air-conditioning system, galley and wardroom. standard I -/"-! IB The HS 125 transport aircraft sixis to in twelve-seat with service jet a world's air forces. A navigational trainer version known as the Dominie is also in service with the RAF. The HS 125 offers high speed, flexibility and reliability in service with low operating costs, simple maintenance and the ability to operate from unpaved strips. In the crew trainer version the large cabin provides ample space for up to four number of the a wide range of electronic equipment, which enables instructors to give weapon system and navigation training under realistic operational conditions students and The wide operating capability of the renders it suitable for many other including advanced pilot trainer, roles, mobile headquarters, personnel transport, casualty evacuation, radar cali- HS 125 bration, photographic reconnaissance and courier services. The Rolls-Royce Bristol Viper gasturbine engines of the HS 125 have over 1A million flying hours under all conditions and have proved to be reliable in service. Section 16: Aircraft and engines HS 125 Nimrod, Shackleton, for reconnaissance, patrol and training economy in operation are the outstanding features of these aircraft— essential reconnaissance and long-range patrol work, undei all types of conditions anywhere in the world. Dependability, endurance and qualities for Nimrod all MR 1 maritime reconnaissance Power plant: four Rolls-Royce Spey turbofan engines Span: 34 99 m (114 ft 10 in) Length: 38 63 m (126 ft 9 in) Height: 904 m (29 ft 8 in) Normal crew: 1 jet No further details released Power Shackleton MR 3 long-range patrol aircraft plant: four Effective Rolls-Royce Griffon piston engines two Rolls-Royce Bristol Viper turbojet engines shaft horsepower: 2450 each Griffon engine 1 1 34 kg (2500 lb) each Viper engine Span: 36-52 m (119 ft 10 in) Length: 28-19 m (92 ft 6 in) Height: 7-11 m (23 ft 4 in) Normal crew: 10 Weight (empty) 26 220 kg (57 800 lb) Weight (loaded): 45 400 kg (100 000 lb) Service ceiling: 5850 m (19 200 ft) Cruising speed: 405 km/h (220 knots) Thrust: : Armament: two nose-mounted 20 mm guns, full range of anti-submarine warfare weapons Power HS Thrust: 125 jet transport and navigation trainer two Rolls-Royce Bristol Viper 522 engines 1525 kg (3360 lb) each engine plant: Span: 14-32 m (47 ft in) Length: 14-42 m (47 ft 5 in) Height: 503 m (16 ft 6 in) Gross wing area: 32-8 m- (353 Max wing loading: ft 2 ) 314 kg/m- (65-9 lb/ft 2 ) Aspect ratio: 6-25 Normal crew of navigation trainer: pilot, instructor plus Max all-up weight: 10 569 kg (23 300 lb) Max landing weight: 9072 kg (20 000 lb) Max zero fuel weight: 6441 kg (14 200 lb) Typical cruise: Range at max 817 km/h Richmond Road, Kingston upon Thames, Telephone: 01-546 7741 LIMITED Surrey, England Cables: Hawsidair Kingston upon Thames Telex: 23726 9449 m (441 knots at 2697 km (1455 nm) 31 3 or 4 students 000 ft) ISA all-up weight: Max endurance: 4-33 HAWKER SIDDELEY AVIATION at 2, hours with 20% reserves ^ 353 Section 16: Aircraft and engines The Vampire T1 1 all-purpose jet trainer was developed from the Vampire singleseat and fighter two-seat the night fighter. The object behind the design was to provide the widest variation of training duties, while retaining the simplicity and good handling characteristics of the original. Powered engine, variety of four 20 by a Goblin 3 turbo-jet Vampire T1 1 can carry a underwing stores together with the mm cannon mounted within the fuselage. More than 800 Vampire trainers were and saw service with the Royal Air Force and some twenty other air forces. built The Venom FB4 single-seat fighter development of Vampire and a Powered by a earlier Venom aircraft. Ghost 103 turbo-jet engine, the FB4 possessed characteristics which enabled it was the double role of ground-attack and high-altitude interception, by virtue of its moderate wing loading, low all-up weight, high degree of manoeuvrability and an outstanding rate of climb. More than 1143 Venoms were built and to fulfil fighter saw service with many air forces in all parts of the world. The Venom was also available in NF3 form as an all-weather interceptor designed meet the demand for a high-perforwith modern fighter equipped search and interception radar, capable of operating in all weather conditions by day or night. With power-operated controls both versions have excellent manoeuvrability characteristics at all heights and moderate landing speeds thus ensuring flexibility airfields of limited of operation from to mance dimensions. The Sea Vixen FAW 2 is an all-weather weapon system carrying a crew of two in a pressurised cabin. It is powered by two Avon Mk 208 turbo-jet engines developing 10 200 kg (22 500 lb) combined static thrust at sea level. In addition to a wide variety of external stores, including guided weapons (Red Top and/or Firestreak), rockets and bombs the Sea Vixen can carry drop tanks, a photographic reconnaissance pod, flares or a Palouste starter. The numerous operational load con- make figurations versatile. It is the aircraft extremely potent all-weather intersea/ground-attack aircraft a ceptor and with an excellent performance when used in the photographic reconnaissance role. The Sea Vixen FAW 2 can be used for flight refuelling as a receiver or as a tanker and its ability to carry a Palouste starter facilitates ferrying and rapid operational readiness after redeployment 154 Section 16: Aircraft and engines Vampire, Venom, Vixen reconnaissance and trainer aircraft strike, These aircraft of proven performance constitute an effective striking and local reconnaissance force, while providing and crew under operating environments typical of aerial warfare. ideal training facilities for pilots Power Rolls-Royce plant: Vampire T11 jet trainer Span: 11-58 m (38 ft Length: 10-49 m (34 A Height: Bristol 1565 kg (3450 Static thrust: 200 m (6 ft (DH) Goblin 35 jet engine lb) in) 5 in) ft 7 in) Gross wing area: 24 25 m- (261 ft 2 ) Thickness/chord ratio: 14% Normal crew: two Max all-up weight: 6170 kg (13 610 lb) Zero-fuel weight: 3815 kg (8410 lb) Fuel capacity (internal): 1500 litres (330 gal) Max wing loading: 254-85 kg/m 2 (52-2 lb/ft') Max level speed at sea level: 844 km/h (456 knots) 0-71 Mach Max permissible level speed: 870 km /h (470 knots) Still-air range at sea level: 480 km (260 nm) from internal fuel Still-air range internal 12 200 at m (40 000 ft): 1020 km (550 nm) from fuel Endurance at sea level: 1 -80 hours from internal fuel Typical war load: two 20 cannon plus 8 rocket projectiles and two 227 kg (500 lb) bombs, or two 454 kg (1000 lb) bombs, or two 454-litre (100-gal) drop tanks mm Power Venom FB4 ground-attack Rolls-Royce plant: Bristol 2200 kg (4850 Static thrust: fighter (DH) Ghost 103 turbo-jet engine lb) m (41 ft 9 in) with tip tanks Length: 1006 m (33 ft in) Height: 200 m (6 ft 7 in) Gross wing area: 25-92 m 2 (279 ft 2 ) Thickness/chord ratio: 10% Normal crew: pilot All-up weight without external equipment: 5450 kg (12 040 lb) All-up weight with tip tanks: 6100 kg (13 450 lb) Wing loading: 269-51 kg/m 2 (55 2 lb/ft 2 ) 0-79 Mach Max level speed at sea level: 965 km/h (523 knots) Still-air range at sea level: 500 km (270 nm) with 1514 litres (333 gal) Span: 12-72 fuel Still-air litres m range at 12 200 (333 gal) fuel (40 000 ft): 1460 km (790 nm) with 1514 mm cannon (fixed) plus two 454 kg (1 000 lb) two 227 kg (500 lb) bombs plus 8 rocket projectiles, or two 364-litre (80-gal) drop tanks on pylons Typical war load: four 20 bombs, Power Sea Vixen FAW or two Rolls-Royce Avon 208 turbo-jet engines 5100 kg (11 250 lb) each engine 5-24 m (50 ft in), wings open; 6-78 m (22 ft 3 in), wings folded plant: Static thrust: 2 all-weather fighter Span: 1 Length: Height: 1 6-33 m 350 m (53 (1 1 ft ft 7 in), overall: 6 in) to 1 top of 5.30 tail; m (50 ft 21 in), nose folded 5-66 m (18 ft 7 in), wings vertical; 4-29 m (14 ft 11 J in), wings folded Gross wing area: 602 m 2 (648 ft 2 ) Sweep-back (} chord): 40 Aspect ratio: 3 86 Normal crew: pilot, observer Max all-up weight: 20 960 kg (45 1 23 lb) Max landing weight: 15 880kg (35 0001b) Zero-fuel weight: 14 380kg (31 715 1b) with 4 Red Top missies and two 900-litre (200-gal) drop tanks Typical cruise: 0-45 Mach at low level, 0-80 Mach at high altitude Ferry range: 2590 km (1400 nm) Typical war load: Hawker Siddeley Red Top or Firestreak guided missiles, high-explosive bombs and 24-cell rocket launchers HAWKER SIDDELEY AVIATION Richmond Road, Kingston upon Thames, Telephone: 01-546 7741 LIMITED Surrey, England Cables: Hawsidair Kingston upon Thames Tele*. 2372b f& 355 Section 16: Aircraft and engines Twin Tactical role This role requires flexibility of operation over a series of missions, ground attack, interdiction, armed reconnaissance, etc. and thus a high degree of interchangeability between range and payload. This in turn demands a large internal fuel volume and a maximum store station weight/capacity interchange. Performance in typical missions is as follows: Internal fuel External fuel Nautical Nautical km miles km miles Lo-Lo-Lo (radius) Hi-Lo-Hi (radius) Ferry range . . . 650 1250 with a take-off distance to normal take-off weight. — 15m 460 800 2450 850 1650 4500 350 675 — (50ft) of 716m (2350ft) at the Trainer role The Jaguar trainer meets the requirement to train pilots for the most advanced first-line aircraft with modern weapons at minimum has the capability to sustain supersonic flight for match the fuel and navigation management problems of the operational types. It also has the relevant weapon and system characteristics to meet the needs of all but the final phase of operational training. The missions which can be flown at high altitude vary from 3h subsonic to 1 Jh with high supersonic cruise, while at low 0-9. level the sortie duration is 1 £h including 20min at M cost. It significant periods to 30mm retained for all cannons are mounted in the fuselage. These are missions. Avionics As the environment in which tactical aeroplanes must operate becomes progressively more severe in terms of sophistication of ground defences, so it becomes increasingly necessary to ensure that none of the time spent at risk is wasted. Thus navigation and weapon delivery must both be upgraded. This in turn results in a greater dependence on avionics, and in an aeroplane which has minimum support every step must be taken to ensure that the necessary electronic aids are highly reliable and rugged. To meet this situation and to ensure that the navigation and attack system will continue to match the changing operational needs throughout the 1970s, the avionics system of the British 'S' and 'B' versions of Jaguar is based on an inertia platform and to be operated near the battlefields with digital computer. to accept changed The computer program can easily be new weapons and new operating conditions. Other versions are available, as developed for the French Air Force and French Navy, and these vary from the most simple All flight data standard to a high-quality doppler/gyro system. variants include Tacan radio navigation. Fatigue A fatigue Jaguar. life of 3000 flying hours is required of the single-seat the training version this requirement is increased to life In 6000h. Weapon carriage Jaguar can carry a maximum weapon load of 4540kg (10 0001b) on one fuselage and four underwing pylons. Weapons up to a unit weight of 900kg (20001b) can be carried. This allows the carriage of: Air-to-surface guided weapons such Martel A.R. 10001b bombs free-fall or retarded 470kg bombs free-fall or retarded 5001b bombs free-fall or retarded as AS. 30 and AS. 37 250kg bombs 2501b bombs 1 25kg bombs SNEB rocket launchers Flares Drop tanks Recce pods so on. Maintainability and reliability The basic target in this area is that no more than 10-5 manhours should be necessary per flying hour, assuming the aircraft flies five one-hour sorties daily. A maintainability group worked closely with the design staffs on the assessment of the maintenance process for Jaguar, and the result of the assessment has guided the choice and installation of all systems and equipment requiring frequent attention. The requirement here is twofold. If a failure is defined as a defect which causes the mission to be abandoned or curtailed, the failure rate must be not more than 51-3 failures per 1000 flying hours an MTBF (meantime between failures) of roughly 20h. Secondly, taking a defect as a malfunction requiring unscheduled servicing, the requirement here is that the defect rate must be not more than 300 defects per 1000 flying hours. — BAC and Breguet have also shown that Sidewinder, special extra-size fuselage recce and fuel pods, and mini-gun or Vulcan gun pods could be accommodated. Studies by Fatigue proving will be based on a sortie breakdown which defines the time spent in low-altitude subsonic flight, mediumaltitude flight, high-altitude supersonic flight, ferry flight, and Section 16: Aircraft and engines Jaguar tactical support and operational training aircraft Jaguar new twin-engined the is dual-role tactical support and high-performance trainer aircraft coming into service with the Royal Air Force in 1972, and the French Air Force in 1971. The French Navy will also have a tactical version with provision for carrier Initial orders have been received for 400 operation. aircraft — 200 for Britain The two basic roles and 200 make for France. similar demands; the only aircraft and the major difference between the tactical the provision of a second cockpit for the instructor in the trainer version. Jaguar's performance and equipment match the demands of the 1 970s. In particular the British navigation system is based on a digital computing system, so that changes in operation and weapons can be accommodated by changing the system programme. The flight test programme involving eight prototype aircraft is well under way. trainer is Main characteristics Long range Rugged structure Heavy weapon load (D (2) (3) Dispersed field operation Short take-off and landing (5) Supersonic capability at all altitudes (6) High manoeuvrability (7) Additional features are: Twin engines plus duplicated systems and armour protection as part of design for survival. A high degree of safety in the take-off and landing phase, particularly vital in the trainer role. A low gust response to provide an acceptable environment for the crew at high speed and low (4) The versions available and their equipment standards are as follows: Special-to-type No. of seats 1 Role "Tactical Version A Service features French Air Force Doppler/gyro platform navigation support system 'Tactical s Royal Air Force Inertial navigation/ attack system with head-up display support altitudes. 'Naval (27-86ft) Length: single seat 1 5 520m (50-91ft) two seat 16-420m (5387ft) Height 4.640m (15-22ft) Aspect ratio Naval undercarriage, catapult and arrester Navigation system as A' version gear. *AII three versions ; Trainer Ultimate load factor 12 Normal take-off weight 1 000kg (22 046lb) Maximum take-off weight 13 500kg (29 762lb) Weapon load 4500kg (10 0001b) Engine thrust: dry 2000kg (44001b) with reheat 3000kg (66001b) is French Navy have in-flight refuelling capability 300 Wing sweep 40 Jaguar M strike Wing span 8488m French Air Force Tacan/gyro platform navigation system Trainer Royal Air Force manufactured by the Societe Europeenne de Production de Avion Ecole de Combat et Appui Tactique (SEPECAT). Corporation and Breguet Aviation. Enquiries should be addressed to the Sales Director of: I a Inertial navigation attack system with head-up display company owned jointly by British Aircraft S.E.P.E.C.A.T. c/o British Aircraft Corporation Ltd Weybridge, Surrey, England Telephone: Weybridge 45522 Cables: Britair Weybridge Telex: 27111 357 Section 16: Aircraft and engines Skyvan's roomy fuselage and full-width rear loading door easily accommodate a wide range of military equipment including guns and vehicles with their crews Sixteen fully armed paratroopers can jump in sequence from the rear door sill. Skyvan can carry 22 equipped 358 soldiers Section 16: Aircraft and engines Sky van transport aircraft for personnel and equipment Skyvan is a sturdy, versatile aircraft which provides an economic answer to short-haul logistic problems and has already been adopted for service The military overseas. Designed primarily to meet the needs of developing which demand the ability to carry awkward, bulky loads while operating from primitive airfields, Skyvan is able to operate from short, unprepared countries, wide variety of military roles. As a troop transport Skyvan carries 22 equipped troops in forward-facing seats, assuming a weight of 102kg (225lb) per soldier. The rear door ensures that strips in a the troops can disembark with minimum delay. In the military mixed-load configuration the aircraft carries nine troops with a substantial freight load or a full freight load of 2265kg (50001b). The fuselage easily accommodates a wide range of military equipment guns and reconnaissance vehicles with their including crews. In the casualty evacuation role Skyvan carries up to 12 stretcher cases with two attendants. The 1 -98m (6ft 6in) headroom over the whole floor area simplifies the work of medical staff as well as providing added comfort for patients. Sixteen fully armed paratroopers can be carried and can jump very rapid sequence from the rear floor sill, controlled by one air dispatcher. The aircraft flies under full control down to indicated air speeds of 120 km/h (65kt). With roller conveyors and extractor parachute systems, palletised loads can also be airin dropped. With a fuselage cross-section -98m (6ft 6in) square, the Skyvan offers the 1 and 5-68m (18ft 7in) long, advantages of a very strong floor, unobstructed capacity and ease of loading. It is powered by two extremely reliable and versatile turboprops, Garrett AiResearch TPE 331 -201 engines flat rated at 71 5shp each, giving a take-off and landing ground run of less than 260m (850ft), up to 325 km/h (175 kt) cruise and excellent low-speed handling qualities. Skyvan sells at half the price of a helicopter of virtually the same load-carrying capacity and its operating costs are less than half, while its ability to operate from small, rough airstrips enables it to operate from most of the sites which helicopters can use. For military purposes the Skyvan can operate at weights up to 6120kg (13 5001b), with a 2265kg (50001b) payload under normal conditions, and 6580kg (14 5001b) with 2705kg (60001b) payload under controlled overload conditions. SHORT BROTHERS & HARLAND LIMITED Skyvan Division PO Box 241, Queen's Telephone: Belfast 58444 Island, Belfast, BT3 9DZ, Northern Cables: Aircraft Belfast Telex: 74688 Ireland 1967 1968 1969 1970 359 Section 16: Aircraft and engines world-wide commercial applications, the RollsRoyce Dart is in service with the Royal Air Force in the Hawker Siddeley Andover and Argosy transports; it also powers the More than 5000 Dart Breguet Alize anti-submarine aircraft. engines have been produced for twelve aircraft types, and later marks of the engine are still in full-scale production. The operational experience accumulated by this family of engines now totals more than 50 million hours In addition to its Since entering service in 1951 the Avon has powered military over the world. It has been manufactured in greater quantities than any other British gas turbine, and more than six million service hours have been accumulated in bomber, fighter, aircraft all and transport trainer power 27 aircraft. Military different types of aircraft manufactured under licence abroad. The Avon level is the BAC versions of the Avon throughout the world and are latest application of the Lightning supersonic interceptor, the maximum speed of which considerably exceeds Mach 2 The Spey is the second generation of Rolls-Royce turbofans to enter quantity production, and civil and military engines are being developed to an integrated programme. In addition to its com- Spey has been chosen for the McDonnell forthe Royal Air Force, the Buccaneer 2 and the Nimrod maritime reconnaissance aircraft. mercial applications, the Phantom strike fighters strike aircraft version of the engine, given the USAF designation TF 41 -A-1 being jointly developed and manufactured by Rolls-Royce and the Allison Division of General Motors One is 360 More powerful than the for airline operation. handling made transports, it Tyne was originally designed economy, nigh power and good Dart, the However, its ideally suited as a such as the Short powerplant Belfast. In 1964 for large military a European con- MAN sortium was formed, consisting of Hispano Suiza, Turbo, Fabrique Nationale and Rolls-Royce. This group of companies undertakes the joint manufacture of Tyne engines for the Transall C-160 transport and the Breguet Atlantic maritime reconnaissance aircraft for the French and German armed forces Rolls-Royce-Turbomeca Adour is a simple, two-shaft turbofan having an integral reheat unit of advanced design. The propulsion unit has been designed for the SEPECAT Jaguar supersonic trainer/strike aircraft and combines high performance Rollsat altitude with a good fuel consumption at low level. The Royce and Turbomeca have formed a joint company, RollsRoyce-Turbomeca Limited, for the development and manufacture of the Adour for the British and French governments under a 50:50 collaboration agreement Rolls-Royce has pioneered the design and development of a The RB 1 62 is a second-generation liftjet which is used in the German Do 31 V/STOL military transport and in the VAK 1 91 B tactical reconnaissance fighter. A version designated the RB 162-86 has been specified as a booster for the Trident 3B on order for British European Airways. It is on offer for other booster applications, for which its high thrust/ weight ratio makes it particularly suitable series of direct-lift engines. Section 16: Aircraft and engines Gas turbine engines for types of aircraft all Products of the Aero Engine Division of Rolls-Royce include turboprops, turbojets, turbofans and liftjets for a wide range of military aircraft. These engines range from the Dart turboprop and Avon turbojet both of which have been in service since the early 1 950s through the Spey turbofan to the lightweight RB 1 62 liftjet and the latest collaborative programmes on the Adour and TF 41 turbofans. The division has also pioneered the development of a family of three-shaft turbofans, including the Trent and RB 21 1 The Aero Engine Division has factories in the Midlands of England, in Scotland and several establishments at Barnoldswick, Sunderland and Dundonald in Northern Ireland. — — Specifications Dart RDa 12 Tyne 20 Power Performance Take-off (sea-level static ISA): Specific fuel consumption sea-level static ISA) kg cv/h lb tehp/h cv tehp 3290 3245 0708 0-317 with water Cruise at 61 00 300 knot: m (20 000 injection ft) 1642 0249 1620 556 Performance Take-off power: 61 00 tehp, maintained by water methanol injection up to ISA -228 C Basic features Compressor stages: six low-pressure, nine high-pressure Combustion system: tubo-annular, ten straight-flow combusion Turbine stages: three low-pressure, one high-pressure Reduction gear ratio: 0064:1 liners Basic features Weight Compressor: two-stage centrifugal Combustion system: seven straight-flow chambers Basic dry weight: Turbine: three-stage axial Reduction gear ratio: 00775:1 Dimensions Overall length: Weight Maximum 1006 kg (22181b) mm (108 7 in) mm (43-2 in) 2743 Carcase diameter: 1092 basic dry weight: 629 kg (1387 lb) Dimensions Length (without Diameter: 963 Avon jet pipe): mm Mk (37-9 2527 mm (99-49 in) in) 302 C Adour Performance Performance Take-off thrust (sea-level static ISA) 5480 kp (12 1001b) 7170kp (15 680 1b) Dry: With reheat: Take-off thrust (dry) more than 2000 kp (4400 lb) Take-off thrust (with reheat) more than 3000 kp (6600 : : lb) Basic features Basic features Compressor: 16-stage axial Combustion system: eight straight-flow interconnected Turbine: two-stage axial Exhaust system: By-pass ratio: 1 :1 Compressor stages: two low-pressure, five high-pressure Combustion system: fully annular Turbine stages: one high-pressure, one low-pressure liners fully variable afterburner Weight Weight Basic dry weight: approx 600 kg Basic dry weight (excluding reheat jet pipes): 1288 kg (2840 (1 320 lb) 1b) Dimensions Dimensions Overall length (excluding reheat jet pipes): Carcase diameter: 1118 (44 in) 5430 mm (138 Overall length: 2970 Intake diameter: 560 in) mm mm (11 7 in) (22 in) mm RB Spey Performance Minimum take-off thrust, sea-level Mk 202 5556 kp (12 2501b) Spey 62 (TF 41-A-1) 6463 kp (14 2501b) flat rated to 25 C reheat unlit 9306 kp (20 5151b) reheat static ISA: Basic features Compressor stages: Combustion system: low pressure, 12 high-pressure five tubo-annular, ten straightflow combustion liners lit three low-pressure -two intermediatepressure, 11 highpressure Tubo-annular, ten straight-flow combustion Two Turbine stages: high-pressure, two low-pressure Two 162-81 Performance Take-off thrust (sea-level static ISA): Normal rating including 8 per cent control bleed: 2718 kp (5992 lb) Contingency rating including 13 per cent control bleed: 2726 kp (60101b) Basic features Compressor stages: six Combustion system: annular chamber with Turbine stages: one 1 8 spray nozzles Weight Nominal weight of basic engine: 1 88-2 kg (41 5 lb) liners high-pressure two low-pressure Dimensions Overall length (fixed nozzle): Maximum diameter: 740 mm 1370 (29 mm (54 in) in) Weight Total dry weight: 1857 kg (4093 lb) 1452 kg (3201 lb) Dimensions Overall length: Intake internal diameter: 5204 mm (204-9 in) 826 mm (32-5 in) 2606 mm (102-6 in) 952 mm (37 5 in) ROLLS-ROYCE LIMITED Aero Engine Division PO Box 31, Derby, England Telephone: Derby 42424 Cables: Roycar Derby Telex: 37645 361 Section 16: Aircraft and engines Design of the Pegasus as the world's first vectored-thrust turbofan in 1956 and the engine was developed for the Hawker Siddeley P 1 1 27 strike aircraft. Now known as the Harrier, this aircraft entered service with the Royal Air Force in 1969 and has been ordered for service with the United States Marine Corps. The Pegasus is also installed in the German Dornier Do 31, the began first jet-sustained V/STOL transport aircraft. The essential feature of the Pegasus is the use of four directionally controllable world's thrust nozzles to 'vector' the thrust as required. Present versions 9 000 lb) thrust but development of a more powerful version of the engine, the Pegasus 11, is now fully funded by the British Government are rated at 861 8 kp M 45H turbofan of advanced design with modular conmaintenance and rapid inspection and replacement of components in situ. It is being developed jointly by the Bristol Engine Division of Rolls-Royce and the French The is a struction for ease of SNECMA. The engine first ran in January 1969 (following testing with a 'demonstrator' engine that first ran in June 1 966). By the time ARB and FAA approval is granted in 1972 the engine will have logged more than 4000 hours in the air on flight development and more than 4000 hours of bench running. First of the M 45H series powers the VFW 614 shorthaul airliner. Development plans show a thrust growth potential up to 4536 kg (10 000 1b) engine company, Since its initial conception in 1948 as a short-life expendable engine for the Jindivik pilotless target drone, the Viper turbojet has been developed into a highly successful engine for military and civil purposes with thrusts up to 1810 kg (4000 1b). The Viper has powered all marks of the BAC Jet Provost trainer and powers the new BAC 167 Strikemaster. The Viper is built under licence by Piaggio of Italy and the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation of Australia for the Macchi M B 326 trainer. With more than 1 l million hours of service flying now achieved, the Viper is in worldwide operation and powers the basic foreign 362 air forces trainers of 23 (1 The Olympus was the first British turbojet engine of the two-spool layout, which gives extreme flexibility and hence excellent handling characteristics. The engine first ran in 1950 and the Mk 101 of 4990 kg (11 000 lb) thrust entered service in the Avro Vulcan in 1956, followed by the Mk 201 in 1960 and the Mk301 in 1963. Morethan a million hours have been accumulated in service with the Vulcan. The latest supersonic versions of the Olympus are suitable for operation at speeds up to Mach 205 at ISA conditions. Olympus engines equipped with fully variable reheat have completed a considerable amount of running at static thrusts of the order of 1 7 240 kg (38 000 lb). The Olympus has also been developed for industrial and marine purposes Rolls-Royce's experience in the development and production of ramjets is unique in Europe, work on ramjets having been started The ramjet is a versatile propulsion unit suitable for a in 1949. variety of applications at speeds above Mach 1-5, including surface-to-air defence missiles, target drones and supersonic manned aircraft. The Thor shown at the left is the power unit of the BAC Bloodhound surface-to-air guided missile which is in service with the Royal Air Force and the air forces of Australia, Switzerland, Sweden and Singapore. The Odin is the propulsive unit of the Hawker Siddeley Sea Dart surface-to-air shipborne missile. The Sea Dart is launched by a solid-propellant rocket engine and is thereafter sustained in flight by the Odin Section 16: Aircraft and engines Gas turbine engines and ramjet engines The Bristol Engine Division of Rolls-Royce undertakes the design and manufacture of a range of gas turbine engines and ramjets. Among its major products are the Pegasus vectored-thrust turbofan and the M 45 turbofan (in collaboration with SNECMA of France). Well-established turbojets range from the Olympus family (of which the commercial Olympus 593 powers the Concorde supersonic airliner) to the much smaller Vipers. The division will also be responsible for the British share of the work on the RB 199 three-shaft turbofan for the European multi-role combat aircraft (MRCA). For more than twenty years the division has also been developing a series of ramjets. The Bristol Engine Division, with about 20 000 employees, has and also has factories at Coventry, England. headquarters its at Patchway, Bristol in England, Specifications Pegasus Pegasus 6 Mk 101 861 8 kp (19 000 1b) Performance Short-lift rating: Pegasus 11 Mk 103 9752 kp (21 500 lb) Basic Features (Pegasus 5) Fan: three-stage overhung, no inlet guide vanes Compressor: eight-stage axial Combustion system: annular Turbine stages: two high-pressure, two low-pressure (fan) Weight (Pegasus 5) 1261 kg (2780 Basic engine: Dimensions (Pegasus lb) 5) mm (98 84 in) mm (48 05 in) Flange-to-flange length: 2510 Diameter (intake flange) 1 220 : M 45H-01 Olympus 301 Performance Performance Take-off thrust (sea-level static ISA): 3520 kp (7760 Take-off thrust: 9072 kp (20 000 lb) consumption lb) at this rating: 0-81 5 kg/h/kp (0-81 5 Ib/h/lb) Specific fuel consumption at this rating: 0-45 kg/h/kp (0-45 Ib/h/lb) Specific fuel Basic features Basic features Compressor stages: six low-pressure, seven high-pressure Combustion system: annular with eight flame tubes Turbine stages: one high-pressure, one low-pressure Compressor: one fan stage coupled to five-stage intermediate-pressure; sevenstage high-pressure Combustion system: annular Turbine stages: one high-pressure three intermediate-pressure By-pass Weight ratio: 2-85:1 Dry: 1946 kg (42901b) Weight Basic engine: 673 kg (1483 lb) Dimensions Dimensions Length: 3255 (1280 in) Maximum diameter: 1 1 30 mm mm Overall length: 2600 Fan casing diameter: mm (102 4 909 mm (44-5 in) in) (35-8 in) Viper Thor Performance Type: Ramjet comprising a centrebody intake of the two-shock type followed by an annular diffuser leading to the combustion system. The parallel tailpipe terminates in a convergent/divergent final nozzle 600 Series 500 Series Take-off thrust 1524kp (33601b) 1814kp (4000 eight-stage axial annular vaporising single-stage eight-stage axial annular vaporising 345 kg (7601b) 345 kg (7601b) 1b) (early version) Basic features Compressor: Combustion system: Turbine: two-stage Weight Basic, dry: Dimensions Length (intake to exhaust flange): Maximum casing diameter: 1806 mm (71 -1 624 mm (24-55 in) in) 1806 mm (71 -1 624 mm (24-55 in) in) ROLLS-ROYCE LIMITED Bristol Engine Division PO Box 3, Filton, Bristol, Telephone: Bristol 693871 England Cables: Brisidair Bristol Telex: 44185 363 Section 16: Aircraft and engines The^RS 360, result of a 900 shp fully modular turboshaft engine, is the Rolls-Royce Small of gas turbine engines required to intensive and detailed studies by Engine Division into the field power the next generation of medium helicopters. A variant of Designed around a high-pressure ratio axial compressor of exceptionally small dimensions, the Gnome is a free-turbine turboshaft engine of 1 050-1 500 shp. Gnome engines power the Westland Whirlwind Mk 9, Mk 1 and Mk 1 2, the Westland Wessex Mk 2, Mk 5 and series 60, Westland Sea King, AgustaBell Twin 205 and 204B, Augusta 101G (prototype), and the Boeing-Vertol 107 HKP-4. Current engines are the Gnome H 1200 and H 1400. designated BS 360-07, has been selected to power 13 multi-purpose helicopter as the twin-engined Westland part of the Anglo-French helicopter programme. To produce a light, compact and reliable high-performance engine with good handling characteristics that meets military and civil requirements, full advantage has been taken of the extensive gas turbine experience in all divisions of Rolls-Royce this engine, WG Limited. A feature of the engine is the two-spool gas generator which gives a compression ratio of 12'>:1 with wide performance characteristics ensuring low specific fuel consumption and good handling qualities without sophisticated compressor variable geometry. This provides the basis for an engine with low overall operating cost. The incorporation of a modular concept enables major engine components to be replaced without recourse to special equipment or expertise, thus facilitating repair and maintenance in the field and simplifying support logistics by return of modules (instead of complete engines) to contractors for overhaul. The problem of sea-water corrosion has been largely overcome by the use of anti-corrosive materials in the compressors and the complete absence of magnesium from the engine. Developed Wessex 3 for the Royal Navy, helicopter, the Palouste originally Mk 1 for 8 trolley is the Westland a simple, ultra- self-contained air starter unit embodying the Rolls-Royce Palouste air-bleed gas turbine. Equipped for aerial transportation by helicopter and suitable for starting many types of aircraft, the Mk 18 trolley incorporates a detachable two-wheel undercarriage equipped with rubber suspension units, and two folding barrow-type handles for ground handling. The fuel tank capacity is sufficient for up to 15 main engine light, starts. The Nimbus robust turboshaft engine particularly currently in production are the Mk 1 03/503 for the Westland Wasp and the Mk 1 05/502 shp for Westland Scout helicopters with a five-minute rating of 71 at up to ISA - 25 C at sea level and a five-minute rating of 650 shp 30 C up to 2100 m (7000ft). at ISA is a small, suitable for helicopters. Nimbus engines By agreement between Allison Division General Motors Corporation and Rolls-Royce Limited, the Small Engine Division is the sole distributor of the Allison Model 250 Series engines for sale and support in the United Kingdom, Europe (excluding Italy), Scandinavia, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, South America, Near East, Middle East, India, Ceylon, Afghanistan and Pakistan. This power unit is used in the Agusta-Bell and Bell Jet Ranger, Hiller FH 1100, the Hughes 500 and the Fairchild the Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm BO 105 helicopter and fixedwing applications of the turboprop. 364 Section 16: Aircraft and engines Gas turbine engines Small units for aircraft and general purposes of Rolls-Royce Limited, with about 4200 employees, has the responsibility within Rolls-Royce for the design, development and production of all small gas turbines for use in helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, as airborne auxiliary power units, air starters and for other applications. In addition, the Division continues to overhaul and manufacture spare parts for the range of piston engines and gas turbines previously manufactured by the de Havilland and Blackburn engine companies; these comprise the Gipsy, Goblin, Ghost, Gyron Junior, Cirrus, and Bombardier engines. The Division has its headquarters at Leavesden, Hertfordshire, England, with test facilities and helicopter The Small Engine Division rotor rigs at Hatfield. Specifications RS360 Gnome H1400 Description Contingency rating: 900 shp Compressor LP spool: four-stage axial Combustion: reverse-flow annular Gas generator LP turbine: single-stage axial Gas generator HP turbine: single-stage axial Free power turbine: two-stage axial Modular construction shp 1 35 kg (300 mm (43 in) mm (22 in) Nimbus Mk Basic features lb) Max. basic dry weight: 153 kg (337 103 and Mk 103/503) 710 105/502) 685 193/503) 685 105/502) 0265 695 Length: 1392 Diameter: 574 Mk 18 Trolley Performance Max. air delivery 1 5A sea level: 0-9 kg/sec (2 lb/sec) Air delivery pressure ratio: 3-62:1 Air delivery temperature: 220X (428°F) Free turbine turboshaft helicopter engine Compressor: two-stage axial and single-stage centrifugal Combustion: Single annular chamber Gas generator turbine: two-stage axial power mm (54-8 in) mm (22-6 in) Palouste 0582 Basic features Free lb) Dimensions 105 Specific fuel consumption kg/cv/h cv Ib/shp/h 720 0-270 0-595 0-582 695 0265 shp (Mk (Mk (Mk (Mk 500 nominal rev/min Weight Performance Five-minute Five-minute One hour 1420 Free turbine turboshaft helicopter engine Compressor: ten-stage axial Combustion: single annular chamber Gas generator turbine: two-stage axial Free power turbine: single-stage axial; 19 Dimensions Length: 1092 Diameter: 558 cv 1521 1500 1400 Contingency Max. one hour Weight Max. basic dry weight: Specific fuel consumption Ib/shp/h kg/cv/h 0-607 0-272 0-610 0-273 Performance Weight Dry weight, fully equipped: 263 kg (579 lb) Weight, air-transportable pack: 216 kg (475 turbine: single-stage axial lb) Weight Dimensions Installed engine: Mk 103/503 304 Mk 105/502 297 kg (670 kg (655 Length: 1930 mm (6 ft 4 Width: 914 mm (3 ft) Height: 1118 mm (3 ft 8 lb) lb) Dimensions Length (air intake to exhaust duct): Width (across exhaust ducts): 933 Height (gearbox Allison sump 1872 mm to oil tank filler): mm (73-7 (38-7 in) 853 mm (33-6 in) Model 250 Turboprop Allison Total equiv 317 270 Take-off Max. cont. 400 346 Take-off Max. cont. hp power Prop speed rev/min Spec, fuel consumption kg/te cv/h Ib/tehp/h cv 321 te 281 334 285 2025 2025 0-300 274 303 0-670 0-678 405 418 362 324 367 2025 0-270 0-276 0-603 0-616 330 351 te cv shp C18 Take-off Max. cont. C20 Take-off Max. cont. Lightweight turboprop engine Compressor: six-stage axial, one stage centrifugal fall 77-6 kg (171 B17— 86-2 kg (190 405 351 6000 6000 0-282 0-288 0-630 0-645 Combustion: single chamber Gas producer turbine: two-stage Free turbine: two-stage axial Beta control C18— 64 kg (141 lb) C20— 70-3 kg (155 1b) lb) 1b) Dimensions — 274 Weight — B15 B1 7 400 346 cv 321 Basic features Weight — Length: 317 270 Lightweight turboshaft engine Compressor: six-stage axial, single stage centrifugal Combusion: single chamber Gas-producer turbine: two-stage axial Free power turbine: two-stage axial Controls: optional, two-lever incorporating Spec fuel consumption rev/min kg/cv/h Ib/shp/h 0-697 6000 0-312 0-706 6000 0-316 Output speed Racir faaturac B1 5 Model 250 Turboshaft Perfo rmance shp B17 in) in) Performance B15 in) Dimensions C18 Length: 1024 — 34 mm (44-6 in) Height: 572 mm (22-5 in) Width: 483 mm (19 in) Length: 1 1 38 mm (44-8 in) Height: 572 mm (22 5 in) Width: 483 mm (19 in) mm (40-3 in) mm (23-7 in) Width: 483 mm (19 in) C20 — Length: 1034 mm (40-7 in) Height: 589 mm (23-7 in) Width: 483 mm (19 in) 1 1 Height: 589 ROLLS-ROYCE LIMITED Small Engine Division Leavesden, Watford, WD2 Telephone: Garston 74000 7BZ, England Cables: Rollsed Watford Telex: 23206 365 Section 17 Helicopters and hovercraft 367 Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft Wasp (left) Currently in service with the Royal Navy, as well as with four other leading navies of the world, the British-designed and built Wasp has proved to be a very capable helicopter for shipborne operation. Powered by a Mk 503 Rolls-Royce Nimbus gas turbine, this seat general-purpose helicopter has a specially designed undercarriage, incorporating fully castoring lockable wheels 5/6 allowing normal operation from small platforms on destroyers and frigates in adverse weather and sea conditions. Anticoning and anti-droop stops in the main rotor head facilitate starting and stopping in high winds. The Wasp also has facilities for the addition of a power hoist for rescue missions, and the rear seats and stretcher installations can be folded back to provide adequate freight stowage space. Sea King (right) The Sea King, the world's most advanced anti-submarine search and strike helicopter, is now in operational squadron service with the Royal Navy. This versatile and powerful long-range helicopter is fitted with two Rolls-Royce Gnome H 1400 gas turbine engines of 1500shp each. Its equipment includes the latest automatic flight control system and an integrated sonar- -^P te£f ^^ iw* f^ - - -"*iJ2B radar tactical display. Although the primary role of Sea King is all-weather antisubmarine operations from either ship or shore, it can be readily adapted to a number of secondary roles, including commando transport, air/sea rescue and mine sweeping. ; SA 330 (left) Currently being built by Westland Helicopters Limited and Societe Nationale Industrielle Aerospatiale, the SA 330 will be the new tactical helicopter for operation by the French Armed Forces and the Royal Air Force. The SA 330 is a twin-turbine aircraft with a four-bladed main rotor and a five-bladed tail rotor. It has all-terrain landing gear and easy accessibility for maintenance, facilitating a quick change of major components. It is capable of a number of operational roles, including troop transport (carrying 16 fully equipped troops), ambulance duties, search and rescue and freight transport. There is also a VIP transport version. SA 341 (right) is one of three helicopter types involved in the Anglo/ French helicopter co-operation agreement. Several hundreds of this helicopter are required for the British Army and the French Army and the production of these is being shared by both Westland Helicopters Limited and Societe Nationale Industrielle Aero- The SA 341 spatiale. An advanced general-purpose light helicopter, this five-seat machine is powered by a Turbomeca Astazou 3N turbine engine. The streamlined body gives it an extremely high operating speed, and ease of maintenance is one of the main design features. WG 13 (left) WG impression of the general-purpose version of the 13 for the British Army. This versatile helicopter will be able to accommodate 9 passengers plus a crew of two, or, alternatively, three standard stretchers with a medical attendant and one seated patient. Externally mounted armament can be carried, and a power hoist also installed for air/sea or mountain rescue operations. The British designed and developed 13 forms part of the Anglo/French co-operation agreement, which also covers the shared production of the SA 330 and SA 341 designed and developed by Sud Aviation of France. It is scheduled to enter service in the early 1970s. Artist's WG Wessex 50 (right) is the military counterpart of the civil Wessex 60 currently operating on oil rig support duties in many parts of the world. Powered by coupled 1350shp Rolls-Royce Gnome free turbines, the Wessex 50 is currently operating with the Royal Air Force as the Wessex Mk 2, and with the Royal Navy as the Mk 5. Operation with these two Services has taken this extremely versatile helicopter into mnny countries throughout the world, and the machine's ability to cope with the vastly differing terrains and climatic conditions has proved that the Wessex offers operational capabilities second to none. The Wessex 50 368 Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft Helicopters and for military The current range Helicopters land civil duties of helicopters available from WestLtd together with those now in — development, and including the machines involved in the Anglo/French helicopter agreement will fill most — and military requirements in the Western world throughout the 1970s and into the 1980s. Particulars and general specifications of these aircraft are given civil here. Wasp Maximum Maximum Weight summary Manufacturer's basic weight 1672kg (36871b) Pilot 82kg (1801b) Disposable load 741kg (16331b) Maximum all-up weight 2495kg (55001b) Maximum fuel 563kg (12401b) range, standard fuel tankage 487km (263nm) 7.3m/sec (1440ft/min) Hovering ceiling out-of-ground effect 2682m (8800ft) Hovering ceiling in ground effect 3810m (12 500ft) rate of climb Dimensions Main rotor dia 9 83m (32ft 3in) (40ft 4in) Overall length 1 Tail rotor dia 2 29m (7ft 6in) Overall height 3 56m (11ft 8in) Wheel track 2-64m (8ft) 23m AUW Performance at 2500kg (55001b) in ISA conditions Maximum speed 194km/h (105 knots) Maximum cruising speed 178km/h (96 knots) Sea King Weight summary Maximum Manufacturer's basic weight 5520kg (12 1701b) Pilot plus two crew 272kg (6001b) Disposable load 3506kg (77301b) Maximum all-up weight 9299kg (20 5001b) Maximum fuel 2495kg (55001b) Carries range (standard fuel) 1120km (600nm) for 92km (50nm) radius 5-2m/sec (3000ft/min) 3200kg (70001b) payload Maximum rate of climb Dimensions Main rotor dia 1889m 1 (62ft) Overall length 22 1 5m (72ft 8in) Tail rotor dia 3-16m (10ft 4in) Overall height 5-1 3m (16ft 10in) Wheel track 3-96m (13ft) Overall width (with flotation gear) Performance at 9300kg (20 5001b) in ISA conditions Maximum speed 235km/h (123knots) Maximum cruising speed 211km/h (131 knots) 4-99m (16ft 4in) SA330 Overall dimensions (rotor turning) Weights 8m (59-6ft) Width 1500m (49-2ft) Height 5-1 2m (16 8ft) Empty weight (without operational equipment) 3290kg (72531b) Total weight 6400kg (14 11 Olb) Overall dimensions (blades folded) Power Length 14-80m (48-5ft) Two Width 3-50m (1 1 5ft) Heights 12m (16 8ft) Constructor Turbomeca Power rating (each) 1300hp Length 18 1 plant free-turbine engines Turmo III C.4 SA341 Weight summary Maximum gross weight 1600kg (35301b) Overload maximum gross weight 1700kg (37501b) Empty weight 800kg (17651b) Performance at 1600kg (35301b) Maximum range 690km (370nm) Maximum speed in excess of 140 WG AUW in ISA Dimensions Main rotor dia 10-5m (34ft 5|in) Overall length (with rotor turning) 1210m (39ft 8 fin) Ducted tail rotor dia 0-69m (2ft 3in) Overall height 2-96m (9ft S\\r\) Skid track 1 -93m (6ft 4in) Its typical uses include passenger transport, casualty evacuation, freight transport and reconnaissance duties conditions knots 13 Weight summary Empty weight 2347kg (51751b) Equipment, radios and miscellaneous 40kg (881b) Oil 16kg (36lb) Pilot 82kg (1801b) Full fuel 726kg (16001b) Single engine forward climb. Sea level (inter-contingency rating) 225m/min (740ft'min) Maximum range, standard fuel (no reserves) 870km (470nm) with reserves 1850km Auxiliary fuel take-off at 3860kg (85001b) Dimensions Main rotor dia 12-8m Payload 418kg (9211b) Take-off weight 3629kg (80001b) Performance at the Tail rotor dia normal all-up weight of 3630kg (80001b) and at ISA -20 C maximum sustained 160 knots Free air hover 3050m (10 000ft) Forward climb at sea level 810m/min (2650ft/min) (maximum continuous rating) Speed at sea level Level flight — fuel consumption, sea level — — (42ft) (7ft 3in) Overall length (rotor turning 15-2m (49ft 9in) Overall width (rotor turning) 128m (42ft) Maximum height (tail rotor turning) 3-7m (1 2ft) Overall length (blades folded) 12-8m (41ft 10 Jin) Skid undercarriage track 2m (6ft 8in) Power Two 0-845kg/km (3-45lb/nm) 2-2m (1000nm) plant Rolls-Royce BS. 360-07 free-turbine engines Wessex 50 Weight summary Manufacturer's basic weight with standard equipment 3674kg (81001b) Oil 33 5kg (741b) Crew 77kg (1701b) Disposable load 2389kg (52561b) All-up weight 6169kg (13 6001b) Maximum fuel 1125kg (24801b) Maximum Maximum cruising speed Dimensions Main rotor dia 17 AUW in Performance at 6170kg ( 13 6001b) Maximum speed 21 5km/h (1 1 6 knots) 1 93km/h (104 knots) range 537km (290nm) Best rate of climb at sea level 7-8m/sec (1540ft/min) Vertical rate of climb at sea level 3-1m/sec (620ft/min) 07m (56ft) Overall length 2003m (65ft 1 0Jin) Nose-to-tail rotor distance 1 5-1 8m (49ft 1 1 in) Overall height at main rotor 4-9m (1 6ft 2in) Wheel track 3 66m (12ft) ISA conditions WESTLAND HELICOPTERS LIMITED— a subsidiary of West/and Aircraft Limited Yeovil, Somerset, England Telephone: Yeovil 5222 Cables: Aircraft Telex Yeovil Telex: 46277 369 Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft The general arrangement of the craft is for front-loading with the engine sited aft and the propeller mounted on a swivelling pylon. The control cabin is on top of the main cabin. The bow is fitted with a clamshell' door. The buoyancy tank, two main longitudinal walls either side of the central main cabin, superstructure and machinery and systems aft of the control cabin are common to the various versions of the craft. The forward superstructure is designed so that it can be adapted to the required variant with the minimum change. The fan intake, control cabin and other double-curvature surfaces are of glassreinforced plastics. Although new in design, the Wellington makes extensive use of components and constructional techniques employed on the Mountbatten. The engine, transmission gearboxes and propeller are identical with those of the larger craft. Directional control is achieved by the swivelling propeller pylon; the air-porting and skirtlift system are similar to that used on the Winchester and the Warden. Two small auxiliary power units provide supplies independent of the electrical main engine. Radar and other navigational aids enable the craft to operate effectively in 370 bad weather and at night. Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft Wellington BH.7 logistics and fast attack hovercraft The Wellington (BH.7) Class Fast attack craft the fast attack craft. This craft features a modified bow to give optimum sea-keeping qualities. Various internal layouts can be adopted depending on service requirements and weapon fits and there is ample deck area for an operations room, crew quarters, galley, etc. Air conditioning is the first hovercraft to be designed from the outset as a naval vessel, combining a good payload or weapons system with real seakeeping ability and high performance. There are two basic types of the Wellington, the logistics craft and can be This type of craft has a large unobstructed centre cabin with access via a large 'clamshell' bow door. The centre cabin is designed to carry vehicles; troops and small stores are carried in side cabins. For logistic work, ancillary equipment and armament are kept to a minimum to give a greater payload capacity. However, lightweight armour can be fitted at the expense of payload, to protect vital areas such as the control cabin and engine. Typical loads are three i-ton trucks with 60 equipped troops, or six f-ton trucks, or two Scout cars, or 1 70 fully fitted for Armament Logistics craft use fits in tropical areas. are designed to suit individual customers requirements of studies include 20 the and specific current mm automatic turrets, surface-tosurface and surface-to-air short-range guided missiles with optical or television sighting and intermediate range surface-to-surface guided missiles with full fire-control radar giving a 'dark fire' and 'over the horizon' capability. Armour plating, radio and radar fits and fuel capacity are all compatible with the armament and envisaged role. equipped troops. Specification Power plant and systems Main engine: Rolls-Royce Marine Proteus at 3400 shp max continuous power Auxiliary power plant: two Rover 1S/90 gas turbines Dimensions Overall length: 23 52 m (77 ft 2 in) Overall beam: 1386 m (45 ft 6 in) Overall height on landing pads: 101 Hover height: 1 -6 m (5 ft 6 in) m (33 Fan: ft) BHC Propeller: 12-bladed, centrifugal, 3-5 m (1 1 ft 6 4-bladed, controllable pitch, 5-8 HSD in) dia m (19 ft) dia Performance normal gross weight, at 1 5 C speed: 65 knots (1 20 km/h) in calm water, no wind Rough water speed: 35-45 knots (65-85 km/h) in 1 -34 m (4 \ ft) seas, depending on heading and wave length Endurance: 8 hours at max continuous rating on 8 tons of fuel with 10% reserve at Max water Weights Normal gross weight: 45 tons Fuel load at 45 tons all-up weight: 9 tons Max fuel capacity 12 5 tons BRITISH East Cowes, Telephone: HOVERCRAFT CORPORATION Isle of Wight, England Cowes 4121 Cables: Brithover Cowes Telex: 86190 371 Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft i*5v* 3H#*T^ A Winchester (SR.N6) Class craft of 200 Royal Corps of Transport Squadron. amphibious during beach attacks a assault exercises One of eight Winchesters now in service with the Imperial Iranian A squadron Navy Winchester Class craft which is in Royal Navy in the service with the Falkland Islands as a troop transport and communications 172 craft Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft Winchester SR.N6 Class military hovercraft Since its introduction to commercial and military service 1965, the Winchester (SR.N6) Class hovercraft has logged more hours than all other types of hovercraft put together in operations in all parts of the world. This experience has played a significant part in the successful development of the Winchester as a fast, in dependable and versatile vehicle ideally suited for naval and other military duties. To date, these craft have entered fully operational service with the defence forces of four nations. Being fully amphibious, the Winchester can cross surf, beaches, marshes, swamps, scrubland, snow and ice without hindrance and is capable of establishing reliable lines of communications in areas denied to other forms of transport. At an all-up weight of 11 000 kg, the Winchester can be fitted with a wide variety of equipment for military duties. This equipment can include light defensive armament and armour, strengthened side decks to facilitate loading/unloading from ships, racks for carrying external loads, a roof hatch for crane loading, air conditioning or forced-draught ventilation and heating equipment and a wide array of sophisticated radio and navigation equipment. installations All ensure maximum have been carefully engineered to and reliability at sea level. efficiency Operational advantages The military effectiveness of the Winchester unique combination of High speed lies in its abilities: Design simplicity Amphibious capability Minimal crew requirements Proven reliability Role versatility Rugged structure Invulnerability Ease of deployment Endurance Specification Dimensions Propeller: Overall length: 14-76 m (48 ft 5 in) Overall beam: 701 (23 ft) Overall height on landing pads: 4-57 m (1 5 ft) Cabin size (length width): 6-62 X 2-34 m (21 ft 9 in v 7 Cabin headroom at centre line: 1 83 m (6 ft) Door aperture (height > width) 1 -75 0-99 m (5 ft 9 in < Skirt length: 1-22 m (4 ft) Lift m « : fan: Rotol 4-bladed, variable pitch 2-74 m (9 12-bladed, centrifugal 2-13 m (7 ft) dia Dowty BHC ft 8 in) Performance 3 ft 3 in) at normal gross weight at 15 C speed: 50 knots (92 km/h) on calm water, no wind, continuous Max water power rating Average service water speed: 30-35 knots (55-65 km/h) Power Max waters Endurance: plant and systems Gnome gas turbine continuous rating: 990 shp at 15C BRITISH East Cowes, Telephone: dia Normal fuel capacity: 1200 litres (265 gal) Additional fuel capacity: 900 litres (200 gal) Normal gross weight: 10-7 tons Engine: Rolls-Royce ft) 36 hours at max continuous power rating in sheltered coastal on 1200 litres (265 gal) fuel Long-range endurance: 5-7 hours with additional fuel HOVERCRAFT CORPORATION Isle of Wight, England Cowes 4121 Cables: Brithover Cowes Telex: 86190 373 Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft An artist's impression of the VT1. The armament is variable, but this version shows a 40 mm gun forward and a 20 mm gun aft. It also shows as main armament four Sea-killer missiles, each with a range of 20 km and the hitting power of a six-inch shell. Control is by means of the Sea-hunter control system complete with its navigation radar is own radar. A separate also fitted Specification Length overall: 30 m (98-5 ft) Breadth overall: 16-3 m (53-5 ft) All-up weight: 1 00 tons Fuel and armament weight: 40 tons 60 tons Maximum speed: over 110 km/h (60 knots) Range: 750-1500 km (400-800 nm) according to — amount 374 of fuel carried Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft Hovercraft Military version of Vosper Thornycroft VT1 The 80-ton semi-amphibious Vosper Thornycroft VT1 hovercraft design can be adapted to a military role. A higher performance will result from the installation of two Rolls-Royce Proteus gas turbines as the main propulsion machinery and two Rolls-Royce Darts asthe lift machinery, with a greater depth of skirt for improved sea-keeping ability. Propulsion can be by means of water jets contained in retractable skegs. The craft will have a speed of over 110km/h (60 knots). It will be able to operate in nominal water depths with some ability to clear obstacles such as logs, sandbars and submerged booms. 20 of The accommodation can provide for a crew of some officers and men and is generally similar to that a modern fast patrol boat, with ample space in the Underwater propulsion prevents the operation of the craft overland, but there are compensating advantages. The immersed skegs enable the craft to be accurately manoeuvred in cross winds and the absence of air propellers not only reduces the noise but also leaves the upper deck clear so that there is a good all-round view from the control cabin and wide arcs of fire for the weapons. A fairly considerable and widely varying armament load can be carried. That shown in the illustrations is a possible arrangement but other configurations are available to meet particular requirements. operations room and a separate cabin for the command- ing officer. VOSPER THORNYCROFT Shipbuilding Division Vosper House, Paulsgrove, Portsmouth, England Telex: 86115 Telephone: Cosham 79481 1966 1969 375 Section 17: Helicopters and hovercraft designs, develops and manufactures skirts and skirt systems under licence from Hovercraft Development Limited. Avon Hovercraft skirts and skirt systems Experience with coated fabrics, sophisticated manufacturing equipment, supported by extensive rubber and textile laboratories, ensure the technical ability to provide an advisory service on hovercraft skirt systems and hovercraft materials for particular Avon Rubber Co Ltd Bradford-on-Avon Wiltshire, 376 England Telephone: Bradford-on-Avon 2191 applications. A hovercraft projects group within the Avon Group of companies provides a technical advisory service on materials and skirt systems and maintains close liaison with all the major hovercraft manufacturers throughout the world. Cables: Industrial Bradford-on-Avon Telex: 44856 Section 18 Weapons and control systems for aircraft 377 * Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Hunter T7 Sea Vixen Canberra Jet Provost Buccaneer Mk3 Westland Whirlwind Jaguar Harrier 68 mm rockets being fired from a Type M 155 rocket launcher on an RAF Phantom 1000 metres (1100 yards) from target in a 10" dive. All rockets clear the pod in 8 second Rocket launchers manufactured by Ltd in England Thomas French & Sons to Mafra designs (either 2-in or have been 378 fitted to all 68-mm) these aircraft Photos are the copyright of the Ministry of Defence Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Airborne rocket launchers for air-to-ground attack Manufactured in England by Thomas French SA Engins Matra & Sons Ltd to original designs of Launcher No 6 for use with 2-in rockets Designed for use on helicopters and light aircraft to carry seven rockets which may be discharged singly or in ripple at 100 msec intervals Launcher No 7 for use with 2-in rockets Designed for multiple carriage on the wing stations to be compatible with the full flight envelope of most modern high-speed aircraft. The No 7 carries 36 missiles which can be fired in pairs or in ripple at 35 msec intervals M 1 55 for use with 68-mm rockets Manufactured by Thomas French & Sons Ltd from an original design by Engins Matra. Designed for training and operational use to carry eighteen SNEB 68-mm rockets which can be fired singly or in ripple at 33 msec Launcher, Type intervals M 1 55 rocket launcher being conveyed to aircraft. Each launcher carries eighteen SNEB 68-mm rockets Type THOMAS FRENCH & SONS 59 St James's Street, Telephone: 01-629 7101 LTD London SW1, England Cables: Rufflette London SW1 Telex: 25115 379 Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Top left: twin release of bombs fighter during a low-level attack with retarder system from Star- on a Above: bomb with air-brake retarder showing fabric ribbons deployed Left: 38( Arming fork Base ring (steel forging) 4 Lanyard (retarder timer) Lanyard (arming fork lock) 5 Arm 6 7 Fin assembly (one-piece casting) Arming vane release mechanism 8 9 I I I Arming fork lock 13 1^ Securing pads 2 bomb Riveted joint (cone-to-fin assembly) Central cone (flared steel tube) Retarder arm Arm release hook Welded joint (cone-to-base 1 in the open position, tail fitted to US Mk 83 450kg (10001b) bomb on the centre-line station of an F 104G Starfighter Below: cut-away view of air-brake 1 tail No 117 installed 2 3 defended target ring) retarder tail unit Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Bomb retarder air-brake The UK tail been demonstrated to meet requirements for safe and retarder system has and NATO military effective bombing in the low-level strike role. It is suitable for use with all current and projected aircraft (500capable of carrying bombs in the 230-450kg " 10001b) range (UK and US types, see table). The equipment designed for use in the low-level mode when attacking defended target areas where there is an operational requirement for delivering bombs at altitudes and speeds which offer the highest chances of defence penetration. Bomb retardation reduces the previously high risk of fragment damage to the aircraft to an insignificant level by ensuring a safe separation distance between aircraft and bomb at detonation. Only simple pilot-operated sighting equipment is is required. The system is incorporated in a new bomb tail unit with an air brake of composite design and a special environment-sensitive fuse. Construction of the tail is based on a rigid body attachment ring and centre cone enclosed by four rear-hinged skin sections which are supplemented by inter-connecting ribbon fabric to form a fast-acting and reliable air brake of consistent performance. The air-brake release has a timer-controlled function A second initiated by a lanyard at bomb release. 453kg (10001b) bombing unit for low-level unlocks a rear-mounted fuse arming vane which, in turn, permits the fuse to monitor the bomb retardation time function and to arm or sterilise the bomb, depending on correct or incorrect conditions of lanyard and operation. release a range of British bombs; use with bombs of US manufacture. The system is quantity produced and in general service with the Royal Air Force. Among the aircraft suitable for the use of retarded bomb techniques the following are typical examples: Canberra, Lightning, Hunter, Mirage, Jaguar, Vulcan, F104 Starfighter, F 86 Sabre, Phantom and Jet The tail variants is are designed to available fit for Provost. Bomb types UK Mk 2 Mk 6 Mk 6* Mk V Mk 9 Mk 10 Mk 11 Mk IV Mk 12* Mk 13-16 — kg 453 453 453 453 453 453 453 453 453 453 245 lb 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 540 us kg M M 227 453 227 453 340 64 65 Mk 82 Mk83 M 117 lb 500 1000 500 1000 750 1035mm bombs H Weight - 68kg Associated fuse 227kg is (5001b) fitted in rear fuse pocket bombs A Associated fuse is fitted in rear fuse Weight - 54kg pocket 1201b HUNTING ENGINEERING LIMITED Defence Sales Reddings Wood, Ampthill, Bedfordshire, England Telephone: Ampthill 3431 Cables: Huneng Ampthill Telex: 82105 381 Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft The armour-piercing rocket head weighing 1 -245 kg (275 lb) consists of a core of tungsten carbide around which is moulded a body of resin and aluminium powder which has a high penetration capacity. The target effectiveness in terms of hole and fragment damage is comparable with that of some shaped charges of larger diameter This head, designed for maximum blast and fragmentation effect, is a cylindrical light alloy case filled with high-explosive, detonated by a fuze No 942 screwed into its nose. The fuze incorporates a delay arming device to ensure that the rocket is at least 1 20 m (400 ft) from the aircraft before it is armed. The weight of the complete head is 1 475 kg (3 25 lb) Using the same light alloy case as the high-explosive head, the practice head is filled with an inert compound and has a nose plug to represent the fuze, the complete head weighing 1 475 kg exactly the same as the high-explosive head shown above. (3 25 lb) Attachment, as with all the rocket heads, is effected by a threaded spigot at the base of the heads — Left: 2-inch rocket with fins extended. The complete rocket the break at the middle indicates the omitted part is longer than shown here; The rocket motor shown at the left comprises four main components: the motor tube, the propellant charge, the igniter and the fin-venturi unit. A feature of the motor is the small ignition delay over the working temperature range, an essential feature when selected. A propellant charge, occupying most of the steel motor tube, has a starshaped hole through its entire length to permit a constant burning surface; its outer surface is inhibited by an ethyl-cellulose coating. Also the composition of the propellant is so designed that any variation in burning time in different temperature conditions is minimised. The igniter, placed immediately on the front end of the propellant charge, combines a 'radhaz' filter for protection against premature ignition by high-power radio and radar transmission. An obturator and a spacer ripple firing is placed over the igniter completes the assembly which is locked in the tube by a shell ring, sealed to prevent the escape of gas. The shell ring is threaded to accept the rocket head. The steel fin-venturi unit is screwed into the rear of the motor tube. Rectangular fins are provided on a collar at the rear of the unit and are normally restrained in the closed position by a strap until the rocket is loaded. When launched, the fins are opened about 1 metre in front of the launcher by springs and are then locked in the extended position. An end cap, crimped to the venturi of the rocket, provides a seal for the motor and the radhaz' protection disc. The end cap acts as a retention device for the rocket when loaded into a launcher. It also carries a firing socket which connects with a filter and the igniter. 382 Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft 2-inch rocket system for air-to-air and air-to-ground attack 2-inch rocket system, now in world-wide has been designed by the British Government Research and Development Establishments to provide the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force with a simple, low-cost, versatile system coupled with a highly effective attack capability. Having an operational speed range extending from hovering to supersonic flight, the system is readily adaptable to any fixed or rotating-wing aircraft, including those which may be subjected to catapult take-off and arrested landing The For these reasons and particularly because of its superior performance, the 2-inch rocket system is now being used as an effective weapon in the air-to-air role in addition to the conventional air-to-ground configuration. For example, the BAC Lightning employs two special 2-inch rocket pods constructed integral with the aircraft fuselage as its conventional weapon system, secondary to its guided missiles. Any conventional aircraft using a simple reflector or angular velocity gunsight can employ this modern technique by fitting 2-inch multiple launchers to the underwing pylons or strong points. Two standard launcher units (the No 6 for helicopters and light aircraft, and the No 7 for most other aircraft) are also available. British use, conditions. comparison with the complex precisionbuilt machine guns and cannon, are simple, easily maintained, virtually recoil-less and able to deliver, with accuracy, a warhead capable of much greater Rockets, in destruction. Rocket Dimension: A B C D 121 -90 cm (48 00 100 25 cm (39-40 88-90 cm (35 00 1700 cm (6-70 5-10 cm (200 E Weight 4 55 Weight 4 32 in) B in) in) in) in) C with HE head or practice head: kg (10 021b) with armour-piercing head: kg (9 521b) Launcher No T H 6 Dimension: F 130-65 G 28-85 H 64-40 J 31 57 K 31 75 cm cm cm cm cm 00 cm (51 (11 44 36 in) e$ in) (25-36 in) (12 43 in) (1 2 50 in) (loaded) L (16-15 in) (fired) 41 Weight, loaded: 49 45 kg (109 lb) Weight, fired: 17 69 kg (39 lb) Launcher No 7 Dimension. M 254 00 cm (10000 in) 46-87 cm (1806 in) 35-56 cm (14 00 in) O P 17-78 cm (7 00 in) Q 4-52 cm (1-78 in) R 132 80 cm (52-30 in) Weight, loaded: 260 37 kg (574 Weight, fired: 97 53 kg (21 5 lb) N lb) MINISTRY OF TECHNOLOGY Department EIR 2 Stuart House, 23-25 Soho Square, London W1, England Telephone: 01-437 9288 Cables: Mintec London Telex Telex: 22241 383 Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft The British Aircraft Corporation Jet Provost trainer aircraft is seen here equipped with 8 kg (4 lb) retarded practice bombs. Now in production for Royal Navy and Royal Air Force use, the main advantages of the bomb are: light weight combined with simplicity and low cost, a high degree of safety, and suitability for world-wide transportation storage and handling 1 take-off posture is equipped with a substantial increase in the operational range of this unique aircraft. Rolls-Royce fibre-reinforced composite tanks of varying capacities are standard equipment on this and many other Royal Air Force The Hawker Siddeley Harrier shown here 455-litre (100-gal) long-range fuel tanks and Royal Navy 384 strike aircraft in vertical which provide Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Aircraft stores of fibre-reinforced Retarded practice composites bomb kg (4 lb) retarded practice bomb has been The 1 developed for the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force It consists of a nose and body for aircrew training. which house the striker, smoke and flash unit. It is suitable for flight carriage at speeds in excess of 1110 km/h (600 knots) at sea level and for release at heights down to 15 m (50 ft) with reserve strength for carriage and release at speeds up to 1480 km/h (800 knots) indicated air speed. The body is a finned giassfibre-reinforced plastics cylinder with an internal support diaphragm for the smoke and and a sliding drag-plate closure at the rear to actuate the arming mechanism. The smoke and flash unit is an aluminium alloy container with an internal pocket for the primer charge and a threaded orifice which accepts the main filling. The nose comprises a striker plate, striker assembly and 9-mm percussion cartridge with gunpowder A safety mechanism prevents bomb arming boost. Shear wires prevent the bomb from before release. -8 PERCUSSION CAP STRIKER PLATE .27 in (7 PRIMER GLASS CHARGE BODY functioning flash unit until it impacts. FIBRE 4.6 in (117 mm) DRAG PLATE AND ARMING WIRE mm) Long-range fuel tanks 340. 455, 682, 909, 1364 and 2273 litres (50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 300 and 500 gal). Rolls-Royce tanks are made in three parts: nose shell, centre section with attachment points, and tail and manufacturing methods were produce asbestos-reinforced phenolic fuel tanks. Their mechanical and aerodynamic performance has proved to be superior to that of equivalent metal tanks, due to the extremely accurate shell contour. Tanks are in current production for the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force, and are also manufactured under licence in various countries in Europe. The standard range of tanks so far in production or being developed have the following capacities: 227, Special design developed to 355 shell The centre section is a plain cylinder so that alternative capacities can be obtained by varying its length This considerably simplifies manufacture and storage. The illustration shows single-lug mounting but twinlug or special mountings can be fitted. mm (14 m) 3105 mm (12225 -+ in) -SMGLE-LUG SOLE PLATE MOUNTMG OVERALL ROLLS-ROYCE (COMPOSITE MATERIALS) LTD Avonmouth Road, Avonmouth, Telephone: Avonmouth 4821 Bristol, Cables: BS1 1 9DU, England Rolcom Avonmouth Telex: 44207 385 Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Machine gun pod and HE bomb tail units SIDE PANEL SUSPENSION LUES TAIL FAIRING NOSE FAIRING SPENT CASE & LINK COMPARTMENT HINGED SIDE mm Machine Gun Pod is on helicopters to provide heavy suppressive fire and on the lighter fixed-wing fighters and reconnaissance aircraft for ground attack and counter-insurgency roles. The pod is also easily fitted emergency to comparable types of civil in aircraft. For carriage on helicopters, the centre section only of the pod may be used. On fixed-wing aircraft, the increased flying speed requires the addition of the nose and tail fairings. The pod is a self-contained unit and is fitted with attachments suitable for most aircraft suspension The Universal Twin 7-62 particularly suitable for use arrangements. The two guns are NATO-approved air versions of the standard FN.L7A1 machine gun and fire standard NATO 7-62 ammunition. Adjustments provide for individual harmonisation of each gun in elevation and azimuth. AMMUNITION PANEL CONTAINER Machine gun pod Specification Dimensions and weights Pod height: 464 mm (18-25 in) Pod width: 420 mm (16 54 in) Pod length: Helicopter version pod only: 670 mm (26-36 in) Helicopter version with guns: 1 053 mm (41 -45 in) Fixed-wing version faired: 1845 mm (72 63 in) Weight, with guns and ammunition: Helicopter version: 72 6 kg (1 60 lb) — — — Fixed-wing version: 830 kg (183 lb) Performance Rate of fire per gun: 850/950 rounds/minute Ammunition capacity: 500 rounds/gun Max carriage speed: 1 1 58 km/h (625 knots) mm HE bomb The tails tails for aircraft HE bombs shown have been developed and are of proved reliability and in fully extensive current Service use. The three standard bomb tails (Nos. 114, 107 and 1 00) are designed for use with 454 kg (1 000 lb) highexplosive bombs Mk 6, 9, 1 0, 1 1 1 2, 1 3, 1 4, 1 5, 1 6, 1 7, 18, and 19. (Tail No. 100 has retractable fins for use where carriage clearance is restricted.) The standard tail No. 116 is used with the 245 kg (540 lb) high-explosive bomb Mk 1 The four tails are provided with mechanisms which permit arming of the fuses or pistols fitted to the bombs only after the bombs are released from the aircraft. In addition provision is made for the optional fitting of one or other of two delayed arming devices which retard arming for 3 J and 8i seconds respectively after release. Full specifications are available on request. , . PORTSMOUTH AVIATION The Airport, Portsmouth, Telephone: Portsmouth 62251 386 LIMITED Hampshire, P03 5PF, England Cables: Portavia Portsmouth Telex: 86205 Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Ammunition for Aden aircraft cannons Hispano Suiza produces the followammunition for Adentype aircraft cannon to meet in full ing types of the tactical requirements of modern forces. air Type Practice: HEP This is an inert practice shell which has the same ballistic properties as a live shell. Armour-piercing: Type APHEI A semi-armour-piercing incendiary with self-destruction, used as a general-purpose shell. shell High-explosive: Type HEI An incendiary explosive shell with self-destruction and great blast effect. Before A wide cube with 1 -metre sides welded from 1 mm thick steel sheet range of other ammuni- all types, as well as various guns, are made by this company; some guns are given tion of firing: target brief details of elsewhere full in this particulars Catalogue are available and on request. After firing: this is the destructive effect of Type HEI (UIA) ammunition Since 1939 the British Manufacture and Research Co Ltd has been the major supplier within the ammunition; further details are available from the company. 20 mm and 30 Details of HSS 831 L 30 mm ammunition are given elsewhere in this Catalogue. of A BRITISH UK of all types mm MEMBER OF THE MANUFACTURE AND RESEARCH CO LTD Springfield Road, Grantham, Lincolnshire, England Telephone: Grantham 2101 Cables: Marco Telex Grantham HISPANO SUIZA Telex: 37635 ARMAMENTS GROUP 387 Spctino 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Type 1 ejector 21 X ERU release and rockets, one of MB single-cartridge unit a twin- bombs wide range made by for airborne Metals Ltd The Type F four-way auto-selector (far pulses in aircraft or weapon carriage systems. Internal wiring (left) is of the flexible film wire type left) distributes Electromechanical fusing units No 5 Mk 2 (far left) and No 4 Mk 1 (left) for fusing stores when dropped from weapon carrier printed circuit panel using film This panel forms part of the dash- Flexible wire. board control helicopter circuits of a Westland Weapons and Section 18: control systems for aircraft Weapon mountings for aircraft Airborne weapons carriage systems The 119 ERU is a twin-cartridge twin-ejector release a wide variety of stores including rocket launchers, 454 kg (1000 lb) ballistic and retarded bombs and any store in the 454 kg (1000 lb) nominal weight class up to 452 (18 in) diameter. The TER 119X consists of a main beam fitted with three 119 ERU units together with a built-in individualised electrical system. A 12-pin snatch-connector provides the complete input requirements from the unit. can carry It SNEB and LAU mm aircraft. incorporate rocket firing release of flares, nose (VT) and tail (electrical) fusing units and a stores-sensing switch to the basic equipment. The 1 21 X ERU is a single-cartridge twin-ejector release unit. It can carry a wide range of stores including SNEB and LAU rocket launchers, 454 kg (1000 lb) ballistic and retarded bombs and any store in the 454 kg (1000 lb) nominal weight class up to 452 (18 in) diameter. It is also supplied fitted to a main beam as described for the TER 1 1 9X mentioned above. Facilities exist to mm Stores distribution systems Type 'F auto-selectors may be used for distributing pulses around weapon carriage systems, or through the aircraft system. These designs are available for distributing pulses two, four or six ways, but other ways can be provided. The distributors may be of the type which, when supplied with a train of pulses, continues to distribute it round the system, constantly repeating the distribution pattern. Alternatively, they may be of the type which goes through one distribution sequence and then stops, irrespective of the number of additional pulses supplied to it. The basic auto-selector unit consists of a latching relay with a 5A switching capability, and an associated charging/discharge circuit which ensures that the relay is switched when the operating pulse is removed. The complete module is a welded assembly and the complete unit is encapsulated in a resin to produce a rugged construction. The auto-selector is made up from a number of basic units. Each unit is rigidly secured to a mounting and the wiring between the units formed by film system which ensures that the connections made between modules must always be identical and correct. This is achieved by fitting the printed circuit directly over the projecting wires to which it is connected. The No 5 Mk 2 fusing unit is an electromechanical device. It consists of a housing assembly, solenoid assembly, plunger and spring assembly and is used to fuse the stores when dropped from the weapon carrier. The fusing unit is electromechanically operated, and is used in conjunction with a fusing cable attached to the store. The weight of the fusing unit is 85 g (3 oz). It operates on a voltage of 21-29 V dc. The No 4 Mk 1 fusing unit is also electromechanically operated, but incorporates the fusing cable which is wire. This is is a flexible printed circuit automatically retracted after operation. RAF equipment on several bomb It is standard carriers. plate, Film wiring techniques Environmental approved test house The company has been the product leader in Europe during the past eight years for the design and manu- The company undertakes investigation and prooftesting of equipment for governments and other facture of flexible printed wiring. Applications assist contractors, industry. space and weight savings for aircraft wiring systems, lighting and power, instrument panels and black-box equipment. MB METALS Armament particularly relating to the aerospace LIMITED Division Victoria Road, Portslade, Sussex, Telephone: Brighton 46981 BN4 1YH, England Cables: Metals Portslade Telex: 87311 389 Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft The Miles electro-magnetic release unit EMRU No 20 Mk 4; the Mk 3 unit is dentical in design but has an actuator fitted Miles MAL 19 actuator for the Miles electro-magnetic weapon release unit A The armament electrical system test set in operation and ensures semi-automatic is a h.igh level of system reliability Weapons and Section 18: Weapon control systems for aircraft release and weapon system check-out equipment Release units The free-fall electro-magnetic release units (EMRU) developed by Miles are in service with both the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force. All units, which operate from a nominal 24 V dc (18-28-5 V) supply, are interchangeable and employ the standard NATO 14-inch (355-6 mm) twin-hook suspension. They operate satisfactorily over the temperature range from -60 C to ^150 C and are designed for bomb bay or pylon-mounting, with safety and reliability as a prime requirement. The EMRUs No 20 Mk 1 and Mk 2 are basically Mk similar except that the bomb release safety lock 12 actuator. Miles with a separate the form of a Both units are designed to weapon under full service 1 is fitted (BRSL) MAL in 680 kg (1500 1b) manoeuvre conditions. EMRUs No 20 Mk 3 and carry a similar except that the Mk 4 are again basically 3 uses the Miles MAL 19 Mk BRSL. These units carry a are designed to a low weight, so that they are especially suitable for helicopter use. lightweight actuator as a 454 kg (1000 1b) weapon and Specification EMRU No 20 Dimensions: length 542-5 mm (21 -38 in); width 71 mm (2-8 in); depth 137-5 mm (5-42 in) Weight: EMRU No 20 Mk 2 80 kg (17-5 lb); EMRU No 20 Mk 4 4-5 kg (100 lb) Load:Mk1 and Mk 2, normal store 680 kg (1 500 lb), proof 1 5 420 kg (34 0001b) Mk 3 and Mk 4. normal store 454 kg (1 000 lb), proof 7550 kg (1 6 600 lb) 152-5 mm (600 in) Weight: 4-75 kg (10-5lb) Stroke: Actuator MAL 12 mm Dimensions: length 1800 Armament electrical (708 width 158-0 in); mm (6-22 in) depth of the modern aircraft of today are so complex that traditional means of checking circuitry are no longer either sufficiently accurate or sufficiently rapid to be acceptable. With this background, the armament electrical systems test set was designed as the first of a new generation of weapon test sets. With this set, one man is capable of checking a complete aircraft in just 25 in) mm length (200 92-5 mm (3-64 in); width 520 mm (206 in); depth in) Weight: 0-65 kg (1 -44 lb) Stroke: Mk 1 7-87 mm (0-31 in); Mk 2 16 5 mm (0-65 in) systems test set Weapon systems weapons system (1 MAL 19 Dimensions: 51 Actuator 320 mm over thirty minutes, including connecting-up time. The set is capable of quickly and accurately checking number of parameters simultaneously by storing information. The unit is portable and is provided with leads for connection to the appropriate points on the aircraft. It is operated from a remote control box, used by the operator sitting in the aircraft cockpit, and indicates the result in a pass/fail form. The system is semi-automatic in operation and indicates the location and nature of any fault. A self-check facility is provided. Due to the high level of checking, aircraft serviceability levels are improved by use of the unit. a large Specification Size: 395 395 K 436 Weight: 27-2 kg (60 mm lb) (15-5* 15-5 X 17 5 Circuits in) firing, jettison, operational sequence impedance, timing standing voltage, spurious pulse width earthing : Power supply: 115V. 400 Hz, 350 A Environment: -20 C to - 55C F checked: store release, fuzing, Measurements checked voltage, not including cables current, intervals, sequence, G MILES ENGINEERING LIMITED Riverbank Works, Old Shoreham Road, Shoreham-by-Sea, Sussex, BN4 5FL, England Telephone: Shoreham-by-Sea 4511 Telex: 87466 391 Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft JgtfgRj Universal 1 2 3 4 weapon loader type R Detachable forks Removable bomb rollers Self-loading jib in stowed position Extensible chassis Transport trolley type 1 3 4 3/2 'E' equipment locking catch C-type hoist stowage brackets Raising and lowering gear Ancillary Hand brake lever 5 6 7 8 Towbar and towing eye Hoist winching bracket Ancillary equipment Chassis drawn in hooks and lowered positions restraining raised Section 18: Weapons and control systems for aircraft Servicing trolleys for weapons and equipment The Universal Weapon Loader Type 'R' has been designed to meet a requirement for a weapon loader capable of accommodating a wide range of airborne weapons and stores and of loading these on to aircraft. Under maximum load conditions the loader achieves a strength factor of 4 and can be elevated through the full lift of 184 cm (72-5 in) in less than 30 seconds, descent being controlled Power at a similar rate. elevation is provided by a detachable pack comprising a 3 bhp diesel engine driving a swashplate hydraulic pump. This is supplemented by a handpump which is for final positioning of the load The and can be used for emergency operation. incorporates fail-safe device which hydraulic system a functions immediately in the event of any failure. Adjustment of the pallet is provided in all planes and Largeeffected by manually operated controls. is section tyres are fitted to enable the loader to be used on seeded grass surfaces. The towbar incorporates a NATO standard eye. for Trolley Type 'E' provides local site-tosite transportation for mobile test and servicing trolleys on which aircraft radar and other ancillary units are mounted. The rear end of the trolley chassis may be lowered to the ground for loading and unloading. The trolley chassis of all-riveted light alloy box section construction is mounted on four independently sprung pneumatic-tyred wheels, the front two being fitted with internal expanding shoe-type brakes. The Transport loading and transport Weapon loader Specification Capacity dia of store: 76-2 cm (30 in) length of store: 431 8 cm (1 70 in) (any length subject to suitable stabilising) Max load of pallet: 1 1 34 kg (2500 lb) Max lead en forks: 660 kg (1 500 lb) Max Max Performance Lift: 184-2 Height Height Height Height cm (72 5 in) to top cf fork to top of fork — max: 1880 cm (74 — min: 3 8 cm in) (1 -5 in) to top of pallet to top of pallet — max: 208-3 cm (82 —min: cm 24-1 in) (9-5 in) General Unladen weight (including jib): 660 kg (15001b) Wheel base, short: 210 8 cm (83 in) Wheel base, standard: 271 -8 cm (107 in) Wheel base, extended: 2870 cm (113 in) Overall width: 99-1 cm (39 in) Max length (wheel base std ) exclusive of 182-9 towbar: 370 8 cm (146 in) 17 8 cm (18 Tyre size: 45-7 \ • cm (72 in) long detachable 7 in) Transport trolley Specification Length (including draw-bar) 403 cm (13 ft 2-5 Width: 122 cm (4 ft) Height (less winch brackets) 44 cm (1 ft 5 in) Tyre size: 76-2 > 355-6 mm (3 - 14 in) Max turning radius: 427 cm (14 ft) Unladen weight: 170 kg (375 lb) Max allowable loading: 313 kg (692 lb) Max towing speed: 80 km h (5 mph) : in) : Torpedo trolley CRADLE ADAPTORS FOR '33cm(13 in] DIAMETER STORES DETACHABLE PROTECTIVE COVER RESTRAINING FOR 42cm SADDLE ;i6 5in' DIAMETER STORES The Torpedo Trolley No. 2 is designed to provide a compact storage, transit and loading trolley for airborne weapons, suitable for use on board naval vessels. Loaded to its capacity of 295 kg (650 lb) it has been tested to factors of 4 vertically downwards, 1 -5 in the fore and aft and horizontal planes, and 6 in theslinging condition. 'Omniballs' on the underside of the trolley engage specially provided deck rails to which the trolley is Specification Capacity Max dia of store: 41 9 cm (16-5 in) Max length of store: 284-5 cm (1 1 2 Max weight of store: 294 8 kg (650 in) lb) General characteristics Unladen weight (trolley bare) 1 28 4 kg (283 lb) Height above ground max: 85-1 cm (33-5 in) Height above ground min (brake handles depressed and wheel retracted): 49-5 cm (1 9 5 in) Overall length (rear wheel normal) 31 0-2 cm (1 22-1 2 in) Overall length (rear wheel castored through 90 ): 307-3 cm (121 in) — — : : secured by clamps, which withstand vertical shock loads of 120g. The rear wheel is provided with a lockable castoring action; all wheels are adjustable In stowage the wheels are fully retracted clear of the deck. Individually operated fail-safe parking brakes are fitted to the two main wheels. Hoisting points are provided for winching up. vertically. PORTSMOUTH AVIATION The Airport, Portsmouth, Telephone: Portsmouth 62251 Overall width: 65-1 cm (25-63 in) Cradle and 'Omniball' centres: 90-2 cm (35-5 in) Turning radius: 2030 cm (80 in) approx Track of front wheels: 52 1 cm (20-5 in) Track of 'Omniballs': 34-3 cm (13-50 in) LIMITED Hampshire, P03 5PF, England Cables: Portavia Portsmouth Telex: 86205 393 Section 18: Weapons and 0^ c* Ekco tactical radar in control systems for aircraft 1969 403 Section 19 Aerial reconnaissance equipment 405 Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment The three cameras described here series production for the in The F.126 and Royal Air Force. Phantom Nimrod, on are used F.1 35 are and Harrier aircraft. fitted to The R.128 is Nimrod. All three of extended cameras are the result development work and have been thoroughly tested in use under all conditions in all parts of the world. The F.126 large-format camera with four interchangeable and optional flight data recording input facility lenses, IMC, built-in heaters Above: mounted on a hood, the R.128 photographs the sweep of a CRT display on 35 mm film. Through a separate control box manual or automatic continuous recordings can be made Left: a typical pair of stereo photographs taken with the F.1 35 shown above these photographs. Designed for high-speed low-level operations, photography down to 30 m (1 00 ft) is possible by virtue of high shutter speeds and IMC. It can be used at night with electronic flash Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment Reconnaissance cameras High-speed stereo, large-format and radar recording F. 126 The F.126 daylight large-format reconnaissance camera is a with interchangeable lenses from 150 to 900 focal length. The film is clamped during exposure by an assembly moving at IMC (image-movement compensation) speed. Each picture is numbered on exposure. A closed-loop high-accuracy auto-iris system ensures correct exposure of films within the NATO groups The lenses of longer focal length are automatically 2 to 7. mm focused for Optional shutter, is built in for mm 4C6 mm -'•' O f altitude. synchronised from the camera flight data recording, use D Thermostatically controlled heaters are low ambient temperatures. in f5-6, 20 : ; 1 50 mm f5-6, 74 300 mm f4-5, 41 900 mm fo 3. 1 5 (angle of view is edge 1-2 or 4 milliseconds Shutter: focal plane, i A also available. : Lens: interchangeable 600 I ; to edge) 279 mm SQUAlfe automatic, closed loop, four-cell averaging; accuracy — 1/3f stop Data: picture numbering, optional 64-dot data panel, shutter-synchronised IMC: automatic from velocity and height data or manual; range 0005 to 0-3 radians per second Ground overlap: 60% Format: 228 228 Exposures: 320 per load Film load: 75 m of 240-mm film, NATO groups 2 to 7 Radio suppression: to British Standard 2G-100, Parts 2 and 3 Power: camera alone: 28 V dc 5 A (1 5 A peak) Heaters: camera 4 < 25 W; lens cone 8 X 25 thermostatically controlled Supply: 115 V, 400 Hz FIXING Iris: FULLY OPEN mm W— CENTRES _£-.: r : :-_ _e 914 609 30S 52 - mm mm mm ' .c- _- LENGTH H 798 798 472 3 B mm mm mm mm .'.£ ;— " * 6&2kg 6S3 kg * WITH CASSETTES BUT WITHOUT FILM 55-3 kg 49 9 kg F. 135 The F.135 is a day/twilight/night stereo reconnaissance camera. intended for high-speed very low-altitude duties between 30 m and 300 m, for example Mach 1 at 50 m. This role calls for a high picture repetition rate, a fast shutter speed, a very responsive automatic control of exposure level and very accurate high-speed image movement compensation. When allied with colour in stereo the intelligence gathering capability of the F.1 35 camera is unquestioned. Any F.135 camera can be used as a master camera to synchronise several slave cameras. The light cell system automatically controls iris and shutter speed. Thermostatically controlled heaters are built in for use in low ambient temperatures. It is mm Lens: 38 f4-5 wide-angle 74 edge to edge Shutter: electrically operated between-lens type day: automatic control 1-4 milliseconds night: constant 4 msec, with a triggering pulse for initiating the flash during the shutter-open period Iris: automatic, open loop, accuracy = 1/3f stop Data: 64 dot binary code system, shutter-synchronised IMC: automatic from velocity and height data or manual; range 0-1 to 5 rad/sec Ground overlap: 50/50 mode 50%; ripple mode 10% Format: 57 \ 57 in pairs Exposures: 500 2 per load Film load: 30 of 1 26-mm film, NATO groups 2 to 7 Radio suppression: to British Standard 2G-100. Parts 2 and 3 Power: camera alone: 28 V dc 5 A (1 5 A peak) Heaters: camera 50 W; magazine 50 28 V dc or 1 1 5 V 400 Hz mm m AUTO-IRIS LIGHT SENSING CELL TWIN ZEISS BIOGON 38mmX/"4 5 W— Weight: 12-25 kg without film R. 128 The R.1 28 recording camera screen and is control or automatically. gives 500 frames. The camera length is 2-5 kg. f22 is used to record is fitted A mounted on full full hood over the radar manual standard 35 mm film loading a or sector scans from a mm focal with an Angenieux lens of 185 Its weight, complete with film, aperture adjustable. The camera is daylight-loaded by cassette. Frame number and time are automatically recorded on each exposure, plus information on an insertable reusable 'write-on' data panel. 6- - O? AERONAUTICAL & GENERAL INSTRUMENTS LTD 40 Purley Way, Croydon, CR9 3BH, England Telephone: 01-684 3211 Cables: Instradio Croydon Telex: 262960 407 Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment Phantom aircraft with EMI reconnaissance pod attached Specification Radar A Q-band Fit high-resolution radar is employed. after end. The latter contains two cathode ray tubes for recording the radar returns, while between them is a data matrix for recording data from the navigational equipment in the aircraft. The displays from these form a straight line, by means of an optical system, and a film is drawn across the displays at a rate proportional to the speed of the aircraft. The marks shown on all three displays are thus transferred to the film. Two range scales are provided. map is displayed on one the radar On the lower scale CRT and shows the ground on either side of the aircraft, but only echoes of targets moving with respect to the ground (MTI) are shown on the other tube. On the upper scale, MTI is not shown and one CRT shows the radar map to port of the aircraft while the other side map. shows the starboard follows that when on the lower scale the film the radar map and the MTI picture with a series of dots between them which represent the inserted navigational information in binary code. On the upper scale the film shows only the radar map and the navigational information. It will day and night use, The wave guides and are contained in the walls of the pod. The transmitter / receiver is mounted near the fore end of the pod and the mapping recorder, which is by far the largest unit in the system, near the aerials are slotted for low-altitude 1 show Infra-red line scan This equipment comprises a receiver and a mapping recorder. Fit 2 for high-altitude use, Fit 3 for and oblique use. Cameras used are manufactured by Aeronautical and General Instruments Ltd, and W. Vinten Ltd Data converter The purpose of this equipment is to supply navigational data to the recording sensors (radar, line scan and cameras). obtained in analogue form from the Ferranti inertial navigation system and from the STC altimeter. The data are digitised and fed to the records made by the sensors on receipt of a suitable signal demand pulse. The annotation on to the recording media is made in binary code by solid-state light These are gallium phosphide diode lamps sources. arranged to form a 64-bit matrix. Data are The data converter also computes the parameter for image motion compensation within the recording sensors, using ground speed and radio altitude data. V/H Another function of the data converter is to compute elapsed distance by integrating ground speed with respect to time and thus to generate the signal demand pulse mentioned above. This is so arranged that the navigational information is placed on the records at set distance intervals. Thus on the radar record the navigational data appear every one nautical mile, while on the line scan record they appear every \ and 4 miles. kept small by the use of advanced elecsuch as integrated circuits, multi-layer printed circuit boards and sub-miniature wire-wrapped connectors. The unit is tronic concepts Cameras Three different purposes: 4C8 fits are provided for the following A high degree of reliability is obtained. Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment Reconnaissance pod for aircraft As far mounting as British military aircraft are concerned, general practice to fit aerial it is pod which mounted pallet which is below the aircraft, or to fit it into a pack or can be mounted instead of bombs in the bomb bay or Whichever method is inside the aircraft itself. employed, the aim is to achieve simplicity in mounting so that the entire reconnaissance system can be attached or detached from the host aircraft in less than an hour. Typical pod A typical reconnaissance pod, such as that shown diagrammatically below, was designed for the F4M Phantom aircraft. The aircraft with the pod mounted below it is shown in the illustration on the opposite page. This pod contains the following equipment: Passive infra-red line scan equipment and a recorder, reconnaissance equipment either in a separate external (a) (b) (c) Day and night cameras (up can be (d) A (e) A data fitted, to eight cameras as required) radar recorder on which radar returns are recorded, and converter for converting navigational data aircraft's navigational instruments and to feed them to the radar recorder, line scan recorder and cameras. from the All the equipment listed is available mounted within the pod, as a complete reconnaissance system. The individual items of equipment can, however, also be supplied separately. For instance, studies have been carried out on the engineering work required to fit the radar equipment into pods of other sizes. At present, a separate special pod infra-red line-scan equipment only to is house the under also development. Sideways-looking radar CAMERAS POWER SUPPLY RADAR MODULATOR RADAR TRANSMITTER RECEIVER & DATA CONVERTER ANCILLIARY UNITS PASSIVE INFRA-RED RECEIVERS RECORDER CAMERAS INFRA-RED Diagrammatic layout of equipment pod, which is in POWER SUPPLY the a self-contained unit ready for EMI reconnaissance mounting on aircraft EMI ELECTRONICS LIMITED C3rf* Military Division Hayes, Middlesex, England Telephone: 01 -573 3888 Cables: Emidata London Telex: 22417 1968 409 Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment -w /' /-^ w-V I* S, -* T> ^ Si ® •\> Type 591 camera Type 590 camera Type 360 camera with 536 automatic exposure control Type 650 film processor Type 652 interpretation table Universal reconnaissance W. pod Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment Reconnaissance equipment for aerial photography and ground support Type 590 camera This camera is the most advanced of its kind obtainable today. Exposure is fully automatically controlled. The 15 frames/second speed and image motion compensation facility are extremely accurate and are computercontrolled. The 590 has the ability to change from day night operation so to that reconnaissance can continue uninterruptedly. The magazine contains film adequate for 900 exposures. Specification Framing rate 15 frames/sec Frame size: 57 mm 57 mm Exposure time: 1 /4000 and 1 /5000 sec 70 mm double-perforated Magazine: 60 m capacity Film size: at 1 5 frames sec to British Standard Shutter: day focal plane, endless blind: night Heater: 100 W, thermostat control Power: 28 V dc to 1 1 5 V ac 400 Hz compur 2696:1936 type, capping shutter Type 360 camera with 536 AEC The Type 360 camera designed for low-level highspeed reconnaissance and is currently in use by air forces throughout the world with complete success. The Type 536 AEC (automatic exposure control) may be used on all standard Vinten cameras and offers accurate, automatic high-speed compensation of lens apertures. The 536 AEC may be fitted with lenses up to 305 mm (12 in) focal length. is Specification Framing rate: 4 and 8 frames/sec Exposure time: 1/1000 and 1/2000 at 4 and 8 frames/sec Magazine: Displacement type, 30 metres capacity Film size: 70 mm double perforation to British Standard 2696:1936 Image size: 55-5 mm and 57 mm Heater: 100 thermostat control (ON at C, OFF at 20 C) Power 25 to 29 V dc. Motor 3 5 to 4-4 A Environment: To British Standard 2G 100 W Type 591 camera The Type 591 is camera suitable primarily a general-purpose day/night for high-speed low-altitude low-light reconnaissance sorties, using cartridge or electronic night illuminant. The versatility of the camera is extended by incorporating image motion compensation and an inter-lens shutter for use when the ambient light level is poor. The Type 591 is also normally fitted with an automatic exposure control lens cone. flash as the Type 650 film processor The Type 650 is a high-speed compact processor capable of being mounted in a small military vehicle. The unit processes two strands of 70 mm or 1 27 mm wide film simultaneously at speeds up to 10 7 m/min (35 ft/min). Within two minutes clean and scratch-free film is made strand of 241 available mm wide for film interpretation. A Specification Framing rate: 10 frames/sec 57-1 5 mm Frame size: 55-5 mm Exposure time: 1 /1 00 and 1 /200 sec Film size: 70 mm double perforation to British Standard 2696 Magazine: displacement type. 30 m or 60 m capacity Shutter: between-lens Heater: 200 1 936 W thermostat control Power: 25-29 V dc. Motors 4 A Specification Weight: 177 kg (391 lb) Power: 5 KVA at 240 V ac. 50 Hz 1 dry compartment Processing speed: Variable up to 10-66 m/min (35 ft/min) Processing data: Dependent on film and developer 12 071 m (45 47 28 in) Dimensions: 1-14 Compartments: 8 wet tanks, • • • single can also be processed. Type 652 interpretation table Any width Specification Weight: 250 kg (550 is Light source: Fully variable Film drives: Fully variable up to 30 5 m min (100 ft/min) 106 m (24 41 | in) Viewing area: 0-6 of film can be viewed on this table. The film driven in either direction by variable-speed motors over an illuminated table. To aid viewing, travelling microscopes/stereoscopes may be used. Information may, if required, be relayed via a mensuration unit to a computer (as illustrated) thus saving even more time in assessing Universal target Dimensions: 2 1 lb) 74 > 76 m (82J 29 • 30 in) data. reconnaissance pod A universal photo reconnaissance pod is available from Vinten, containing a fan of five low-level cameras giving complete horizon-to-horizon coverage. If required, a fan of cameras suitable for medium to high- reconnaissance can be fitted. A pod can be known attachment; special attachments can be produced on request. altitude Specification Length: 2-4 m (94i in) Diameter: 456 m (18 in) Weight fully equipped: 114 kg (251 lb) Speed capability: Supersonic Acceleration: 5 g Mounting: Fuselage centre-line or under-wing pylon supplied with any W VINTEN LIMITED testy Aviation Equipment Division Western Way, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England Telephone: Bury St Edmunds 21 21 Cables: Vintacinni Bury St Edmunds Telex: 81 1 76 Vinten 1967 411 Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment The Williamson F134 hand-held air camera presents no installation problems, either structural or electrical. The 70mm can be processed on normal portable equipment film The F49 Mk IV image quality and air survey camera has location standards fully matching those of established aerial survey cameras. It is designed for use with first-order plotting When F96 cameras are mounted in banks reconnaissance, each camera is directed at a different angle to "he ground, with its picture area slightly overlapping that of its neighbour for Ml high-altitude machines Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment Cameras for reconnaissance and air The Williamson F134 air camera is in service with the the latest marine reconnaissance aircraft, and is in fact the first camera specifically designed for this particular function. It is hand-held and spring-operated, and incorporates a unique rotary focal-plane shutter permitting image stopping speeds Twelve photographs can be taken in of 1/1500sec. rapid succession at one winding, and with detachable Royal Air Force in magazines one hundred 56 56mm (2^ <2|in) photographs can be taken either in black-and-white or in By taking full advantage of the scaled-down colour. air cameras, optimum picture Spring operation means that the camera can be used more or less in any aircraft with sufficient stowage space, so that even helicopters or light aircraft can be adapted for reconnaissance work at very little notice. The F96 camera is the standard high-altitude day reconnaissance camera of the Royal Air Force. It is techniques of definition ensured. is large designed for mounting as one of a bank of cameras but may also be used singly. The camera is built on the sub-unit principle and is operated by a combination of electrical and mechanical specifically interlocks. It has a selection of interchangeable lenses surveys and magazines and incorporates the system known as Image Movement Compensation (IMC) which is essential in aircraft flying at high speeds or at low altitudes. automatic with remote or remote IMC control and remote automatic exposure, (or manual) iris selection. The Williamson F49 Mk IV air survey camera is designed for use with first-order plotting machines. The The camera is fully new 152mm (6in) f/5-6 Wray survey lens gives high resolution with minimal distortion and greatly improved marginal illumination, and is fully corrected to permit maximum use of colour and infra-red photography without any shift in focus. Aperture and shutter speeds are remotely controlled exposure is by a Williamson Intervalometer, supplying an electrical pulse to the camera at a minimum five-second time interval. and The camera's high resolution permits operation at increased altitude and, accordingly, a reduction in the number of exposures required. Since radial distortion any subsequent mapping from the photography entails minimal ground control. virtually eliminated, is Specification altitude corridor, normally between 12 200m (55 000ft) Climatic conditions: to the appropriate specifications for airborne equipment issued by the Ministry of Technology F134 hand-held camera Format: 56mm < 56mm (2 optimum performance within any J in 2 Jin) on 70mm wide (40 000ft) and 16 film Magazine: 7-6m (25ft) 100 exposures — Lenses: interchangeable 100mm (4in) f/1 -8, 300mm (12in) f/4 Filter: minus blue Shutter speeds: 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/1500sec Weights: fully loaded with 100mm lens -55kg (1 2 lib) 300mm lens = (131b) supplies: model selected dependent on Camera functions within specification when subject Electrical 5-9kg ; F96 camera wide F49 228mm -228mm (9in X 9in) with instrument strip on 240mm (9}in) wide - A member Mk Format: film Interchangeable lenses: 1219mm (48in) f/8 telephoto, 914mm (36in) f/6-3 telephoto, 610mm (24in) f/6-3, 305mm (12in) f/4-5, 152mm (6in) f/5-6 Fitted with minus blue filter Interchangeable magazines: 305m (1000ft), 152m (500ft) and 76m (250ft) capacities for film wound on international standard spools Shutter: focal plane self-capping interchangeable blinds with speeds of 1/500, 1/250, 1/125sec. Facility for halving the shutter speed remotely is provided Minimum exposure interval: 1 -8sec Image movement compensation speeds: to 51mm (0 to 2in) per second Aperture control: manual or remote Camera record: (1) Master counter records number of pulses to installation; (2) Individual camera counter records number of camera exposures Temperature range: within specified accuracy between and 30 r C, will function between -20 C and 70 C 50 C; will not be deranged between -40C and Operating altitude: the camera optical system may be focused to provide of the Negretti & aircraft to electric normal aircraft supply. voltage fluctuations Weight: varies from 76kg (48in) lens to Format: 800m 40kg for for 305m (1681b for 1000ft) magazine with 1219mm 76m (89lb for 250ft) magazine with 1 52mm (6in) lens IV camera 228mm > 228mm (9in X 9in) with instrument strip on 240mm (9iin) film Instruments: counter, master counter, data tablet Register glass: Reseau glass consisting of 1cm spaced crosses accurately positioned so that the maximum error of each cross from its true position in a grid is 0-005mm. The Reseau glass is calibrated to give the true position of each cross to an accuracy of J 0001 Shutter: Williamson continuously rotating between-lens shutter having remotely selected shutter speeds of 1/250, 1/350, 1/500, 1/750 and 1/1000sec Magazine: 76m (250ft) for 300 exposures Lens: 152mm (6in) f/5-6 Wray survey lens supplied with full calibration data. Fully corrected for colour photography Filter: minus blue Iris: remotely selected aperatures of f/22. f/16, f/11, f/8 and f/5-6 Electrical supply: 28V dc Temperature range: 5 C to 25 C Weight: fully loaded 75kg (1651b) mm - Zambra Group WILLIAMSON MANUFACTURING CO LTD Hawthorn Road, London NW10, England Telephone: 01-459 0073 Cables: Kinetogram London NW10 Telex: 25842 WILLIAMSON 413 Section 19: Aerial reconnaissance equipment Infra-red Linescan for aerial reconnaissance and survey Hawker Siddeley Dynamics has been involved in the design, development and production of infra-red devices infra-red of air-to-air homing missiles and a comprehensive range of single and generations since 1950. This experience in advanced infra-red and electronic technology is multi-beam fuzes have been developed. now being applied to Linescan. Two Linescan is an airborne reconnaissance Infra-red equipment. It detects, and records on photographic film, minute variations in infra-red radiation. Since all objects emit infra-red radiation according to their absolute temperature and emissivity, a comprehensive thermal picture of terrain overflown is obtained. Radiation occurs at all times, making day and night artificial possible without the use of operation Linescan complements conventional illuminants. photography by providing information that cannot be obtained by conventional cameras. The Type 201 equipment is designed for use in helicopters, light aircraft, surveillance drones and the relatively slow-flying aircraft used in aerial survey work. The scanner has a field of view of 60 across track either side of the vertical. This gives a coverage of just over 1 000 m for an aircraft flying at 300 m. The along-track coverage is a function of the amount of The magazine film carried and the operating height. At an holds 4-9 m (16 ft) of standard 70 mm film. altitude of 300 m (1 000 ft) this provides for an alongMagazines are track coverage of 64 km (40 miles). interchangeable and can be easily detached without removing Linescan from the aircraft. A self-test facility which checks all major components for correct functioning prior to operation is incorporated Type 401, on the other hand, is equipment for nearsonic reconnaissance missions at very low level. Compatibility with high-performance aircraft is met by robust construction, the introduction of highpressure air cooling for the detector, and greatly increased film capacity. To cater for the high velocityto-height ratio (V/H), a multichannel detector and electronic system is employed. This ensures that a high resolution is maintained over the performance range. workload is minimised by automatic control of film and scanner speed for V/H, and by roll stabilisation which permits high angles of bank without loss Flight navigation data is of continuity on the film recorded on the film automatically. The Type 601 is intended for a wide range of military This singleand commercial survey applications. channel set with its cooling pack weighs only 16 kg (30 lb). It carries 24 m (80 ft) of 70 mm film, giving an along-track coverage of 1250 km (780 miles) at an altitude of 1250 m or 250 km (156 miles) at 250 m. Mm Above: examples of imagery Pilot Specification Type 201 Dimensions: 264 330 Weight 11 6 kg (25 lb) 318 Resolution: 15 milliradians Sensitivity: < 25 C mm (10 4 -13 Spectral response: 8-14 microns 15 Velocity-to-height ratio (V/H): Along-track coverage: 60 km (40 miles) Across-track coverage: 120 Cooling endurance: 30 min Power requirements: 6 A at 28 V dc Film capacity: 4 9 m (1 6 ft) 12 5 in) 75 radian sec 300 m (1000 at ft) HAWKER SIDDELEY DYNAMICS Manor Road, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, Telephone: Hatfield 62300 - Telex: 22324 England LIMITED Below: Linescan Type 201 Section 20 Aircraft equipment and instruments 415 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Power controls and transport for strike aircraft and helicopters Power-assisted actuation of the control surfaces of strike modern This aircraft addition to minimising the pilot effort required to manoeuvre highspeed aircraft, power-assistance also facilitates automatic stabilisation of the aircraft. Fairey Hydraulics powered control systems have been fitted to many military aircraft since the first control units flew in 1945. These aircraft include the Hawker Siddeley Hunter, English Electric Canberra and Westland Belvedere. Currently Fairey is supplying the power controls for the following European military aircraft: Hawker Siddeley Harrier, Breguet/BAC Jaguar, Fiat military aircraft is essential. In G222, Westland WG13. The company is concerned with proposals for the advanced power-control system for the Panavia 200 multi-role combat aircraft. The Fairey power control system for the Jaguar G91Y, Fiat also closely INPUT. PILOT'S AC PICK- OFF fighter is typical of the company's products. power-controlled on all three axes without manual reversion. Auto-stabilisation is available acting on the yaw and pitch axes and, when selected at high speed, frees the pilot from the need for constant minor corrections to attitude; it also makes the is fully aircraft a more stable weapons platform. Changes in the aircraft's attitude are sensed by its inertial platform and corrections are fed to the power controls in the form of electrical signals. A key factor of the power controls is the way in which a wide range of system components has been combined in single integrated actuator packages. This produces a simple system with a minimum of pipework and wiring, a single access door for each power control unit, faster trouble shooting and low battle vulnerability. LOW -FREQUENCY BLOCKING PLUNGER AUTO- CONTROL ELECTRICAL VALVE CONNECTOR VALVE PACKAGE SIGNAL TORQUE SHAFT MAIN PRESSURE AUTO -STAB JACK OUTPUT POSITION •Jaguar tailplane i'i6 power control FEEDBACK LINK FEEDBACK SERVO VALVE MODULATORS Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Hydraulic for aircraft filters and ground use Based on more than 20 years' experience, the Fairey Hydraulics range of aircraft hydraulic system filters has a combination of housings and filter media capable of meeting the most exacting demands of modern military aircraft. Filtration is a specialist branch of aircraft engineering which has a considerable effect on an aircraft's economy and reliability in service. The need for adequate filtration extends to the ground rigs used to service hydraulic equipment and a range of filters available for this purpose. The increasing complexity hydraulic systems used in armoured fighting vehicles and other military equipment is providing a new range of applications for Fairey's service- proved filtration is against substances formed by decomposition of fluid. Fairey's choice of filter media covers the requirements of the five principal filter locations: 1. Fine filtration down to 15 micron in the highpressure delivery line immediately downstream of the pump for general system protection. 2. Tubular or disc-type filters in the 75 to 200 micron range at the inlet to each critical component as a protection against gross contamination. 3. Ultra-fine filtration, to 3 micron and better, in the of the equipment. The 4. 5. which are particularly in need of protection are hydraulic pumps, powered flying controls (especially the servo valves), selector valves and actuators. They need protection against manufacturing debris, parts introduced contaminant, generated contaminant, contaminant resulting from break-up of a component and main return line for maximum system cleanliness. Standard filtration to 45 micron in the drain line of constant-pressure pumps. Coarse strainers in the pump 1 00 to 200 micron — — suction line to protectthe pumpagainst large particles. These micron ratings are typical values. Full technical data sheets, the publication Filtration for Aircraft Hydraulics and information on fluid evaluation services are available from Fairey Hydraulics Ltd. Will Low-pressure two-stage filter. absolute, secondary stage rating: flight refuelling target Insert filter Primary stage rating: 3 micron 15 micron absolute. Fitted to Hydraulic pump case drain filter fitted with detection system, as fitted to the BAC 1-11 magnetic chip winch system elements used to protect individual components High-pressure T-type filter as fitted to the BAC 1 -1 FAIREY HYDRAULICS LIMITED Cranford Lane, Heston, Middlesex, England Telephone: 01 -573 7777 Cables: Airily Hounslow Telex: 22230 417 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Contents transmagnetic Tank level indicator relief mitter pressurevalve Single motonsed plug-in valve SuT. Jet pump ~) mm Non-return valve 418 Engine fuel ano oil-drain valve used on RB211 engine Refuelling valve Mk 48 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Fuel systems and associated equipment FR has desystems and components for military From closed-circuit veloped both fuel and civil aircraft. in-flight refuelling, The company's design experience of 30 years is backed by extensive research and test facilities. The Buccaneer test rig and development fuel test house shown left are indicative of the specialised nature of the work being undertaken in fluid system problems. The FR range covers most types of precision com- — solenoid valves, motorised ponents for fluid control and manual control valves, float switches, level indicators, contents transmitters, vent valves, jet pumps, pressure controllers, pipe couplings and fuelling Standard differential principle. of operation are by solenoid valves, or floatoperated sensor valves. Control valves of the spherical plug type (manual and motorised) also cover these applications as well as low-pressure engine feed, based on the pressure methods APU feed, fire shut off, etc. of these designs provide for fully submerged or plug-in application, fail-safe open or closed functioning, electrical indication of flow or no flow, Variants manual overide and pre-check A pumps facility. also available suitable for inter-tank transfer, reduction of unusable fuel and other range of purposes. jet is The bleed from a conventional fuel boost pump Refuelling manufactures a wide range of control valves for refuel, defuel, jettison and transfer usually offers a convenient pressure source but any other pressure source can be used. Flight Refuelling's jet pumps are light in weight, simple in construction and contain no moving parts. Float valves Fluid couplings. Flight Vent, relief, air/no fuel, fuel/no air and overflow This range of valves has been designed to prevent fuel entering the vent system or air entering the fluid system. They are available in top, side and bottom-mounted variants and can have electrical indication of correct functioning. measurement Float switches The FR range of float-operated liquid level switches employs encapsulated reed switches or microswitches for high- and low-level indication and is suitable for operating electrically actuated componentsand indicator systems. The switches are light simple suitable for tank-mounting. light, in construction, and Nonreturn valves The wide range of non-return valves covers all known aircraft fuels and fluids and can accommodate any type of pipe connection. Both in-line and hinged flap designs are available with both rubber/metal and metal/metal sealing Contents transmitters Again using encapsulated reed switches, these float- operated contents transmitters offer progressive indicaon remote indicators or on conventional voltmeters or ratiometers suitably graduated. tion features. Special requirements such as pressure relief, constant pressure or constant flow characteristics are possible with the basic design parameters. Magnetic level indicators are dripless type tank-mounted dip-sticks for tank contents ground checks without risk of spillage. These Pipe couplings A complete range of flexible pipe couplings is produced and pipe-to-component connection. for pipe-to-pipe Stainless steel lightweight shields are available increase the fire resistance of the couplings. to FLIGHT REFUELLING LIMITED Wimborne, Dorset, England Telephone: Wimborne 2121 Cables: Refuelling Wimborne Telex: 41247 419 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments A Victor tanker aircraft refuelling two Lightning fighters simul- taneously A in flight Harrier fighter being refuelled in flight by a Victor tanker aircraft Two views of Wessex a helicopter being refuelled in the air at sea by HMS Yarmouth An Army Scout helicopter being on the ground with its refuelled rotors turning Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Refuelling systems for aircraft and helicopters was formed in 1934 by Sir Alan develop the techniques of refuelling aircraft in flight and today the company's probe-and-drogue system of in-flight refuelling is in service with the Royal Navy, the Royal Air Force, the Royal Australian Navy and the South African Air Force and is also used by the US Navy, US Marines, US Air Force, the French Navy and French Air Force and other military services. More recently FR, with the backing of extensive research and test facilities, has developed and perfected its system of refuelling helicopters on the ground or in flight and with full with or without rotors turning Flight Refuelling Ltd Cobham to — — — fail-safe protection against error or accident. In naval use, helicopters can be refuelled ship-to-air without landing, though the same refuelling equipment can be used for smaller helicopters which can land on deck. Flight Refuelling helicopter refuelling equipment is supplied to the Royal Navy, the French Navy, the Royal Swedish Navy and the South African Defence Force, and several other navies are negotiating for its purchase. Well-proven system This navy helicopter refuelling system from ships is service-proven over a number of years. Refuelling has taken place under turbulent wind conditions in excess of Beaufort wind scale Force 8 and at night, in addition to normal day operations. Full safety measures The FR helicopter refuelling systems meet all hazards, and the safety systems operate whether or not the pilot is in Here are the principal features of the control. safety system: 1) FR emergency break units are fitted at the top and bottom ends of the refuelling hose. There are guards against hazard should the helicopter have to break away in an emergency. 2) There is matically 3) no when spillage — the tank refuelling is filled stops auto- to capacity. An automatic safety device of the 'dead man's handle'-type gives fail-safe break-away in an emergency. The helicopter can take off in any direction, without need to advise the ground crew. 4) There is safe venting of fuel vapour. FLIGHT REFUELLING LIMITED Wimborne, Dorset, BH21 2BJ, England Telephone: Wimborne 2121 Cables: Refuelling Wimborne Telex: 41247 421 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Fuel pump Flame tube Fuel flow regulator Hydraulic intake control Turbine-driven CF pump Fueldraulic nozzle control pump Transistorised amplifier Radial piston hydraulic pump Jet pipe casing Nozzle control ram Jet pipe Variable-intake ram Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Fuel systems and combustion and hydraulic systems research, design, development and manufacture, Lucas Gas Turbine Equipment Limited provides a service to the aircraft industries of the world which is truly unique. Lucas has been in the forefront of the evolution of the sophisticated modern aircraft, producing fuel metering systems, combustion systems (using precision fabrications) reheat, nozzle, reverse thrust and intake controls for aircraft gas turbine engines and hydraulic systems for airframes to meet the most exacting requirements, all with total product support. Aircraft gas turbine engine fuel pumps, fuel systems, control equipment and aircraft hydraulic systems are developed and supplied from the Lucas factories. An illustration of our involvement can be gauged by the example that over 35 000 engine fuel metering sets have accumulated a total in excess of 100 million In flying hours. The the fuel control system 'nervous system' is, — which in fact, the interprets newly developed heat-resistant vital link and the pilot's both research and development, the laboratories continue to remain in the forefront of advanced combustion equipment evolution with examples of more advanced thinking and design. Detailed information on these facilities is covered in supplementary brochures on manufacturing, research and development; the brochures are available on request. demand for engine power in terms of precise physical quantities of fuel for the required engine response, having computed the effects of environmental influences, altitude, temperature, etc. This imposes a special responsibility on the manufacturer. From 1941, In combustion research we engineer, organise and administer design and development of combustion equipment for the latest engines in both supersonic and ultra-lightweight fields. Together with many other projects, very small annular combustion chambers have been designed for gas turbine starters and auxiliary power units. To meet the demands on the combustion system for supersonic engines, yet still retaining high combustion efficiencies over a wide range of operating conditions, exceptional light-up performance and an acceptable life of components operating at considerably elevated temperatures have greatly increased the The severity of the problems normally encountered. thermal and vibratory stresses in the flame tube have also increased as the result of the high pressures and temperatures involved and it has been necessary to introduce new concepts of flame tube construction Lucas has understood and discharged these to adapt alloys. In responsibilities with distinction. Engine fuel systems With the newer engines and especially the advanced technology versions employing the third generation design flow control, the combined acceleration and scheduling control unit employs simple non-dimensional parameters for engine control, applicable at any altitude or temperature condition of the engine. Designed for ready adaptation for various aircraft applications, the acceleration control steady-running requirements are met by direct mechanical methods of Continuously rotating ported sleeve valves achieve a considerable reduction in hysteresis when the valve ports open or close and by omitting small control orifices the system is less susceptible to operation. contaminated fuel. As an alternative to the variable-stroke piston pump and for engines requiring a simple high-speed pump, gear-type units are available. Combustion systems Combustion systems created by precision fabrication can be divided into three main categories, the components of which are welded and/or brazed on assembly. These are (a) details from sheet metal; (b) a combination of sheet metal and machined details; and (c) machined details only. Long experience has shown that it is only by meticulous care, beginning with the selection of the raw material itself, that assemblies of high technical quality and accuracy can be consistently produced. Hydraulic systems Some 27 years' experience ment and manufacture in the design, develop- systems for aircraft gas turbine engines is the background from which special-purpose aircraft hydraulic systems using fuel as the hydraulic medium have been developed. A demand for a hydraulic duty of this type, which is known of high-pressure fuel as a fueldraulic system, arises when And experience must be universal throughout design, planning, project development, process control this and inspection. Our engineering capabilities are such that undertake we can responsibility for the manufacture, build and test of complete major engine assemblies such as Spey reheat jet pipes. the All the sheetmetal components, pipework hydraulic jacks are of Lucas manufacture. and circumstances result in its incorporation in the main hydraulic system. By using high-pressure fuel as the hydraulic medium, the necessity for installing a completely separate system, including storage tank, coolers, boosters, etc, is obviated. certain LUCAS GAS TURBINE EQUIPMENT LIMITED Shaftmoor Lane, Birmingham 28, England Telephone: 021-777 3232 Cables: Luset Birmingham Telex: 338781 LUCAS 1966 1967 1969 423 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments The new GQ Unicross supply-dropping may be considered expendable but can be used many times parachute, The new c hnish ill GQ synthetic Air Force QF/QD seat-type parachute assembly already ordered by the which Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Parachutes for all purposes RFD-GQ Limited offers an exceptionally wide range of parachutes for both civilian and military use, for the safe dropping of personnel as well as supplies. Each parachute assembly is designed to give optimum service under specific conditions of use. is approved by the British Ministry of Technology for the design of all types of parachute, all of which are developed in the light of actual field experience in many parts of the world. GQ Personnel parachutes The new GQ 6-7 m (22 ft) shaped diameter, Supply-dropping parachutes Six overseas forces have ordered the new GQ Unicross expendable/optionally re-usable supply-dropping parachute assembly which is undergoing trials with British static line- operated fully steerable parachute will be in service with British troops this year. It was developed in conjunction with the British Ministry of Technology and its design permits, for the first time, paratroops and para-medic teams to avoid ground obstacles as they land. The new parachute also uses a new three-point hook and D-ring fastening harness incorporating special shoulder release fittings. These allow the canopy to be collapsed immediately on landing so that the paratrooper is not dragged along prior to releasing his harness. Special D-rings are also fitted to the harness attaching the reserve parachute and the CSPEP (carry straps, personal equipment parachutist). Both these items are products. Another new product is the synthetic QF/QD seat-type parachute assembly, which was developed from the seat-type Mk 10 assembly. This new parachute has been ordered by the Finnish Air Force. Synthetic materials replace canvas and flax used for the Mk 10 and the harness has been re-designed to permit fitment of the latest Capewell '1 h shot' shoulder canopy releases. These releases permit the airman to shed his harness quickly, because the canopy can be collapsed immediately on landing. The advantages of this new parachute, compared with the Mk 10, are: 1 because of the use of synthetic materials throughout, the equipment has a much longer useful life 2 the equipment is more comfortable to wear because the harness can be adjusted more easily divestment is quick and simple by merely releasing 3 the snap hooks 4 even if the parachutist is injured he can activate the Capewell shoulder canopy release to prevent being dragged along after landing 5 the materials are impervious to bacteria and fungal attack, do not rot after immersion in water forces. method The of canopy available offer a cheap lowering vital supplies. The load range of six sizes of the six canopies is: 22-6-68 kg (50-1 50 lb) 22-6-1 36 kg (50-300 lb) 68-277 kg (150-500 lb) 317-5-681 kg (700-1 500 lb) 681-1044 kg (1500-2300 lb) 453-1 1 35 kg (1 000-2500 lb) The canopies are made from polypropylene and are cheap enough to be expendable. They can also be used many times and any damaged components are replaceable without sewing. They are sufficiently waterproof to be used as covers. The new parachutes described here are supplemen- for GQ GQ GQ utility supplydropping parachutes. With their viscose rayon canopies they are capable of landing loads from 45 kg (100 lb) for the 4-3 m (14 ft) assembly, to 1180 kg (26001b) for the 18-3 m (60 ft) assembly. With the GQ 20-1 m (66 ft) supply-dropping parachute assembly in its single and cluster versions capable of lowering loads of up to 2040 kg (4500 lb) per canopy, our claim is 'GQ parachutes can lower any known load from any tary to the well-established range of known aircraft'. RFD-GQ LIMITED Godalming, Surrey, England Telephone: Godalming 4122 Cables: Airships Godalming Telex: 85233 425 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Automatic release for parachutes The Hitefinder automatic parachute release Type D/1 Mk 2 is designed to open a free-fall parachute in the event of the user failing to pull the ripcord handle at or above the minimum safe opening height. Pre-setting of the Hitefinder to operate at a selected height is a straightforward operation requiring the adjustment of one dial graduated in millibars. The presetting operation is done in conjunction with a special calculator provided with the instrument and the only information required by the user is the ground level pressure prevailing at the DZ (dropping zone). Having registered the DZ pressure reading on the calculator, the pressure equivalent to the required parachute opening height can be quickly determined, without further adjustment of the calculator, and set up on the dial of the Hitefinder. Before jumping, the parachutist withdraws an arming pin, either manually or by static line, to enable the Hitefinder to operate at the pre-set pressure. The operating sequence is initiated during descent by an aneroid capsule which progressively contracts because of increasing atmospheric pressure. At a specific height above the operating height the aneroid capsule collapses to a point where a time delay mechanism powered by a compression spring is freed. At the termination of the time delay, the compression spring is released to provide the motive power by which means the rip pins are withdrawn and the parachute is opened. The time delay is provided to ensure that when a jump is made at or below the height at which the Hitefinder is set to operate, the parachutist is well clear of the aircraft before the canopy deploys. The Hitefinder can also be embodied in non-man-carrying parachute systems and is particularly ideal for use where delayed opening of a canopy at a specific height above ground level is required. Specification Weight and dimensions Limits of accuracy Every Hitefinder is extensively tested under laboratory conditions to ensure that each instrument gives a standard of accuracy within the following range: 15m (50ft) Repeatability: Total weight: 680 g (24 oz) Total volume: 270 cm' (1 6 5 in 3 ) (7-5 in) Overall length: 1 90 Overall width: 76 in) (3 Overall depth: 38 (1 -5 in) Length of case: mm mm mm 100 mm (4 C to -10 C -30 C in) Operating range The Hitefinder can be adjusted by the user to effect deployment of a parachute above any DZ situated between 213 m (700 ft) below sea level and 4270 m (1 4 000 ft) above sea level (ICAN Standard Atmosphere conditions prevailing) Time delay A choice of fixed time delay periods of from 30 to 600 sec is available If instruments can be re-calibrated to alternative settings by the manufacturer. IRVING AIR CHUTE OF GB LIMITED Letchworth, Hertfordshire, England 426 C: - 45 m Cables: Irvin Letchworth Telex: 82198 (150 ft) 60 m (200 ft) 90 m (300 ft) to 60 m (200 ft) 5 g acceleration in any altitude: 1 5 g acceleration in any altitude: j 90 m (300 ft) 40 C: 70 C: _ Due head of a falling and actual atmospheric pressure values However, over 1 50 kinetheodolite these limits are liable to some variation monitored descents have shown the variations to be small and well within the to the indeterminate position of the true static pressure body and differences required, Telephone: 6262 30 to limits of in theoretical absolute safety. Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Special aircraft equipment heat exchangers, flexible tanks, radomes Heat exchangers Marston Excelsior Limited is Europe's leading supplier exchangers for all aircraft applications. The company has designed and manufactured units for almost all British-built aircraft for many years as well as for aircraft built in other countries. Heat exchangers in current production include units for the Hawker Siddeley Harrier and Nimrod, McDonnell Phantom and of heat BAC/Breguet Jaguar. Applications for which heat exchangers have been supplied include units for air-cooled and fuel-cooled the engine oil coolers, air/fuel heaters, water steam heat exchangers for cabin air/air air air/ conditioning, air/air units for pilots' ventilated suits, oil/air fusl coolers for hydraulic services, and gearbox oil and oil/ coolers, evaporators and condensers for refrigeration packs, as air/water glycol and air/oil heat well as air/air exchangers for the temperature control of airborne — radar and electronic equipment. Units are made from aluminium alloys, stainless steel and nickel alloys, and are of both tubular and secondary surface brazed construction. Flexible tanks Marston Excelsior manufactures flexible tanks from a variety of specially developed materials for particular applications in aircraft and missiles, including tanks for hydrocarbon fuels, methanol/water and high-test peroxide (HTP), drinking water and waste water. Materials include nitrile compounds for fuel and oils, Viton elastomer for HTP and for hydrocarbon fuels at high temperatures, and butyl and natural rubber for are reinforced with terylene special fuel barrier layers are incorporated within the composite material. r Operating temperatures range from -40 C to -r200 C. Self-sealing systems effective against small arms fire water. up to materials All and fabrics I in in some cases (12-77 Tanks are specifications. Radomes, mm) made calibre can be incorporated. to and British American MIL aerial covers, aerial reflectors Marston produces a variety of aircraft components associated with airborne radar equipment. Made from reinforced plastics materials, these include radomes, aerial covers and windows, and aerial reflectors. In most cases the material used consists of woven glass fibre impregnated with polyester or epoxy resins moulded into a shaped laminate or sandwich of high strength/weight ratio with outstanding dielectric properties. Sandwich cores of glass or aluminium honeycomb or foamed materials can be incorporated. When required radomes are built which incorporate a de-icing system. Marston Excelsior Limited carries full approval of the British Ministry of Defence for the design, production, inspection and testing of heat exchangers, flexible tanks and radomes. A subs/diary of Imperial Metal Industries Ltd MARSTON EXCELSIOR LIMITED Wobaston Road, Fordhouses, Wolverhampton, WV10 Staffordshire, 6QJ, England Telephone: Fordhouses 3361 Cables: Marex Wolverhampton Telex Telex: 33211 Marston 427 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Flight instruments for types of aircraft all and horizon gyro Artificial horizon Type FH.14 and horizon gyro Type FH.15 are self-contained, electrically operated gyros operating from a 1 1 5V, 400Hz, single-phase or 3-phase supply. The artificial horizon FH.1 4 provides information of the movements of an aircraft, in pitch and roll, by means of a spherical presentation. The horizon gyro FH.15, which is otherwise identical with the FH.14, differs only in that, in addition, it is equipped with toroidal potentiometers on the pitch and roll axes. Aircraft attitude is displayed by the position of a two-colour spherically shaped drum relative to a fixed symbol in the centre of the instrument glass. The division of the colours blue sky/black ground extending across the face of the instrument represents the true horizon. The drum carries a perspective display in the 'ground area' in one design, the length of the pitch reference lines increasing with pitch angle. Thus, at extreme pitch attitudes, when the horizon reference line may be out of sight, the pitch reference lines define the roll plane. A roll indicator is incorporated in either the top or bottom half of the presentation. Electrical means are used to erect, and maintain erect, the gyroscope to the vertical. The pitch-bank system of monitoring during turns is incorporated. Arrangements are also made whereby the operation of an external push switch increases the erection rate to approximately 30 times its normal value. Operation of this switch in unaccelerated flight erects the gyro rapidly to the vertical position from any attitude. The instruments are fitted with a combined power failure/gimbal centring device, and have provision for integral The Ferranti artificial horizon vertical — — lighting. Specification Life: unrestricted 300m (60 000ft) Temperature range: -35 C to 55C (no derangement between -40 C and Altitude: up to 18 70°C) Vibration: withstands vibration conditions detailed in BS.2G.100. Part 2. Clause 2.6, Grade C2. and Clause 21 8. Table 2, Grade C2, under anti-vibration mounted conditions (rigid mounting conditions to be declared) satisfactorily in conditions of repeated variations of air pressure, temperature and humidity and resistance to fungus growth as specified in BS-2G.1 00, Part 2, Clause 208, Climatic Class 1 with functioning test B carried out at -40 C Climatic: functions , Radio interference: meets the requirements of BS.2G.100, Part2. Clause 225 interference: compass safe distance to be measured as defined Compass in BS.2G.100. Part Clause 227, and declared 2, Rigidity of fixing: capable of withstanding (without breaking loose) an acceleration of 25g applied in the fore-and-aft direction Acceleration: the instruments satisfy the requirements of BS.2G.100 Part 2 Clause 219a. Table 3, Class 2B(ii). Grade C and Clause 21 9B. Table 4- Acceleration Class Interchangeability for II crash-landing complete instruments are mechanically and functionally : interchangeable Electrical connections: via a 12-pin connector attached to customer requirements a cable to suit Electrical supplies: (a) 115V ^5%V, 400Hz 5%Hz single-phase or 3-phase for the gyro wheel (b) 28V dc (nominal) or 30V, 400Hz single-phase (max) for the potentiometers, the voltage limits being in accordance with BS.2G.100, Part 3 (c) 2-7V ac for lighting (when required) Power consumption: starting cycle 40W 35W (max) (max); fast erection conditions Overall dimensions: (3in ARINC 266mm (8 8in) long (max); normal conditions 101 mm 14W (3 97 in) across diagonals case) Weight: 2-27kg (5lb) The Ferranti FH.14 artificial horizon is a self-contained electrically operated vertical gyro maximum Single-axis accelerometer The single-axis accelerometer Type FA. force-feedback torque-restrained pendulous device capable of sensing a wide range of acceleration with extreme accuracy. Additional units in this series are manufactured to provide a lower restoring-coil impedance for operation with microcircuit amplifiers. Ferranti Series is a Specification: Overall dimensions: 508mm (2in) 254mm (1 in) dia Weight: 72g (2Joz) Restoring-coil impedance: 207$'} ^.5% 20kHz Pick-off excitation: 4V. Pick-off null voltage: 1 mV Pick-off phase shift: 50" (max) = 5' lead Ferranti single-axis 2-4mV/min/V measurement: — 20g Pick-off scale factor: Range of Scale factor: 5mA/g Scale factor temperature effect: Bias: Bias temperature effect: 0-02 428 0005%/ C (max) 3 / 10~ 4 g (max) c x 10-'g/ C (max) ^5^^ accelermometer Type FA. 2 is capable of sensing a wide range of acceleration with extreme accuracy Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Autostabiliser for helicopters The Ferranti helicopter autostabiliser — Type FAS. 2 can be — control axes yaw, pitch or roll to provide a helicopter with a 'hands-off operational The self-contained capability even while hovering. system comprises an amplifier and an extensible link servo actuator for each axis that requires stabilisation. A rate gyro senses the deviations of the helicopter from its instantaneous attitude. The rate gyro signal is processed by a small computer which produces a servo actuator output to apply corrective control action. Servo actuator position and velocity are fed back and summed with the gyro signal to close and stabilise the control loop. The actuator is positioned between the pilot's control column or pedal and the controlled aerodynamic used in Ferranti any or all helicopter Type autostabiliser FAS. 2 can be used in any or all control axes providing a complete 'hands-off capability even while hovering surface or rotor. This arrangement allows the applied control deflections to be limited to those required for stabilisation, normally 10 to 20% of the maximum displacement, and no restriction on the manoeuvring of the helicopter is involved. Thus the natural 'feel' or response of the helicopter, as far as the pilot is concerned, is not materially affected but the operational capabilities of the helicopter are increased and the instrument flight capabilities are enhanced. Arrangements can be included in the autostabiliser for the necessary coupling between roll and yaw channels to produce co-ordinated turns during manoeuvres and, if required, the autostabiliser can be used as an autopilot with simple hold facilities for heading, height or speed. Weight and dimensions Weight: single-axis installation 1 -4-1 -8kg (3-4lb); three-axes system 4-1- 5-4kg (9-1 2lb) (depending on servo size) Size: gyro amplifier unit (single axis) 2in); servo — 102mm X 1 02mm 51 mm. (4in x 4in x to suitinstallation Additional weight for autopilot as little as 2-3kg (5lb) FERRANTI LIMITED Aircraft South Equipment Department Hill Park, East Hampstead, Bracknell, Berkshire, England Telephone: Bracknell 4202 Telex: 84117 FERRANTI 429 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Flight instruments for RAI 3 an is amplifiers offering and military aircraft 83mm (3270m) with repeater attitude roll and civil integral 360deg of remote servo freedom in pitch. Sperry 6000 Series airborne data acquisition system This system is particularly suitable for accident and flight profile/mission recording in military aircraft. It includes a digital wire recorder. The utilisation of solid-state micrologic techniques enables the measurement and code conversion circuits to be accommodated within the recorder case. AD 4 is a 100mm similar to the Weight: 7 5kg (161b 12oz) Dimensions: 16 34 17cm (6-2 Duration of recording: 1 5 or 30h Power requirements: 1 1 5V 400Hz 0-5% of full scale Resolution: 1 in 256 Capacity: 46 channels Sampling rate: 46 channels/sec Accuracy: in 1 1 6-7in) 2W | Protection: to the survival requirements of accident recorders in military aircraft Playback is available in one of the following forms: binary trace; analogue trace; decimal display; punched paper tape (4in) attitude director RAI 3 13 presentation, but with conventional cross-pointer director wires superimposed on the instrument face. Presentation of flight-path vector information or airspeed error is also available. STEVI STEVI (Sperry Turbine Engine Vibration Indicator) is a 51mm (2 in) panel- mounted instrument which provides early warning of excessive engine vibration from engine-mounted vibration pick-ups. High frequency is indicated continuously, low frequency is shown when the low filter HAI 4 a is 100mm (4in) heading and with integral servo conventional pitch and roll information with compass heading. A heading select facility for autopilot operation'is included. attitude indicator amplifiers, showing button is pressed. An auxiliary unit can be used to monitor the low filter separately and continuously. A variant of STEVI (illustrated) uses a solid-state piezo-electric accelerometer as the basic engine transducer. Outputs for recording are provided. SPERRY FLIGHT SYSTEMS DIVISION Sperry Rand Limited Downshire Way, Bracknell, Berkshire, RG12 1QL, England Telephone: Bracknell 3222 Cables: Spenflite Bracknell Telex: nrl 84129 430 i Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Gyro instruments for military and civil navigation Compass systems Sperry manufactures a complete range of compass systems for conventional and rotary-winged aircraft, including: CL11 a high-performance system giving a free drift rate of better than 1 degree per hour. Variants of this system are fitted to a wide range of military and civil aircraft including the Hawker Siddeley Nimrod, Hawker Siddeley Dominie, Fiat G91 and Westland C2G SGP-500 Series platform C2J The Sperry SGP-500 is a small, low-cost, lightweight, Rotorace twin gyro system consisting of a gyro reference unit (GRU), an electronic unit (EU) and control panel, providing highly accurate and reliable outputs of heading and local vertical. It is based on the design and manufacturing techniques embodied in the development and production of a family of platforms (TGP) for aircraft that include Lightning Mks 3, 5 and 6, Mirage 111-0 and 4A, Buccaneer 2S Mk 50 and Mk 2, and Vulcan B2. Wessex, Sea King, and WG13 helicopters, a lightweight standby system currently used in the Lockheed F104G and Hawker Siddeley Harrier aircraft. Similar to the C2G but having multiple heading outputs, the C2J comprises a magnetic detector, a compass controller and a gyro amplifier master unit (shown below). This system is specifically designed for use in highperformance aircraft, and is specified for the British versions of the Jaguar. VGL-200 vertical gyro vertical gyro VGL-200 is a compact lightweight providing an accurate vertical reference, using synchros to transmit pitch and roll attitude information. A liquid-level/ torque motor erection system is employed and provision is made for initial fast erection to eliminate the need for a mechanical caging system. The gyro element has freedom in pitch of _ 85 deg and full freedom in roll. It has a free drift rate (with the erection system cut off) of less than 1 5 deg/h. The erection rate is approximately 2-25 deg/min and the gyro element settles to define the gravity vertical to within 025 deg. The Sperry TGL-100 transfer gyro unit The TGL-100 transfer gyro system is a new portable lightweight instrument designed to align rapidly and accurately aircraft heading references to a known heading [before aircraft take-off. The instrument is equally suitable for both land- and carrierbased aircraft. The time required for aligning each aircraft system is 1 5 sec, while the azimuth accuracy is better than 0-1 deg rms. Transfer gyros have been sold to the air forces of France, Germany, Australia, South Africa and Italy. SPERRY FLIGHT SYSTEMS DIVISION Sperry Rand Limited Downshire Way, Bracknell, Berkshire, RG12 Telephone: Bracknell 3222 1 QL, England Cables: Speriflite Bracknell Telex: ~M7 84129 431 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments In-flight data recorder for mission analysis The M15 computer use as a in-flight magnetic tape data recorder tape, the tape reels being and other data acquisition (centre) cheek-mounted for with input compactness. modules (left Construction is right). The recorder uses standard ruggedised to render the unit suitable for and crash recorder Mission analysis Marconi Space and Defence Systems Limited has unique experience in in-flight data acquisition and handling, being responsible for the Nimrod mission analysis recording and the prototype Concorde accident recording systems. The M15 instrumentation recording system is the most sophisticated in-flight magnetic tape recording facility for mission analysis available today. It provides long duration operation and large data capacity in a small volume with the high accuracy and versatility of a laboratory recorder in a compact ruggedised form. The high standard of performance is maintained under Instrumentation extreme environmental conditions. recording systems for any of the following applications can be engineered: Mission analysis, airborne data acquisition, data format conversion, engine health monitoring, accident recording, ground replay and translation, and automatic data recording. A GEC-Marconi Electronics Company MARCONI SPACE AND DEFENCE SYSTEMS LTD Instrumentation Group Chobham Road, Frimley, Camberley, Surrey, England. Telephone: Camberley 63311 432 Cables: Elliotauto Camberley Telex: 85289 Aeronautical charts and flight data services The specialist staff of International Aeradio Ltd has met the chart and flight data requirements of all types of air operations for more years than any other organisation in the world. The high quality and accuracy of its products derives from many years of practical experience and from continuous close contact with operating personnel in all branches of aviation both civil and military in the UK and abroad. The service is unique, being not merely the initial provision of flight documentation but its regular systematic up-dating. The first annual subscription includes the initial supply of complete flight documentation for the territory defined by the subscriber, and thereafter all revised and reprinted charts and flight data are posted weekly. The detail appearing on International Aeradio charts is shown on the reverse side of this sheet. Supplementary publications give navigational aid and communications listings, air traffic control regulations and much other data necessary for flight planning and in-flight reference. Part of a specimen page from a supplement is reproduced below. four years the company has been actively engaged in the production of another series of maps for microfilming in connection with a moving-map display for installation in the new generation of aircraft now being manufactured and delivered., The company leads the world in this new method of displaying to aircrews the information they currently obtain from paper maps and charts. Operators whoare contemplating usingthis advanced equipment should write to the Company's Aerad Flight Documentation and Printing Division for details. For many years the company has also printed other specialised air navigation charts and undertakes all kinds of printing for the aviation industry. For the last INTERNATIONAL AERADIO LTD Aerad Flight & Documentation Printing Division Hayes Road, Southall, Middlesex, England Telephone: 01-574 2411 : Name, Location Indicator and Co-ordinates Milan (Linate) MET 4526N 0917E 0917E Milan Volmet Frecj. NOB Emis./Pwr. or Rng 4 Met. Information Aet 126-6 Zurich Met 127-2 Geneva Met 126-8 Rome 1260 1270 Aet H24 Aet H24 Ae H24 Ae F H24 H24 APP Milan Arrivals/D'tor 3001' 132722 118-8 H24. Twr 1181 H24 Ground 121-8 VDF Linate Linate Linate Hmr LIN 1LS LIN (36) . . t 5559 8828-5 NDB 1 H24 Com. Innsbruck Shannon Aeradio TWR 452 IN Ident. or Callsign Fac. LIMM Telex: 241 14 Cables Aerad Southall >22-10, 123-5' 121-5E' . Com. Com. Com. Com. . .. . nO-22 118-4 118-8' 121-5E' H24 386 Al/25 nm 110-3/3350 (2-75=) H24 H24 MM 'O/R. .. 'O/R. .. 5-37 nmtoRIW 36. B.B. not usable. 5-4 nm. 0-55 nm. .. .. Linate GCA 119-25 119 4 1181 118-8 123-5 121-5E Milan (Malpensa) LIMC SRE Linate MET Zurich Met 127-2 Rome 1260 Geneva Met 126-8 Innsbruck 1270 SRE )H+10{AeF),H-t H24. OM GCA Malpensa, Linate, Turii Ciampino, Geneva, Zurh IMC & 01 R 30 mins. IMC & O/R 30 mins. 1231 121-5E Aet H24 Ae t H24 Aet H24 Ae F H24 . . . . . . . . . Com. Com. Com. Com. Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Landing aids for airborne and ground use Radio altimeters STC is a leader in the field of radio altimetry. Equipments have been supplied to the Blind Land Experimental Unit of the British Royal Aircraft Establishment for the all-weather landing programme and more recently for use in the BEA Trident and BOAC VC.10 autoland systems. The STR.70-P/3, latest in the range of STC radio altimeters, is a microminiaturised equipment for use in all military roles including terrain following, automatic landing, low approach, helicopter autohover, lowlevel strike and many other flight control systems. Technical data Height range: 0-1 520 Accuracy: -3% or - (500-5000 m 1 (0-5000 ft) (3 ft) 0-150 m m (0-500 ft); - 5% 150-1520 m ft) Outputs: log/linear or to suit applications Tracking rate of time constant: 100 —25ms Transmitter frequency: 4300 5 MHz Power supply: 1 1 5 V ac 5 Hz 55 5% 400 Hz — — — VA nominal Major specifications: AVP24; DEF5000; MIL-E-5272; MIL-1-6181; BS 2 G100 STR.70-P radio altimeter as supplied for Phantom aircraft DEM33 Instrument landing system The STAN. 37/38/39 is a fully solid-state instrument landing system designed to meet all ICAO facility performance categories. Lower category configurations can be upgraded to a higher category by the addition of standard units with minimum interruption of service. Technical data Meets full ICAO requirements Fully dualised equipment Various aerial configurations to meet site difficulties Fully transistorised Available in pan-climatic containers STAN. 37 instrument landing system localiser aerial array Precision approach radar The SLA.3-C is the latest STC precision approach radar equipment providing clear and unambiguous information to enable the final approach of high-speed jet aircraft to be monitored. It embodies many new features and refinements resulting in an equipment whose performance surpasses the parameters laid down by ICAO. Technical data Fully dualised equipment Pan-climatic operation Turntable building to serve different runway approaches Range 30 km (14 nm) for small jet aircraft head-on * SLA.3-C precision approach radar runway turntable building An associate of ITT STANDARD TELEPHONES & CABLES LTD Radio Products Group Oakleigh Road, New Telephone: 01 -368 1 Southgate, London N11, England 200 Telex: 261 91 STC 433 Section 20: Aircraft equipment and instruments Rubber components for aircraft and development produces moulded components and rubber-to-metal bondings for a Avon specialises in the design of rubber products for aircraft and variety of aircraft applications. Avon also manufactures specialised parts erosion sheeting, as well as products. many special-purpose in sophisticated polymers and polyurethane. Among the products made are engine transit mountings, Avon Rubber Co Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire, England 434 aircraft hose and polyurethane anti- Ltd Telephone: Bradford-on-Avon 2191 Cables: Industrial Bradford-on-Avon Telex: 44856 Section 21 Airfield equipment and services 435 Section 21 : Airfield equipment and services Curran mobile engine run-up stand with a Rolls-Royce Spey engine mounted on it. Stands can be supplied to suit any engine and tailored to meet exact customer needs. After being brought into service they remain readily adaptable to cater for changing engine requirements in the future. A complete installation comprises services trailer, propulsion unit test stand, holdback frame, engine adaptor sets, intake guard, fuel tank and inter-connecting services \ The stand requires only a suitable hardstanding with ground ring bolts for anchoring the hold-back frame. Its mobility enables it to be moved easily from one location to another and set up quickly with minimum site preparation. Advice and guidance on associated de-tuning arrangements, where required, are available 436 Section 21 : equipment and services Airfield Mobile engine run-up stand for quick, economical check-running of turbo-jets It is generally more expedient to remove a defective or suspect engine from an aircraft than to attempt to This usually means the costly return rectify it in situ. of the engine to the manufacturers or to an overhaul base, when often the fault proves to be of a minor controlled from, and its performance control room in the sound-proofed and air-conditioned services trailer. The trailer also houses the main elements of the fuel, electrical and air systems. An observation window allows the engine to be viewed nature, easily rectified. during testing. The mobile engine run-up stand provides a simple and economical means of check-running such engines, enabling adjustments to be made and minor defects rectified quickly and efficiently. It reproduces as closely as possible the conditions under which the Positioned in front of the engine, the intake guard it against ingesting foreign matter. The fuel tank shown holds 4550 litres (1 OOOgal) and has an associated gauging system which registers its contents in the control room. engine runs in the aircraft, with aircraft type instruments for using standard and controls and with provision aircraft test sets. Mounting the engine on the propulsion unit test stand, complete with intake and exhaust systems, is easily and quickly achieved. As the stand is mobile this can be done at any convenient location (workshops, At the testing site, the hangar, at the aircraft, etc). stand is simply secured to the pre-anchored hold-back frame and all necessary interconnections rapidly made. The engine registered is in a protects The services trailer and the propulsion unit test stand are each fitted with a sprung chassis on pneumatically Parking and over-run brakes are intyred wheels. corporated. The fuel tank is free-standing and easily lifted and carried away. All other items are also readily transportable. While the equipment does not feature thrust measuring capacity in its basic form, this can be included when required. Key to main components —Services 2 — Propulsion trailer 1 unit test stand 3 4 — Hold-back frame — guard Intake — 5 Fuel tank Principal dimensions A— 9-22m (30ft 3in) B— 5-94m (19ft 6in) C— 2-59m (8ft 6in) D— 98m (6ft 6in) 1 E— 2-29m F— 5-34m G — 9-1 (7ft 6in) (17ft 6in) 4m (30ft) radius H— 2-1 9m (6ft 2in) K—3-57m (lift 9in) Aero-engine test equipment The mobile engine run-up stand hensive series of facilities is one manufactured of a compre- for testing all types of aero-engine from piston to the latest turbojet models. furnish further backed by tion JOHN CURRAN LIMITED GPO Box 72, Curran Road, Cardiff, CF1 1TE, Telephone: Cardiff 20641 Cables: Narruc Cardiff and John Curran details. a highly With would be pleased years of to experience, competent team of design, produc- installation engineers, the firm is well placed to give expert advice and Wales Ltd welcomes aspect of aero-engine testing, enquiries on any including test house layout and design of ancillary services. 437 Section 21 : Airfield equipment and services TRANSITION BAR DZUS FASTENER BRACKETS \ CROSS" LEVELLING ADJUSTER ELEVATION ADJUSTER FILTER ASSEI LAMP ASSEMBLY -SLIT 1 CROSS LEVELLING ADJUSTER BASE OPTICAL BENCH FRAME Visual approach slope indicator, with adjustable feet for accurate lining Diagram of visual approach slope indicator, showing internal design up Typical Atlas flameproof fitting suitable for use in explosive atmospheres ;nn^ %^^ ... *^,' Runway fitting, showing base, light unit and cover Atlantic 3 fluorescent light fitting Haline tungsten halogen floodlights, showing and 300 units 2000 W, 1500W, 750/1 000 438 W W (left to right) Sunflood 500 W tungsten halogen floodlight Section 21 Lighting for airfields, : Airfield equipment and services equipment aprons and buildings Thorn Lighting Limited manufactures a wide range of equipment suitable for all lighting purposes. Featured here is a selection of fittings designed for, or specially suitable for airfields and associated buildings and areas. Exploded view of runway fitting; Runway see also opposite page fittings These fittings are designed to meet the ICAO requirements and consist of three die-castings in LM6 aluminium: base, light unit and cover. All screws, bolts, nuts, etc., are of stainless steel. The castings are 6-6 A anodised finished against corrosion. A 200 tungsten-halogen lamp is used which has a 600-hour W B life Dimensions: Diameter 295 mm (1 1 -614 in) Depth below runway surface 64 Projection 17 mm (067 in) C D of units: 1 2 in full 36 in) F B Top C D Upper gasket E Lower gasket F Lighting unit, containing lamp lenses and plug-in lead Main housing. The external castellations grip the runway surfacing compound and help to hold the housing firmly in position. 1 1 window Ring 0-240 fitting at the left bolts plate for the lighting unit floodlights of heat-resistant glass as 500/1 500 W units at W units at 240 V only. Various available are V, or as 2000 mounting accessories are available. Farnborough, England. Sunflood 500 set of lamps: 3 per unit, (2-520 The exploded view of the runway shows: A The cast steel cover with fixing Visual approach slope indicator The Thornray VASI is based in every principle on equipment designed and developed at the Royal No No mm E G Aircraft Establishment at at full intensity. W tungsten halogen floodlight This is a general-purpose open floodlight for outdoor area lighting. The body is pressure die-cast in LM6-M aluminium in a full set Lamp: 200 W, 30 V, 6-6 A or 1 2 V. 1 6-6 A; 1 000 hours nominal life Power: 7-2 kW max lamp load Intensity: 60 000 candelas white, 15 000 candelas red sector Brilliancy control: 3 stages 100%, 30% or to user requirements Range: 7-2 km (4-5 miles) by day, 24 km (15 miles) or more by night Angle of approach path: 2°—4JC Depth of approach path: from 7-6 m (25 ft) to 1 5-2 m (50 ft) as required 0-406 m (57 Unit dimensions: 1 -45 1 -45 57 16 in) Weight of unit: 46 kg (80 lb) measuring 203 165 102 mm (8x6J 4 in). The complete fitting weighs only 0-9 kg (2 lb). The lamp is a 500 tungsten-halogen unit. A range of mounting spigots and brackets is available. alloy, W Finish: exterior aviation yellow; interior matt black Temperature range: operates between -20 C and 50 C Flameproof fitting addition to being certified as suitable for use in all Division 1 areas having flammable atmospheres falling within the General Industrial Groups 2 and 3, this fitting is also dust-tight and rainproof. It may be used in areas containing explosive dusts or on oil-loading Haline tungsten halogen floodlights family of floodlights— 500/750/1000/1 500/ In This 2000 W— is suitable for area lighting, buildings, pre- any purpose wide horizontal beam spread and accurate cincts, stadia, vehicle parks, forecourts or where a jetties beam control are required. The one-piece reflector/body unit of extruded aluminium gives rigidity and accuracy for best and most consistent optical performance. The end plates, back support, knuckle joint and cool wiring box are in diecast LM6 aluminium alloy. The heat sinks are leveroperated and must be engaged before the fitting can be closed. Re-lamping access is via the hinged silicone rubber-gasketed front frame with toggle catches. These vertical and similar outdoor locations. Atlantic 3 fluorescent fitting The Atlantic 3 range of fluorescent fittings is not only elegant and efficient, but also most economical. With its vitreous enamel reflector the Atlantic 3 batten, which is 1 -8 m (6 ft) long, gives efficient service in hangars or stores with maximum economy owing to the 6-ft 85 high-efficiency circuit used. W THORN LIGHTING LIMITED Airfield Lighting Division Thorn House, Upper Saint Martin's Lane, London, Telephone: 01-836 2444 Cables: Eleclampo London WC2H WC2 1968 9BR, England Telex: 21521 THORN To Atlas Lighting Ltd 439 Section 21 Airfield : equipment and services Landing mats and pads for aircraft and helicopters Aircraft landing mats (ALM) The purpose ALM of the is to provide quickly a surface most medium passenger-carrying aircraft and most freight aricraft. It is not suitable for high-speed military aircraft. The effectiveness of the mat depends on the firmness of the ground under it. suitable for Specification Material: Lightweight extruded aluminium alloy BA25-TF conBritish Standard 1476:HE 30-TF having a minimum tensile strength of 295 hbar (301 kg/mm-; 42 800 lb/in-). forming to of an ALM depend on the type prevailing weather conditions. and on the of 1 220 m For a C1 30 aircraft in variable crosswinds a mat of 30 5 4000 ft) would be required. (100 ft Dimensions: The dimensions using aircraft it When laying an aircraft landing mat (ALM) approximately 23 2 m (250 ft-) per man-ho unskilled labour can be maintained laying rate of J A C130 area is aircraft visible coming in the LI I for completely in to land on the ALM. A servicing foreground. Sand-bags provide side restraint Aircraft forward operating pads (FOP) FOP provides a heat- and erosion-resistant surface for both jet VTOL aircraft and helicopters, where repeated take-offs and landings could destroy the ground surface. The effects of ground erosion from jet blasts or heavy down-draughts can cause dust and grit to be thrown up and sucked into the air intake with harmful results. FOP can also be used for short takeoff/landing aircraft (STOL); forthis purpose six pads are laid together. The Specification Material : As for the ALM. 15m Dimensions: A standard FOP (50 long six 50 ft) consists of a nominal 15 area of individual interlocking panels 2-75 m 25 m (98 in) wide. When used by pads used form an area 91 5 15m (300 STOL 50 (9 aircraft ft). ft) the Harrier aircraft on a forward operating pad (FOP) laid on top of a rubber membrane; the membrane is required in very wet or very dusty conditions The special aluminium alloy section used for the ALM and FOP was developed by the British Ministry Defence in collaboration with The British Aluminium Company Limited which holds the sales rights THE BRITISH ALUMINIUM COMPANY LTD London SW1 England Britalumm London SW1 Telex: 22756 Norfolk House, St James's Square, Telephone: 01-839 8888 440 Cables: , of Section 21 Airfield for Airfield : equipment and services membranes temporary runways and helicopter pads membranes have been developed by Greengate ground which is strong enough to aircraft, helicopters and hovercraft. The membranes Airfield & Irwell to protect bear obviate the softening effect of rain and inhibit the formation of dust during helicopter and hovercraft operations. Strong enough to allow the use of storeshandling and service vehicles, the surface is lightweight and durable under all storage conditions. Each mem84ft) square brane comprises a 256 (84 of nylon fabric coated on each side with Neoprene. A single sheet can be easily hand-laid by twenty men in twenty minutes. 256m Two grades of membrane are available: PSN 1 which designed for helicopter and hovercraft pads and the taxiways, aprons and spin-up areas of runways, and PSN 3 which is used for the sections of runways subjected to braking. PSN 1 membrane has a perimeter flap which forms a soil-filled packet for ground anchorage during helicopter operations. PSN 3 can be coated with an anti-skid resin paint to allow safe operation under all weather conditions. Membranes can be supplied complete with anchor pins and adhesive lor joining sheets and effecting field repairs. is Apart from ensuring safe operation under all weather conditions, the use of Greengate & Irwell membranes minimises dust damage to engines and camouflages the airstrip under dry conditions. A member of the Slater, Walker Specification PSN PSN 3 Tensile strength Weight 7-4 kg/mm (400 lb/in) 17-8 kg/mm (1000 lb/in) 1 59kg/m- (17-5oz/yd-) 09 kg/m- (32 oz/yd ; ) Group GREENGATE & IRWELL RUBBER CO LTD Coated Fabrics Division Greengate, Manchester, Lancashire, Telephone: 061-834 5652 1 M60 3EA, England Cables: Para Manchester 5 Telex: 66762 E <$> 1969 441 Section 21 : Airfield equipment and services Cloud base recorder system for airfields or meteorological stations This system, approved by the British Meteorological Office, consists of three units: a transmitter, a receiver, and a recorder, and is designed to record continuously on a chart the height of the cloud base. The system operates on the triangulation principle in which the transmitter scanner emits a modulated light beam. The receiver, vertically aligned and tuned to the light beam modulation frequency, feeds the cloud signal to a phase-sensing circuit in the recorder. The recorder contains a chart mechanism, in which the pen is deflected in synchronism with the transmitter scanner motion. Transmitter The transmitter mm unit contains a 406 (16 in) parabolic searchlight mirror producing a beam of 2 divergence, with a 200 quartz iodine projector lamp as the light source. Under normal operating conditions the minimum lamp life is 800 hours. A revolving shutter disc, driven by a synchronous motor, is placed between the lamp and the mirror to modulate the light at a constant frequency of 900 Hz. A photocell picks up from the mirror a 900 Hz reference signal which is amplified and fed to the recorder. The searchlight assembly is pivoted so that the beam scans in elevation through an arc from 8 to 85 and back to 8 The time taken for a complete W The . cycle is transmitter unit fully is weather- proofed and air-conditioned one minute. A magslip torque transmitter, driven from the searchlight shaft, communicates the angular position of the searchlight to a magslip torque receiver in the recorder. Receiver The reflected cloud signal is detected by a photocell positioned at the focal point of a 406 mm (16 in) vertically directed parabolic mirror. The photocell output 900 Hz. fed to the input of the receiver signal amplifier, tuned to signal amplifier output is fed to the recorder unit Each time the searchlight beam reaches its lowest elevation, a horizontal path beam is reflected into the receiver optical system to provide a monitor signal, which is also fed to the recorder. A directional baffle is mounted above the photocell to ensure that only light from directly above is collected by the mirror within a cone of is The acceptance of 2 The receiver unit is fully weatherproofed and includes solar radiation shielding . Recorder normally located in the airfield control tower, or in the meteoroand presents a continuous recording of the cloud base height in the vicinity of the airport. The recording unit accepts both the receiver output signal and the transmitter reference signal. Co-incidence of these two signals in the sensing circuit generates an output signal which causes the pen to mark the paper. The monitor signal also produces a record to indicate that the equipment is operating when cloud is not present, and is also used as an The recorder indication of visibility. ing for both the This unit is logical building, unit provides above remote switch- units Specification Power source: 200-250 V ac 50 Hz single-phase Max consumption from mains: transmitter 800 VA; receiver 200 VA; recorder 125 VA Cloud base: limits of measurement on a 106 m (350 ft): base line are 15-1200 m (50-4000 ft) Transmitter light source: 24 V, 200 tungsten filament, quartz iodine lamp mm W Chart width: 76 (3 in) Chart speed: 76 mm/h (3 in/h) Chart duration: 7 days recording without replacement Scanning period: -91m (70 lb) Dimensions: 1000 15 Haddenham 30m m 1270 • 14 transmitter 965 mm 1220 50 (40 • 889 965 mm (48 38 in); recorder 610 • • • 35 • 381 38 in); receiver 356 mm (24 • in) AIRTECH Haddenham, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England Cables: Airtech minute/cycle (making two measurements) 15m AIRTECH LIMITED Telephone: Haddenham 422 1 Overall instrumental accuracy of height indicated on chart: ±2-1 m (7 ft) at (30ft) at 150m (500ft) height; = (50ft) height: (4000 ft) height (100 ft) at 1200 Weights: transmitter 145 kg (320 lb); receiver 145 kg (320 lb); recorder 32 kg Telex: 83223 442 . Section 21 Airfield : equipment and services Servicing trolleys systems for aircraft hydraulic range of HML servicing trolleys has evolved by gradual development through military and industrial demand. The experience gained, for example, in building hydraulic test rigs for the Concorde airliner, the VC10 and Jumbo jets on the civilian side, the Jaguar and the Harrier on the military, is of benefit in the design and construction of test apparatus for the The current armed services. obvious that no single piece of hydraulic test equipment is suitable for all operational situations. The availability of a wide range of equipment is both sensible and practical. The trolleys shown here are a selection from the HML range. This company also specialises in customIt is built test rigs for every hydraulic testing application. HTD The 108 and HTE 109 108 is diesel-powered, 109 the Primarily for large aircraft with a return 7 kgf/cm 2 0-55 3500 (30-100 litres/min lbf/in-), (0-24 gal/min Dimensions: Mk 1 at of 0-1 09 litres/min 200-3500 1 -83 lbf/in 1 07 supplies at 20014-246 kgf/cm 2 6 3-5 14-246 kgf/cm- one 32 Provides either two (0-1 2 gal/min lbf/in'-). at powered. pressurised to 2at 2 ). m (105 ft). Minirig Compact, lightweight hand-trolley powered by motor, supplies up to 4-5 litres/min electric (1 or electrically line gal/min at 4000 petrol at engine or 280 kgf/cm 2 lbf/in 2 ). HTE 120 A versatile, inexpensive, lightweight trolley for smaller aircraft. Output 0-36 litres/min lbf/in at 210 kgf/cm 2 (0-8 gal/min at 3000 2 ). Dimensions: 1 -4 076 10m (4-6x2-5 3-20 ft). Hydraulic and electric generator packs for electric or hydraulic power. Turbine: highly mobile, very compact and simple to operate. Built-in acceleration and temperature limiters and overspeed protection device. Variable speed control optional. Can run on Powered by gas turbine various aviation fuels. Consumption about 61 kg/h (135 Ib/h). Electric pack: three versions are available at 225, 30 and 40kVA, giving 11 5/200 V, 400 Hz. kgf/cm 2 (1 6 gal/ Hydraulic pack: delivers 73 litres/min at 21 operating Maximum continuous preesure min at 3000 lbf/in-). 350 kgf/cm- (5000 HML St. lbf/in 5 ). HTE 125 A compact, 40 hp electrically-powered servicing trolley delivering up to 73 litres/min at 210 kgf/cm 2 (16 gal/min at 3000 lbf/in 2 ). Dimensions: 2 4-1 1 25 1 05 m (65 35 ft). (ENGINEERING) LIMITED John's Road, Isleworth, Middlesex, England Telephone: 01-560 3011 Telex: 933887 GEOft^ 443 Section 21 : Airfield equipment and services Staging and docking system maintenance for aircraft The unique 'Hi-Way' unit form aluminium staging system made by Martin-Thomas Limited is being utilised by many air forces and service organisations throughout the world. Lightweight, heavy-duty components enable large structures to be dismantled and stowed in transport aircraft for air Kits of components transportation to new locations. Overhaul and major maintenance docking Designed for full coverage of all areas on the aircraft simultaneously, i.e. fulllength nose-to-tail fuselage dock, complete wing coverage, engine docks, tail docks, etc. All this mobile docking incorporates facilities for functioning of control surfaces, power plant removal, and opening of all access panels. The docking can be designed for any aircraft, whether on wheels or on jacks. staging capable of being constructed in many different configurations to give access to all areas on an aircraft. Quick and safe erection are ensured by the patented 'Hi-Way' snap-action hook, which enables vertical frames to be joined together without the use of nuts or bolts. Few tools, if any, are required to assemble the are equipment. Stagings and docks are fabricated from non-corrosive 50mm (2in) outside diameter aluminium alloy tubing (HE30WP, HV30WP, HT30WP) and castings (LM8) conforming to British Standards BS1139, Section 7. Minor maintenance stagings Individual mobile runabout stagings may be used to cater for various important areas on any aircraft, and can also be manufactured to allow for towing on aircraft dispersal areas. Fli-Way airportable kits These kits are supplied as light-weight units for use on large or small aircraft, and one kit is capable of being successfully used on many areas of a number of different aircraft types A typical kit which could be used on large aircraft such as the VC10 or Hercules C130 would weigh approximately 363kg (800lb) and have a cubic capacity of approximately 6-65m (235ft ). 3 J Servicing steps and towers A full range of servicing steps, both standard aircraft maintenance entry type and special light aluminium folding steps, are produced. The aluminium folding steps can be purchased in kit form for assembly by the customer. Hawker Siddeley Argosy aircraft major servicing dock comprising lightweight 'Hi-Way' stagings covering all areas on the aircraft mim -JL Typical selection of 'Hi-Way' aluminium staging components, being one of the range of standard kits of parts used in the construction of aircraft docking. This particular kit is utilised as a Fli-Way airportable staging for servicing, maintenance or salvage of strike or small Many different configurations may be conaircraft. structed from this kit British Aircraft Corporation VC1 MARTIN-THOMAS LIMITED Aviation Division South Way, Walworth Telephone: Andover 4014 444 Andover, Hampshire, England Cables: Hiway Andover Telex: 47277 Industrial Estate, aircraft tail, engine and wing docks Section 21 Airfield equipment and services equipment Airfield for aircraft : and cargo handling Airtugs The Mercury latest in MD 400/500 (left) is the long line of Mercury aircraft a Capable of a tractive towing tractors. effort from 1 8 1 40 to 22 680kg (40 00050 0001b) drawbar pull, these airtugs are intended to meet the needs of the largest military and civil jet transport aircraft. Features include four-wheel drive, fourwheel powered steering, 75kV ground power (within the body of the and automatic transmission, exceptional driver comfort and visibility. Elevated cab, radio communication system, unit vehicle) searchlights, etc. are optional extras. Industrial tractors and trucks MD Mercury Airtug 300 (above) is designed to provide 13 600kg (30 0001b) draw-bar pull. It is of proven performance and is operating throughout the world. Features include spacious driver compartment for driver plus three crew, allround visibility, big, remote 'V diesel engine for low noise level, torque converter, power shift transmission, thermoMercury MD20 30 with draw-bar up to 1360kg (30001b) pull static cooling, full power Mercury Airtug MD steering, etc. Mercury MD40/60 with draw-bar pul up to 2720kg (60001b) 100/130 (above) from 4500 to 5900kg (10 00013 0001b) draw-bar pull, dependent on the ballast weights fitted. Models MD 40/60 and MD 20/30 give draw-bar pulls from 900-5900kg (2000-1 3 000lb). All these Mercury Airtugs have been proven over many years in a wide variety of airfield ground-handling operations, from medium-sized aircraft to trains of gives baggage can move up to 10-ton wagons Mercury Shuntug fifteen A member trailers. Mercury T3 truck can carry 2720kg (60001b) of the Dennis Group of Companies MERCURY AIRFIELD Woodbridge Works, EQUIPMENT LTD Mercury Guildford, Surrey, England Telephone: Guildford 71271 Cables: Mercury Guildford MD200 of with draw-bar pull 9070kg (20 0001b) Telex: 85211 445 Section 21 : Airfield equipment and services Aircraft refuellers of large capacity and high flow rates Gloster Saro's wide experience in the design, development and manufacture of aircraft fuellers has made them first choice by the world's leading oil companies. Produced in lightweight aluminium alloy, these units have considerable anti-corrosion and anti-condensation properties which increase their operating life and reduce maintenance costs to a minimum. They can also be fitted with a wide range of safety devices. Gloster fuellers are already in service at the major The airports in 30 countries throughout the world. current range of equipment is designed to meet the exacting demands of the new generation of 'jumbo' and supersonic aircraft of the 1970s. Gloster Hydrant dispenser Gloster air transportable fueller This 13 640 litre unit (shown above) was produced in co-operation with the British Ministry of Technology to meet the demand for a low-profile, lightweight fueller which is air-transportable. Fuelling is achieved either by the pressure underwing method or the open-line refuelling system. The Gloster Jumbo jet fueller This articulated unit (not illustrated) is the largest fueller in the Gloster range, having a capacity of 80 1 00 litres in a single unit. With a fuelling rate of 4550 litres (1000 gal) per minute it can meet all known aircraft requirements. The fueller can be fitted on a wide range of chassis and the rear bogie can incorporate selfsteering facilities for high manoeuvrability. A member of the Available in a range of sizes giving fuelling rates of up to 4550 litres (1000 gal) per minute, and mounted on a rigid, articulated or drawbar trailer chassis, the dispenser (shown above) is designed to service the larger 'jumbo' size aircraft of the 1970s. The Gloster Hydrant dispenser method of fuelling reduces airfield vehicle congestion with its attendant danger of damage. Gloster Somerset Mark III fueller Designed for mounting on a wide range of vehicle chassis and constructed of lightweight aluminium alloy, the fueller has a capacity of 1 8 1 80 litres with a pressurised fuel delivery capacity of 3860 litres per minute. The Somerset can be equipped Coupled to a specially constructed the unit has a total combined capacity litres. Hawker Siddeley Group Vehicle Division GL3 4AD, England Hucclecote. Gloucester, Telephone: Gloucester 67^' 1 Cables; Glosaro Gloucester Teiex: for open-line fuelling in addition to the pressurised system. GLOSTER SARO LIMITED 446 aircraft 43134 1^ range of of trailers. up to 62 300 Section 21 : equipment and services Airfield Beaver Leyland haulage chassis for airfield refuellers The Leyland Beaver is a rugged 4x2 m chassis available with 5-33 and 4-1 1 (210 and 162 in) wheelbase lengths, powered by the Leyland 680 sixcylinder engine. Drive is through a single dry plate clutch to a constant- forward and Overdrive and crawler gears are optional. Air brakes are standard and steering is hydraulipower-assisted. The drawbar cally mesh gearbox with one reverse five speed. is of chassisless construction, giving a low weight/payload ratio and is mounted on two single axles. An trailer engine-driven pumpdelivers fuel under pressure at a rate of 2730 litres (600 gal) per minute. Specification Engine Leyland 680 six-cylinder high-performance diesel BS AU141 rating: 200 bhp at 2200 rev/min Maximum torque: 72-6 kgf m (525 Ibf ft) at 1400 rev/min Clutch 413 Single dry plate mm (16-25 in) dia Gearbox Leyland five-speed constant-mesh wide-ratio heavyduty Ratios: 5th 1:1, 4th 1-69:1, 3rd 2-755:1, 2nd 4-613:1, 1st7-243:1 Reverse: 6-50:1 overdrive and crawler gears optional ; Suspension Symmetrical semi-elliptic leaf springs with hydraulic telescopic double-acting shock absorbers (front only) Tyres 1 1 000 x 20 in 200 X 20 in specially marked for airfield radial ply use only LEYLAND MOTORS LIMITED BHITIBH Military Sales Division Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London, Telephone: 01 -499 6050 Cables: Leymotors W1 London W1 Telex , England Telex: 22498 LIYLAND 447 Section 22 Guided weapons and equipment 449 Section 22: Guided weapons and equipment Each launcher is Vigilant on traversable launcher. capable of mounting and successively firing two missiles. The second of two targets